Alfred A. Parker Daybooks, 1877-1889.
4 vols. (0.25 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 235
Stove and tinware dealer from Orange, Massachusetts, who also did business in the nearby towns of New Salem and Erving.
Alfred A. Parker’s account books include customers (local residents and Orange businesses such as the Gold Medal Sewing Machine Co., the Orange Manufacturing Co., and the Rodney Hunt Machine Co.), charges for labor (especially soldering), the cost of stoves, pipe, kettles of various sorts, roofing material, and information about shipping costs.
- Freight and freightage--Rates--Massachusetts--History--19th century
- Gold Medal Sewing Machine Company
- Kettles--Prices--Massachusetts--Orange--History--19th century
- New Salem (Mass.)--History
- Orange (Mass.)--Economic conditions--19th century
- Orange Manufacturing Company (Orange, Mass.)
- Pipe--Prices--Massachusetts--Orange--History--19th century
- Rodney Hunt Machine Company
- Roofing--Prices--Massachusetts--Orange--History--19th century
- Solder and soldering--Costs--History--19th century
- Stove industry and trade--Massachusetts--Orange--History--19th century
- Stoves--Prices--Massachusetts--Orange--History--19th century
- Tinsmithing--Massachusetts--Orange--History--19th century
- Tinsmiths--Massachusetts--Orange--Economic conditions--19th century
- Parker, Alfred A., b. 1822
Types of material
Amos Parker Account Book, 1827-1863.
1 vol. (0.25 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 211
Owner of a general store in Groveland, Massachusetts. Accounts include goods for sale (such as lumber and hardware) and the methods and form of payment (principally cash but also in exchange for labor or commodities like butter or eggs). Also documents Parker’s role in the burgeoning shoe industry exchanging and receiving shipments of shoes, and supplying local shoemakers with tools.
- Aaron P. Emerson Co. (Orland, Me.)
- Barter--Massachusetts--Essex County--History--19th century
- General stores--Massachusetts--Groveland
- Hardware--Massachusetts--Essex County--History--19th century
- Lumber trade--Massachusetts--Essex County--History--19th century
- Merchants--Massachusetts--Essex County--Economic conditions--19th century
- Shoe industry--Massachusetts--Essex County--History--19th century
Types of material
Harrison Parker's History of Hawley Collection, ca.1970-1995.
7 boxes (10.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 532
Named for Joseph Hawley, a local leader in the American Revolution, the town was first settled in 1760 by residents of Hatfield, Massachusetts. Situated in Franklin County, Hawley was officially incorporated as a town in 1792. Today the town is host to a few small businesses, farms, and less than 500 residents.
The collection consists of copies of manuscripts, publications, and genealogical notes all related to the history of Hawley collected by researcher Harrison Parker.
Herbert Passin Collection, 1944-1955.
1 box (0.25 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 565
A distinguished scholar of contemporary Japan, Herbert Passin was born in Chicago on Dec. 16, 1916. After completing a doctorate in anthropology in 1941, Passin was inducted into the Army and sent to the Army’s Japanese language school in Ann Arbor, Michigan, for training. Assigned to duty in Tokyo in December 1945, he became chief of the Public Opinion and Sociological Research Division under Gen. Douglas MacArthur. During his tour of duty, Passin coordinated a series of sociological studies of Japanese village life to help guide U.S. Occupation policy, particularly as it dealt with land and labor reform.
The Passin Collection contains reports and notes of sociological surveys of two Japanese villages, Yuzurihara and Yawatano, conducted by U.S. Occupation authorities in 1946 and 1947, along with a wartime report by Arthur Meadow of “Japanese character structure based on Japanese film plots and thematic apperception tests on Japanese Americans,” and a post-war letter from the novelist Takami Jun.
- Japan--History--Allied occupation, 1945-1952
Types of material
Patagonian Rebellion Collection, 1921-1965.
1 box (0.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 353
In 1921-1922, Chilean workers on sheep ranches in Patagonia rebelled violently against their conditions, egged on by anarchist agitators. Under pressure from Conservatives to act decisively, the Radical government in Buenos Aires ordered the 10th Cavalry Regiment under Hector Benigno Varela to quell the disturbance, which they did with a heavy hand.
The Patagonian Rebellion Collection consists of typescripts and photocopies of materials relating to the suppression of the workers’ revolt of 1921-1922. The most significant items include the official diaries and reports of cavalry officers sent to quell the uprising, but the collection also includes correspondence after the fact, news clippings documenting public reaction, and photocopies of photographs depicting the principle individuals involved and the damage wrought. .
- Varela, Hector B
- Anello, Alfredo
- Campos, Pedro E
- Ibarra, Pedro Vinas
Types of material
Peace Development Fund Records, 1981-2010.
53 boxes (79.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 427
First conceived in 1980, the Peace Development Fund (PDF) was founded by a small group of activists and donors with a vision: to raise money to fund grassroots organizations promoting peace, global demilitarization, and non-violent conflict resolution. During the foundation’s first funding cycle, PDF awarded 19 grants to projects designed to increase understanding of the arms race; some to organizations as nearby as Deerfield and Northampton and others to organizations as far away as California. With the end of the Cold War in the late 1980s, PDF changed focus. Instead of thinking of peace as the absence of war, the Foundation began to see peace as “the presence of equitable relationships among people, nations, and the environment.” Since that time, PDF has developed a new perspective on peacework, one centered on fostering social, environmental, and economic justice.
The records of the Peace Development Fund consist chiefly of grant-making files documenting the many organizations that submitted and received awards. Also included is a nearly complete run of PDF’s annual reports, newsletters, and other publications, which together offer a full picture of the foundation’s funding and programmatic history. Exchange Project files record PDF’s efforts to provide training, not just money, to organizations lacking the skills necessary for effective fund-raising, strategic planning, instituting sound organizational structures, and dismantling racism.
- Antinuclear movement
- Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations--United States
- Peace movements--United States
- Social change--United States
- Social justice--United States
Alford S. Peckham Collection, 1940s-1990s.
6 boxes (9 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 707
Born in Newport, Rhode Island in 1919, Alford S. Peckham attended Rhode Island College, graduating in 1941, before serving in the U.S. Army 1st Division until receiving a medical discharge. For twenty-one years he worked as the manager of public relations for the United Farmers of New England, a cooperative of dairy farmers. His interest and expertise in agricultural history continued even after he left the cooperative for the Federal Reserve Bank in Boston; he was appointed the Massachusetts state agricultural historian in July 1989 and amassed his own collection of historical resources in the hopes of developing a Massachusetts Agricultural History Society. Peckham died on December 20, 2005 in Newport, Rhode Island, his home since his retirement in 1984.
Consisting chiefly of subject files, the Alford S. Peckham Collection covers topics ranging from agricultural history and fairs to dairy farmers and animal rights. Also included are photographs of agricultural events around New England, such as the Massachusetts Dairy Festival (1958), the American Dairy Princess (1961), and the Big E (1950s).
- Agriculture--New England--History
- Dairy farms--Massachusetts--History
- Farms--New England--History
Walter Pelczynski Papers, 1983.
1 envelope (0.25 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 148 bd
Walter Pelczynski was a native of Adams, Massachusetts and the second native-born American to be ordained by the Congregation of Marians, which has its roots in Poland. He served as head of the Marians at Eden Hill in Stockbridge, Massachusetts for many years.
Included in this small collection is a photocopy of Pelczynski’s typewritten memoirs, written in 1983, that cover the years 1934 to 1983.
- Catholic Church--Massachusetts--Stockbridge--History
- Marian Fathers. St. Stanislaus Kostka Province
- Polish Americans--Massachusetts--Stockbridge
- Stockbridge (Mass.)--Biography
- Superiors, Religious--Massachusetts--Stockbridge--Biography
- Pelczynski, Walter, 1916-2000
Types of material
People for Economic Survival Records, 1974-1977.
3 boxes (1.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 535
Established in October 1974, People for Economic Survival (PES) was a Socialist group based in Northampton, Massachusetts, first organized with the short-term goal of pressuring local banks to sell food stamps. The group’s vision for the longer term, however, was to stimulate change that would result in the replacement of an economy based on corporate profit with one based on people’s needs. After two and half years of community activity, including working for lower utility rates and against cutbacks in welfare, human services, and unemployment benefits, PES disbanded.
The PES collection consists of flyers, meeting minutes, and a full run of Take It, the group’s newsletter.
- Food stamps--Massachusetts
- Northampton (Mass.)--Economic conditions
- Northampton (Mass.)--History
- Public welfare--Law and legislation--Massachusetts
- People for Economic Survival