Champion and Stebbins Family Account Books, 1753-1865.
8 vols. (2 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 228
Account books from the Champion and Stebbins families of Saybrook, Connecticut and West Springfield, Massachusetts, who were involved in various businesses and professional activities. Includes lists of accounts by surname, services rendered, methods of payment, entries for treatments and remedies, lists of patients, and lists of banking activities. Volumes were kept by Reuben Champion (1720-1777), Jere Stebbins (1757-1817), and Reuben Champion, M.D. (1784-1865).
- African Americans--Massachusetts--West Springfield--History
- Agriculture--Economic aspects--Massachusetts--History
- Atwood, Elijah
- Barter--Massachusetts--West Springfield
- Champion family
- Connecticut River Valley--Economic conditions--18th century
- General stores--Massachusetts
- Homeopathic physicians--Massachusetts
- Homeopathy--Materia medica and therapeutics
- Pottery industry--Massachusetts--History
- Saybrook (Conn.)--History
- Shipping--New England--History
- Stebbins family
- West Springfield (Mass.)--Economic conditions
- West Springfield (Mass.)--History
- West Springfield (Mass.)--Social conditions
- Champion, Reuben, 1727-1777
- Champion, Reuben, 1784-1865
- Stebbins, Jere, 1757-1817
Types of material
John Chandler Account Book, 1853-1914.
1 vol. (0.1 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 287 bd
Ship’s captain and whaleman in Provincetown, Massachusetts, and farmer in Bucksport, Maine. Account book/diary includes ledger accounts for crewmembers on various voyages, accounts for labor, supplies, and merchandise, pasted-in bills for taxes, clothes, coal, boots, and other commodities, and a journal of Chandler’s farming activities (consisting of performed labor, sold items and livestock, weather accounts, new purchases, and notation of personal visits and trips).
- Bucksport (Me.)--Economic conditions
- Bucksport (Me.)--Social life and customs
- Merchant mariners--Massachusetts--History--19th century
- Provincetown (Mass.)--Economic conditions--19th century
- Ship captains--Massachusetts--History
- Voyages and travels--History--19th century
Types of material
Irene A. Chapin Diaries, 1926-1935.
4 vols. (0.25 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 585
In March 1926, Irene A. Chapin (1901-1987) left La Crescenta, Calif., having lost her job in the office of Certain-Teed Corp., and returned home to Chicopee, Mass. Resuming work at the Fisk Tire Co., where she had begun at age 18, Chapin led an active social life, playing bridge and tennis, going to the theatre, and dining with friends. In 1927, she and a fellow stenographer at Fisk, Marion E. Warner (1904-1989), developed an intense friendship that blossomed into a same sex relationship.
Irene Chapin’s pocket-sized diaries include a brief, but densely written record of daily life, from the weather to work and the ebb and flow of a young woman’s social relations. Concerned about her ability to make a success of her job and personal life, Chapin remained sociable and possessed of a wide circle of friends, mostly women. Her diary records a long succession of bridge parties, hikes in the hills, vacations, hockey games, and Chapin alludes frequently to her increasingly intimate intimacy with Marion. Several passages written in shorthand provide additional details on the developing relationship. A photograph laid into the diary for 1927 depicts three women standing in front of a house, one of whom is presumably Chapin.
- Chicopee (Mass.)--Social life and customs
- Chapin, Irene A
- Warner, Marion E
Types of material
Samuel Chapin and William R. Sessions Civil War Diaries, 1862-1863.
1 envelope (0.25 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 157 bd
Transcripts of Civil War diaries of Samuel Chapin and William R. Sessions both of South Wilbraham, Massachusetts. Chapin was twenty-one and Sessions twenty-seven when they enlisted in the Union Army with 25 other Wilbraham men on August 29, 1862. They were assigned to the 46th Regiment of the Massachusetts Volunteers for nine months service.
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
- United States. Army. Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 46th (1861-1865)
- Wilbraham (Mass.)--History
- Chapin, Samuel, 1841-1883
- Sessions, William R
Types of material
Stanley Charren Papers, 1973 (Bulk: 2000).
3 boxes (4.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 900
Called “the Howard Hughes of the wind business,” Stanley Charren played a crucial role in the development of the modern wind power industry. A native of Providence, R.I., and an engineering graduate of Brown University (BS 1945) and Harvard (MS 1946). After marrying Peggy Walzer in 1951, who later became famous as founder of Action for Children’s Television, Charren embarked on a career that merged a penchant for innovation with an entrepreneurial streak, working with Pratt and Whitney, Fairchild, and Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton before becoming CEO of Pandel-Bradford (later Compo). Although he successfully developed products such as the swim spa and carpet squares, Charren is best remembered for his role in commercializing wind power. Taking an interest in wind during the Nixon-era energy crisis, he and his partner Russell Wolfe founded US Windpower in 1974, working on the idea of linking arrays of intermediate-sized windmills into a single power plant tied to the grid. US Wind built the world’s first wind farm in 1978, consisting of 20 units at Crotched Mountain, N.H., and after relocating to northern California in 1980 and changing name to Kenetech in 1988, the company emerged as the largest wind energy firm in the world. However the collapse of oil prices in the 1980s and federal regulatory hostility to alternative energy seriously impinged upon the company’s growth, ultimately contributing to its bankruptcy in May 1996. Charren retired from Kenetech in 1995.
The Charren Papers include scattered but valuable materials on the founding and operations of US Windpower and Kenetech, including early business plans, correspondence, technical reports, and informational brochures, along with materials documenting some of the legal challenges they faced in the 1980s and 1990s. The collection also contains ephemera relating to some of Charren’s work outside of the windpower industry.
- U.S. Windpower
- Windpower industry
David G. Chase Collection, ca.1975-1987.
3 boxes (4.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 809
An electron microscopist affiliated with the Sepulveda Veterans Administration Hospital, David Chase (1935-1986) was known for his skill in fixation, staining, and sectioning and for the exceptional quality of his micrographs. During his career, Chase applied his skills to produce thousands of images of the structure, ultrastructure, and morphology of prokaryotes, ranging from filamented, segmented bacteria to the flagellate Giardia, and gram-negative bacteria. In collaboration with Lynn Margulis of the UMass Amherst Department of Biology, Chase worked on a series of papers on the symbiotic flagellated protozoan communities in the hindguts of four species of California termites.
The Chase collection consists of over 1,800 TEM photos and their negatives, 134 polaroid prints, and about half a linear foot of loose notes and a register.
- Margulis, Lynn, 1938-2011
Types of material
- Laboratory notes
- Transmission electron micrographs
Lot Chase Account Books, 1837-1848.
2 vols. (0.25 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 199
Mariner from Harwich, Massachusetts, who was involved in the cod and mackerel fishing industry in Barnstable County. Two account books include expenses, income, and final settlements with those involved with annual voyages of 1837 and 1848. They also contain lists of crew members and part owners, many of whom were members of the Chase family.
- Barnstable County (Mass.)--Economic conditions--19th century
- Chase family
- Cod fisheries--Massachusetts--Barnstable County--History
- Fisheries--Massachusetts--Equipment and supplies--History
- Fishing--Economic aspects--Massachusetts
- Harwich (Mass.)--History
- Horace (Schooner)
- Mackerel fisheries--Massachusetts--Barnstable County--History
- Chase, Lot
- Chase, Nathaniel
Types of material
Walter W. Chenoweth Papers, 1918-1941.
1 box (0.5 linear feet).
Call no.: FS 046
Walter W. Chenoweth, the founder of the Horticultural Manufactures Department in 1918, the predecessor to the Food Science Department, was a key figure in the development of research and education in modern food science. Hired as a pomologist at Mass. Agricultural College in 1912, Chenoweth had no background in food science, but encouraged by Frank A. Waugh and supported by Frederick Sears, he developed a course of study from scratch, learning and standardizing many of techniques himself while teaching. His curriculum and the processes he and his students developed for preserving food contributed to easing the food shortages brought on by World War I. Under the aegis of the new department, Chenoweth initiated a program in community food preservation, instructing students and members of the public in canning and other techniques. In 1929-1930, he loaned his services to the Grenfell Mission in Newfoundland, setting up canneries and teaching the methods of food preservation to would-be colonizers in Newfoundland and Labrador. Faced with a dearth of solid literature in the field, he published a textbook, Food Preservation (1930), which was a standard text for many years. The University named the Food Science building in Chenoweth’s honor after it was built in 1965. Chenoweth retired in 1941 and died four years later at the age of 75. .
The Walter Chenoweth Papers includes many of Chenoweth’s published works on canning and food preservation including his 1930 text, Food Preservation, as well as a typescript text called How to Preserve Food, eventually published by Houghton Mifflin in 1945. Also in the collection are clippings and memorabilia from Chenoweth’s trips to Newfoundland while working at the Grenfell Mission and a set of glass lantern slides.
- University of Massachusetts Amherst--Faculty
- University of Massachusetts Amherst. Department of Food Science
- Chenoweth, Walter W. (Walter Winfred), 1872-
Elaine Marie Chesley Papers, 1975-2002.
1 box (1.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 717
A resident of Brainerd, Minn., Elaine Chesley (1927-2011) was a woman of strong convictions and an activist in several causes, particularly the antifluoridation movement. As a member of Minnesotans Opposed to Forced Fluoridation in the mid-1970s, Chesley and the more strident Irene Johnson successfully prevented fluoridation of the water supply in Brainerd, and she remained active in the movement as a researcher and activist. She was also involved in several civic, environmental, and peace groups, including the League of Women Voters, the Green Party, Women Against Military Madness, the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, Brainerd Coalition for Peace, and Save Our Northland. Chesley died at the age of 84 on May 25, 2011.
The Chesley Papers consist of materials collected in relation to antifluoridation activism. In addition to copies of a handful of historic documents on fluoride toxicity, the collection includes selective publications and correspondence.
- Antifluoridation movement--Minnesota
- Minnesotans Opposed to Forced Fluoridation
Chickering Family Papers, 1813-1873.
2 folders (0.25 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 095
Nathaniel Chickering came to Enfield, Massachusetts, in 1800 with his son Otis and operated a grist mill for twenty years. One of Otis’ children, Bertrand, operated the Enfield telephone system in the Howe family store and lived with the Edwin H. Howe family.
Includes land and pew deeds of Nathaniel Chickering and Mrs. Otis Chickering’s account booklet with C.F. Wood and Co.