Apiculture and Culture
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Jan Dzierzon
Nachtrag zur Theorie und Praxis des neuen Bienenfreundes; oder, Einer neuen Art der Bienenzeucht mit dem günstigsten Erfolge angewendet und dargestellt von Dzierzon..
Nördlingen, Beck, 1852.
iv, 92 p. fold. plan. 19 cm.

Call no.: SF529 .D942

Dzierzon's rational bee-keeping; or, The theory and practice of Dr. Dzierzon ... Tr. from the latest German ed. by H. Dieck and S. Stutterd. Ed. and rev. by Charles Nash Abbott..
London, Houlston & sons; [etc., etc.] 1882.
xvi, 350 p. ill. 19 cm.

Call no.: SF525 .D94

Illustrirter neuester Bienenfreund. Eine vollständige Unterweisung in der Behandlung der Bienen zu jeglicher Jahreszeit; so wie überhaupt zum vortheilhaftesten Betrieb der Bienenzucht auf Grund der neuesten Erfahrungen. Mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Bienenzucht-Methode, vom pfarrer Dzierzon, herausgegeben von prof. Mortiz Meyer, und pfarrer J.F.O. Kühner..
Leipzig, O. Spamer, 1854.
231 p. illus. 17 cm.

Call no.: SF529 .D94 1854

August Freiherr von Berlepsch
The Dzierzon theory; being a full elucidation of scientific bee-keeping..
Chicago, Illinois, American Bee Journal, 1877.
48 p. 18 cm.

Call no.: SF523 .B47

A priest in Karlowice parish in Prussia (modern day Poland), Jan Dzierzon (1811-1906) became a widely recognized authority on beekeeping. Building a series of experimental beehives that allowed home to study the social life of bees, Dzierzon made a succession of important contributions to apiculture, including, in 1840, an early moveable frame hive that enabled beekeepers to harvest honey without destroying the hive (anticipating the hive of Lorenzo Langstroth. Although his hive was widely used in central and eastern Europe, Dzierzon is better remembered today as the discoverer (1845) of parthenogenesis in bees: he observed that (male) drones develop from unfertilized eggs, while (female) worker came from fertilized eggs. In 1854, he became the first apiarist to recognize the role of royal jelly in the development of queens.

Following the appearance of Theorie und Praxis des neuen Bienenfreundes [Theory and Practice of the Modern Friend of Bees] (1847), Dzierzon wrote a succession of works that exerted a strong influence on apiculture in central Europe, including the Nachtrag zur Theorie und Praxis des Neuen Bienenfruendes (1852) [Supplement to the Theory and Practice of the Modern Friend of Bees] and Rationelle Bienenzucht [Rational Bee-Keeping] (1861), which was particularly important due to its wide distribution and, for an American audience, its availability in English translation.

Other authors would combine Dzierzon’s ideas with those of other apiarists. As early as 1854, the Illustrirter neuester Bienenfreund [The Illustrated Modern Friend of Bees] brought together the writings of Dzierzon with those of other prominent central European apiarians, and by 1877, the August, Baron Berlepsch published a pamphlet, The Dzierzon Theory, which examined Dzierzon's most important hypotheses, backing them up with additional experimental evidence.

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