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Cleveland, L. R. (Lemuel Roscoe), 1892-

L. R. Cleveland Collection

1936-1958
1 box 1.6 linear feet
Call no.: MS 1092
Depiction of Printing plate
Printing plate

The protistologist Lemuel R. Cleveland is credited with providing the first convincing evidence of the endosymbiotic relationship between protists and their metazoan hosts. A Mississippian by birth and graduate of University of Mississippi and Johns Hopkins, Cleveland spent the majority of his career at Harvard, specializing in study of the flagellates inhabiting the guts of termites and the wood-dwelling cockroach Cryptocercus.

This small collection consists of two papers by Cleveland (one in manuscript), four wood-mounted printing blocks, published color and black and white plates, and original paste-up figures for publications by protistologist L. R. Cleveland.

Background on L. R. Cleveland

The protistologists Lemuel R. Cleveland is credited with providing the first convincing evidence of the endosymbiotic relationship between protists and their metazoan hosts. Born in rural Newton County, Mississippi, on Nov. 12, 1892, and a graduate of the University of Mississippi, Cleveland received his doctorate from Johns Hopkins in 1923, beginning a long career at Harvard in 1925.

Initially, Cleveland studied the lifecycle of the amoebae associated with human dysentery, but his discovery of a rich protistan biota in the hindgut of the wood-dwelling and wood-eating roach Cryptocercus altered the course of his research. Beginning with his post-doctoral research at Hopkins, he carefully parsed out the role of intestinal flagellates in enabling termites to subsist on a cellulose diet. Termites deprived of their gut flagellates, he showed, would slowly died of starvation unless those flagellates were reintroduced. This first demonstration of symbiosis between a protist and metazoan was followed by years of research on the taxonomy and life history of Cryptocercus protists and on chromosomal structures, both distinguished be Cleveland’s skills as a microscopist.

Becoming a fellow of the National Academy of Sciences in1952, Cleveland remained active even after his retirement from Harvard in 1959, having been lured to a position at the University of Georgia. He died on Feb. 12, 1969.

Scope of collection

This small collections consists of two papers by Cleveland (one in manuscript), four wood-mounted printing blocks, published color and black and white plates, and original paste-up figures for publications by protistologist L. R. Cleveland.

Inventory

Cleveland, L. R.: “Hormone-induced sexual cycle of flagellates”: TMs submission to Archiv fur Protistenkunde
1956
Cleveland, L. R. and Maz Day: “Spirotrichonymphidae of stolotermes,” Archiv fur Protistenkunde 103
1958
Gardner, J. C. M.: TLsS to L. R. Cleveland on locating a living supply of Archotermopsis
1936
2 items
Offprints of plates from articles in Memoirs of the American Academy of Sciences, etc.
ca.1940-1955
Printing plates: Leptospironymphae
ca.1940
Printing plates: unidentified figures
ca.1940
3 items
Oxymonas paper: plates
ca.1955
Trichonymphidae paper: final plates
ca.1955

Administrative information

Access

The collection is open for research.

Provenance

Acquired from Michael Dolan, May 2015 (2015-049).

Processing Information

Processed by I. Eliot Wentworth, July 2019.

Language:

English

Copyright and Use (More information )

Cite as: L. R. Cleveland Collection (MS 1092). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Search terms

Subjects

  • Cytology–Pictorial works
  • Flagellata–Pictorial works

Genres and formats

  • Printing plates

Link to similar SCUA collections

Gift of Michael Dolan, May 2015.

Subjects

Cytology--Pictorial worksFlagellata--Pictorial works

Types of material

Printing plates

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