SCUA

Massachusetts Chicken and Turkey Broiler Test, Inc.

Massachusetts Chicken and Turkey Broiler Test Records
1953-1959
1 box (0.25 linear feet)
Call no.: MS 082
Image of Terry B. Kinney at groundbreaking, July 1954
Terry B. Kinney at groundbreaking, July 1954

An early example of cooperative research between industry and academia, the Massachusetts Chicken and Turkey Broiler Test, Inc. was founded in 1954 to conduct tests to improve poultry productivity. Taking advantage of the professional skills of the staff and students in the Poultry Science Department at UMass Amherst, the Test facility was located adjacent to campus and over its five year course of operations, gathered scientific data on a number of variables, including rate of growth, rate of feathering, age of maturity, and egg production and hatchability.

The records of the Broiler Test consist of minutes, financial documents, correspondence, and test results.

Background on Massachusetts Chicken and Turkey Broiler Test, Inc.

Terry B. Kinney, poultry major, breaking ground for the Broiler Test, July 1954

Terry B. Kinney, poultry major, breaking ground for the Broiler Test, July 1954

An early example of cooperation in research between industry and academia, the Massachusetts Chicken and Turkey Broiler Test, Inc., was first conceived in 1953 as the Chicken of Tomorrow Contest, drawing upon the professional expertise in poultry science among the faculty at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and applying it to the industry’s goals of efficiency in production. With funding of almost $5,000 from poultry industry sources covering near all of the costs, the Broiler Test committee purchased nearly six acres adjacent to UMass Amherst and a mortgage of $12,000 enabled them to construct a modern test house designed by Thornton Stevens, the poultry plant manager, and constructed under the direction of UMass student, Terry B. Kinney. To achieve sustainability in operations, the committee planned to fund operations through the $25 entry fees.

With construction of the test house completed during the summer 1954, the project got under way, with the first tests coming during the fall. During the five year course of the project, three chicken tests and one turkey test were conducted annually, with chicken tests lasting for ten weeks and turkeys lasting eleven, evaluating various breed combinations. At 24 weeks for hens and 26 for toms, all birds were evaluated for body weight, conformation, and finish “before and after dressing” at the Brocton Co-op. According to industry publicity, the testing succeeded in producing a notable improvement in growth and efficiency in both the chicken and turkey operations, “accomplished by vigorous selection on the part of breeders, superiority of rations, and sound poultry health programs.”

With the research and testing considered complete and the Broiler Test shuttering its operations, the UMass Board of Trustees voted in Jan. 1959 to purchase the property adjoining the Tillson Poultry Farm on East Pleasant Street and equipment for $14,000.

R

Contents of Collection

The records of the Broiler Test consist of minutes, financial documents, correspondence, and test results.

Collection inventory
History
1953-1957
Folder 1
By-laws and incorporating records
ca.1954
Folder 2
Minutes
1953-1958
Folder 3
Financial records
1954-1960
Folder 4
Correspondence
1953 June-Dec.
Folder 5
Correspondence
1954 Jan.-May
Folder 6
Correspondence
1954 June-Dec.
Folder 7
Correspondence
1955 Feb.-Dec.
Folder 8
Correspondence
1956
Folder 9
Correspondence
1957 June-1959 Aug.
Folder 10
Announcements: test
1954-1958
Folder 11
List of entries
1953-1959
Folder 12
Entry blanks: chicken broiler test
1954-1955
Folder 13
Entry blanks: chicken broiler test
1957-1958
Folder 14
Entry blanks: turkey test
1955
Folder 15
Test result reports
1953-1958
Folder 16
Surveyor’s drawing of test site, with specifications on test house
1954
Folder 17
Dedication announcement [event program]
1954 Oct. 22
Folder 18
News clippings: publicity
ca.1953-1954
Folder 19

Residue

Administrative information

Access

The collection is open for research.

Language:

English

Provenance

Gift of Thomas W. Fox, 1985.

Processing Information

Processed by I. Eliot Wentworth, July 2017.

Copyright and Use (More informationConnect to publication information)

Cite as: Massachusetts Chicken and Turkey Broiler Test, Inc., Records (MS 082). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Gift of Thomas W. Fox, 1987
Subjects
  • Chickens--Breeding
  • Poultry industry--Massachusetts
  • Turkeys--Breeding
Contributors
  • Massachusetts Chicken and Turkey Broiler Test, Inc
Types of material
  • Photographs

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

*

© 2017 * SCUA * UMass Amherst Libraries

Log in | Site policies