CIA on Trial Project (Amherst, Mass.)

CIA on Trial Project Records

1985-1989
1 box 0.5 linear feet
Call no.: MS 508

In 1986 demonstrations against CIA recruitment on the University’s campus led by activists Abbie Hoffman and Amy Carter, daughter of former President Jimmy Carter, resulted in the takeover of two school buildings and more than sixty arrests. The CIA on Trial Project was a group established in Amherst to support the individuals arrested as well as to raise funds for their legal defense.

News clippings covering the protests, fliers, memos from the University’s administration, and correspondence with Chancellor Duffey capture the mood on campus during and after the protests.

Background on CIA on Trial Project Records

During the 1980s, the CIA played an active role in the political instability of
Central America, particularly in Nicaragua, where it provided funding and arms to
the Contras, a militant right-wing group in opposition to Sandinista rule. Despite a
ban by Congress, the United States covertly continued to funnel
military and financial support into the Contras through Iran. The conflict between
the two groups was a part of the Nicaraguan Revolution, Revolución
Nicaragüense in Spanish, which began in the 1960s with rising opposition
against the Somoza dictatorship. The dictatorship originally put the Sandinistas in
power, and ended in 1990 following an election in compliance with the Tela Accord.
In 1986, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled against the United States,
and in favor of Nicaragua, stating that the United States had violated international
law in their support of the Contras. The ICJ rewarded Nicaragua reparations, which the United States chose not to pay.

Public opinion of the CIA and of the Reagan administration worsened dramatically.
Amidst this turbulent political climate, a CIA recruiter came to the University of
Massachusetts, Amherst to hold an information session and interview pre-selected
candidates. This was met with considerable backlash from students who viewed the
recruiter on campus as an act of compliancy with the CIA’s actions, and in response
several protests were organized. The information session was cancelled following
demonstrators swarming the Career Center. The next day, a group of demonstrators
occupied the Affirmative Action Office in the Whitmore Administration Building,
wanting to speak to senior university staff. Eleven students were arrested after
refusing to leave the office, and were loaded onto a bus to be taken to District
Court. Those not arrested began to throw themselves in front of the bus in an
attempt to stop it. About a week and a half later, a rally was held at the Student
Union, which then began to move towards Whitmore, which soon was closed and locked
in response. Up to 100 demonstrators instead occupied Munson Hall, the closest unlocked building, for several hours. Sixty people who refused to leave after a court order was issued were arrested for trespassing, and eight more were arrested for disorderly conduct outside of the building. Abbie Hoffman and Amy Carter were among those arrested. Protests continued without any arrests in the following week.

The trial of those arrested at Munson Hall was extremely publicized, drawing
attention for the drama of the jury selection process, the famous defendants and their defense, and the ramifications of the ruling. The defendants were acquitted of trespassing and disorderly conduct after claiming that the CIA’s crimes justified their actions, in which they effectively “put the CIA on trial.” Their acquittal was seen as a sign that “middle America doesn’t want the CIA doing what they’re doing.”

Contents of Collection

This collection captures the mood on and surrounding campus through a considerable
number of newspaper clippings from the Pioneer Valley and from across the country.
There are also documents regarding the trespassing trial, the CIA’s activity in
Central America, particularly Nicaragua, and Chancellor Duffey office’s response and correspondence.

Collection inventory

Articles on the CIA’s Activities in Latin America
1976-1987
Box 1: 1
Chronology of Events
1987 Apr
Box 1: 2
CIA in Nicaragua
1985-1987
Box 1: 3
CIA on Trial Project: Organizational Structure
ca.1986
Box 1: 4
CIA on Trial Project: Trespassing Trial Witnesses and Fundraising
1987
Box 1: 5
Defendents’ Memorandum of Law Regarding Jury Nullification
1987
Box 1: 6
Defendents’ Statement on Greenfield IRS Occupation
1985 Sep 16
Box 1: 7
Kenan, Marc
ca.1986
Box 1: 8
Fliers
1986-1987
Box 1: 9
Miscellaneous Related to Trial
ca.1987
Box 1: 10
News Clippings: Amherst Bulletin
1986-1987
Box 1: 11
News Clippings: The Boston Globe
1986-1987
Box 1: 12
News Clippings: The Boston Herald
1986-1987
Box 1: 13
News Clippings: The Campus Chronicle
1986-1987
Box 1: 14
News Clippings: The Daily Hampshire Gazette
1986-1989
Box 1: 15
News Clippings: The Massachusetts Daily Collegian
1986-1989
Box 1: 16
News Clippings: The Minuteman
1986-1987
Box 1: 17
News Clippings: The Morning Union
1987
Box 1: 18
News Clippings: National Newspapers
1986-1987
Box 1: 19
News Clippings: New England West
1987
Box 1: 20
News Clippings: New York Times
1986-1987
Box 1: 21
News Clippings: Other UMass Campus News
1987
Box 2: 1
News Clippings: Transcript Telegram
1987 Apr
Box 2: 2
News Clippings: Unknown
1987
Box 2: 3
News Clippings: The Valley Advocate
1987
Box 2: 4
Post-Trial Reactions in Print
1987
Box 2: 5
Protestors’ Demands and Press Releases
1986-1987
Box 2: 6
Trial Brief
1987
Box 2: 7
Trial Notes
1986-1987
Box 2: 8
University Reaction and Correspondence
1986-1987
Box 2: 9

Administrative information

Access

The collection is open for research.

Language:

English

Related material

See also the Activism of the 1980s Photograph Collection (PH 012), and Box 6 of the Radical Student Union Records (RG 45/80/R1).

Processing Information

Processed by Joanna Nevins, Mar 2018.

Copyright and Use (More informationConnect to publication information)

Cite as: CIA on Trial Project Records (MS 508). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Subjects

  • Activists--Massachusetts
  • CIA on Trial Project (Amherst, Mass.)
  • University of Massachusetts Amherst--History

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