Logo and link to University of Massachusetts Amherst

Special Collections and University Archives : University Libraries

You searched for: "Clark, William Smith, 1826-1886" (page 1 of 38)

  1. Pages:
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 3
  5. 4
  6. 5
  7. 6
  8. 7
  9. ...
  10. 38
Clark, William Smith, 1826-1886

William Smith Clark Papers

1814-2003 Bulk: 1844-1886
14.75 linear feet
Call no.: RG 003/1 C63
Depiction of William Smith Clark
William Smith Clark

Born in Ashfield, Massachusetts, in 1826, William Smith Clark graduated from Amherst College in 1848 and went on to teach the natural sciences at Williston Seminary until 1850, when he continued his education abroad, studying chemistry and botany at the University of Goettingen, earning his Ph.D in 1852. From 1852 to 1867 he was a member of Amherst College’s faculty as a Professor of Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. As a leading citizen of Amherst, Clark was a strong advocate for the establishment of the new agricultural college, becoming one of the founding members of the college’s faculty and in 1867, the year the college welcomed its first class of 56 students, its President. During his presidency, he pressured the state government to increase funding for the new college and provide scholarships to enable poor students, including women, to attend. The college faced economic hardship early in its existence: enrollment dropped in the 1870s, and the college fell into debt. He is noted as well for helping to establish an agricultural college at Sapporo, Japan, and building strong ties between the Massachusetts Agricultural College and Hokkaido. After Clark was denied a leave of absence in 1879 to establish a “floating college” — a ship which would carry students and faculty around the world — he resigned.

The Clark Papers include materials from throughout his life, including correspondence with fellow professors and scientists, students in Japan, and family; materials relating to his Civil War service in the 21st Massachusetts Infantry; photographs and personal items; official correspondence and memoranda; published articles; books, articles, television, and radio materials relating to Clark, in Japanese and English; and materials regarding Hokkaido University and its continuing relationship with the University of Massachusetts.

Subjects
Agricultural colleges--Japan--History
Agricultural colleges--Massachusetts--History
Agriculturists--Japan
Agriculturists--Massachusetts
Amherst (Mass.)--History
Amherst College--Faculty
Amherst College--Students--Correspondence
Hokkaido (Japan)--History
Hokkaid¯o Daigaku--History
Hokkaid¯o Teikoku Daigaku--History
Japan--Relations--United States
Massachusetts Agricultural College--History
Sapporo N¯ogakk¯o--History
Sapporo N¯ogakk¯o. President
T¯ohoku Teikoku Daigaku. N¯oka Daigaku--History
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--Relations--Japan
Universität Göttingen--Students--Correspondence
Contributors
Clark, William Smith, 1826-1886
Massachusetts Agricultural College. President
Types of material
Drawings
Photographs
Realia
Scrapbooks
Denslow, William Wallace, 1826-1868

William Wallace Denslow Botanical Manuscripts Collection

1864-1868
1 box 0.5 linear feet
Call no.: MS 064

A druggist by training, William Denslow became interested in botany as a means of combating tuberculosis through outdoor exercise. As his interests developed, Denslow amassed an herbarium that included between 11,000 and 15,000 specimens, including both American and European species.

The Denslow collection consists of a single volume of manuscripts, chiefly letters, collected from significant botanists and other individuals, including William Henry Brewer, Mordecai Cubitt Cooke, Asa Gray, Isaac Hollister Hall, Thomas P. James, Horace Mann, Edward Sylvester Morse, Charles Horton Peck, George Edward Post, Frederick Ward Putnam, George Thurber, and John Torrey.

Subjects
Botanists--Correspondence
Botany--History--19th century--Sources
Contributors
Brewer, William Henry, 1828-1910
Cooke, M. C. (Mordecai Cubitt), b. 1825
Denslow, William Wallace, 1826-1868
Gray, Asa, 1810-1888
Hall, Isaac H. (Isaac Hollister), 1837-1896
James, Thomas Potts, 1803-1882
Mann, Horace, 1844-1868
Morse, Edward Sylvester, 1838-1925
Peck, Charles H. (Charles Horton), 1833-1917
Post, George E. (George Edward), 1838-1909
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915
Thurber, George, 1821-1890
Torrey, John, 1796-1873
Types of material
Letters (Correspondence)
Clark, Henry James, 1826-1873

Henry James Clark Papers

1865-1872
1 box 0.25 linear feet
Call no.: FS 048
Depiction of Trichodina pediculus
Trichodina pediculus

The first professor of Natural History at the Massachusetts Agricultural College, Henry James Clark, had one of the briefest and most tragic tenures of any member of the faculty during the nineteenth century. Having studied under Asa Gray and Louis Agassiz at Harvard, Clark became an expert microscopist and student of the structure and development of flagellate protozoans and sponges. Barely a year after joining the faculty at Massachusetts Agricultural College at its first professor of Natural History, Clark died of tuberculosis on July 1, 1873.

A small remnant of a brief, but important career in the natural sciences, the Henry James Clark Papers consist largely of obituary notices and a fraction of his published works. The three manuscript items include two letters from Clark’s widow to his obituarist and fellow naturalist, Alpheus Hyatt (one including some minor personal memories), and a contract to build a house on Pleasant Street in Amherst.

Subjects
Developmental biology
Massachusetts Agricultural College--Faculty
Massachusetts Agricultural College. Department of Veterinary Science
Protozoans
Contributors
Clark, Henry James, 1826-1873
Clark, Mary Young Holbrook
Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902
Types of material
Contracts
Letters (Correspondence)
Brooks, William Penn, 1851-

William Penn Brooks Papers

1863-1939
3 boxes 1.5 linear feet
Call no.: RG 003/1 B76
Depiction of Sapporo Ag. College students, 1881
Sapporo Ag. College students, 1881

Two years after graduating from Massachusetts Agricultural College in 1875, William Penn Brooks accepted an invitation from the Japanese government — and his mentor, William Smith Clark — to help establish the Sapporo Agricultural School. Spending over a decade in Hokkaido, Brooks helped to introduce western scientific agricultural practices and the outlines of a program in agricultural education, and he built a solid foundation for the School. After his return to the states in 1888, he earned a doctorate at the University of Halle, Germany, and then accepted a position at his alma mater, becoming a leading figure at the Massachusetts Experiment Station until his retirement in 1921.

Brooks’ papers consist of correspondence, photographs, newspaper clippings, an account book, and translations which provide rich detail on Brooks’ life in Japan, the development of Sapporo Agricultural College (now Hokkaido University), and practical agricultural education in the post-Civil War years.

Subjects
Agricultural colleges--Japan--History
Clark, William Smith, 1826-1886
Hokkaido (Japan)--History
Hokkaid¯o Daigaku
Japan--Description and travel--19th century
Japan--History--1868-
Massachusetts Agricultural College--History
Massachusetts State Agricultural Experiment Station
Sapporo N¯ogakk¯o--History
Sapporo-shi (Japan)--History
Contributors
Brooks, William Penn, 1851-
Types of material
Letters (Correspondence)
Clark family

Clark Family Papers

1679-1814
1 box 0.5 linear feet
Call no.: MS 654

The Clark family played a prominent role in the colonial and early national history of Newton, Massachusetts. John Clark and his wife Elizabeth Norman settled in Cambridge Village (now Newton), Massachusetts, in about 1681, and played an active role in the public life of the town. His son William, grandson Norman, and great-grandson Norman followed in John’s footsteps, serving as Selectmen and, in the case of Norman, Jr., as the Collector of taxes during and after the Revolutionary War.

This small collection traces the early history of Newton, Mass., through the lives and activities of four generations of the family of John Clark. While the majority of the collection consists of deeds or related legal documents pertaining to properties in Newton (or in one case, Connecticut), a few items provide glimpses into other Clark family activities. As tax collector for Newton during and after the Revolution, Norman Clark, Jr., left an interesting documentary trail that touches on financial priorities in town, including the collection of taxes for support of the church, Revolutionary War soldiers, and road building.

Subjects
Clark Family
Newton (Mass.)--History--18th century
Real property--Massachusetts--Newton
Taxation--Massachusetts
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
Contributors
Clark, John
Clark, Norman
Clark, William
Types of material
Deeds
Maps
Wills
Goessmann, Charles A. (Charles Anthony), 1827-1910

Charles A. Goessmann Papers

1850-1917
5.5 linear feet
Call no.: FS 063
Depiction of Charles A. Goessmann, ca.1890
Charles A. Goessmann, ca.1890

German-born agricultural chemist, professor of Chemistry at the University of Massachusetts Amherst when it was known as Massachusetts Agricultural College, and President of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists and the American Chemical Society who made several important contributions in nineteenth century chemistry and held at least four patents.

The Goessman collection includes correspondence (mostly professional), some with presidents of Massachusetts Agricultural College, William Smith Clark (1826-1886) and Henry Hill Goodell (1839-1905). Also contains handwritten drafts of addresses and articles, his dissertation, printed versions of published writings, handwritten lecture notes, class records, proposed college curricula, notes taken by students, handwritten research notes, newsclippings and offprints utilized in research, and biographical materials.

Subjects
Massachusetts Agricultural College--Faculty
Massachusetts Agricultural College. Department of Chemistry
Contributors
Goessmann, Charles A. (Charles Anthony), 1827-1910
Miscellaneous Manuscripts

Miscellaneous Manuscripts

1717-2003
6 boxes 3 linear feet
Call no.: MS 719

Miscellaneous Manuscripts is an artificial collection that brings together single items and small groups of related materials. Although the collection reflects the general collecting emphases in SCUA, particularly the history of New England, the content ranges widely in theme and format.

Subjects
Massachusetts--Economic conditions--18th century
Massachusetts--Economic conditions--19th century
Massachusetts--History
Massachusetts--Politics and government
Massachusetts--Social conditions--18th century
Massachusetts--Social conditions--19th century
Massachusetts--Social conditions--20th century
Types of material
Account books
Correspondence
Photographs
Roche, John P.

John P. Roche Collection

1886-1965
324 items
Call no.: RB 008

A political scientist, writer, and government consultant, John P. Roche was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., on May 7, 1923, the son of a salesman. A liberal Social Democrat and fervent anti-Communist, Roche spent his academic career at Haverford College and Brandeis and Tufts Universities, writing extensively on American foreign policy, constitutional law, and the history of political thought in America, and maintaining a strong interest in the history of the American left. During the 1960s and early 1970s, he served as an adviser to the Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations.

The Roche Collection consists of over 300 publications pertaining to the political left in the United States, with a smaller number of works from the radical right and from European Socialists and Communists. Concentrated in the years spanning the Great Depression, the Second World War, and the McCarthy hearings, many of the works were produced by formal political parties in response to particular political campaigns, current events, or social issues, with other works geared primarily toward consciousness raising and general political education on trade unionism, fascism, war and peace, American foreign policy, and freedom of speech and the press.

Gift of John P. Roche, 1964
Subjects
Communism
Fascism
Pacifism
Socialism
United States--Foreign policy--20th century
World War, 1939-1945
Contributors
Coughlin, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1891-1979
Roche, John P.
Restrictions: Collection currently unavailable due to renovation in SCUA
Wheeler, William

William Wheeler Papers

1876-1930
1 box 0.5 linear feet
Call no.: RG 002/3 W54
Depiction of William Wheeler, ca.1876
William Wheeler, ca.1876

The civil engineer William Wheeler was a member of the first graduating class of Massachusetts Agricultural College in 1871, and was one of its most prominent alumni of the nineteenth century. In 1876, Wheeler joined MAC President William Smith Clark and two other alumni of the college in helping to found the Sapporo Agricultural College in Japan (now Hokkaido University), succeeding Clark as president of SAP from 1877 to 1879. In later life, he was a successful hydraulic engineer and long-time trustee of MAC (1887-1929).

A small, tightly focused collection, the Wheeler Papers consist largely of letters written home by Wheeler while working at the Sapporo Agricultural College, 1876-1880. Typically long and descriptive, the letters include excellent accounts of travel in Japan and Wheeler’s impressions of Japanese culture, but they provide detailed insight as well into the work involved in establishing Sapporo Agricultural College.

Subjects
Agriculture--Japan
Clark, William Smith, 1826-1886
Hokkaido (Japan)--Description and travel--19th century
Hokkaido Daigaku
Japan--Description and travel--19th century
Massachusetts Agricultural College
Penhallow, D. P. (David Pearce), 1854-1910
Sapporo (Japan)--Description and travel--19th century
Contributors
Hudson, Woodward
Wheeler, William, 1851-1932
Types of material
Letters (Correspondence)
Allis Family

Allis Family Collection

1956-1958
1 vol. 0.15 linear feet
Call no.: MS 269 bd

The Allis family began farming in Whately, Mass., in 1716, when John Allis came into possession of a property that would be the home to nine generations of his descendants. A typically diverse operation, the farm centered on cattle and dairying and crops such as hay and potatoes, supplemented throughout the year by sugaring, the manufacture of lye soap, bee culture, and opportunistic work ranging from slating to the construction of water systems for farms. It was sold out of the family in 1957.

This small collection contains two closely-related memoirs about the Allis family and their farm in Whately, Mass., focusing on the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Written by Lucius Howes Allis, the last Allis to own the farm, when he was 72 years old, “The Allis farm and its families” contains a lengthy genealogy, transcriptions of a handful of family deeds and documents, and brief stories about Lucius’ father Irving during his trip to Kansas and on the farm. “Up on the hill” is a lively memoir written by William R. Phinney, an alumnus of Massachusetts Agricultural College and apparently a friend of the Allis family. Phinney’s account contains excellent accounts of the lives of Elliot, Irving, and Lucius Allis, about farm life in the late nineteenth century, dairying, beekeeping, and other topics.

Subjects
Agriculture--Massachusetts--Whately
Allis family--Massachusetts
Bees--Massachusetts--Whately
Cattle--Massachusetts--Whately
Dairy farmers--Massachusetts--Whately
Farms--Massachusetts--Whately
Fires--Massachusetts--Whately
Hatfield (Mass.)--History
Indian Territory--Description and travel
Kansas--Description and travel
Maple sugar industry--Massachusetts--Whately
Whately (Mass.)--History
Contributors
Allis, Lucius Howes, 1886-1963
Phinney, William R.
Types of material
Genealogies (Histories)
Memoirs
  1. Pages:
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 3
  5. 4
  6. 5
  7. 6
  8. 7
  9. ...
  10. 38