SCUA

Katzman, Lillian Hyman

Lillian Hyman Katzman Papers, 1952-1989.

1 box (0.25 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 611

When Lillian Hyman volunteered to work with the Democratic Party in New York City in 1948, she was sent over to the office of W.E.B. Du Bois to assist him with some secretarial work. From that beginning, she was hired as a secretary, remaining in Du Bois’s employ for several years until she, regretfully, left for higher pay. Hyman later earned her masters degree and taught in the public schools in New York, starting the first class for children diagnosed with brain injury.

The Katzman Papers contains a series of letters and postcards sent by Du Bois during the early 1950s when Hyman worked as his secretary. Friendly and informal, they concern lecture tours by Du Bois and his wife, Shirley Graham, out west, and arrangements for his home at Grace Court in Brooklyn. The collection also includes a handful of publications by Du Bois, newspaper clippings, and some congratulatory letters to Hyman on her marriage.

Background on Lillian Hyman Katzman

Lillian Hyman Katzman was working as a volunteer with the Democratic Party in New York City when she was asked to serve as a temporary secretary for W.E.B. Du Bois. The interim position turned into a permanent one, and Hyman remained in Du Bois’s employ for several years. During this time, she credits Du Bois with encouraging her interest in politics and in the Civil Rights Movement. Even though Katzman ultimately left her position as secretary, she remained close friends with Du Bois. Katzman later earned her master’s degree and taught in the public schools in New York, starting the first class for children diagnosed with brain injury.

Contents of Collection

The bulk of the collection consists of letters from W.E.B. Du Bois to Lillian Hyman Katzman during the years 1952 to 1959, a portion of which she was employed as his secretary. Many of the letters were written while Du Bois and his wife, Shirley Graham Du Bois, were traveling or on lecture tours, and the content includes brief descriptions of their locations as well as directions for forwarding important mail, numbers to call, and checks to deposit. In others, Du Bois directs Katzman on how to answer requests for speeches or appearances as well as books and articles. He asks favors such as watering the flowers at his Grace Court apartment, sending air-mail copies of manuscripts to England, or purchasing specific grocery items in advance of their return to “insure us from starvation on arrival.”

Correspondence dated after 1955 is more personal in nature, since Katzman was no longer employed by Du Bois. These letters describe his continuing research and provide updates on his health. Du Bois congratulates Lillian at the time of her marriage to Arthur Katzman, and invites her family to his New Year’s Day celebration at Grace Court.

Finally, the correspondence includes letters between Katzman and David Levering Lewis. Lewis is the winner of two Pulitzer prizes for part one and two of his biography on W.E.B Du Bois. In one letter, she expresses regrets about leaving Du Bois’s employment, but says it was necessary for financial reasons.

Katzman’s continued interest in Du Bois and his work is reflected in the selection of articles and speeches she saved. The first article, “Forty-Two Years in the U.S.S.R” concerns two visits to the Soviet Union, the first prior to World War II and the second in the aftermath. Du Bois writes about the significant growth of arts and sciences under Communism, and commends advancements towards democracy. The second article, “The Vast Miracle of China Today,” concerns his ten-week trip to China, during which he celebrated his 91st birthday. In it he discusses a brief history of China and praises the improvements made in education and equality during “the great leap” to Communism.

A pamphlet containing the keynote address at Madison Square Garden of the first meeting to launch the political campaign for the American Labor Party urges the public to vote for the third party and vote for peace. Another speech written for the annual convention of the Peace Progressive Party of Massachusetts highlights the effort to stop the fighting in Korea. Here he again urges voters to elect neither candidate from the Democratic or Republican parties and to choose a leader from the Progressive Party. There is an original copy of his pamphlet, “Peace is Dangerous,” published by the The Guardian of his 1951 speech in New York, sponsored by the National Council for Arts, Sciences, & Professions and later revised for an Armistice Day address in Boston.

Copies of Albert Kahn’s pamphlet “Agents of Peace,” describe the arraignment of Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois as he faced criminal charges for failing to register the Peace Information Center as a foreign agent. Du Bois helped to establish the Peace Information Center, which endorsed the Stockholm Peace Appeal calling for a ban on atomic weapons. Considered a threat, the Department of Justice branded the Peace Information Center as a foreign agent and demanded that they register under the Foreign Agents Registration Act. The Center was eventually dissolved by the executive board, but they were charged by the Justice Department four months later. Kahn’s was one in a series of pamphlets that argued for peace, all written in support of Du Bois during this time.

Articles about Du Bois include a book review from The Guardian criticizing Francis Broderick’s “W.E.B. Du Bois: Negro Leader in a time of Crisis.”. A few articles were written after his death that highlight his long career and describe his funeral in Ghana. Other newspaper clippings include articles from the pages of the Spectator and New York Post and several other publications, remembering Du Bois’s legacy and citing his influence on civil rights and higher education for blacks. Other notable highlights are the New York Post article concerning the denial of a visa for Shirley Graham Du Bois to visit the United States and a New York Times article, concerning the naming of Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois to the Black Academy of Arts and Letters Hall of Fame in 1970.

Collection inventory
Du Bois, W.E.B., Correspondence
1952
Box 1: 1

Shizuoka-shi (Japan) – Thanking him for his letter of Jan. 3; asking his opinion of Herbert Aptheker’s “A Documentary History of the Negro People in the U.S.A.”.

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Asking her to check the mail at his apartment at 31 Grace Court.

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Letter her know that he “will not need you until the first”; informing her of his and Shirley’s trip to Chicago and Milwaukee and the death of Shirley’s mother.

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Asking her to contact Penn Station lost and found to retrieve his copy of Costain’s “Silver Chalice” left behind in a seat

London (England) – Asking Du Bois for corrections to his enclosed biography for Who’s Who.

Du Bois, W.E.B., Correspondence
1953
Box 1: 2

Los Angeles (Calif.) – Informing her of his and Shirley’s trip to Los Angeles and future travel plans; asking her to return an NAACP receipt and to ask Harcourt & Brace to “write Murphy what they have written me” and that “Murphy is well able to pay”.

Nassau (Bahamas) – Including instructions for receipt of mail while in the Bahamas, asking her to deposit checks, to not book any speeches and “in case of articles or books, write or wait until return”.

San Francisco (Calif.) – Informing her of his and Shirley’s speaking engagements in California, travel plans to Chicago and arrival in New York.

Nassau (Bahamas) – Asking her to retrieve a letter from Mrs. Worrell at his 31 Grace Court home in Brooklyn and forward it to him in the Bahamas.

Nassau (Bahamas) – Asking her to send a manuscript to Montague, (J. D.) Bernal and (George) Padmore in England with a note saying that a principal copy has been send to Budapest in care of Joliot-Curie, fearing that his mail is being tampered with; asking her to also send a copy to Gloria Agrin to solicit her opinion.

Nassau (Bahamas) – Informing her of a planned trip to visit the outer islands of the Bahamas and to Long Cay “where my grandfather was born”; asking her to: write William Kerner that “the proposed pamphlet is all right”, to tell Faulkner he will speak for the club “if they can afford$50 and transportation”, and to make copies of his letter to Budapest and to send manuscripts to Montague, (J. D.) Bernal and (George) Padmore in England.

Nassau (Bahamas) – Informing her of trip to visit the outer islands of the Bahamas, to the home of his grandfather where they “found no documents, but much interesting lore”, and their scheduled return on May 17; asking her to secure food for their return to New York. Written on “Color and Democracy, Colonies and Peace” letterhead.

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Inviting her to attend a reception for the “Seminar on Africa” to be given at their home at 31 Grace Court.

Du Bois, W.E.B., Correspondence
1954
Box 1: 3

Los Angeles (Calif.) – Writing from the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles: “This is really very nice”.

Asking her to revise a speech by “Harriet” to “make it sound probable”. Possibly referring to Harriet G. Eddy

Du Bois, W.E.B., Correspondence
1955
Box 1: 4

Port-au-Prince (Haiti) – Informing her of his address while in Haiti; asking her to open mail and forward “only that which is VERY important”, and to “put all displaced books on the shelves”.

Port-au-Prince (Haiti) – Informing her of the details of his and Shirley’s return to New York, and his intention to “stop into the office Monday between noon and two p.m.”

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Expressing distress at her leaving his employment, wishing her well, and thanking her “for your faithful work”.

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Expressing how much he misses her; informing her of the completion of his book; hoping she will “get rich soon”.

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Asking if she knows where his revised version of his Rosenberg poem is.

Du Bois, W.E.B., Correspondence
1956
Box 1: 5

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Responding to her recent letter; informing her: that “my office is very lonely and I plan to move it to my Brooklyn home this Fall”, that Elizabeth Lawson has helped him occasionally, that Shirley had a bad injury in the surf at Fire Island in July, of Masses & Mainstream’s intention to publish his Black Flame Trilogy, of an invitation to attend a Chinese celebration of the 250th anniversary of the birth of Benjamin Franklin in Peking and to the March 1957 Ghana independence celebrations.

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) -Informing her of his move from his office at 23 West 26th St. to his home at 31 Grace Court in Brooklyn and inviting her and her daughter Carol to come and visit after the holidays.

Du Bois, W.E.B., Correspondence
1959
Box 1: 6

London (England) – Informing her of his arrival in New York upon completion of his trip to the Soviet Union, Germany, Czechoslovakia, China, Sweden and Britain and asking her to “find me a perfect part time secretary to help me answer all my unanswered letters and write all the books I’ve promised to write and the history of this miraculous trip and my autobiography and lectures I’ve promised to deliver etc., etc.”

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Congratulating her on her marriage and regretting that a copy of his book “The Ordeal of Mansart” was not ready to send as a gift. Misaddressed to “Lillian Katyman”.

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Inviting her and her husband to an open house on New Year’s day from 3-6.

Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) – Invitation from Shirley and W. E. B. Du Bois to an open house at their home on New Years Day.

Du Bois, W.E.B., “Forty-Two Years of the USSR”
1959
Box 1: 7
Du Bois, W.E.B., Pamphlet: Labor Party speech
1952
Box 1: 8
Du Bois, W.E.B., Peace is Dangerous
1951
Box 1: 9
Du Bois, W.E.B., Progressive Party and Peace
1952
Box 1: 10
Du Bois, W.E.B., “Vast Miracle of China Today”
1959
Box 1: 11

Croton-on-Hudson (N.Y.) – Describing the origins of the Peace Information Center, W. E. B. Du Bois’s steadfast peace activism, and the founding principles and initiatives of the Center; outlining the audacious circumstances behind his indictment; and indicating how readers can contribute to the cause in his defense, or order further copies of the pamphlet at hand. Stamped CASE WON on the next to last page.

Correspondence: Lewis, David Levering
1986
Box 1: 13

Aurora (Colo.) – List of books, letters, memos, and other material on W. E. B. Du Bois in Katzman’s possession.

Aurora (Colo.) – Enclosing a list of material in her possession on W. E. B. Du Bois for Lewis’s biography of Du Bois; offering to xerox the letters and clippings.

Aurora (Colo.) – Enclosing newspaper clippings on W. E. B. Du Bois’ for Lewis’s biography of him; listing other material in her possession and asking if he would like copies.

Aurora (Colo.) – List of xeroxed copies of clippings sent to David Levering Lewis for his biography of W. E. B. Du Bois.

Aurora (Colo.) – Explaining that W. E. B. Du Bois’ typing style was not due to him being “sloppy” but due to his “hunt and peck” method of typing and the age of his typewriters; regretting that she left Du Bois’ employ; recalling fondly her time with him. In response to Lewis’s biography of Du Bois.

Nelson, Truman, “W.E.B. Du Bois: Prophet in Limbo”
1958
Box 1: 14
Newspaper clippings: Du Bois, W.E.B.
1959-1964
Box 1: 15
Newspaper clippings: Du Bois, W.E.B.
1970-1976
Box 1: 16
Newspaper clippings: Du Bois, W.E.B.
1986-1989
Box 1: 17
Negative: Du Bois, W.E.B.
ca.1955
Box 1: 18

London (England) – Biography of W. E. B. Du Bois sent to him for review before publication in the forthcoming edition of Who’s Who in America.

Administrative information
Provenance

Acquired from Lillian Hyman Katzman and Carol L. Goldstein, 2009.

Processing Information

Processed by Mary Fahey and Samantha Cardone, 2010.

Digitized content

The Katzman Papers have been digitized and are available in Credo

For materials related to Lillian Hyman Katzman or W.E.B. Du Bois, see:

Copyright and Use (More informationConnect to publication information)

Cite as: Lillian Hyman Katzman Papers (MS 611). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Contributors

  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977
  • Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963
  • Katzman, Lillian Hyman
Special Collections and University Archives logo