Orton Loring Clark Papers, 1910-1922.
1 box (0.5 linear feet).
Call no.: FS 047
Orton Loring Clark was an associate professor of botany and biology at the University of Massachusetts. After earning his B.A. in 1908 from the University, then the Massachusetts Agricultural College, Clark studied at the University of Strasbourg, where he earned his doctorate. He joined the faculty of his alma mater in 1913, specialized in plant physiology, and taught until his retirement in 1946. Known as a great teacher and fine artist, Clark was active in Amherst town politics. He passed away in 1965 at the age of 79.
Orton Loring Clark’s collection includes several notebooks of research notes, data, and hand-drawn field diagrams. The notebooks date from his student years in Germany to his first several years on the faculty at the Massachusetts Agricultural College. The collection also includes one letter from 1922.
- Massachusetts Agricultural College--Faculty
- Massachusetts Agricultural College. Botany Department
William Smith Clark Papers, 1814-2003 (Bulk: 1844-1886).
(14.75 linear feet).
Call no.: RG 003/1 C63
Born in Ashfield, Massachusetts, in 1826, William Smith Clark graduated from Amherst College in 1848 and went on to teach the natural sciences at Williston Seminary until 1850, when he continued his education abroad, studying chemistry and botany at the University of Goettingen, earning his Ph.D in 1852. From 1852 to 1867 he was a member of Amherst College’s faculty as a Professor of Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. As a leading citizen of Amherst, Clark was a strong advocate for the establishment of the new agricultural college, becoming one of the founding members of the college’s faculty and in 1867, the year the college welcomed its first class of 56 students, its President. During his presidency, he pressured the state government to increase funding for the new college and provide scholarships to enable poor students, including women, to attend. The college faced economic hardship early in its existence: enrollment dropped in the 1870s, and the college fell into debt. He is noted as well for helping to establish an agricultural college at Sapporo, Japan, and building strong ties between the Massachusetts Agricultural College and Hokkaido. After Clark was denied a leave of absence in 1879 to establish a “floating college” — a ship which would carry students and faculty around the world — he resigned.
The Clark Papers include materials from throughout his life, including correspondence with fellow professors and scientists, students in Japan, and family; materials relating to his Civil War service in the 21st Massachusetts Infantry; photographs and personal items; official correspondence and memoranda; published articles; books, articles, television, and radio materials relating to Clark, in Japanese and English; and materials regarding Hokkaido University and its continuing relationship with the University of Massachusetts.
- Agricultural colleges--Japan--History
- Agricultural colleges--Massachusetts--History
- Amherst (Mass.)--History
- Amherst College--Faculty
- Amherst College--Students--Correspondence
- Hokkaido (Japan)--History
- Hokkaid¯o Daigaku--History
- Hokkaid¯o Teikoku Daigaku--History
- Japan--Relations--United States
- Massachusetts Agricultural College--History
- Sapporo N¯ogakk¯o--History
- Sapporo N¯ogakk¯o. President
- T¯ohoku Teikoku Daigaku. N¯oka Daigaku--History
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
- United States--Relations--Japan
- Universität Göttingen--Students--Correspondence
- Clark, William Smith, 1826-1886
- Massachusetts Agricultural College. President
Types of material
Paul and Olive Colburn Collection, 1894-2001.
1 box (0.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 860
Husband and wife Paul Francis and Olive (“Tommie” Fox) Colburn were active members of the Association for Gravestone Studies from the 1980s. Natives of Lowell, Mass., and long-time residents of Berwick, Me., the Colburns shared an interest in New England gravestones and marker symbolism, with Tommie enjoying a particular specialty in metal-based markers.
The Colburn collection represents a cross-section of the couple’s work documenting and lecturing about New England grave markers and marker symbolism as well as Victorian funerary practice. Of note are a small number of items reflecting Victorian mourning culture, including images of funeral wreaths and arrangements, three mourning handkerchiefs, and a funeral card.
- Gravestones--New Hampshire
- Gravestones--New York
- Gravestones--Rhode Island
Types of material