William Smith Clark Papers
1814-2003 (Bulk: 1844-1886, 1956-1976)
29 boxes (14.5 linear ft.)
Call no.: RG 3/1 C63

Abstract

Massachusetts native, Civil War veteran, botanist, chemist, mineralogist, and educator who held the presidency of Massachusetts Agricultural College (now University of Massachusetts Amherst) from 1867-1879 and who helped to found Sapporo Agricultural College (now Hokkaido University) in Japan in 1876. Papers include correspondence with fellow professors and scientists, students in Japan, and family; photographs and personal items; official correspondence and memoranda; published articles; books, articles, television, and radio materials relating to Dr. Clark, in Japanese and English; and materials regarding Hokkaido University and its continuing relationship with the University of Massachusetts.

Access

The collection is available for research. Some fragile originals have been copied for use.

Languages:

English, Japanese
William Smith Clark Papers
1814-2003 (Bulk: 1844-1886, 1956-1976)
29 boxes (14.5 linear ft.)
Call no.: RG 3/1 C63

Background on William Smith Clark

William Smith Clark

William Smith Clark

William Smith Clark was born in Ashfield, Massachusetts, July 31, 1826. He attended Williston Academy in Easthampton, Massachusetts, in the first class, that of 1844. He graduated from Amherst College in 1848 as a member of Phi Beta Kappa. As a boy, he became interested in collecting birds and plants; at Amherst College, under the influence of the professors, he became greatly interested in science, especially mineralogy. As a result, he went to study in Germany, where he obtained his Ph.D. at Georgia Augusta University in Goettingen in 1852.

He returned to Amherst College to an appointment as a professor. For the next fifteen years, from 1852 to 1867, he was a member of the Amherst faculty, where he became known as an educational innovator, a fine and inspiring teacher, and a fund raiser for the college. His teaching at Amherst College was interrupted only by the Civil War, during which he served the Union Army with distinction from 1861 to 1863. Soon after his return from the war, he became the leader in the successful efforts by the town of Amherst to become the seat of a new agricultural college just authorized by the Massachusetts General Court under the provision of the Morrill Act, the "Land Grant Act" that established state agricultural and mechanical colleges throughout the United States. Just before the new Massachusetts Agricultural College opened its doors in September 1867, he was appointed president, the third to hold the title, the first two having no school over which to preside. He held the presidency of MAC for twelve years, until 1879.

Clark taught and administered the affairs of the struggling college. He insisted on making his school into a general liberal arts school, not simply a training school for farmers-to-be. Early in 1876, he obtained a leave of absence from MAC and accepted the appointment by the Japanese government to open a new agricultural college on the model of MAC. He went to Japan in the late spring and arrived on his fiftieth birthday in Sapporo, where he opened the Sapporo Agricultural College in mid-August. He remained there for eight and a half months, during which he established the school, taught four hours a day, served as the technical advisor to the island of Hokkaido, and paved the way for the conversion to Christianity of all the members of the first class. At SAC, he demonstrated anew his qualities as a fine teacher that had been revealed at both AC and MAC. He was a great inspiration to his students, all of whom became leaders in Hokkaido or nationally in Japan. As a result of his highly successful mission, his name remained well-known in Japan more than a century after his brief stay there. All Japanese school children since his time have learned as a motto his farewell statement, "Boys, be ambitious, (B.B.A.)", since extended to students of both sexes.

On returning to MAC in 1877 he found that the school's existence had become even more precarious than before. He resigned as president early in 1879 and accepted the presidency of an innovative "floating college" which was to circumnavigate the globe. However, the unfortunate premature death of the promoter brought that venture to an end shortly before the intended date of departure. Clark then became involved with a shady character with whom he founded the firm of Clark and Bothwell, a mining venture. Within a year Clark made and lost a considerable fortune. The collapse of the firm, with the disappearance of his partner, resulted in losses to the investors in the mines operated by the firm, including many citizens of Amherst.

Clark's health failed immediately after the firm's collapse in 1882 and he remained a semi-invalid until his death on March 9, 1886. Although he was a leading citizen of Amherst and prominent in the affairs of the Commonwealth, his fame has endured primarily in Japan.

Contents of Collection

The papers of William Smith Clark, 1814-2001 (bulk 1844-1886, 1956-1976), include correspondence with fellow professors and scientists, students in Japan, and family; photographs and personal items; official correspondence and memoranda; published articles; books, articles, television, and radio materials relating to Dr. Clark, in Japanese and English; and materials regarding Hokkaido University and its continuing relationship with the University of Massachusetts.

The papers reveal many details about the early days of MAC, student life at AC, the Civil War, the island of Hokkaido in the late nineteenth century, and the role of WSC in the founding of SAC, as well as his interactions with colleagues, officials, students, and family. As to full documentation of his life, however, the papers are an uneven representation. The correspondence, for example, adequately covers his undergraduate years at AC, his two years of graduate school in Germany, his less than two years at the front in the Civil War, and his year in Japan. Virtually nothing in the correspondence, however, deals with his years as a professor at AC, his presidency of MAC, his disastrous mining venture, or the final four years of his life.

Clark was not a prolific writer. Apart from his MAC and SAC presidential reports, his writings consisted largely of printed versions of lectures on botanical experiments carried out at MAC during his presidency, and articles on educational issues related to MAC.

Because of his AC career, his MAC presidency, and his prominence as a leading citizen of his town and state, his activities were given a fairly extensive coverage in the local press. A considerable number of newspaper clippings is included in the papers, but his political activities are not represented in other ways. The clippings are generally photocopies, often of poor legibility, especially those in oversize Box 27.

The photographs in Series 1 are numerous enough to be of significance in documenting the life of WSC.

As compared with the number of documents written or received by Clark, there is a disproportionately large amount of material written about him in both English and Japanese. This is a reflection of the breadth of the impact that Clark had on the island of Hokkaido, on SAC (which became Tohoku Imperial University, then Hokkaido Imperial University, and finally Hokkaido University), and on his Japanese students who became leaders in Hokkaido and Japan itself. Clark's fame has long remained green in Japan, as indicated by the long television documentary on his life shown on a Japanese national network in 1981.

Because of WSC's involvement with the establishment of SAC and the constant presence of MAC personnel on its campus in the early years, a close relationship between the two agricultural schools was established long ago. This relationship continued in both formal and informal ways through the years and is documented in the papers, particularly in Series 5.

The Clark papers include copies of a few items of correspondence and other materials at AC, and copies of WSC's official memoranda in the Hokudai Library. The latter also has reproductions of all the original personal correspondence in the Clark papers at the University of Massachusetts.

Additional materials relating to WSC or HU is to be found in the University Archives in the official minutes of the MAC Board of Trustees (RG-2/1), in the published Annual Reports of MAC (RG-1/00/2) (reports for 1864-1932/33 available online), in the papers of William Wheeler (RG-2/3), Horace Stockbridge (RG-40/11), David P. Penhallow (RG-50/6-1873), William P. Brooks (RG-3/1-1905), Jean Paul Mather (RG-3/1-1954), the Center for International Agriculture (RG-15/4), International Programs (RG-6/4/9), Student Union (RG-36/100), John Lederle (RG-3/1-1960), and Charles Goessman (RG-40/11).

Organization of the Collection
Series descriptions
1850-1986
3 boxes, 1.25 linear feet
Arrangement:

Series 1 is divided into three subseries: College, Military, and Other Biographical Records; Personal Association Items; and Photographs and Pictures.

Contents:

Series 1 consists of materials closely associated with the life of WSC, not including third-person biographical accounts, which are in Series 4. "Personal Association Items" are those for which there is evidence or a strong presumption of their having been in WSC's possession.

The materials in Subseries 1: College, Military, and Other Biographical Records, include the Clark family record, apparently in WSC's handwriting; his biographical form prepared for the AC alumni records; excerpts from books and records regarding WSC and family members (folder 1); his grandson WSC II's AC graduation certificate (oversize Box 27); a number of obituaries, including one by UCHIMURA Kanzo, who was later to become a prominent Christian leader in Japan (folder 2); copies of WSC's military service records and a letter from Major General A.E. Burnside to Major General George B. McCellan recommending WSC for promotion to Brigadier General (folder 3); accounts of the 21st Regiment Volunteers (folder 4); Civil War newspaper clippings, including WSC's own accounts of the battles of Newbern and Camden, and the erroneous account of his death in battle (folder 5); miscellaneous printed items, including many newspaper clippings (folder 6 and oversize Box 27); materials relating to the introduction of Japanese trees into the United States (folder 7); and photographs of the log maintained atop Mt. Shasta, with Clark's signature on June 16, 1877 (oversize Box 27).

Subseries 2: Personal Association Items, includes WSC's passport for his European trip (folder 8); his notebook used at Georgia Augusta University in Goettingen, consisting of his lecture notes from a course in "economical botany" and detailed notes in German by someone else, which seem to be a condensation of a book or study notes (folder 9); WSC's AC catalogue of 1855-56 with his record of student rent payments (folder 10); pictures and sketches sent from Germany (folder 11); a scrapbook of clippings, largely farm animals, 1860, n.d. (folder 12); a MAC library poster issued over WSC's name (folder 13); an inventory of Ainu objects and other artifacts sent by WSC to MAC from Japan (folder 14); a lithograph of Commodore Perry at Hokudai (folder 15); and WSC's lists of Japanese lichens and phenograms (folder 16).

Subseries 3: Photographs and Pictures, is arranged into the following categories: WSC alone (folder 17); WSC's office and classroom at MAC, c. 1876 (folder 18); family, including what is probably a honeymoon picture, and the group photograph of his family which is probably the one he had in his quarters in Sapporo (folder 19); the family home in Amherst (folder 20); WSC, students, and faculty of SAC (folder 21); farewell photograph taken in Sapporo, April 16, 1877 (folder 22); photographs of various memorials to WSC (folder 23); a family scrapbook with photographs of WSC's friends and descendants in the last pages (folder 24); a photocopy of a photograph of WSC with HORI Seitarō and several Karafuto (Sakhalin) Ainu, from a Peabody Museum of Salem publication (folder 25); photographs of an exhibit prepared by ŌSAKA Shingo, (original paintings by SUNAGANE Takashi from the exhibit in Box 28; see information below on the exhibition, "A Pictorial Life of Col. William Clark") (folder 26); and a tree planting ceremony at WSC's grave. May 18, 1973 (folder 27).

In the farewell picture WSC has tentatively been identified after careful analysis by AKIZUKI Toshiyuki, head of the Reference Division of the Hokudai Library, as the figure with the light colored hat on the horse second from the right.

The exhibition, "A Pictorial Life of Col. William Clark" was prepared by the Rev. ŌSAKA Shingo, the Japanese biographer of WSC. He wrote the narration which appears on the backs of the series of original paintings by SUNAGANE Takashi titled, "The Picture Story of Our Dr. William Smith Clark, from 1826-1876", filed in oversize Box 28. This series of watercolors was part of ŌSAKA's exhibit prepared to commemorate in Hokkaido the 1961 centennial of WSC's going off to fight in the Civil War. It was displayed in the American Cultural Center in Sapporo and in many primary schools in Hokkaido.

The tree planting ceremony took place at the Clark Family plot in West Cemetery, Amherst, on May 18, 1973. The tree was a cherry descended from the one that Professor William Brooks, WSC's student who joined him in Sapporo, brought back from Japan. It was presented by the late Professor William Colby, who served as a visiting professor at Hokkaido University in the early 1960s.

Housed with this collection, but not part of it, is the photograph album of G.A. Parker, Class of 1876, which includes additional photographs of WSC and his family, and the MAC campus at the time of WSC's presidency. See RG 130/1876.

Related material:

Additional photographs can be found in the Archives oversize photograph collection, RG 175.

1814-1930 (bulk 1844-1885)
2 boxes, 1.0 linear feet
Contents:

Series 2 consists of two broad categories of correspondence-personal, and official. The personal correspondence covers WSC's student days at AC, his period of study in Europe, his service in the Civil War, his mission to Hokkaido, and his subsequent communications with his Japanese students and officials. The official correspondence deals with his mission to Hokkaido, and to a limited extent with his presidency of MAC.

Much of the personal correspondence in the collection and the letters dealing with his MAC presidency are originals but are in fragile condition and therefore are available as photocopies to minimize handling. The photocopies are filed in Box 4; the originals owned by the University of Massachusetts Amherst are in Box 5. All photocopies in Box 4 for which UMass owns an original in Box 5, are designated by "(*)" on the container list. Those items which are photocopies of originals at Amherst College are designated by "(AC)" on the container list.

The official correspondence dealing with Hokkaido consists of originals held by UMass and photocopies of originals in the possession of Hokudai. Photocopies from Hokudai originals are indicated by "(HU)" on the container list. Copies of official Hokkaido correspondence in the possession of UMass are in turn available at Hokudai. Copies of additional correspondence regarding Hokudai can be found in Special Collections and University Archives in the papers of William Wheeler (RG-2/3), David Penhallow (RG-50/6-1873) and Horace Stockbridge (RG- 40/11).

What follows here is a general description of the items in Series 2. The Container List identifies each individual item.

Folder 1 consists almost entirely of letters from WSC to members of his family while he was a student at AC. These letters provide insight into the happy family relations between him and his parents and his sister Harriet. His accounts of life as a student reveal a great deal about college life at AC. The most significant incident covered by these letters is his religious conversion, reported in a letter to his mother March 16, 1846.

Folder 2 contains twenty-one letters dated 1850-1852, mostly to his parents and three sisters while WSC was in Europe. These are particularly valuable because of the detailed descriptions of what WSC observed both in England and in Germany.

Folder 3 contains his honeymoon letter to his parents, dated May 30, 1853 from Charleston, Virginia, and two other letters.

Folder 4 contains his Civil War letters to his family and Amherst friends. They reflect his shift in attitude towards war, from that of his early weeks in the army when he relished the glory and romance, to his final view that war is death, suffering, and hardship. These letters shed more light on his close family ties.

Folder 5 contains a fragment of a letter to his father in 1865.

Folder 6 contains the small number of letters dating from his presidency of MAC. About half of these letters relate to Japan and his mission to Hokkaido. The items most directly concerned with MAC are the two letters dealing with the junior class protest regarding selection of speakers for Commencement Week, 1872. Of interest is a request from Japanese ambassador YOSHIDA Kiyonari for WSC to speak in favor of treaty revision.

Folders 7-12 contain official correspondence relating to Hokkaido, which has been organized chronologically as follows in order to illuminate the development and flow of WSC's work:

  • Folder 7. Jan to Mar 1876. Preliminaries and Contract
  • Folder 8. Jul to Aug 1876. Preparations, Initial days at SAC
  • Folder 9. Sep 1876. First Month of Intensive Operations
  • Folder 10. Oct to Dec 1876. The Middle Period
  • Folder 11. Jan to May 1877. Preparations for Departure and Farewells
  • Folder 12. 1877 to 1880. Continued work for SAC after return to US

The Container List has been annotated to show the contents of most items in these folders.

Duplicates of some of the photocopies of the official correspondence are filed in Box 24. An attempt was made to file the most legible copy in Box 4; particular words, however, might be clearer on the duplicate copy. See also folder 13, which contains typescripts of those letters from WSC to Japanese officials indicated by "(t)" on the Container List for folders 7-12. Folder 13 also includes typescripts of two letters (originals at HU) to students which are not represented by photocopies: WSC to Mr. Y. KUROIWA, March 11, 1879 from New York, and WSC to UCHIDA, December 25, 1883 in Amherst.

The William Wheeler papers (RG-2/3) and WSC's letters to his wife and children (folder 14) are excellent supplements to the official correspondence because of the additional information they provide on the voyage to Hokkaido and WSC's operations with the Japanese in Hokkaido.

Folder 14, as mentioned above, contains WSC's correspondence with his family while he was in Hokkaido. These letters are valuable not only for the descriptions of WSC's experiences and work in Hokkaido, but also for what they tell us of the warmth of his relationships with his wife and small children. The letters from WSC to his wife are typed copies which were presented to the University of Massachusetts Amherst by Mrs. William S. Clark II. Where the originals are and who copied them are unknown. Both the content and a careful comparison of the style of these copies and other WSC letters leave little doubt as to their authenticity. The folder of the photocopies includes typed transcripts of the two letters to brother-in-law William B. Churchill and to Sister Belle, as well.

Folder 15 contains subsequent correspondence with Clark's Japanese students and two of the officials WSC dealt with while in Hokkaido. These letters reveal the close ties that developed between WSC and his students. They contain, in addition to expressions of feeling, news about SAC and Hokkaido and many references to the students' religious concerns.

Folder 15a includes typescripts of all the letters in folder 15, as well as three additional ones, the originals of which are at HU. See also folder 13.

Folder 16 contains miscellaneous items which do not fit well into any of the above categories. The most significant are the 1884 and 1885 letters (originals at HU) to William P. Brooks, the last known to have been written by WSC before his death in 1886. A letter from WSC's son, Atherton, to MAC Secretary Robert Hawley in 1930 indicates that WSC's papers were scattered or destroyed when the family home in Amherst was broken up.

Folder 17 contains photographs of letters (originals at Doshisha) from WSC to Joseph NEESIMA, written between 1878-1882.

Location of originals:

(*) = original in Box 5, unless oversize, which are in Box 27

(AC) = original at Amherst College

(D) = original at Doshisha

(HU) = original at Hokkaido University

(t) = typed transcript in folder 13

1848-1879, 1993
1.5 boxes, 0.75 linear feet
Contents:

Series 3 consists of 20 items, most of which are published versions of public lectures delivered by WSC, a situation flowing naturally from the fact that he was famous as a lecturer.

Three books are included: On Metallic Meteorites (folder 2), his doctoral dissertation published in 1852; his translation of Theodore Scheerer's The Blowpipe Manual (folder 7), published in 1869; and Collected Papers of Dr. W.S. Clark (folder 17), edited and with a bibliography by YAMAMOTO Tamaki, Hokkaido University, published in 1993.

"Report on Horses" (folder 3) was written while WSC was a professor at AC and was active in the Hampshire (County) Agricultural Society.

The seven publications here from his MAC years, excluding The Blowpipe Manual, include four relating to his role as President and three which can be described as research papers. The four presidential writings are "The Work and the Wants of the College" (folder 4), "Rules for the Agricultural Department, MAC" (folder 5), "Professional Education the Present Want of Agriculture" (folder 8), and "The Relations of Botany to Agriculture" (folder 9). The three research papers are "The Circulation of Sap in Plants", "Nature's Mode of Distributing Plants", and "Observations upon the Phenomena of Plant Life". All of these publications illustrate the development of the scientific study of agriculture in the formative years of this land-grant school.

The sap circulation study was a source of controversy. Although there is no contemporary account of it, the daughter of Professor Selim Peabody, then a MAC professor, wrote some years later that her father was responsible for the research and that WSC, as President, had simply placed his name on the report. "A Lecture on the Flow of Sap and the Power of Plant Growth", found in WSC's 12th Annual Report of the MAC, and "Observations upon the Phenomena of Plant Life" both include an account of the famous experiment which measured the power created by the growth of a giant squash.

WSC's own record of what he accomplished and observed in Japan is to be found in the "First Annual Report of Sapporo Agricultural College" (folder 14) and "The Agriculture of Japan" (folder 16). The latter demonstrated WSC's powers of observation and reporting, also revealed in his correspondence.

The "Covenant of Believers in Jesus" (copy in folder 15, original in oversize Box 27) was composed by WSC and signed by all of the students in the first freshman class at SAC. It is evidence of his success as an informal missionary, because it was a major step in the eventual baptism of the students, an event which took place several months after WSC's departure from Japan.

Related material:

Not included are the annual reports of MAC which he wrote as President from 1867 to 1879. The annual reports may be found in the University Archives, RG 1/00/2 (also available online through the Special Collections and University Archives web site).

1858-1996
11.5 boxes, 5.0 linear feet

Series 4 contains a wide variety of material touching on his life and work, and is divided into seven subseries. It includes correspondence about him, reminiscences and biographical sketches, books and articles about him, materials compiled for a biography, and audio-visual materials about his life.

Box 7, folders 1-6, contain Subseries 1: Correspondence about WSC, the bulk of which (folders 2-5) is dated 1940 or later and provides little fresh information about WSC. The most significant letter is that by Dr. MIYABE Kingo (folder 1) on the plans for a Clark memorial church in Sapporo.

Folder 6 contains material relating to the William Smith Clark Association, an informal group made up of Amherst residents, mostly from the University of Massachusetts, who were concerned with Amherst's relations with Hokkaido and HU. It was created mainly to plan the UMass contributions to the celebration of the Hokudai centennial (and, of course, the centennial of WSC's mission to Hokkaido) in 1976.

Boxes 8 and 9 contain Subseries 2: Reminiscences and Biographical Sketches. Many of the items listed contain only brief references to WSC, which contribute little to an understanding of him but do reveal the extent to which he became and has remained well known in Japan. The most valuable items include reminiscences by WSC's son Atherton (folder 12); the writings of MIYABE (folder 29), ŌSHIMA (folder 33), and Bowker (folder 10), all former students; and the article by David P. Penhallow (folder 35).

The article, "Boys, Be Ambitious" from the New Prince English Course, 1981 (folder 31), a middle school textbook used nationally in Japan, shows how WSC is remembered more than a century after his mission to Hokkaido.

Boxes 10 and 11 contain Subseries 3: Books, which deal wholly or in part with the life of WSC. Brief comments on some of the principal titles are given below:

  • Kurāku Sensei Shoden [Life of Dr. Clark], by ŌSAKA Shingo, Sapporo 1956 (folder 53), is the definitive biography in Japanese by the man who was the foremost Japanese authority on WSC. This long biography was written without the benefit of access to much material which became available after its publication.
  • Kurāku Sensei to Sono Deshitachi [Dr. Clark and his Students], by ŌSHIMA Masatake, 1943 (folder 54), is of value because its author was one of WSC's students at SAC.
  • Kurāku no ichinen (Clark's Year) [on verso of t.p.: The Japanese Experience of William Smith Clark], by ŌTA Yūzō, Tokyo, 1979 (folder 55), written by a McGill University history professor, consists primarily of translations of Clark's letters to his family at Sapporo that are found in Series 2.
  • Foreign Pioneers from the Hokkaido Prefectural Government, 1968 (folder 47-48), contains brief biographies of a number of foreigners, the majority Americans, who played roles in the early development of Hokkaido.
  • Kurāku: Sono Eikō to Zasetsu [Clark: His Glory and Collapse], by John Maki, translated by TAKAKU Shin'ichi, Hokkaido University Press, 1978 (folder 51),was published in English in 1996 as William Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido. See Boxes 12 and 13.

Boxes 12 and 13 contain Subseries 4: John Maki Manuscript, WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido which includes a photocopied typescript of William Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido by John Maki; the author's account of how he came to write it; and a J.F. Howes review of the book from The American Historical Review. It is the only book length biography of Clark in English.

Box 14 contains Subseries 5: Background Materials for Maki Biography of WSC. The materials, compiled by John Maki for use in writing William Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido, consist primarily of photocopies and transcriptions of sections of books, and articles, booklets, and newspaper clippings.

Box 15 contains Subseries 6: Notes for Maki Biography of WSC, which consists of twelve envelopes of handwritten and typed notes on 4 x 6 index cards, compiled by John Maki for writing his biography of WSC.

The materials in Boxes 14 and 15 are particularly useful with regard to WSC's presidency of MAC, his early contacts with Japanese students in Amherst, the floating college, and WSC's mining venture.

Boxes 16-18 contain Subseries 7: Television, Radio, and Other Audio Visual Materials. The major item is a videotape of a television program broadcast on a Japanese national network on November 3, 1981 (Culture Day, a Japanese national holiday). There are three different video cassettes (VHS, Beta, and 3/4 inch videotape cassettes) of Taishi to Yabō: William Smith Clark no Shōgai (Ideals and Ambition: The Life of William Smith Clark) (folders 76-78). Also included are the Japanese language script of the program (folder 80); Taishi to Yabō: William Smith Clark no Ashiato o Tazunete (Ideals and Ambition: In the Footsteps of William Smith Clark), which is a book length account, including much of the life of WSC, of the making of the program by the TV crew that filmed it (folder 81); "The Filming in Amherst of the Japanese Television Documentary on the Life of William Smith Clark" by John Maki (folder 82); and correspondence and clippings relating to the program (folders 83-85).

Other materials in Subseries 7 include an audiotape of a radio interview of John Maki on WSC, an audiotape and a silent film of the tree-planting ceremony at the Clark family grave on May 18, 1973, and videotapes regarding the Massachusetts / Hokkaido Sister State relationship and the WCS Memorial.

1877-2003 (bulk 1956-1976)
6 boxes, 3.0 linear feet
Arrangement:

Series 5 is divided into three subseries: Chronological Record, Summer Seminar 1974, and Books on HU.

Contents:

Subseries 1: Chronological Record, consists of materials which document the continuing relations of SAC / MAC from the time of Clark's presence in Japan through the growth of each school into a university. The materials reflect exchanges, both formal and informal; influences, especially that of Massachusetts professors on SAC/HU; gifts, visits, and honors through correspondence and memoranda; typescript and printed articles; clippings, press releases, and brochures; mementos, photographs, and pictures; and prepared lists.

In Subseries 2: Summer Seminar 1974, the experience of the seminar is revealed through the journal of Professor Richard Woodbury, as well as in the schedules, lecture notes, participant evaluations, photographs, travel arrangements, souvenirs, memoranda, and printed materials.

Subseries 3: Books on HU, includes early annual reports, 1877-1879; histories of HU in English and Japanese; HU catalogs, 1921-1922 and 1936-1937; a catalog of the holdings in the SAC library, 1888; lists of plants in the HU Botanical Garden; and other books. Also see Subseries 1, folder 9.

1852-1976 (bulk 1852-1879)
2 boxes, 0.75 linear feet

Selected duplicates, mainly from the Hokkaido Official Correspondence and Clark's writings. Other duplicates are often found filed with their counterparts.

1973-1974
1 box, 0.25 linear feet

Miscellaneous artifacts associated with the legacy of William Smith Clark.

1851-1975
2 boxes, 2.5 linear feet
Collection inventory
Series 1. Biographical Materials
1850-1986
3 boxes, 1.25 linear feet
Subseries 1: College, Military, and Other Biographical Records


Clark Family Records:


Box
Family Record
n.d.

Box 1: 1
List of WSC's Descendants (AC)
1960

Box 1: 1
Obituary of Mrs. Clark
1917

Box 1: 1
Excerpts from History of the Town of Ashfield
n.d

Box 1: 1
Excerpts from Vital Records of Ashfield
1942

Box 1: 1
Excerpts from The New England Historical and Genealogical Register
1872-1891

Box 1: 1
Finding aid forthe Frank Waterman Stearns Papers at New England Historic Genealogical Society
n.d.

Box 1: 1
Excerpts from William Richards by Samuel Williston
1938

Box 1: 1
Excerpts from Life and Law by Samuel Williston
1940

Box 1: 1
Excerpt from Hawaiian Mission Children's Society Missionary Album re: William Richards family
1969

Box 1: 1
Excerpts from Only One Cummington by Helen H. Foster and William W. Streeter
1974

Box 1: 1
WSC's biographical data for AC alumni Records
1872

Box 1: 1
Obituaries:


Amherst Record
Mar 10, 1886

Box 1: 2
J.K. UCHIMURA, "The Missionary Work of William S. Clark, Ph.D., LL.D." Christian Union
Apr 2, 1886

Box 1: 2
Springfield Daily Republican
Mar 10, 1886

Box 1: 2
"Sketches of the Deceased Officers of the College," MAC General Catalogue, 1882-86
1886

Box 1: 2
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Proceedings
1886

Box 1: 2
New England Historical and Genealogical Record, vol. 41, no. 163
Jul 1887

Box 1: 2
Goodell, Henry Hill, "W.S. Clark" typed ms and Amherst Record account
1886

Box 1: 2
Goodell tribute, in Annual Report of MAC
Jan 1887

Box 1: 2
Military Service Records:


Military service records from National Archives
1861-1869

Box 1: 3
Letter from Maj. Gen. A.E. Burnside to Maj. Gen. George McClellan recommending WSC for promotion to brigadier general
Sept 25, 1862

Box 1: 3
21st Regiment:


Photocopies taken from Charles F. Wolcottt, History of the Twenty-first Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers (UMass Library Microfilm #2777)
1882

Box 1: 4
Bound typed excerpt from Phineas C. Headley, Massachusetts in the Rebellion
1866

Box 1: 4
Photocopy from Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Vol. 3 (Regimental Histories)
1959

Box 1: 4
Newspaper Clippings, Civil War:


Original clippings and copies of:


WSC's account of battle of Newbern
Mar 16, 1862

Box 1: 5
WSC's account of battle of Camden
Apr 21, 1862

Box 1: 5
WSC letter to Rev. Hitchcock
Mar 8, 1862

Box 1: 5
WSC visit to Amherst, and Sturgis letter re: promotion
1863

Box 1: 5
Erroneous WSC obituary
n.d.

Box 1: 5
Obituary of WSC's friend Manross
n.d.

Box 1: 5
21st Regiment reunion
1867

Box 1: 5
Photocopy of item in Carpenter and Morehouse, History of the Town of Amherst
1896

Box 1: 5
Miscellany:


Listing as presidential elector, in 1864, Massachusetts Year Book
1895

Box 1: 6
"Moore Laboratory of Chemistry" AC
1929

Box 1: 6
MAC Alumni report to Board of Trustees on WSC resignation
1879

Box 1: 6
Newspaper clippings, Amherst Record
1875-1880

Box 1: 6
Excerpts from Carpenter and Morehouse, History of the Town of Amherst
1896

Box 1: 6
Harold W. Cary, The University of Massachusetts: A History of One Hundred Years, photocopy of pg. 69
1962

Box 1: 6
WSC bibliography of speeches and writings
n.d.

Box 1: 6
Letter from Chancellor Joseph Duffy on the commemoration of the centennial of WSC's death
Feb 7, 1986

Box 1: 6
Program from commemoration
Mar 9, 1986

Box 1: 6
John Maki speech at graveside
Mar 9, 1986

Box 1: 6
Report on the birth of a new Clark from Hokkaido Shimbun (with typed translation)
Jan 7, 1986

Box 1: 6
Japanese Trees Introduced to the U.S.:


Arnold Arboretum records (photocopies)
1877-1885

Box 1: 7
Jackson Dawson record book copy
1874

Box 1: 7
"Work of Arnold Arboretum", Christian Science Monitor
Jun 2, 1919

Box 1: 7
Potter, Dorothy, "First Trees Exported from Japan...", Daily Hampshire Gazette
Mar 3, 1954

Box 1: 7
Blundell, Lyle, "Original Introduction of Japanese Trees by Col. W.S. Clark, 1876, and Dr. William Brooks, 1890"
n.d.

Box 1: 7
Subseries 2: Personal Association Items


WSC's passport
1850-1852

Box 2: 8
WSC's Goettingen notebook
1851

Box 2: 9
WSC's AC catalogue
1855-1856

Box 2: 10
Pictures and sketches sent by WSC from Germany
(1851?)

Box 2: 11
WSC's scrapbook
1860, n.d.

Box 2: 12
MAC library poster
n.d.

Box 2: 13
Inventory of Ainu artifacts and other objects brought back from Japan by WSC
n.d.

Box 2: 14
Lithograph of Commodore Perry at Hakodadi (sic) (Hakodate)
n.d.

Box 2: 15
WSC's list of Japanese lichens and Japanese phenograms (in Atherton Clark's handwriting)
1878

Box 2: 16
Subseries 3: Photographs and Portraits


WSC alone
n.d.

Box 3: 17
WSC's office and classroom at MAC
ca. 1876

Box 3: 18
Family pictures
n.d.

Box 3: 19
The family home
n.d.

Box 3: 20
WSC, faculty, students and barn at SAC
(1876?), 1880, n.d.

Box 3: 21
Farewell picture, Sapporo
Apr 16, 1877

Box 3: 22
Memorials
n.d.

Box 3: 23
Family scrapbook
1906-

Box 3: 24
Clark with Ainu (copied from Peabody Museum of Salem publication)
n.d.

Box 3: 25
Photographs of "A Pictorial Life of Col. William Clark", exhibit prepared by ŌSAKA Shingo
1961

Box 3: 26
Tree planting ceremony at WSC grave
May 18, 1973

Box 3: 27
Related material:

(see also Box 13 for audio tape and 16 mm film of the occasion)

Series 2. Correspondence
1814-1930 (bulk 1844-1885)
2 boxes, 1.0 linear feet
Amherst College Student Days:


(*) To father
Sep 21, 1844

Box 4: 1
(*) To "Dear Sis"
Oct 6, 1844

Box 4: 1
(*) To family
Oct 26, 1844

Box 4: 1
(AC) To "Friend M" (Manross?)
Apr 3, 1845

Box 4: 1
(*) To mother
Sep 24, 1845

Box 4: 1
(*) To father (encl. to mother)
Oct 10, 1845

Box 4: 1
(*) To mother
Nov 1, 1845

Box 4: 1
(AC) To sister Hattie
Nov 17, 1845

Box 4: 1
(*) To father
Nov 19, 1845

Box 4: 1
(*) To mother, re: religious conversion
Mar 16, 1846

Box 4: 1
(*) Dr. Hitchcock to WSC's father, re: religious conversion
Mar 24, 1846

Box 4: 1
(*) To father
Oct 9, 1846

Box 4: 1
(*) To mother from Acworth, NH
Oct 31, 1846

Box 4: 1
(*) To father from Acworth, NH
Nov 8, 1846

Box 4: 1
(AC) To Manross (?) from Acworth, NH
Nov 9, 1846

Box 4: 1
(*) To mother from Oxford, MA
Apr 29, 1847

Box 4: 1
(*) To father
May 18, 1847

Box 4: 1
(*) To Hattie
Jun 2, 1847

Box 4: 1
(*) To father
Jul 13, 1847

Box 4: 1
(*) To father (21st birthday)
Aug 5, 1847

Box 4: 1
(*) To "Dear Sis"
Aug 9, 1847

Box 4: 1
(*) To mother from New Haven
Sep 3, 1847

Box 4: 1
(*) To father
Nov 15, 1847

Box 4: 1
(*)To father
May 15, 1848

Box 4: 1
(*) From "Hammond"
Nov 2, 1848

Box 4: 1
European Student Days:


(*) From Manross
Jul 31, 1850

Box 4: 2
(*) To father from ship at sea
Sep 17, 1850

Box 4: 2
(*) To father from London
Oct 21, 1850

Box 4: 2
(*) To father, mother, sisters, from Goettingen
Nov 28, 1850

Box 4: 2
(*) To "Sister Sarah"
Jan 4, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To "My Dear Belle" (original in oversize Box 27)
Jan 8, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To "Sister Hattie"
Jan 13, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To father
Jan 25, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To father
Mar 7, 1851

Box 4: 2
(AC) To father
Jun 1, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To "Sister Hattie"
Jun 22, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To mother
Aug 17, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To "My dear Belle"
Aug 17, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To father
Aug 17, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To "My dear Sarah"
Aug 18, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To parents, re: career plans
Nov 23, 1851

Box 4: 2
(AC) To Edwin Hitchcock, Jr.
Nov 26, 1851

Box 4: 2
(*) To "My Dear Sis" (Harriet) includes reference to future wife
Feb 29, 1852

Box 4: 2
(AC) From John William _____? to "My Dearest Klarck", from Dublin
Mar 1, 1852

Box 4: 2
(*) To parents re: departure from Goettingen, sending "fine German boy" to Easthampton
May 2, 1852

Box 4: 2
(*) To "My Dear Sister Hattie!" from Munich (love to HKRW [Harriet Keopuolani Richards Williston], his future wife)
May 20, 1852

Box 4: 2
1853:


(*) To parents from Charleston, VA (honeymoon)
May 30, 1853

Box 4: 3
(*) To parents from Princeton, IL
Jun 22, 1853?

Box 4: 3
(AC) To Alexandrian Society at AC
Oct 27, 1853

Box 4: 3
Civil War:


(AC) To Manross from Camp Lincoln, Worcester, MA
Aug 22, 1861

Box 4: 4
(*) To mother from Annapolis
Sep 1, 1861

Box 4: 4
(AC) To Manross from Annapolis
Sep 16, 1861

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Annapolis
Oct 16, 1861

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Annapolis
Nov 20, 1861

Box 4: 4
(AC) To President Stearns of AC from Annapolis re: war and reasons for fighting
Dec 21, 1861

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Annapolis
Dec 29, 1861

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Falmouth, VA
Jan 5, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Norfolk, VA
Jan 10, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To mother from Hatteras Inlet, NC
Jan 19, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Roanoke Island, NC
Feb 20, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To mother from Neuse River, NC
Mar 12, 1862

Box 4: 4
(AC) To Manross from Newbern, NC re: the battles of Roanoke and Newbern; the death of Lt. Stearns; cannon to AC as a memorial to Stearns
Mar 30, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Newbern, NC
Apr 1, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Newbern, NC
Apr 12, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To mother from Newbern, NC
Apr 17, 1862

Box 4: 4
(AC) From an unknown writer at AC to "My dear William"
Apr 20, 1862

Box 4: 4
(AC) From Brig. Gen. Reno to Gov. Andrew recommending WSC for promotion to Colonel
Apr 28, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Newbern, NC
May 29, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To sister Harriet from Newport News, VA
Jul 23, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To mother from Newport News, VA re: 36th birthday, gratitude to mother, world developments during his lifetime
Jul 31, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Falmouth, VA
Aug 6, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Falmouth, VA
Dec 4, 1862

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Falmouth, VA re: survival in Fredrickburg battle, determination to continue "horrid work of war" to put down "pro-slavery rebellion"
Dec 17, 1862

Box 4: 4
(AC) To Professor Tyler at AC re: denial of story about WSC's drinking
Jan 16, 1863

Box 4: 4
(*) To mother from Falmouth, VA
Jan 20, 1863

Box 4: 4
(AC) From Brig. Gen. Sturgis to WSC re: praise for battle conduct, promotion
Feb 4, 1863

Box 4: 4
(*) To sister Sarah from Newport News, VA
Mar 10, 1863

Box 4: 4
(*) To "Folks-at-home" from Newport News, VA
Mar 24, 1863

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Lexington, KY
Apr 15, 1863

Box 4: 4
(AC) To Lt. Col. Lewis Richmond re: resignation from Army
Apr 22, 1863

Box 4: 4
(*) To father from Cambridge, MA (fragment)
Jan 18, 1865

Box 4: 5
MAC Presidency:


Identification of WSC correspondents
n.d.

Box 4: 6
(*) From John Maconant
Apr 24, n.y.

Box 4: 6
(*) To Senator Justin Morrill (with typed transcript)
Jul 5, 1871

Box 4: 6
(*) From Charles Wolcott Brooks, Japanese consul in San Francisco re: admitting a Japanese student
Sep 1, 1871

Box 4: 6
(*) From MORI Arinori, Japanese minister to the US re: info and advice on development of education in Japan
Feb 3, 1872

Box 4: 6
(*) To Allen W. Dodge
Apr 15, 1872

Box 4: 6
(*) To William P. Brooks
Apr 15,1872

Box 4: 6
(*) Junior class letter protesting selection of commencement speakers
Jun 1872

Box 4: 6
(*) WSC's response to C.E. Tucker, Secretary, Class of '73
Jun 3, 1872

Box 4: 6
(*) To A.W. Dodge (with typed transcript)
Nov 23, 1875

Box 4: 6
(*) To Mr. Dodge re: baptism of 1st class at SAC (original on opposite side of item in folder 15, from TANOUCHI, copied by WSC, Oct 25, 1876)
Oct 31, 1877

Box 4: 6
(*) From S. KOJIMA, Japanese official in Hokkaido
Oct 31, 1877

Box 4: 6
(*) From HORY (sic) (HORI) Motoi, Japanese official in Hokkaido
Dec 3, 1877

Box 4: 6
(*) From YOSHIDA Kiyonari, Japanese minister to Washington re: WSC to speak on treaty revision for Japan
Jan 14, 1878

Box 4: 6
(*) From YOSHIDA Kiyonari
Jan 26, 1878

Box 4: 6
(*) From H. SATOW, Hokkaido official
Mar 24, 1878

Box 4: 6
(*) From HORI (Japanese original in envelope)
Mar 25, 1878

Box 4: 6
(D) Typed copy of WSC letter to Joseph Hardy NEESIMA
Aug 6, 1878

Box 4: 6
Hokkaido Official Correspondence, Preliminaries and Contract:


(*) Request to Board of Trustees for official leave to go to Hokkaido
Jan 12, 1876

Box 4: 7
(*) From Minister YOSHIDA Kiyonari re: compensation
Feb 12, 1876

Box 4: 7
(*) Contract envelope
n.d.

Box 4: 7
(*) Japanese and English versions of contract
Mar 3, 1876

Box 4: 7
(HU) Japanese and English versions of contract
Mar 3, 1876

Box 4: 7
(*) WSC summary of contract
n.d.

Box 4: 7
(HU) Japanese translations of two WSC letters to Birdsey Grant Northrup re: proposed appointment to found SAC
n.d.

Box 4: 7
Hokkaido Official Correspondence, Preparations, Initial Days at SAC:


(HU) From KURODA Kiyotaka, Tokyo
Jul 1, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) To YASUDA Sadanori, Tokyo
Jul 5, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) To YASUDA re: permission to travel to Yokohama
Jul 7, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) From YASUDA
Jul 7, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) To YASUDA re: SAC business
Jul 10, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) From YASUDA
Jul 12, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) To YASUDA re: 6 students admitted to SAC
Jul 12, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) To YASUDA
Jul 12, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) To KURODA re: ready to go to Sapporo
Jul 15, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) From KURODA re: invitation to dinner
Jul 22, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) From YASUDA to WSC at SAC requesting report on silk and cocoons
Aug 11, 1876

Box 4: 8
(*) To ZUSHIO (sic) (ZUSHO) "Sapporo Agricultural College-First Term, 1876-77-Daily Routine"
Aug 14, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) Prime Minister SANJO to ZUSHO Hirotake (translation and transliteration)
Aug 25, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) To YASUDA
Aug 25, 1876

Box 4: 8
(HU) To HORI Motoi: re Chemistry lab plans
Aug 29, 1876

Box 4: 8
Hokkaido Official Correspondence, First Month of Intensive Operation:


(*) To KURODA Kiyotaka
Sep 2, 1876

Box 4: 9
(*) SAC Plan of Organization and Regulations
Sep 2, 1876

Box 4: 9
(HU) Exchange of letters re: a shipment for WSC
Sep 2 and 4, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To KURODA in Tokyo re: improvement of Kaitakushi's work
Sep 8, 1876

Box 4: 9
(*) From ZUSHO re: approval of Brooks' appointment
Sep 11, 1876

Box 4: 9
(HU?) Another version of ZUSHO's letter
Sep 11, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO
Sep 12, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To KURODA re: scheme for an American colony in Hokkaido
Sep 12, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: a list of seeds for Brooks to bring
Sep 12, 1876

Box 4: 9
(*) From KURODA re: transfer of farm to SAC and WSC's appointment as director
Sep 12, 1876

Box 4: 9
(HU) Another version of letter from KURODA
Sep 13, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To KURODA
Sep 13, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: salting beef
Sep 13, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: packing mess beef
Sep 13, 1876

Box 4: 9
(*) To ZUSHO re: assignment of SAC officers
Sep 14, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To KURODA re: S. HORI
Sep 14, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To KURODA re: S. KOJIMA
Sep 15, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: dismissal of students
Sep 15, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) List of vehicles and implements for SAC farm
Sep 17, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To KURODA re: S. HORI
Sep 19, 1876

Box 4: 9
(*) From KURODA re: college farm
Sep 19, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To KURODA re: college barn
Sep 20, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) From KURODA re: HORI appointment
Sep 21, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To KURODA re: more land for farm
Sep 22, 1876

Box 4: 9
(*) From KURODA approving more land
Sep 23, 1876

Box 4: 9
(HU?) Another version of approval
Sep 23, 1876

Box 4: 9
(HU) To HORI Motoi listing needs for SAC farm
Sep 27, 1876

Box 4: 9
(t)(HU) To HORI Motoi requesting barn construction; WSC authority
Sep 29, 1876

Box 4: 9
Hokkaido Official Correspondence, Middle Period:


(HU) From HORI Motoi re: barn construction
Oct 6, 1876

Box 4: 10
(*) From HORI re: college farm plan
Oct 9, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) To ZUSHO re: college barn
Oct 11, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) From HORI re: botanical garden
Oct 13, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) To YASUDA in Tokyo re: umbrella pine seeds and WSC's delight in Hokkaido
Oct 13, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) From HORI re: Ginseng plants
Oct 17, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) From ZUSHO
Oct 17, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) From KURODA in Tokyo
Oct 19, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) From HORI re: college barn
Oct 21, 1876

Box 4: 10
(t)(HU) WSC's endorsement of student plan for literary society
Nov 1, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) Constitution and bylaws of Kaishikisha (Enlightenment Society)
n.d.

Box 4: 10
(HU) From ZUSHO re: fodder plan
Nov 7, 1876

Box 4: 10
(*) From ZUSHO re: literary society
Nov 7, 1876

Box 4: 10
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: care of mulberry grove
Nov 7, 1876

Box 4: 10
(t)(HU) To HORI re: irrigation water
Nov 7, 1876

Box 4: 10
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: fodder plan
Nov 8, 1876

Box 4: 10
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: failure of a student
Nov 9, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) From ZUSHO re: fodder plan
Nov 10, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) From YASUDA in Tokyo
Nov 14, 1876

Box 4: 10
(t)(HU) To HORI re: sugar beet plant seeds for experimental planting
Nov 15, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) From HORI re: sugar beets
Nov 20, 1876

Box 4: 10
(t)(HU) To HORI re: the cost of sugar beet seed
Nov 21, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) Typed copy of temperance pledge and request for Bible instruction
Nov 28 and Dec 19, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) Examination schedule
Dec 23, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) From HORI re: present of red crape
Dec 28, 1876

Box 4: 10
(HU) To HORI re: red crape
Dec 28, 1876

Box 4: 10
Hokkaido Official Correspondence, Preparations for Departure and Farewells:


(HU) From KURODA in Tokyo re: canned salmon
Jan 10, 1877

Box 4: 11
(HU) From KURODA in Tokyo re: canned fish and meat
Jan 11, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: fish manure order
Jan 12, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: college farm budget
Jan 23, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To KURODA re: canned salmon
Feb 2, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To M. YAMADA re: detailed scheme for Hokkaido development
Mar 8, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: recommendations for SAC operations after departure
Mar 13, 1877

Box 4: 11
(HU) From ZUSHO re: departure
Mar 15, 1877

Box 4: 11
(HU) To ZUSHO re: departure
Mar 17, 1877

Box 4: 11
(HU) To ZUSHO re: library location
Mar 17, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To HORI re: SANADA Bunkichi
Mar 17, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To HORI re: preparation for leaving
Mar 22, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To HORI re: building
Mar 22, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To H. SATOW re: SAC annual report
Mar 24, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: SAC annual report
Mar 26, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) Memorandum of bills approved by WSC Oct 17, 1876-Mar 31, 1877
Apr 1877

Box 4: 11
(*) From HORI re: reports on salmon and herring fisheries on return to US
Apr 6, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: work for SAC after return to US
Apr 7, 1877

Box 4: 11
(*) To HORI re: fisheries
Apr 7, 1877

Box 4: 11
(*) From HORI re: fisheries
Apr 9, 1877

Box 4: 11
(*) From ZUSHO (warm letter of thanks) English translation
Apr 14, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) To ZUSHO re: letter of thanks
Apr 14, 1877

Box 4: 11
(*) From ZUSHO re: work after SAC
Apr 15, 1877

Box 4: 11
(t)(HU) From ZUSHO from Nanae re: development of Hokkaido transportation routes
Apr 22, 1877

Box 4: 11
(*) From KURODA in Tokyo re: gift of bronze vases and thanks
May 21, 1877

Box 4: 11
(HU) To KURODA re: travel funds
May 21, 1877

Box 4: 11
(*) From KURODA re: exchange of gifts
May 21, 1877

Box 4: 11
(HU) From NISHIMURA Sadaaki re: additional work on return to the US
May 22, 1877

Box 4: 11
(*) From KURODA re: travel expenses
May 22, 1877

Box 4: 11
(HU) To R. YAMANOCHI re: distribution of SAC first annual report
May 22, 1877

Box 4: 11
(HU) To KURODA re: thanks and appreciation
May 22, 1877

Box 4: 11
Hokkaido Official Correspondence, Continued Work for SAC After Return to the U.S.:


(HU) Report on Columbia River salmon industry
Jun 29, 1877

Box 4: 12
(HU) To KURODA from San Francisco re: salmon
Jun 30, 1877

Box 4: 12
(HU) From YASUDA Sadanori in Tokyo re: annual report and salmon report
Aug 25, 1877

Box 4: 12
(HU) From KURODA re: exchange of gifts
Sep 14, 1877

Box 4: 12
(HU) To KURODA, a long friendly letter
Oct 26, 1877

Box 4: 12
(HU) To YASUDA Sadanori re: silk and cocoon
Oct 27, 1877

Box 4: 12
(HU) From S. KOJIMA in Sapporo re: news of Hokkaido, SAC and Japan
Oct 31, 1877

Box 4: 12
(HU) From HORI re: report on fish oil and fertilizer
Dec 3, 1877

Box 4: 12
(t)(HU) To HORI re: salmon fishing, other fisheries
Dec 19, 1877

Box 4: 12
(HU) To H. SATOW in Hokkaido re: wood pulp; two pamphlets on fish and fish products, fishing development
Jan 18, 1878

Box 4: 12
(HU) From YOSHIDA Kiyonari in Washington re: payment for materials ordered by WSC fro SAC
Jan 26, 1878

Box 4: 12
(HU) Front binding, title page and inscription of Bible presented by WSC to SAC
Feb 1, 1878

Box 4: 12
(HU) To HORI re: completed reports, items shipped, selection of others, unequal treaties
Feb 3, 1878

Box 4: 12
(HU) To HORI re: dispatch of reports
Feb 15, 1878

Box 4: 12
(HU) From H. SATOW re: fishing
Mar 24, 1878

Box 4: 12
(HU) From HORI
Mar 25, 1878

Box 4: 12
(HU) Receipt for books bought and sent to SAC by WSC
Jun 22, 1878

Box 4: 12
(HU) To YASUDA re: canned salmon, burning of capitol at Sapporo
Mar 17, 1879

Box 4: 12
(HU) To KURODA re: Hokkaido experience
Oct 15, 1879

Box 4: 12
(HU) To KURODA re: purchased cane seed, offer to return to Japan, indemnity fund
Apr 1, 1880

Box 4: 12
(HU) From YOSHIDA Kiyohari in Washington to William Wheeler re: difficulty of material ordered
Sep 17, 1880

Box 4: 12
Hokkaido Official Correspondence, Transcripts of Letters in Japan:


Typescripts of those letters belonging to HU from WSC to Japanese officials as denoted above by a "(t)" on the list
1876-1877

Box 4: 13
(HU) To KUROIWA
Mar 11,1879

Box 4: 13
(HU) To UCHIDA
Dec 25, 1883

Box 4: 13
Hokkaido Family Correspondence:


(*) Birthday letter from daughters in Amherst, probably in Mrs. Clark's handwriting
Jul 31,1876

Box 4: 14
(*) To Mrs. S.W. Leete (sister Belle) re: description of Sapporo and living quarters, etc. (with typed copy)
Aug 5, 1876

Box 4: 14
(*) To "Capt. William B. Churchill; My dear brother" (brother-in-law) re: Bibles for students, conversion of Japanese to Christianity in his quarters, (with typed copy)
Aug 5, 1876

Box 4: 14
(*) To Hubert Lyman Clark re: burglar alarm, pictures and descriptions of Ainu, opening of SAC
Aug 20, 1876

Box 4: 14
(*) To Hubert Lyman Clark re: expedition
Nov 5, 1876

Box 4: 14
(*) To Capt. William B. Churchill re: religious work at SAC, progress of SAC, his happiness with his work, (with typed copy)
Nov 19, 1876

Box 4: 14
(*) To Hubert Lyman Clark(WSC sketches, comments about Japanese life)
Jan 6, 1877

Box 4: 14
(*) To daughter, Bertha Clark (original in oversize Box 27)
Feb 12, 1877

Box 4: 14
Typed copies of letters to wife:


a) Philadelphia on eve of departure
May 21, 1876

Box 4: 14
b) San Francisco, descriptions of city and Palace Hotel
May 30, 1876

Box 4: 14
c) San Francisco, visit to UC
Jun 1, 1876

Box 4: 14
d) Shipboard, re: ship and passengers, studying Japanese
Jun 5, 1876

Box 4: 14
e) Tokyo, re: first visit with KURODA
Jul 1, 1876

Box 4: 14
f) Tokyo, people and sights, July 4 party, Japanese music
Jul 5, 1876

Box 4: 14
g) Tokyo re: dinner with MORIs and meeting with leading Japanese, receipt of Bibles for Sapporo, description of Emperor Meiji
Jul 23, 1876

Box 4: 14
h) Sapporo re: discussion with KURODA over use of Bible
Sep/Oct 1876

Box 4: 14
i) Sapporo re: SAC opening, KURODA, Ainu
Aug 14, 1876

Box 4: 14
j) Sapporo re: enthusiasm for work and KURODA, receipt of college farm, projects for the Kaitakushi
Sep 10, 1876

Box 4: 14
k) Sapporo re: extent of responsibilities, comments on SAC
Oct 22, 1876

Box 4: 14
l) Sapporo
Nov 7, 1876

Box 4: 14
m) Sapporo, re: living quarters, daily routine, Sunday Bible class
Nov 21, 1876

Box 4: 14
n) Sapporo, re: arrival of Brooks, request that WSC stay 3 more years, signing of Covenant of Believers in Jesus
Mar 5, 1877

Box 4: 14
o) Sapporo, re: farewell party
Apr 14, 1877

Box 4: 14
p) Nagasaki, re: city, visit to army hospital
May 2, 1877

Box 4: 14
q) Shipboard, re: Kobe, Osaka, Kyoto, farewell
Jun 5, 1877

Box 4: 14
r) "A note from the top of Mt. Shasta"
Jun 16, 1877

Box 4: 14
s) San Francisco, re: trip to Oregon, Mt. Shasta climb
Jun 28, 1877

Box 4: 14
Correspondence with SAC students and others:


(*) From TANOUCHI, copied by WSC (opposite side is 'To Mr. Dodge re: baptism of 1st class at SAC, Oct 31,1877', folder 6)
Oct 25, 1876

Box 4: 15
(*) From TANOUCHI
Apr 16, 1877

Box 4: 15
(*) From S. SATŌ, copied by WSC
Jun 4, 1877

Box 4: 15
(*) From UCHIDA
Jul 7, 1877

Box 4: 15
(*) From ŌSHIMA
Jul 7, 1877

Box 4: 15
(*) From TANOUCHI
Jul 8, 1877

Box 4: 15
(*) To S. SATŌ
Aug 2, 1877

Box 4: 15
(*) From S. SATŌ
Oct 21, 1877

Box 4: 15
(*) From ARAKAWA
Nov 23, 1877

Box 4: 15
(*) From WATASE
Dec 2, 1877

Box 4: 15
(*) From K. ŌNO
Dec 5, 1877

Box 4: 15
(*) From K. ŌNO, with grade list
Jan 5, 1878

Box 4: 15
(*) From KUROIWA
Jan 19, 1878

Box 4: 15
(*) From TANOUCHI
Mar 4, 1879

Box 4: 15
(*) From UCHIDA
Mar 20, 1880

Box 4: 15
(*) From MIYABE
Jul 11, 1880

Box 4: 15
(*) From SAKUMA
Jul 12, 1880

Box 4: 15
(*) From UCHIDA
Dec 2, 1880

Box 4: 15
(*) From UCHIDA
May 25, 1881

Box 4: 15
(*) From UCHIDA
Jul 21, 1881

Box 4: 15
(*) From UCHIDA
Jan 10, 1882

Box 4: 15
(*) From NISHIMURA
Jul 3, 1882

Box 4: 15
(*) From ARAKAWA
Sep 7, 1883

Box 4: 15
Typescripts of letters in folder15, plus three others
1876-1883

Box 4: 15a
Miscellaneous:


(*) From Dr. Peter Bryant (William Cullen Bryant's father) to Dr. Atherton Clark
Aug 12, 1814

Box 4: 16
(*) To son Hubert
n.d.

Box 4: 16
(*) From US Senator H.L. Dawes of MA
Feb 24, 1879

Box 4: 16
(HU) To William P. Brooks in Sapporo
Nov 27, 1884

Box 4: 16
(HU) To William P. Brooks in Sapporo
Apr 7, 1885

Box 4: 16
(*) Atherton Clark to Mr. Hawley at MAC
Jun 5, 1930

Box 4: 16
(D) Letters from WSC to Jos. NEESIMA: photos from originals at Doshisha
1878-1882

Box 4: 17
Originals of those items designated by "(*)" on the item list for Box 4, unless noted as oversize, which are in Box 27. The folders in Box 5 correspond to those in Box 4 with the exception of folder 15a and folder 17, which are only in Box 4


Box 5: 1-16
Series 3. Writings
1848-1879, 1993
1.5 boxes, 0.75 linear feet
The Alchemist, AC commencement oration
1848

Box 6: 1
On Metallic Meteorites, Ph.D. dissertation
1852

Box 6: 2
Report on Horses
1860, 1861

Box 6: 3
The Work and the Wants of the College
1868

Box 6: 4
Rules for the Agricultural Department, MAC
1869

Box 6: 5
Cultivation of Cereals, Report presented by WSC to the Board of Agriculture, written by Wm. Knowlton for the committee
1869

Box 6: 6
Translation by WSC of The Blowpipe Manual by Theodore Scheerer
1869

Box 6: 7
Professional Education the Present Want of Agriculture and Nature's Mode of Distributing Plants
1871

Box 6: 8
The Relations of Botany to Agriculture
1873

Box 6: 9
The Circulation of Sap in Plants
1874

Box 6: 10
A Lecture on the Flow of Sap and the Power of Plant Growth
1875

Box 6: 11
Observations on the Phenomena of Plant Life
1875

Box 6: 11
Photographic negative of lithograph of squash experiment
1875

Box 6: 11
Atherton Clark's copy of Observations on the Phenomena of Plant Life
1875

Box 6: 12
Proceedings at the Centennial Celebration of the Battle of Lexington (Clark's address, pg. 82, was apparently not given at the dinner-see note on pg. 81)
1875

Box 6: 13
"First Annual Report of SAC"
1877

Box 6: 14
Copy of Covenant of Believers in Jesus
1877

Box 6: 15
The Agriculture of Japan
1879

Box 6: 16
The Collected Papers of WSC, edited by Tamaki YAMAMOTO
1993

Box 7: 17
Series 4. Materials About William Smith Clark
1858-1996
11.5 boxes, 5.0 linear feet
Subseries 1: Correspondence About WSC


Correspondence
1914, 1919

Box 7: 1
Correspondence
1940-1951

Box 7: 2
Correspondence
1959-1960

Box 7: 3
Correspondence
1973-1974

Box 7: 4
Correspondence
1975-

Box 7: 5
WSC Association
(1972-1977?)

Box 7: 6
Subseries 2: Reminiscences and Biographical Sketches


America-Japan Society of Hokkaido, "Boys, Be Ambitious"
1956

Box 8: 7
Amherst Record, "Prominent Men of Amherst, no. 7, WSC"
1871

Box 8: 8
Amherst Record, "Amherst Through the Years" 100 years ago
Mar 6, 1976

Box 8
Partial bibliography of materials about WSC (in Japanese)
n.d.

Box 8: 9
Bowker, William Henry, The Old Guard; the Famous 'Faculty of Four'; the Mission and the Future of the College; Its Debt to Amherst College, Harvard College, and Other Institutions, read at 40th anniversary of opening of MAC
1907

Box 8: 10
Dedication of Stockbridge Hall, MAC
Oct 29, 1915

Box 8: 10
Excerpt of Bowker's 1907 speech reprinted
1970

Box 8: 10
Related material:

See RG-3/1-1905 Brooks, William P., Box 1, for Brooks, William P. "To the Memory of WSC" n.d.

Campbell, Alexander, "Hokkaido: The New Frontier," photocopy of chapter from The Heart of Japan
1961

Box 8: 11
Atherton Clark:


Corr., Atherton Clark to Wm. Elliot Griffis re: WSC
1918

Box 8: 12
Crowley, Dennis M., biographical sketch of Atherton Clark in The Alumni Bulletin
1942

Box 8: 12
William Smith Clark II:


"Impressions of a Newcomer"
1921

Box 8: 13
Address at Sapporo for the 80th anniversary ceremony of SAC
Sep 15, 1956

Box 8: 13
"Glimpses of Japan from a Family Album", Japan Quarterly, vol. 5, no. 2
1958

Box 8: 13
Clippings, miscellaneous
1959-

Box 8: 14
Ashfield:


Greenfield Recorder, "Ashfield Native a Hero"
Nov 5, 1981

Box 8: 15
Ashfield Historical Society Newsletter
1983

Box 8: 15
Cornman, Martin E., Bound by Vision Alone: Two Clarks from Ashfield, Massachusetts
1984

Box 8: 15
Creech, John L., article, "Highlights of Ornamental Plant Introduction in the United States"
1974

Box 8: 16
Cutter, John A., "WSC, 1826-86"
1916

Box 8: 17
Dictionary of American Biography, vol. 4, "Clark, William Smith"
n.d.

Box 8: 18
Doran, Bill, in Alumnus re: Harold Alley on Mr. Wallace's recollections
1956

Box 8: 19
Doshisha:


Annual History of Doshisha, sketch and small photo, pg. 62
1975

Box 8: 20
The Doshisha
1988

Box 8: 20
Flint, Linda J., article for The Alumnus, "The Great Experiment--UMass's Pioneer Decade"
1977

Box 8: 21
Guest, Robert H., "The Rise and Fall of an Amherst Immortal", in Amherst
1983

Box 8: 22
Hoppo Bungei, vol. 6, no. 7; no. 108
1973, 1974

Box 8: 23
Kozlowski, Theodore:


"His Work Lives in Trees", Horticulture
1956

Box 8: 24
Abridged version of above, in Amherst Journal Record
n.d.

Box 8: 24
WSC, Pioneer Plant Pathologist
n.d.

Box 8: 24
Maki, John, "WSC, 1826-1886, Scholar, Solider..." for WSC society
1987

Box 8: 25
Maki, John, "WSC, A Pioneer in Japanese-American Relations", address delivered at centennial of WSC's trip to Japan; also a press release and the chancellor's invitation
1976

Box 8: 26
Maki, John, lecture (in Japanese and English), "Clark-sensei: The Great Achievement in Hokkaido", delivered at the centennial of the founding of Hokkaido University
1976

Box 8: 27
Massachusetts-Hokkaido Affiliation Committee, "A Memoir in Honor of Dr. WSC, Published in 1962 as a Contribution to the University of Massachusetts Centennial Year Celebration"
1962

Box 8: 28
Barbara Zalenski 'copy' of above with errors and omissions, but adding a transcription of a Mack Drake letter not in the 1962 version
1966

Box 8: 28
Barbara Zalenski article, "Hands Across the Sea", Greenfield Recorder-Gazette
Aug 20, 1966

Box 8: 28
MIYABE Kingo, "WSC" Japanese original and translation
1922

Box 8: 29
Lee, Douglas, "Japan's Last Frontier: Hokkaido" in National Geographic, vol. 157, no. 1
1980

Box 8: 30
New Prince English Course, "Boys, Be Ambitious", pp. 70-76
1981

Box 8: 31
ŌSAKA Shingo, memoir and essays
n.d.

Box 8: 32
ŌSHIMA Masatake:


"Reminiscences of Dr. WSC", Japan Christian Intelligencer vol. 1, no. 2
1926

Box 8: 33
"Professor Clark" from Professor Clark and his Disciples, dictated to eldest son, ŌSHIMA Masamitsu
1946

Box 8: 33
ŌTA, Y., "WSC and Japan: with special reference to his missionary work"
1978

Box 8: 34
Penhallow, David P., "WSC: His Place as a Scientist and his Relationship to the Development of Scientific Agriculture" Science vol. 27, no. 683, pp. 172-180, address delivered at opening of Clark Hall, MAC, Oct 2, 1907
1908

Box 9: 35
Rowland, Rev. George M., address
1912

Box 9: 36
SATŌ Masahiko, "Clark's Personal Letters"
1984

Box 9: 37
SEKI Hideshi, article in Japanese, and English translation
1983

Box 9: 38
SUZUKI Zenko, address to Japan Society
1981

Box 9: 39
Tyler, John M. and Penhallow, D.P., dedication of Clark Hall, The College Signal article and typescript
1907

Box 9: 40
UCHIMURA, "Letters of WSC and his Pupils", transl. Naoki ŌNISHI, The Uchimura Study, no. 13, 14, and 15
1979-1980

Box 9: 41
US Department of Agriculture, "The Japanese Flowering Cherry Trees of Washington, DC"
1977

Box 9: 42
YAMANAKA Kei, articles in Japanese:


Hokkaido University Library Bulletin
1976

Box 9: 43
Hokkaido Times
1976

Box 9: 43
Kogaku to Seibutsu
1976

Box 9: 43
ITŌ Hidegorō, Institute for Democratic Education, monograph in Japanese, Kurāku hakushi to Sapporo Nōgakkō (Dr. Clark and the Sapporo Agricultural School)
(1965?)

Box 9: 44
"WSC: In Commemoration of the Centennial of his Death"
1986

Box 9: 45
"Clark to Be Commemorated" Campus Chronicle
Feb 28, 1986

Box 9: 45
Browne, Patrick, "Col. W.S. Clark: Father of Two Universities"
1994

Box 9: 46
Subseries 3: Books


Hokkaido Prefectural Government, Foreign Pioneers
1968

Box 10: 47
Hokkaido Prefectural Government, Foreign Pioneers (photocopies)
1968

Box 10: 48
The Kaitakushi and its Foreign Employees, Advisors, and other Foreigners, A List of Correspondence 1871-1882
1983

Box 10: 49
KAWABATA, ŌNISHI, and NISHIDE, W.S. Clark's Letters from Japan to his Family
1987

Box 10: 50
Maki, John, Kurāku: Sono Eikō to Zasetsu (Clark: His Glory and Collapse or WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido)
1978

Box 10: 51
ŌNISHI Naoki, The Correspondence of WSC and his Japanese Students
1986

Box 10: 52
ŌSAKA Shingo, Kurāku Sensei Shoden (Life of Dr. Clark)
1956

Box 10: 53
ŌSHIMA Masatake, Kurāku Sensei to Sono Deshitachi (Dr. Clark and his Students)
1943

Box 10: 54
ŌTA Yūzō, Kurāku no Ichinen: The Japanese Experience of WSC
1979

Box 10: 55
ŌTSUKI Tōhoku, Shōsetsu Sapporo Nōgakkō (fiction)
1971

Box 11: 56
YAMAGUCHI Tetsuo, History of the University of Hokkaido, 1876-1976
1976

Box 11: 57
Subseries 4: Maki Manuscript


Maki, John, "The Writing of WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido"
1982

Box 12: 58
Review of WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido by J.F. Howes from The American Historical Review, vol. 85, no. 3, June 1980, pp. 695-697
1980

Box 12: 59
Maki, John, WCS: A Yankee in Hokkaido (xerox of typescript-part 1)
n.d.

Box 12: 60a
Maki, John, WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido (xerox of typescript-part 2)
n.d.

Box 12: 60b
Maki, John, WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido (xerox of typescript-part 3)
n.d.

Box 12: 60c
Maki, John, WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido (xerox of typescript-part 4)
n.d.

Box 12: 60d
Lending copy of xerox of typescript of WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido by John Maki (part 1)
n.d.

Box 12: 60e
Lending copy of xerox of typescript of WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido by John Maki (part 2)
n.d.

Box 12: 60f
Lending copy of xerox of typescript of WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido by John Maki (part 3)
n.d.

Box 12: 60g
Lending copy of xerox of typescript of WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido by John Maki (part 4)
n.d

Box 12: 60h
Computer discs of WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido readable in MS Word
n.d.

Box 13: 61
Maki, John, WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido (finished book)
1996

Box 13: 62a
Maki, John, WSC: A Yankee in Hokkaido (finished book-lending copy)
1996

Box 13: 62b
Subseries 5: Background Materials for Maki Biography of WSC


Amherst College Years
1858-1976, n.d.

Box 14: 63
"Letters from a Freshman in the 'Forties" from Amherst Graduates' Quarterly, vol. 19, Aug 1930
1930

Box 14: 64
Early Years of MAC
1860-1979, n.d.

Box 14: 65
MAC victory in first regatta of National Rowing Association
1871-1975, n.d.

Box 14: 66
WSC's early contacts with Japan
1871-1880

Box 14: 67
SAC
1876-1951, n.d.

Box 14: 68
Reports of WSC lectures in Japan
1877-1878

Box 14: 69
WSC and MAC problems
1877-1885, n.d.

Box 14: 70
Floating college
1877-1880, n.d.

Box 14: 71
Mining venture
1879-1885, n.d.

Box 14: 72
Declining years
1882-1885

Box 14: 73
On the phrase "Boys, Be Ambitious" (in Japanese)
1972

Box 14: 74
Subseries 6: Notes for Maki Biography of WSC


Twelve envelopes containing Maki's notes on 4 x 6 index cards


1) Miscellaneous references to WSC
n.d.

Box 15: 75
2) Relatives and others associated with WSC
n.d.

Box 15: 75
3) Obituaries and biographical sketches
n.d.

Box 15: 75
4) AC
n.d.

Box 15: 75
5) Civil War
n.d.

Box 15: 75
6) Meetings of MAC Board of Trustees
n.d.

Box 15: 75
7) MAC Presidency Years
n.d.

Box 15: 75
8) MAC Japanese Students and Japanese and Chinese residents in Amherst area
n.d.

Box 15: 75
9) Last Years at MAC and Floating College
n.d.

Box 15: 75
10) Clark and Bothwell
n.d.

Box 15: 75
11) Real Estate and Wills
n.d.

Box 15: 75
12) Bibliographical References
n.d.

Box 15: 75
Subseries 7: Television, Radio, and Other Audio-Visual Materials


TV documentary Ideals and Ambition: The Life of WSC Hokkaido Broadcasting Co., English version (two copies, VHS)
1981

Box 16: 76
TV Documentary Taishi to Yabō: WSC no Shōgai (Ideals and Ambition: The Life of WSC) Hokkaido Broadcasting Co., Japanese version (Beta)
1981

Box 16: 77
TV Documentary Taishi to Yabō: WSC no Shōgai (Ideals and Ambition: The Life of WSC) Hokkaido Broadcasting Co., Japanese version (two copies, one defective?) inch videotape
1981

Box 16: 78
Two audio cassettes of preliminary version of Maki commentary on Taishi to Yabō: WSC no Shōgai
1981

Box 17: 79
Script in Japanese of TV documentary Taishi to Yabō: WSC no Shōgai (Ideals and Ambition: The Life of WSC)
1981

Box 17: 80
Taishi to Yabō: WSC no Ashiato o Tazunete (Ideals and Ambition: in the footsteps of WSC), a book about the filming of the TV documentary
1981

Box 17: 81
Maki, John, "The Filming in Amherst of the Japanese Television Documentary on the Life of WSC"
1982

Box 17: 82
Correspondence relating to the Japanese television documentary on WSC
1980-1981

Box 17: 83
Greenfield Recorder-Gazette article on filming of 1966 TV documentary on WSC
1966

Box 17: 84
Clippings on filming in Amherst area of Japanese TV documentary
1981

Box 17: 85
Radio interview with John Maki re: WSC
1976

Box 17: 86
Audiotape and 16mm silent movie film of May 18, 1973 tree planting ceremony at WSC grave
1973

Box 17: 87
Press release in English and Japanese re: tree planting ceremony
1973

Box 17: 87
Videotape, Mass/Hokkaido Sister-State News from Hokkaido Cultural Broadcast
1989

Box 17: 88
Videotape, "Friendship Forever" Sister-State Ceremony Sapporo, Japan
1990

Box 18: 89
Videotape, WSC Memorial Groundbreaking UMass Amherst
1990

Box 18: 90
Videotape, WSC Memorial Garden Dedication
1991

Box 18: 91
Series 5. Hokkaido University-University of Massachusetts Relations
1877-2003 (bulk 1956-1976)
6 boxes, 3.0 linear feet
Subseries 1: Chronological Record


Hokkaido: Background Materials
1966, 1991, n.d.

Box 19: 1
Lists of MAC Professors and Alumni in 19th Century Hokkaido; brief biographical info.
1974, n.d.

Box 19: 2
Photograph of SAC Class of 1880
1880

Box 19: 3
List of names of the 1888 graduating class of SAC
1888

Box 19: 4
A Historical Sketch of the College of Agriculture, Tohoku Imperial University…
1915

Box 19: 5
American Influence upon the Agriculture of Hokkaido, Japan
1915

Box 19: 5
Announcement requesting donations to build Clark Memorial Church
1914

Box 19: 6
Sapporo Independent Church Report on the Clark Memorial
Oct 28, 1922

Box 19: 6
"Clark Memorial Church in Sapporo", sent to Evangelist, Jan. 8, 1923
1923

Box 19: 6
Poster for Keichi dormitory 30th anniversary
1937

Box 19: 6
Great Sapporo souvenir book of photos of Sapporo and HU
1921

Box 19: 7
Photographs of Hokkaido
c. 1922-1926, n.d.

Box 19: 8
Monograph on the History of Hokkaido University, published for its 50th anniversary
1926

Box 19: 9
America-Japan Society of Hokkaido, "Boys, Be Ambitious!", fundraising booklet for Clark Memorial Student Center
1956

Box 19: 10
Exchange contract documents
1956-1957

Box 19: 11
Exchange contract documents and correspondence
1954-1964, n.d.

Box 19: 12
Hokkaido Bear correspondence, clippings, brochure (brochure missing Mar 2004)
1956-1977

Box 19: 13
Honorary UMass Degree Presentation to President SUGINOME at Sapporo
1956

Box 19: 14
SUGINOME's visits to UMass: clippings, memo, press release, and photographs
1957-1967, n.d.

Box 19: 15
List of Hokkaido Univ. professors who served as UMass exchange professors from 1957-61
1974

Box 19: 16
Exchange program articles and clippings
1958-1975, n.d.

Box 19: 17
Exchange Correspondence
1961-1963

Box 20: 19
Glass painting of Hokkaido Univ.
n.d.

Box 26: 2
New York Times Hokkaido article
1963

Box 20: 21
Gift of Japanese art books to UMass
1963-1964

Box 20: 22
The Japan Architect, #109, June 1965,article on Wheeler's model barn
1965

Box 20: 23
Photographs and press release, SUGINOME Chikako (daughter of President SUGINOME) and Japanese Institute
1966

Box 20: 24
Brochure on Hokkaido Univ.
1966

Box 20: 25
Three versions of article by Gilbert Mottla:


Univ. of Massachusetts-Hokkaido Univ., Japan 1876-1968
c. 1968

Box 20: 26
Univ. of Massachusetts-Hokkaido Univ., 1876-1972
c. 1972

Box 20: 26
"The Univ. of Massachusetts-Hokkaido Relationship"
c. 1974

Box 20: 26
Bell, Ellsworth, letter and article (article missing Mar 2004)
1970

Box 20: 27
Student paper on Japanese culture
1970

Box 20: 28
Photographs of President NIWA's visit
1973

Box 20: 29
Souvenir medal given to B. Burn
1973

Box 26: 3
Exchange correspondence
1968

Box 20: 31
Hokkaido Elm article from Hokkaido Univ. Bulletin
1974

Box 20: 32
Gift of Japanese cherry trees to UMass: clipping from Amherst Record
1974

Box 20: 33
HU centennial: gift of wooden box and papers to HU from UMass
1976-1977

Box 20: 34
HU centennial Correspondence
1976

Box 20: 35
Maki, John, "Clark-Sensei: The Great Achievement in Hokkaido", typescript and printed versions
1976

Box 20: 36
HU centennial photographs
1976

Box 20: 37
HU centennial publicity
1976

Box 20: 38
HU centennial: The Centennial Album of HU; also booklet with translations
1976

Box 20: 39
Student Exchange Program Reports
1976, 1983-1984

Box 21: 40
Hokkaido Univ. / UMass system status
1976

Box 21: 41
Symposium at UMass, "US and Japan: Alliance of Democracies"
1976

Box 21: 42
Lecture by Dr. Kichizo NIWA, former president of HU
1976

Box 21: 43
Calligraphy from HU alumni
1976

Box 21: 44
Brochures and postcards of HU and Sapporo
1975-1986, n.d.

Box 21: 45
"Hokkaido", brochure presented to Archives by Gov. of Hokkaido Takahiro YOKOMICHI
1987

Box 21: 46
Presentation of honorary degree to Mack Drake; paper on the HU / UMass exchange
1977, n.d.

Box 21: 47
Article in Hoku Dai Jiho by Keiji OSAKI
1977, n.d.

Box 21: 48
Japan Pictorial, vol. 2, no. 1, "The American Heritage in Hokkaido"
1979

Box 21: 49
New History of Hokkaido
1981

Box 21: 49
Clippings, press releases, and articles
1878-2001

Box 21: 50
Assorted photographs
1968-1986, n.d.

Box 21: 51
Meiji Restoration and Hokkaido Development Exhibition
1984

Box 21: 52
1985-86 A Brief Sketch of Hokkaido University
1986

Box 21: 53
Burn, Barbara, The University of Massachusetts and Hokkaido University, A Case Study in Educational Cooperation
1989

Box 21: 53
Commemoration in Hokkaido of the 100th anniversary of WSC's death
1986

Box 21: 53a
HU promotional video (VHS format), general version with English
n.d.

Box 22: 53b
Subseries 2: Summer Seminar,
1974

Fan signed by participants
1974

Box 26: 5
Hokkaido Univ. catalog
1973-1974

Box 22: 55
Study abroad materials
1968-1974

Box 22: 56
Japanese books memo
1975

Box 22: 57
Journal of Richard Woodbury, with related materials
1974-1982

Box 22: 58
Newspaper accounts, maps, calling cards, souvenirs
c. 1970-1974

Box 22: 59
Photographs
1974, n.d.

Box 22: 60
Schedule for seminar, lecture, notes, participant evaluations
1974

Box 22: 61
Souvenir booklets on Sapporo
1968-1972, n.d.

Box 22: 62
Souvenir booklets
1970-1974, n.d.

Box 22: 63
Travel arrangements, press releases, selection of participants, etc.
1974, n.d.

Box 22: 64
Commemoration in Hokkaido of the 100th anniversary of WSC's death
1986

Box 22: 65
Note:

(this item has been moved to Series 5, subseries 1, folder 53a)

Subseries 3: Books on Hokkaido University


Series 6. Duplicates (Selected)
1852-1976 (bulk 1852-1879)
2 boxes, 0.75 linear feet
Hokkaido Official Correspondence (Series 2, folder 7)
Jan-Mar 1876

Box 24: 1
Hokkaido Official Correspondence (Series 2, folder 8)
Jul-Aug 1876

Box 24: 2
Hokkaido Official Correspondence (Series 2, folder 9)
Sep 1876

Box 24: 3
Hokkaido Official Correspondence (Series 2, folder 10)
Oct-Dec 1876

Box 24: 4
Hokkaido Official Correspondence (Series 2, folder 11)
Jan-May 1877

Box 24: 5
On Metallic Meteorites, WSC's Ph.D. dissertation (Series 3, folder 2)
1852

Box 24: 6
WSC's Report on Horses (Series 3, folder 3)
1860-1861

Box 24: 7
WSC's Relations of Botany to Agriculture (Series 3, folder 9)
1873

Box 24: 8
WSC's Circulation of Sap in Plants (Series 3, folder 10)
1874

Box 24: 9
WSC's Observation of the Phenomena of Plant Life (Series 3, folder 11)
1875

Box 24: 10
SAC's First Annual Report (Series 3, folder 14)
1877

Box 24: 11
WSC's The Agriculture of Japan (Series 3, folder 16)
1879

Box 24: 12
Hokkaido Univ. centennial publicity (Series 5, folder 42)
1976

Box 25: 13
Hokkaido Univ. centennial The Centennial Album of HU (Series 5, folder 39)
1976

Box 25: 14
Series 7. Artifacts
1973-1974
1 box, 0.25 linear feet
Glass painting of the bust of WSC
n.d.

Box 26: 1
Glass painting of HU campus
n.d.

Box 26: 2
Medal presented to B. Burn
1973

Box 26: 3
Silk scarf presented to K. Emerson through John Maki from HU
n.d.

Box 26: 4
Fan signed by the participants of Summer Seminar
1974

Box 26: 5
Bottle opener from Sapporo
n.d.

Box 26: 6
Series 8. Oversized
1851-1975
2 boxes, 2.5 linear feet
Photograph of the log maintained atop Mt. Shasta, signed by Clark, including article in Japanese about it.
Jun 1877

Box 27

From Series 1, subseries 1.

Letter from WSC to Sister Belle
Jan 8, 1851

Box 27

From Series 2.

WSC II's Amherst College Graduation Certificate
1921

Box 27

From Series 1, subseries 1.

Newsclippings
1860-1882

Box 27

From Series 4, subseries 2.

Letter from WSC to daughter Bertha
Feb 12, 1877

Box 27

From Series 2.

Covenant of Believers in Jesus
1877

Box 27

From Series 3.

Japanese Cosmetic Posters "Girls, Be Ambitious"
1975

Box 28

From Series 5, subseries 1.

"The Pictorial Life of Our Dr. WSC, 1826-1876" Part 1 and 2
1961

Box 28

From Series 1, subseries 3.

Administrative information
Note on Abbreviations and Japanese Names

Abbreviations used in reference to the William Smith Clark papers are as follows:

AC Amherst College
D Doshisha University
HU or Hokudai Hokkaido University ("Hokudai" is to Hokkaido University as "UMass" is to the University of Massachusetts)
MAC Massachusetts Agricultural College (earlier name of University of Massachusetts)
SAC Sapporo Agricultural College (earlier name of Hokkaido University)
WSC William Smith Clark

Note: To avoid confusion in the order of Japanese names, this finding aid follows the standard form of family name in UPPERCASE. Also note that names may have been romanized in different ways, both within the collection and in the finding aid.

Provenance

The papers of William Smith Clark (b. 1826, d. 1886), botanist, chemist, mineralogist, and educator, were acquired in part by the Library of the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 1974 by gift of the widow of Dr. Clark's grandson, Mrs. William S. (Gladys) Clark II. Copies of original documents in the Amherst College Library and the Hokkaido University Library were acquired mainly in 1974-77. Materials about Dr. Clark and the Hokkaido University / University of Massachusetts relationship were acquired from Professors John Maki, Richard Woodbury, H. Leland Varley, and others. Some materials had long been in the University of Massachusetts Library.

Additional materials relating to WSC or HU is to be found in the University Archives in the official minutes of the MAC Board of Trustees (RG-2/1), in the published Annual Reports of MAC (RG-1/00/2) (reports for 1864-1932/33 available online), in the papers of William Wheeler (RG-2/3), Horace Stockbridge (RG-40/11), David P. Penhallow (RG-50/6-1873), William P. Brooks (RG-3/1-1905), Jean Paul Mather (RG-3/1-1954), the Center for International Agriculture (RG-15/4), International Programs (RG-6/4/9), Student Union (RG-36/100), John Lederle (RG-3/1-1960), and Charles Goessman (RG-40/11).

Processing Information

Processed by John Maki and SCUA staff, 1983, 2004.

Acknowledgments

Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Copyright and Use (More informationConnect to publication information)

Cite as: William Smith Clark Papers (RG 3/1-1867). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Search terms
Subjects
  • Agricultural colleges--Japan--History--Sources.
  • Agricultural colleges--Massachusetts--History--Sources.
  • Agriculturists--Japan--Archives.
  • Agriculturists--Massachusetts--Archives.
  • Amherst (Mass.)--History--Sources.
  • Hokkaido (Japan)--History--Sources.
  • Japan--Relations--United States--Sources.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.
  • United States--Relations--Japan--Sources.
Names
  • Amherst College--Faculty.
  • Amherst College--Students--Correspondence.
  • Clark, William Smith, 1826-1886--Archives.
  • Hokkaido Daigaku.
  • Hokkaido Daigaku--History--Sources.
  • Hokkaido Teikoku Daigaku--History--Sources.
  • Massachusetts Agricultural College.
  • Massachusetts Agricultural College--History--Sources.
  • Massachusetts Agricultural College--Presidents--Archives.
  • Sapporo Nogakko.
  • Sapporo Nogakko--History--Sources.
  • Sapporo Nogakko--Presidents--Archives.
  • Tohoku Teikoku Daigaku. Noka Daigaku--History--Sources.
  • Universität Göttingen--Students--Correspondence.
  • University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
  • University of Massachusetts at Amherst--History--Sources.
Genre terms
  • Drawings.
  • Memorabilia.
  • Photographs.
  • Scrapbooks.