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-<a href="http://scua.library.umass.edu/spcoll/blogs/butterfield1.jpg"><img src="http://scua.library.umass.edu/spcoll/blogs/butterfield1.jpg" alt="Butterfield House" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a>+<a href="http://scua.library.umass.edu/images/blogs/butterfield1.jpg"><img src="http://scua.library.umass.edu/images/blogs/butterfield1.jpg" alt="Butterfield House" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a>
<br /><a href="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0003235.png"><img src="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0003235.png" alt="Butterfield House" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a> <br /><a href="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0003235.png"><img src="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0003235.png" alt="Butterfield House" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a>
<br /><a href="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0003234.png"><img src="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0003234.png" alt="Butterfield House" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a> <br /><a href="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0003234.png"><img src="http://scua.library.umass.edu/speccollimages/referenceimages/RG150-0003234.png" alt="Butterfield House" style="width:220px; border:1px solid #333; padding:5px;" /></a>
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Butterfield House is an approximately 46,000 square foot student residence hall on the Amherst campus of the University of Massachusetts. The building is one of nine structures that comprise the [[c:central_residential_area|Central Residential Area]]. All nine buildings were designed and constructed between 1940 and 1963, and sited according to a Beaux-Arts formal plan. Butterfield House is an approximately 46,000 square foot student residence hall on the Amherst campus of the University of Massachusetts. The building is one of nine structures that comprise the [[c:central_residential_area|Central Residential Area]]. All nine buildings were designed and constructed between 1940 and 1963, and sited according to a Beaux-Arts formal plan.
-Seven of these buildings  ([[b:butterfield_hall|Butterfield]], [[b:brooks_hall|Brooks]], [[v:van_meter_hall|Van Meter]], [[g:greenough_hall|Greenough]], [[c:chadbourne_hall|Chadbourne]], [[b:baker_hall|Baker]], and [[n:new_africa_hall|New Africa]]) were uniformly designed in Georgian Revival style. Wheeler and Brett, which are both sited at the bottom of the hill and constructed last, are less ornate structures and have subtle Art-Deco details. All buildings continue to serve as dormitories in 2008. +Seven of these buildings  ([[b:butterfield_hall|Butterfield]], [[b:brooks_hall|Brooks]], [[v:van_meter_hall|Van Meter]], [[g:greenough_hall|Greenough]], [[c:chadbourne_hall|Chadbourne]], [[b:baker_hall|Baker]], and [[n:new_africa_house|New Africa]]) were uniformly designed in Georgian Revival style. Wheeler and Brett, which are both sited at the bottom of the hill and constructed last, are less ornate structures and have subtle Art-Deco details. All buildings continue to serve as dormitories in 2008.
The main planning axis of the Central Residential Area is perpendicular to the ridgeline of Clark Hill and extends northeast to southwest. The axis is defined by the center of Van Meter and Baker Houses, with the remaining dormitories sited to the north and south. The bilateral symmetry and duplication of building footprints and appearance only deviates with the location of Butterfield House and the design of Brett House. The spatial relationship of the planning axis is visually reinforced by the central block and cupola of Van Meter House. The steep grade of the overall site was graded to create narrow terraces between the individual structures. The main planning axis of the Central Residential Area is perpendicular to the ridgeline of Clark Hill and extends northeast to southwest. The axis is defined by the center of Van Meter and Baker Houses, with the remaining dormitories sited to the north and south. The bilateral symmetry and duplication of building footprints and appearance only deviates with the location of Butterfield House and the design of Brett House. The spatial relationship of the planning axis is visually reinforced by the central block and cupola of Van Meter House. The steep grade of the overall site was graded to create narrow terraces between the individual structures.
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Butterfield House was sited to the south of the historic Y-shaped intersection of Clark Hill Road and Presidents Hill Road, now Chancellor’s Way. A 1943 campus map shows the building set in a landscape of dense vegetation. Historic images show elm trees and sheared evergreen shrubs along the eastern façade of the building and framing the main entrance (no longer extant). Pedestrian access to the building was accommodated by a pedestrian walk off Clark Hill Road that surrounds the building (extant). Vehicular access to the building is provided by an oval-shaped drive that leads to the east side of the building and forms a central court planted with three trees in a row. The addition of parking areas to the east and west of the building recommended in the 1957 Shurcliff, Shurcliff and Merrill Master Plan has changed the landscape and modified the oval-shaped vehicular access drive. Butterfield House was sited to the south of the historic Y-shaped intersection of Clark Hill Road and Presidents Hill Road, now Chancellor’s Way. A 1943 campus map shows the building set in a landscape of dense vegetation. Historic images show elm trees and sheared evergreen shrubs along the eastern façade of the building and framing the main entrance (no longer extant). Pedestrian access to the building was accommodated by a pedestrian walk off Clark Hill Road that surrounds the building (extant). Vehicular access to the building is provided by an oval-shaped drive that leads to the east side of the building and forms a central court planted with three trees in a row. The addition of parking areas to the east and west of the building recommended in the 1957 Shurcliff, Shurcliff and Merrill Master Plan has changed the landscape and modified the oval-shaped vehicular access drive.
-In general, the Central Residential Area complex retains a great deal of its landscape integrity, modified by the addition of parking along Infirmary Way, to the east and west of Butterfield House, along the east of Chancellor’s Way, and to the east of Van Meter House. The Y-shaped intersection formed by Chancellor’s Way and Clark Hill Road was removed by 1955 and rerouted to a spur off of Chancellor’s Way located to the east of [[g:greenough_house|Greenough House]] and [[c:chadbourne_house|Chadbourne House]] that existed since at least 1943. Removal of this portion of Chancellor’s Way enabled the construction of Van Meter House. Many changes in vegetation patterns are the result of new construction, much of which occurred prior to 1959. The loss of foundation planting at Butterfield House, [[c:chadbourne_house|Chadbourne House]], [[b:baker_house|Baker House]], and [[w:wheeler_house|Wheeler House]], along with the introduction of new foundation planting at Butterfield House, [[g:greenough_house|Greenough House]], [[c:chadbourne_house|Chadbourne House]], [[b:baker_house|Baker House]], and [[v:van_meter_house|Van Meter House]] has changed vegetation immediately associated with the buildings. +In general, the Central Residential Area complex retains a great deal of its landscape integrity, modified by the addition of parking along Infirmary Way, to the east and west of Butterfield House, along the east of Chancellor’s Way, and to the east of Van Meter House. The Y-shaped intersection formed by Chancellor’s Way and Clark Hill Road was removed by 1955 and rerouted to a spur off of Chancellor’s Way located to the east of [[g:greenough_hall|Greenough House]] and [[c:chadbourne_hall|Chadbourne House]] that existed since at least 1943. Removal of this portion of Chancellor’s Way enabled the construction of Van Meter House. Many changes in vegetation patterns are the result of new construction, much of which occurred prior to 1959. The loss of foundation planting at Butterfield House, [[c:chadbourne_hall|Chadbourne House]], [[b:baker_hall|Baker House]], and [[w:wheeler_hall|Wheeler House]], along with the introduction of new foundation planting at Butterfield House, [[g:greenough_hall|Greenough House]], [[c:chadbourne_hall|Chadbourne House]], [[b:baker_hall|Baker House]], and [[v:van_meter_hall|Van Meter House]] has changed vegetation immediately associated with the buildings.
b/butterfield_hall.1433864160.txt.gz · Last modified: 2015/06/09 11:36 by rscox
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