Valley Peace Center Records, 1965-1973.
28 boxes (13.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 301
In the summer of 1967, members of University of Massachusetts Amherst campus groups, such as the Faculty Group on War and Peace and the Students for Political Action, joined with individuals from other area colleges and from the community at large to form the Valley Peace Center of Amherst for the purposes of opposing the Vietnam War, providing draft counseling, eliciting pledges from the government to avoid first use of nuclear and biological weapons, and reduction of the power of the “military-industrial complex”. The Center was active for more than five and a half years, drawing its financial support largely from the community and its human resources from student and community volunteers.
Correspondence, minutes, volunteer and membership lists, financial records, newsletters, questionnaires, notes, petitions, clippings, posters, circulars, pamphlets, periodicals, other printed matter, and memorabilia. Includes material relating to alternative service, boycotts, war tax resistance, prison reform, environmental quality, and political candidates.
- Amherst (Mass.)--Social conditions--20th century
- Draft--United States--History
- Peace movements--Massachusetts--Amherst
- Social movements--Massachusetts--Amherst
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements--Massachusetts--Amherst
- Westover Air Force Base (Mass.)--History--20th century
- Valley Peace Center (Amherst, Mass.)
Types of material
Tom Weiner Oral History Collection, 2004-2008.
3 boxes (1.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 729
Growing up in Elmont, Long Island and Teaneck, New Jersey, Tom Weiner attended Trinity College before facing the draft in 1971. After failing the physical and mental examination, Weiner studied alternative education in England, Europe, and Israel on a Watson Fellowship. Upon his return in 1972, he began study at NYU law school, but soon left the city for Northampton, Massachusetts. A life-long social justice activist, Weiner has worked as a sixth grade teacher for the past twenty-five years.
With a lottery number of 117, Tom Weiner knew for certain that he would be drafted immediately upon graduation from Trinity College. Decades later, Weiner was inspired to collect the stories of the men and women who came of age during the Vietnam War era. This collection consists of the oral history interviews, recordings and transcripts, Weiner collected, thirty of which appear in his book Called to Serve: Stories of Men and Women Confronted by the Vietnam War Draft.
- Draft--United States--History--20th century
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Conscientious objectors
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Draft resisters
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Personal narratives
Types of material
Charles L. Whipple Papers, 1925-1991.
21 boxes (10.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 360
A noted journalist, editor, and first ombudsman for the Boston Globe, Charles L. Whipple was born in Salem, Mass., on May 8, 1914. A descendant of both a Salem witch and of a signer of the Declaration of Independence, Whipple was a political radical as a young man, joining the Young Communist League during his sophomore year at Harvard in 1933, and taking part in a small communist study group within the American Newspaper Guild after joining the staff of the Boston Globe in 1936. Unfit for military duty due to a bad eye, Whipple served with the Red Cross for 30 months in Europe during the Second World War, earning a purple heart. He severed ties with the Communist Party when he returned to the Globe and civilian life, becoming the paper’s first opinion page editor, garnering attention in the 1960s for writing the first major newspaper editorial opposing the war in Vietnam. His last positions were as the paper’s first ombudsman in 1975 and, following his retirement from the Globe, as editor of the Beijing Review and the China Daily, China’s first English-language daily. Whipple died in Northampton, Mass., in 1991 from complications following surgery.
Containing both personal and professional correspondence, the Charles L. Whipple Papers document a long and distinguished career in journalism. The collection includes important information on Whipple’s experiences during the Vietnam War, as an employee of the Boston Globe, and as an American living in China in the late 1970s. Many of the correspondents in the collection reflect upon Whipple’s feelings toward his profession and the people he encountered along the way. Of particular note is the extensive correspondence relating to the American Newspaper Guild, including meeting minutes, schedules, and correspondence. The Subject Files include groupings of articles, news clippings, and writings collected by Whipple over his lifetime. The balance of the collection consists of printed materials with a few photos.
- American Newspaper Guild
- Boston Globe
- Journalists--Labor unions--Massachusetts
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Bob Winston Collection, 1964-1993.
36 boxes (49.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 452
An educator and activist, Robert M. Winston was born in New York city during the first wave of the baby boom and lived many of the principles associated with his generation. Winston became active in the civil rights and antiwar movements while a graduate student at Indiana University in the mid-1960s, working in cause while building his academic career. After being dismissed from a position at the University of New Hampshire for his antiwar activities, he moved on the UMass, where he earned a doctorate in education, serving as head of the Valley Peace Center at the same time. His activism continued into
The Winston Papers contain a dense assemblage of personal correspondence, subject files, posters, and audiovisual and printed materials documenting a career in social justice movements. The earliest materials in the collection stem from Winston’s involvement in the civil rights movement in Indiana and his opposition to the war in Vietnam, including a surprisingly wide array of materials from left-oriented periodicals to antiwar newspapers printed for servicemen and women, and the collection documents the ups and downs of his academic career. Later materials touch on his interests in U.S. intervention in Central America during the 1980s, the prison-industrial complex, civil liberties, and environmental issues.
- Alinsky, Saul David, 1909-1972
- Amherst (Mass.)--History
- Civil rights movements
- Draft--United States--History
- Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963
- King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968
- Peace movements
- Political activists--Massachusetts
- Rosenberg, Ethel, 1915-1953
- Rosenberg, Julius, 1918-1953
- Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.)
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements--Massachusetts
Ferd Wulkan Collection, 1968-1985.
9 boxes (12.5 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 841
A 1968 graduate in mathematics from MIT, Ferd Wulkan has been a fixture in activist circles for many years. A member of SDS in college, Wulkan became a key union organizer after moving to Amherst in the 1980s and a strong supporter for public higher education. After serving for several years as a field representative of Local 509 and 888 of the SEIU, working with non-faculty professional personnel at UMass Amherst, he has been a representative (1989- ) and organizer (2004- ) for the Massachusetts Society of Professors. In 2007, Wulkan became organizing director for the Public Higher Education Network of Massachusetts (PHENOM), a grassroots advocacy organization for affordable and accessible public higher education.
The Wulkan Collection consists of a fascinating array of material from Leftist and radical political movements during the late 1960s and early 1980s, with an emphasis on the Cambridge-Somerville area. In addition to a rich assemblage of formally published pamphlets and magazines, the collection includes a large number of fliers, handouts, informally published works, and underground newspapers on Socialist, Feminist, and anarchist topics and relating to the war in Vietnam, the labor movement, civil rights, and Black Power.
- Cambridge (Mass.)--History
- Somerville (Mass.)--History
- Underground press publications
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements
American Friends Service Committee Records, 1975-2005.
24 boxes (36 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 459
Established in 1968 in response to the war in Vietnam, the AFSC office in western Massachusetts did not limit its focus to draft and military counseling, instead the organization broadened its focus over time to include educational and outreach programs for a variety of peace and socal justice issues. Today the chapter focuses on economic justice, campaigns against U.S. military intervention, and actions to combat racism and classism. With an emphasis on serving the community of western Massachusetts, the program is equally committed to calling attention to issues of both national and local importance. Recent campaigns range from ending the war in Iraq and supporting peace in Columbia to preventing the construction of a new jail in Chicopee.
The collection consists chiefly of subject files that together provide a picture of the various issues in which the western Massachusetts AFSC was involved. Topics range from the organization’s earliest focus, the Vietnam War, to the first Gulf War, landlord/tenant relations, immigration, and landmines. The collection also includes materials relating to public figures, some of whom traveled to the region to speak.
- Massachusetts--Economic conditions
- Peace movements--Massachusetts
- Social justice--Massachusetts
- American Friends Service Committee. Western Massachusetts
Allan C. Boschen Esperanto Collection, 1852-2015.
ca.750 items (18 linear feet).
Call no.: RB 028
A constructed language developed by a Polish physician, L.L. Zamenhof, and first published in 1887, Esperanto is the most widely spoken auxiliary language in the world. Fundamentally utopian in origin, Esperanto is a simplified and highly rationalized language derived from a pastiche of languages, primarily European. By creating a universal second language, Zamenhof hoped that Esperanto would help transcend national and cultural boundaries and thus promote peace and understanding in a fractious world. Allan Boschen, an engineer with General Electric in Pittsfield, was a student and teacher of Esperanto and longtime officer with the Esperanto Society of New England.
The Esperanto book collection includes instructional materials in the language from around the world along with a diversity of imprints ranging from novels and poetry to travel books, histories and biographies, political writings, materials on China and Vietnam, children’s literature, and even a cookbook. We expect to add to the collection in future.
- Languages, Artificial
Mitzi Bowman Papers, ca.1970-2010.
12 boxes (18 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 761
For years, Mitzi Bowman and her husband Pete were stalwarts of the progressive community in Connecticut, and tireless activists in the movements for social justice, peace, and the environment. Shortly after their marriage in 1966, the Bowman’s settled in Newtown and then in Milford, Conn., where Pete worked as an engineer and where Mitzi had trouble finding employment due to her outspoken ways. In close collaboration, the couple became ardent opponents of the war in Vietnam as well as opponents of nuclear weaponry. The focus of their activism took a new direction in 1976, when they learned of plans to ship spent nuclear fuel rods near their home. Founding their first antinuclear organization, STOP (Stop the Transport of Pollution), they forced the shipments to be rerouted, and they soon devoted themselves to shutting down nuclear power in Connecticut completely, including the Millstone and Connecticut Yankee facilities, the latter of which was decommissioned in 1996. The Bowmans were active in a wide array of other groups, including the New Haven Green Party, the Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone, the People’s Action for Clean Energy (PACE), and they were founding members of Fight the (Utility Rate) Hike, the Progressive Action Roundtable, and Don’t Waste Connecticut. Two years after Pete died on Feb. 14, 2006 at the age of 78, Mitzi relocated to Vermont, carrying on her activism.
The Bowman Papers center on Mitzi and Pete Bowman’s antinuclear activism, dating from their first forays with STOP in the mid-1970s through the growth of opposition to Vermont Yankee in the approach to 2010. The collection offers a valuable glimpse into the early history of grassroots opposition to nuclear energy and the Bowmans’ approach to organizing and their connections with other antinuclear activists and to the peace and environmental movements are reflected in an extensive series of notes, press releases, newsclippings, talks, ephemera, and correspondence. The collections also includes extensive subject files on radiation, nuclear energy, peace, and related topics.
- Antinuclear movement--Connecticut
- Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone
- Don't Waste Connecticut
- STOP (Stop the Transport of Pollution)
Anthony Campano Papers, 1956-2007.
2 boxes (1 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 617
Anthony “Tony” Campano and Shizuko Shirai met by chance in January 1955 as Tony was passing through Yokohama en route to his new post in Akiya. Recently transferred to Japan, Tony enlisted in the U.S. Army a little over a year earlier, serving first in Korea. As their relationship blossomed, Tony and Shizuko set up housekeeping until his enlistment ended and he returned home to Boston. Determined to get back to Japan quickly and marry Shizuko, the two continued their courtship by mail, sending letters through Conrad Totman and Albert Braggs, both stationed in Japan. By the summer of 1956, Tony re-enlisted in the Army, this time stationed in the Medical Battalion of the 24th Division located in Seoul, Korea. There he remained until August 1957 when he was finally able to secure official authorization to marry Shizuko. Cutting their honeymoon short to deal with her medical emergency, Tony returned to his post in Korea. The couple reunited in November of that year after Tony secured a new assignment in Yokohama.
The letters of Tony Campano to Shizuko Shirai during the year or more they were separated document their unlikely romance. Soon after Tony returned home when his first enlistment ended, friends and family tried to discourage him from pursuing a relationship with Shizuko. Despite their age difference–Shizuko was eleven years older– and the language barrier, the two ultimately married. In addition to the couple’s long-distance courtship letters, the collection also contains about 100 letters exchanged between Campano and Conrad Totman, dating from their early days in the U.S. Army to the present; taken together they document a friendship of more than fifty years.
- Japan--Social life and customs--1945-
- United States. Army--Non-commissioned officers--Correspondence
- Campano, Anthony
- Campano, Shizuko Shirai
- Totman, Conrad D
Types of material
[ A ][ B ][ C ][ D ][ E ][ F ][ G ][ H ][ I, J ][ K ][ L ][ M ][ N ]
[ O ][ P, Q ][ R ][ S ][ T ][ U ][ V ][ W ][ XYZ ]
- Valley Grower
- see Extension Service, Cooperative–Valley Grower (1956) RG-15/8
- Valley Health Plan (HMO)
- Valley Review (1967-1968) (Student Publication)
- Valley Women’s Studies Journal
- see Five-College Women’s Conference, Valley Women’s Studies Journal RG-60/9
- Valley Women’s Voice (1979-1993, 1995)
- Valuation of Courses (Official University Committee) (1911-1967)
- Varsity Club (1921-1937)
- Vegetable News and Notes
- see Extension Service, Cooperative-Vegetable News and Notes (1964-1969) RG-15/8
- Ventilation Working Group, Campus Building
- see Campus Building Ventilation Working Group RG-30/15/4/1
- Veterans Affairs, Office of (Veterans Assistance and Counseling Services)
- Veterans Assistance and Counseling Services
- see Veterans Affairs, Office of (Veterans Assistance and Counseling Services) RG-30/28
- Veterans Coalition (1967-1978)
- Veterans Service Organization (VSO) (1983-1998)
- Veterinary and Animal Sciences Department
- Veterinary and Animal Sciences Department–Dairy Farm
- Veterinary and Animal Sciences Department–Equine Center Council
- Veterinary and Animal Science Department–Massachusetts Dairy Digest
- see Massachusetts Dairy Digest (1936-1985) RG-15/8
- see Valley Health Plan (HMO) RG-30/15/13
- see Volunteer Initiative Blending Education and Service (VIBES) (1989- ) RG-45/40/V6
- Vice Chancellor/Dean for Enrollment Services, Assistant (1994- )
- Vice Chancellor, Executive
- see Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost RG-6/1
- Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs
- see Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost RG-6/3
- Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs, Associate (1988)
- Vice Chancellor for Administration and Finance
- Vice Chancellor for Administrative Services
- Vice Chancellor for Advancement
- Vice Chancellor for Advancement, Associate
- Vice Chancellor for Campus Activities, Assistant (1994- )
- Vice Chancellor for Computing and Information Systems, Associate (1975- )
- see also Telecommunications (Administrative Services) RG-35/17
- Vice Chancellor for Research and Dean of Graduate Studies
- see also Dean (Graduate School) RG-10/1
- Vice Chancellor for Research, Graduate Education and Economic Development
- see Vice Chancellor for Research and Dean of Graduate Studies RG-9/1
- Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs
- Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs, Associate
- Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs, Notes from the
- see Notes from the Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs (1973-1978) RG-30/00/1
- Vice Chancellor for University Advancement
- see Vice Chancellor for University Relations and Development RG-39/1
- Vice Chancellor for University Advancement/University Relations, Associate (1993- )
- Vice Chancellor for University Outreach (2000- )
- Vice Chancellor for University Relations and Development
- Vice Chancellor for University Relations and Development, Administrative Staff
- Vice President for Academic Affairs
- Vice President for Academic Affairs, Assistant
- Vice President for Labor Relations and Personnel, Assistant
- Vice President for Management and Business Affairs
- Vice President for Management
- Vice President for Management and Fiscal Affairs (1989)
- Vice President for Management and Fiscal Affairs and University Treasurer (1991- )
- Vice President for Planning
- Vice President for University Policy
- Vice President for University Relations
- Vice President Fort Devens
- see Union Video Center RG-45/30/U5
- Video Instructional Program
- see Extended Engineering Education, Office of RG-14/5
- Video Project, Student
- Videotape Instructional Program
- see Extended Engineering Education, Office of RG-14/5
- see Films and Videotapes RG-186
- Vietnam Moratorium, Faculty for (Non Official Committee) (1969)
- Vietnam Veterans Against the War, Woman’s Caucus and
- see Woman’s Caucus and Vietnam Veterans Against The War (1971-1972) RG-45/80/W5
- Vietnamese Students Association (1994-1995)
- see Extended Engineering Education, Office of–Video Instruction Program RG-14/5
- Visitor’s Program, Distinguished
- see Distinguished Visitors Program RG-45/50/D5
- Visual Software, Audio
- see Audio-Visual Software RG-185 thru 190
- see Volunteers Involved in Vital Action (VIVA) (1992- ) RG-45/40/V7
- Voice, The (Graduate Student Publication) (1983-1993)
- Voice of New Women (Everywoman’s Center) (1973)
- see Sports, Women’s Volleyball (1967, 1986- ) RG-18/2
- Volunteer Initiative Blending Education and Service (VIBES) (1989-1997)
- Volunteers Involved in Vital Action (VIVA) (1992-1996)