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d:du_bois_library 2013/07/10 16:16 d:du_bois_library 2017/06/20 11:59 current
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======Du Bois Library====== ======Du Bois Library======
-**Constructed**: 1971-1973+**Constructed**: 1969-1973
**Architects**: Edward Durrell Stone, New York, N.Y. **Architects**: Edward Durrell Stone, New York, N.Y.
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-<html><div style="float:right; padding-left:20px; padding-bottom:15px;"><a href="http://www.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004702.png"><img src="http://www.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004702.png" alt="Du Bois Library" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a> + 
-<br /><a href="http://www.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004684.png"><img src="http://www.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004684.png" alt="Du Bois Library" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a> +<html><div style="float:right; padding-left:20px; padding-bottom:15px;"><a href="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004702.png"><img src="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004702.png" alt="Du Bois Library" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a> 
-<br /><a href="http://www.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004700.png"><img src="http://www.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004700.png" alt="Library reflected in pond" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a> +<br /><a href="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004684.png"><img src="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004684.png" alt="Du Bois Library" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a> 
-<br /><a href="http://www.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004691.png"><img src="http://www.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004691.png" alt="Du Bois Library interior, Oct. 1974" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a>+<br /><a href="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004700.png"><img src="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004700.png" alt="Library reflected in pond" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a> 
 +<br /><a href="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004691.png"><img src="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0004691.png" alt="Du Bois Library interior, Oct. 1974" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a>
</div></html> </div></html>
===== Design and construction ===== ===== Design and construction =====
-Rising twenty-eight stories into the Pioneer Valley sky, this monumental building is one of the defining architectural features of the UMass landscape.  The outer surface of the Library is clad with a brick veneer intended to harmonize with its surroundings.  The original entrance to the Library was through doors on a lower level that opened to the Campus Pond; this floor now houses the reference area.  A beautiful courtyard at this level was refurbished by library staff and volunteers in 1998.  Take the elevator to the 23rd floor for a spectacular view of the campus and surrounding hills, and for an appreciation of the architect's gridded design: the sunken courtyard and surrounding pavement provide a visual counterpoint to the tower.  In the Department of Special Collections and University Archives on the 25th floor, you will find a superlative collection of the noted Civil Rights activist W.E.B. Du Bois, for whom the library was named.  Recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the tallest library in the world, the W.E.B. Du Bois Library houses over three million +Rising twenty-eight stories into the Pioneer Valley sky, this monumental building is one of the defining architectural features of the UMass landscape.  The outer surface of the Library is clad with a brick veneer intended to harmonize with its surroundings.  The original entrance to the Library was through doors on a lower level that opened to the [[p:pond|Campus Pond]]; this floor now houses the reference area.  A beautiful courtyard at this level was refurbished by library staff and volunteers in 1998.  Take the elevator to the 23rd floor for a spectacular view of the campus and surrounding hills, and for an appreciation of the architect's gridded design: the sunken courtyard and surrounding pavement provide a visual counterpoint to the tower.  In the Department of Special Collections and University Archives on the 25th floor, you will find a superlative collection of the noted Civil Rights activist W.E.B. Du Bois, for whom the library was named.  Recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the tallest library in the world, the W.E.B. Du Bois Library houses over three million
The architect Stone offered different options for the exterior of the building, including cement and brick.  The latter was selected, perhaps in an effort to harmonize with other buildings on campus. The architect Stone offered different options for the exterior of the building, including cement and brick.  The latter was selected, perhaps in an effort to harmonize with other buildings on campus.
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===== Du Bois Library Building History===== ===== Du Bois Library Building History=====
-In 1963, Keyes D. Metcalf, a library consultant and then Librarian at Harvard University, suggested that the University of Massachusetts would need a 310,000 square foot library building within the next 10-15 years.  Making the construction of a new university library a priority in 1965, Provost Oswald Tippo and President John Lederle selected the internationally known architectural firm of Edward Durrell Stone whose work had included the Performing Arts complex in Washington, D.C. and the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.  The original design of the proposed 28-story University library tower was approved by the University Board of Trustees in 1966.+In 1963, Keyes D. Metcalf, a library consultant and then Librarian at Harvard University, suggested that the University of Massachusetts would need a 310,000 square foot library building within the next 10-15 years.  Making the construction of a new university library a priority in 1965, Provost [[t:tippo_oswald|Oswald Tippo]] and President [[l:lederle_john_w|John W. Lederle]] selected the internationally known architectural firm of Edward Durrell Stone whose work had included the Performing Arts complex in Washington, D.C. and the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.  The original design of the proposed 28-story University library tower was approved by the University Board of Trustees in 1966.
-Groundbreaking for the new library took place in April 1969, with an estimated budget of $16.5 million, including a total of about $2.43 million in federal grants. A “great concrete pour” totaling 2,600 cubic yards for the foundation took place in September 1969, and two years later, exterior work was completed, the building topping off at 296.5 feet, then the world's tallest library according to the //Guinness Book of World Records//. Interior work continued for two more years more, finalizing the wiring, elevators, heating, air conditioning, and furnishings.  On January 1973, the University formally accepted the University Library tower and the collections were moved from Goodell Library.  The new University Library formally opened on June 26, 1973 and was dedicated at a formal ceremony on October 19, 1974.+Groundbreaking for the new library took place in April 1969, with an estimated budget of $16.5 million, including a total of about $2.43 million in federal grants. A “great concrete pour” totaling 2,600 cubic yards for the foundation took place in September 1969, and two years later, exterior work was completed, the building topping off at 296.5 feet, then the world's tallest library according to the //Guinness Book of World Records//. Interior work continued for two more years more, finalizing the wiring, elevators, heating, air conditioning, and furnishings.  On January 1973, the University formally accepted the University Library tower and the collections were moved from [[g:goodell_hall|Goodell Library]].  The new University Library formally opened on June 26, 1973 and was dedicated at a formal ceremony on October 19, 1974.
-In September 1973 some bits of brick were noticed chipping from the façade and limited repairs were attempted. A re-design of the façade from stone to sheets of brick, according to a report, resulted in the spalling, "primarily from stress concentrations produced by mortar placed in ‘soft joints’ below relief angles." As additional repairs were undertaken, barricades were erected around the perimeter of the building to ensure pedestrian safety, but in September 1979, Chancellor Henry Koffler ordered the University Tower Library closed.  A total of 250,000 of the most frequently used books and periodicals were moved by library staff and a local moving company back to Goodell Library, which once again became the main library; librarians retrieved other materials from the Tower as needed. In December 1979, the University Library reopened on a limited basis with a new entrance and other safety modifications.  As of February 1980, the University Library was still restricting use to no more than 500 persons at a time.  A capital appropriation of $2.5 million dollars from the state legislature allowed for exterior repairs.  +In September 1973 some bits of brick were noticed chipping from the façade and limited repairs were attempted. A re-design of the façade from stone to sheets of brick, according to a report, resulted in the spalling, "primarily from stress concentrations produced by mortar placed in ‘soft joints’ below relief angles." As additional repairs were undertaken, barricades were erected around the perimeter of the building to ensure pedestrian safety, but in September 1979, Chancellor [[k:koffler_henry|Henry Koffler]] ordered the University Tower Library closed.  A total of 250,000 of the most frequently used books and periodicals were moved by library staff and a local moving company back to Goodell Library, which once again became the main library; librarians retrieved other materials from the Tower as needed. In December 1979, the University Library reopened on a limited basis with a new entrance and other safety modifications.  As of February 1980, the University Library was still restricting use to no more than 500 persons at a time.  A capital appropriation of $2.5 million dollars from the state legislature allowed for exterior repairs. 
Three years later, in June 1983, University officials concluded that no acceptable engineering solution had been found for the brick façade, and the University obtained special action from the legislature allowing for a $2.5 million capital appropriation to be used for interior renovations and an expanded lobby.  Interior renovations began in April 1985 to restore the Tower Library to full occupancy and usage.  During the 1986/87 school year, staff, student volunteers and other special interest groups helped to clean, paint and refurbish interior areas of the library under the umbrella operations called “Mass Transformation” and “A Class Act”. Three years later, in June 1983, University officials concluded that no acceptable engineering solution had been found for the brick façade, and the University obtained special action from the legislature allowing for a $2.5 million capital appropriation to be used for interior renovations and an expanded lobby.  Interior renovations began in April 1985 to restore the Tower Library to full occupancy and usage.  During the 1986/87 school year, staff, student volunteers and other special interest groups helped to clean, paint and refurbish interior areas of the library under the umbrella operations called “Mass Transformation” and “A Class Act”.
d/du_bois_library.1373487406.txt.gz · Last modified: 2013/12/18 13:25 (external edit)
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