William Smith Clark Papers

  • 1814-2003 (Bulk: 1844-1886, 1956-1976)
  • 29 boxes (14.5 linear ft.)
  • Call no.: RG 003/1 C63

Massachusetts native, Civil War veteran, botanist, chemist, mineralogist, and educator who held the presidency of Massachusetts Agricultural College (now University of Massachusetts Amherst) from 1867-1879 and who helped to found Sapporo Agricultural College (now Hokkaido University) in Japan in 1876. Papers include correspondence with fellow professors and scientists, students in Japan, and family; photographs and personal items; official correspondence and memoranda; published articles; books, articles, television, and radio materials relating to Dr. Clark, in Japanese and English; and materials regarding Hokkaido University and its continuing relationship with the University of Massachusetts.

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Background on William Smith Clark


An image of: William Smith Clark

William Smith Clark

William Smith Clark was born in Ashfield, Massachusetts, July 31, 1826. He attended Williston Academy in Easthampton, Massachusetts, in the first class, that of 1844. He graduated from Amherst College in 1848 as a member of Phi Beta Kappa. As a boy, he became interested in collecting birds and plants; at Amherst College, under the influence of the professors, he became greatly interested in science, especially mineralogy. As a result, he went to study in Germany, where he obtained his Ph.D. at Georgia Augusta University in Goettingen in 1852.

He returned to Amherst College to an appointment as a professor. For the next fifteen years, from 1852 to 1867, he was a member of the Amherst faculty, where he became known as an educational innovator, a fine and inspiring teacher, and a fund raiser for the college. His teaching at Amherst College was interrupted only by the Civil War, during which he served the Union Army with distinction from 1861 to 1863. Soon after his return from the war, he became the leader in the successful efforts by the town of Amherst to become the seat of a new agricultural college just authorized by the Massachusetts General Court under the provision of the Morrill Act, the "Land Grant Act" that established state agricultural and mechanical colleges throughout the United States. Just before the new Massachusetts Agricultural College opened its doors in September 1867, he was appointed president, the third to hold the title, the first two having no school over which to preside. He held the presidency of MAC for twelve years, until 1879.

Clark taught and administered the affairs of the struggling college. He insisted on making his school into a general liberal arts school, not simply a training school for farmers-to-be. Early in 1876, he obtained a leave of absence from MAC and accepted the appointment by the Japanese government to open a new agricultural college on the model of MAC. He went to Japan in the late spring and arrived on his fiftieth birthday in Sapporo, where he opened the Sapporo Agricultural College in mid-August. He remained there for eight and a half months, during which he established the school, taught four hours a day, served as the technical advisor to the island of Hokkaido, and paved the way for the conversion to Christianity of all the members of the first class. At SAC, he demonstrated anew his qualities as a fine teacher that had been revealed at both AC and MAC. He was a great inspiration to his students, all of whom became leaders in Hokkaido or nationally in Japan. As a result of his highly successful mission, his name remained well-known in Japan more than a century after his brief stay there. All Japanese school children since his time have learned as a motto his farewell statement, "Boys, be ambitious, (B.B.A.)", since extended to students of both sexes.

On returning to MAC in 1877 he found that the school's existence had become even more precarious than before. He resigned as president early in 1879 and accepted the presidency of an innovative "floating college" which was to circumnavigate the globe. However, the unfortunate premature death of the promoter brought that venture to an end shortly before the intended date of departure. Clark then became involved with a shady character with whom he founded the firm of Clark and Bothwell, a mining venture. Within a year Clark made and lost a considerable fortune. The collapse of the firm, with the disappearance of his partner, resulted in losses to the investors in the mines operated by the firm, including many citizens of Amherst.

Clark's health failed immediately after the firm's collapse in 1882 and he remained a semi-invalid until his death on March 9, 1886. Although he was a leading citizen of Amherst and prominent in the affairs of the Commonwealth, his fame has endured primarily in Japan.

Scope of collection

The papers of William Smith Clark, 1814-2001 (bulk 1844-1886, 1956-1976), include correspondence with fellow professors and scientists, students in Japan, and family; photographs and personal items; official correspondence and memoranda; published articles; books, articles, television, and radio materials relating to Dr. Clark, in Japanese and English; and materials regarding Hokkaido University and its continuing relationship with the University of Massachusetts.

The papers reveal many details about the early days of MAC, student life at AC, the Civil War, the island of Hokkaido in the late nineteenth century, and the role of Williams Smith Clark in the founding of SAC, as well as his interactions with colleagues, officials, students, and family. As to full documentation of his life, however, the papers are an uneven representation. The correspondence, for example, adequately covers his undergraduate years at AC, his two years of graduate school in Germany, his less than two years at the front in the Civil War, and his year in Japan. Virtually nothing in the correspondence, however, deals with his years as a professor at AC, his presidency of MAC, his disastrous mining venture, or the final four years of his life.

Clark was not a prolific writer. Apart from his MAC and SAC presidential reports, his writings consisted largely of printed versions of lectures on botanical experiments carried out at MAC during his presidency, and articles on educational issues related to MAC.

Because of his AC career, his MAC presidency, and his prominence as a leading citizen of his town and state, his activities were given a fairly extensive coverage in the local press. A considerable number of newspaper clippings is included in the papers, but his political activities are not represented in other ways. The clippings are generally photocopies, often of poor legibility, especially those in oversize Box 27.

The photographs in Series 1 are numerous enough to be of significance in documenting the life of Williams Smith Clark.

As compared with the number of documents written or received by Clark, there is a disproportionately large amount of material written about him in both English and Japanese. This is a reflection of the breadth of the impact that Clark had on the island of Hokkaido, on SAC (which became Tohoku Imperial University, then Hokkaido Imperial University, and finally Hokkaido University), and on his Japanese students who became leaders in Hokkaido and Japan itself. Clark's fame has long remained green in Japan, as indicated by the long television documentary on his life shown on a Japanese national network in 1981.

Because of Williams Smith Clark's involvement with the establishment of SAC and the constant presence of MAC personnel on its campus in the early years, a close relationship between the two agricultural schools was established long ago. This relationship continued in both formal and informal ways through the years and is documented in the papers, particularly in Series 5.

The Clark papers include copies of a few items of correspondence and other materials at AC, and copies of Williams Smith Clark's official memoranda in the Hokudai Library. The latter also has reproductions of all the original personal correspondence in the Clark papers at the University of Massachusetts.

Additional materials relating to Williams Smith Clark or HU is to be found in the University Archives in the official minutes of the MAC Board of Trustees (RG-2/1), in the published Annual Reports of MAC (RG-1/00/2) (reports for 1864-1932/33 available online), in the papers of William Wheeler (RG-2/3), Horace Stockbridge (RG-40/11), David P. Penhallow (RG-50/6-1873), William P. Brooks (RG-3/1-1905), Jean Paul Mather (RG-3/1-1954), the Center for International Agriculture (RG-15/4), International Programs (RG-6/4/9), Student Union (RG-36/100), John Lederle (RG-3/1-1960), and Charles Goessman (RG-40/11).

Series descriptions

1850-1986
3 boxes (1.25 linear feet)
Arrangement:

Series 1 is divided into three subseries: College, Military, and Other Biographical Records; Personal Association Items; and Photographs and Pictures.

Contents:

Series 1 consists of materials closely associated with the life of Williams Smith Clark, not including third-person biographical accounts, which are in Series 4. "Personal Association Items" are those for which there is evidence or a strong presumption of their having been in Williams Smith Clark's possession.

The materials in Subseries 1: College, Military, and Other Biographical Records, include the Clark family record, apparently in Williams Smith Clark's handwriting; his biographical form prepared for the AC alumni records; excerpts from books and records regarding Williams Smith Clark and family members (folder 1); his grandson Williams Smith Clark II's AC graduation certificate (oversize Box 27); a number of obituaries, including one by UCHIMURA Kanzo, who was later to become a prominent Christian leader in Japan (folder 2); copies of Williams Smith Clark's military service records and a letter from Major General A.E. Burnside to Major General George B. McCellan recommending Williams Smith Clark for promotion to Brigadier General (folder 3); accounts of the 21st Regiment Volunteers (folder 4); Civil War newspaper clippings, including Williams Smith Clark's own accounts of the battles of Newbern and Camden, and the erroneous account of his death in battle (folder 5); miscellaneous printed items, including many newspaper clippings (folder 6 and oversize Box 27); materials relating to the introduction of Japanese trees into the United States (folder 7); and photographs of the log maintained atop Mt. Shasta, with Clark's signature on June 16, 1877 (oversize Box 27).

Subseries 2: Personal Association Items, includes Williams Smith Clark's passport for his European trip (folder 8); his notebook used at Georgia Augusta University in Goettingen, consisting of his lecture notes from a course in "economical botany" and detailed notes in German by someone else, which seem to be a condensation of a book or study notes (folder 9); Williams Smith Clark's AC catalogue of 1855-56 with his record of student rent payments (folder 10); pictures and sketches sent from Germany (folder 11); a scrapbook of clippings, largely farm animals, 1860, n.d. (folder 12); a MAC library poster issued over Williams Smith Clark's name (folder 13); an inventory of Ainu objects and other artifacts sent by Williams Smith Clark to MAC from Japan (folder 14); a lithograph of Commodore Perry at Hokudai (folder 15); and Williams Smith Clark's lists of Japanese lichens and phenograms (folder 16).

Subseries 3: Photographs and Pictures, is arranged into the following categories: Williams Smith Clark alone (folder 17); Williams Smith Clark's office and classroom at MAC, c. 1876 (folder 18); family, including what is probably a honeymoon picture, and the group photograph of his family which is probably the one he had in his quarters in Sapporo (folder 19); the family home in Amherst (folder 20); Williams Smith Clark, students, and faculty of SAC (folder 21); farewell photograph taken in Sapporo, April 16, 1877 (folder 22); photographs of various memorials to Williams Smith Clark (folder 23); a family scrapbook with photographs of Williams Smith Clark's friends and descendants in the last pages (folder 24); a photocopy of a photograph of Williams Smith Clark with HORI Seitarō and several Karafuto (Sakhalin) Ainu, from a Peabody Museum of Salem publication (folder 25); photographs of an exhibit prepared by ŌSAKA Shingo, (original paintings by SUNAGANE Takashi from the exhibit in Box 28; see information below on the exhibition, "A Pictorial Life of Col. William Clark") (folder 26); and a tree planting ceremony at Williams Smith Clark's grave. May 18, 1973 (folder 27).

In the farewell picture Williams Smith Clark has tentatively been identified after careful analysis by AKIZUKI Toshiyuki, head of the Reference Division of the Hokudai Library, as the figure with the light colored hat on the horse second from the right.

The exhibition, "A Pictorial Life of Col. William Clark" was prepared by the Rev. ŌSAKA Shingo, the Japanese biographer of Williams Smith Clark. He wrote the narration which appears on the backs of the series of original paintings by SUNAGANE Takashi titled, "The Picture Story of Our Dr. William Smith Clark, from 1826-1876", filed in oversize Box 28. This series of watercolors was part of ŌSAKA's exhibit prepared to commemorate in Hokkaido the 1961 centennial of Williams Smith Clark's going off to fight in the Civil War. It was displayed in the American Cultural Center in Sapporo and in many primary schools in Hokkaido.

The tree planting ceremony took place at the Clark Family plot in West Cemetery, Amherst, on May 18, 1973. The tree was a cherry descended from the one that Professor William Brooks, Williams Smith Clark's student who joined him in Sapporo, brought back from Japan. It was presented by the late Professor William Colby, who served as a visiting professor at Hokkaido University in the early 1960s.

Housed with this collection, but not part of it, is the photograph album of G.A. Parker, Class of 1876, which includes additional photographs of Williams Smith Clark and his family, and the MAC campus at the time of Williams Smith Clark's presidency. See RG 130/1876.

Related material:

Additional photographs can be found in the Archives oversize photograph collection, RG 175.

1814-1930 (bulk1844-1885)
2 boxes, 1.0 linear feet
Contents:

Series 2 consists of two broad categories of correspondence-personal, and official. The personal correspondence covers Williams Smith Clark's student days at AC, his period of study in Europe, his service in the Civil War, his mission to Hokkaido, and his subsequent communications with his Japanese students and officials. The official correspondence deals with his mission to Hokkaido, and to a limited extent with his presidency of MAC.

Much of the personal correspondence in the collection and the letters dealing with his MAC presidency are originals but are in fragile condition and therefore are available as photocopies to minimize handling. The photocopies are filed in Box 4; the originals owned by the University of Massachusetts Amherst are in Box 5.

The official correspondence dealing with Hokkaido consists of originals held by UMass and photocopies of originals in the possession of Hokudai. Copies of official Hokkaido correspondence in the possession of UMass are in turn available at Hokudai. Copies of additional correspondence regarding Hokudai can be found in Special Collections and University Archives in the papers of William Wheeler (RG 2/3), David Penhallow (RG 50/6 1873) and Horace Stockbridge (RG 40/11).

What follows here is a general description of the items in Series 2. The Container List identifies each individual item.

Folder 1 consists almost entirely of letters from Williams Smith Clark to members of his family while he was a student at AC. These letters provide insight into the happy family relations between him and his parents and his sister Harriet. His accounts of life as a student reveal a great deal about college life at AC. The most significant incident covered by these letters is his religious conversion, reported in a letter to his mother March 16, 1846.

Folder 2 contains twenty-one letters dated 1850-1852, mostly to his parents and three sisters while Williams Smith Clark was in Europe. These are particularly valuable because of the detailed descriptions of what Williams Smith Clark observed both in England and in Germany.

Folder 3 contains his honeymoon letter to his parents, dated May 30, 1853 from Charleston, Virginia, and two other letters.

Folder 4 contains his Civil War letters to his family and Amherst friends. They reflect his shift in attitude towards war, from that of his early weeks in the army when he relished the glory and romance, to his final view that war is death, suffering, and hardship. These letters shed more light on his close family ties.

Folder 5 contains a fragment of a letter to his father in 1865.

Folder 6 contains the small number of letters dating from his presidency of MAC. About half of these letters relate to Japan and his mission to Hokkaido. The items most directly concerned with MAC are the two letters dealing with the junior class protest regarding selection of speakers for Commencement Week, 1872. Of interest is a request from Japanese ambassador YOSHIDA Kiyonari for Williams Smith Clark to speak in favor of treaty revision.

Folders 7-12 contain official correspondence relating to Hokkaido, which has been organized chronologically as follows in order to illuminate the development and flow of Williams Smith Clark's work

  • Folder 7. Jan to Mar 1876. Preliminaries and Contract
  • Folder 8. Jul to Aug 1876. Preparations, Initial days at SAC
  • Folder 9. Sep 1876. First Month of Intensive Operations
  • Folder 10. Oct to Dec 1876. The Middle Period
  • Folder 11. Jan to May 1877. Preparations for Departure and Farewells
  • Folder 12. 1877 to 1880. Continued work for SAC after return to US

The Container List has been annotated to show the contents of most items in these folders.

Duplicates of some of the photocopies of the official correspondence are filed in Box 24. An attempt was made to file the most legible copy in Box 4; particular words, however, might be clearer on the duplicate copy. See also folder 13, which contains typescripts of those letters from Williams Smith Clark to Japanese officials for folders 7-12. Folder 13 also includes typescripts of two letters (originals at Hokkaido University) to students which are not represented by photocopies: Williams Smith Clark to Mr. Y. KUROIWA, March 11, 1879 from New York, and Williams Smith Clark to UCHIDA, December 25, 1883 in Amherst.

The William Wheeler papers (RG 2/3) and Williams Smith Clark's letters to his wife and children (folder 14) are excellent supplements to the official correspondence because of the additional information they provide on the voyage to Hokkaido and Williams Smith Clark's operations with the Japanese in Hokkaido.

Folder 14, as mentioned above, contains Williams Smith Clark's correspondence with his family while he was in Hokkaido. These letters are valuable not only for the descriptions of Williams Smith Clark's experiences and work in Hokkaido, but also for what they tell us of the warmth of his relationships with his wife and small children. The letters from Williams Smith Clark to his wife are typed copies which were presented to the University of Massachusetts Amherst by Mrs. William S. Clark II. Where the originals are and who copied them are unknown. Both the content and a careful comparison of the style of these copies and other Williams Smith Clark letters leave little doubt as to their authenticity. The folder of the photocopies includes typed transcripts of the two letters to brother-in-law William B. Churchill and to Sister Belle, as well.

Folder 15 contains subsequent correspondence with Clark's Japanese students and two of the officials Williams Smith Clark dealt with while in Hokkaido. These letters reveal the close ties that developed between Williams Smith Clark and his students. They contain, in addition to expressions of feeling, news about SAC and Hokkaido and many references to the students' religious concerns.

Folder 15a includes typescripts of all the letters in folder 15, as well as three additional ones, the originals of which are at HU. See also folder 13.

Folder 16 contains miscellaneous items which do not fit well into any of the above categories. The most significant are the 1884 and 1885 letters (originals at HU) to William P. Brooks, the last known to have been written by Williams Smith Clark before his death in 1886. A letter from Williams Smith Clark's son, Atherton, to MAC Secretary Robert Hawley in 1930 indicates that Williams Smith Clark's papers were scattered or destroyed when the family home in Amherst was broken up.

Folder 17 contains photographs of letters (originals at Doshisha) from Williams Smith Clark to Joseph NEESIMA, written between 1878-1882.

1848-1879, 1993
1.5 boxes, 0.75 linear feet
Contents:

Series 3 consists of 20 items, most of which are published versions of public lectures delivered by Williams Smith Clark, a situation flowing naturally from the fact that he was famous as a lecturer.

Three books are included: On Metallic Meteorites (folder 2), his doctoral dissertation published in 1852; his translation of Theodore Scheerer's The Blowpipe Manual (folder 7), published in 1869; and Collected Papers of Dr. W.S. Clark (folder 17), edited and with a bibliography by YAMAMOTO Tamaki, Hokkaido University, published in 1993.

"Report on Horses" (folder 3) was written while Williams Smith Clark was a professor at AC and was active in the Hampshire (County) Agricultural Society.

The seven publications here from his MAC years, excluding The Blowpipe Manual, include four relating to his role as President and three which can be described as research papers. The four presidential writings are "The Work and the Wants of the College" (folder 4), "Rules for the Agricultural Department, MAC" (folder 5), "Professional Education the Present Want of Agriculture" (folder 8), and "The Relations of Botany to Agriculture" (folder 9). The three research papers are "The Circulation of Sap in Plants", "Nature's Mode of Distributing Plants", and "Observations upon the Phenomena of Plant Life". All of these publications illustrate the development of the scientific study of agriculture in the formative years of this land-grant school.

The sap circulation study was a source of controversy. Although there is no contemporary account of it, the daughter of Professor Selim Peabody, then a MAC professor, wrote some years later that her father was responsible for the research and that Williams Smith Clark, as President, had simply placed his name on the report. "A Lecture on the Flow of Sap and the Power of Plant Growth", found in Williams Smith Clark's 12th Annual Report of the MAC, and "Observations upon the Phenomena of Plant Life" both include an account of the famous experiment which measured the power created by the growth of a giant squash.

Williams Smith Clark's own record of what he accomplished and observed in Japan is to be found in the "First Annual Report of Sapporo Agricultural College" (folder 14) and "The Agriculture of Japan" (folder 16). The latter demonstrated Williams Smith Clark's powers of observation and reporting, also revealed in his correspondence.

The "Covenant of Believers in Jesus" (copy in folder 15, original in oversize Box 27) was composed by Williams Smith Clark and signed by all of the students in the first freshman class at SAC. It is evidence of his success as an informal missionary, because it was a major step in the eventual baptism of the students, an event which took place several months after Williams Smith Clark's departure from Japan.

Related material:

Not included are the annual reports of MAC which he wrote as President from 1867 to 1879. The annual reports may be found in the University Archives, RG 1/00/2 (also available online through the Special Collections and University Archives web site).

1858-1996
11.5 boxes, 5.0 linear feet
Contents:

Series 4 contains a wide variety of material touching on his life and work, and is divided into seven subseries. It includes correspondence about him, reminiscences and biographical sketches, books and articles about him, materials compiled for a biography, and audio-visual materials about his life.

Box 7, folders 1-6, contain Subseries 1: Correspondence about Williams Smith Clark, the bulk of which (folders 2-5) is dated 1940 or later and provides little fresh information about Williams Smith Clark. The most significant letter is that by Dr. MIYABE Kingo (folder 1) on the plans for a Clark memorial church in Sapporo.

Folder 6 contains material relating to the William Smith Clark Association, an informal group made up of Amherst residents, mostly from the University of Massachusetts, who were concerned with Amherst's relations with Hokkaido and HU. It was created mainly to plan the UMass contributions to the celebration of the Hokudai centennial (and, of course, the centennial of Williams Smith Clark's mission to Hokkaido) in 1976.

Boxes 8 and 9 contain Subseries 2: Reminiscences and Biographical Sketches. Many of the items listed contain only brief references to Williams Smith Clark, which contribute little to an understanding of him but do reveal the extent to which he became and has remained well known in Japan. The most valuable items include reminiscences by Williams Smith Clark's son Atherton (folder 12); the writings of MIYABE (folder 29), ŌSHIMA (folder 33), and Bowker (folder 10), all former students; and the article by David P. Penhallow (folder 35).

The article, "Boys, Be Ambitious" from the New Prince English Course, 1981 (folder 31), a middle school textbook used nationally in Japan, shows how Williams Smith Clark is remembered more than a century after his mission to Hokkaido.

Boxes 10 and 11 contain Subseries 3: Books, which deal wholly or in part with the life of Williams Smith Clark. Brief comments on some of the principal titles are given below:

  • Kurāku Sensei Shoden [Life of Dr. Clark], by ŌSAKA Shingo, Sapporo 1956 (folder 53), is the definitive biography in Japanese by the man who was the foremost Japanese authority on Williams Smith Clark. This long biography was written without the benefit of access to much material which became available after its publication.
  • Kurāku Sensei to Sono Deshitachi [Dr. Clark and his Students], by ŌSHIMA Masatake, 1943 (folder 54), is of value because its author was one of Williams Smith Clark's students at SAC.
  • Kurāku no ichinen (Clark's Year) [on verso of t.p.: The Japanese Experience of William Smith Clark], by ŌTA Yūzō, Tokyo, 1979 (folder 55), written by a McGill University history professor, consists primarily of translations of Clark's letters to his family at Sapporo that are found in Series 2.
  • Foreign Pioneers from the Hokkaido Prefectural Government, 1968 (folder 47-48), contains brief biographies of a number of foreigners, the majority Americans, who played roles in the early development of Hokkaido.
  • Kurāku: Sono Eikō to Zasetsu [Clark: His Glory and Collapse], by John Maki, translated by TAKAKU Shin'ichi, Hokkaido University Press, 1978 (folder 51), was published in English in 1996 as William Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido. See Boxes 12 and 13.

Boxes 12 and 13 contain Subseries 4: John Maki Manuscript, Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido which includes a photocopied typescript of William Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido by John Maki; the author's account of how he came to write it; and a J.F. Howes review of the book from The American Historical Review. It is the only book length biography of Clark in English.

Box 14 contains Subseries 5: Background Materials for Maki Biography of Williams Smith Clark. The materials, compiled by John Maki for use in writing William Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido, consist primarily of photocopies and transcriptions of sections of books, and articles, booklets, and newspaper clippings.

Box 15 contains Subseries 6: Notes for Maki Biography of Williams Smith Clark, which consists of twelve envelopes of handwritten and typed notes on 4 x 6 index cards, compiled by John Maki for writing his biography of Williams Smith Clark.

The materials in Boxes 14 and 15 are particularly useful with regard to Williams Smith Clark's presidency of MAC, his early contacts with Japanese students in Amherst, the floating college, and Williams Smith Clark's mining venture.

Boxes 16-18 contain Subseries 7: Television, Radio, and Other Audio Visual Materials. The major item is a videotape of a television program broadcast on a Japanese national network on November 3, 1981 (Culture Day, a Japanese national holiday). There are three different video cassettes (VHS, Beta, and 3/4 inch videotape cassettes) of Taishi to Yabō: William Smith Clark no Shōgai (Ideals and Ambition: The Life of William Smith Clark) (folders 76-78). Also included are the Japanese language script of the program (folder 80); Taishi to Yabō: William Smith Clark no Ashiato o Tazunete (Ideals and Ambition: In the Footsteps of William Smith Clark), which is a book length account, including much of the life of Williams Smith Clark, of the making of the program by the TV crew that filmed it (folder 81); "The Filming in Amherst of the Japanese Television Documentary on the Life of William Smith Clark" by John Maki (folder 82); and correspondence and clippings relating to the program (folders 83-85).

Other materials in Subseries 7 include an audiotape of a radio interview of John Maki on Williams Smith Clark, an audiotape and a silent film of the tree-planting ceremony at the Clark family grave on May 18, 1973, and videotapes regarding the Massachusetts / Hokkaido Sister State relationship and the WCS Memorial.

1877-2003 (bulk1956-1976)
6 boxes, 3.0 linear feet
Arrangement:

Series 5 is divided into three subseries: Chronological Record, Summer Seminar 1974, and Books on HU.

Contents:

Subseries 1: Chronological Record, consists of materials which document the continuing relations of SAC / MAC from the time of Clark's presence in Japan through the growth of each school into a university. The materials reflect exchanges, both formal and informal; influences, especially that of Massachusetts professors on SAC/HU; gifts, visits, and honors through correspondence and memoranda; typescript and printed articles; clippings, press releases, and brochures; mementos, photographs, and pictures; and prepared lists.

In Subseries 2: Summer Seminar 1974, the experience of the seminar is revealed through the journal of Professor Richard Woodbury, as well as in the schedules, lecture notes, participant evaluations, photographs, travel arrangements, souvenirs, memoranda, and printed materials.

Subseries 3: Books on HU, includes early annual reports, 1877-1879; histories of HU in English and Japanese; HU catalogs, 1921-1922 and 1936-1937; a catalog of the holdings in the SAC library, 1888; lists of plants in the HU Botanical Garden; and other books. Also see Subseries 1, folder 9.

1852-1976 (bulk1852-1879)
2 boxes, 0.75 linear feet
Contents:

Selected duplicates, mainly from the Hokkaido Official Correspondence and Clark's writings. Other duplicates are often found filed with their counterparts.

1973-1974
1 box, 0.25 linear feet
Contents:

Miscellaneous artifacts associated with the legacy of William Smith Clark.

1851-1975
2 boxes, 2.5 linear feet

Inventory

Series 1. Biographical Materials
1850-1986
3 boxes, 1.25 linear feet
Subseries 1: Biographical Records

Clark Family Records

Box
Family Record
n.d.
Box 1: 1
List of Williams Smith Clark's Descendants
1960
Box 1: 1
Location of originals:

Originals at Amherst College

Obituary of Mrs. Clark
1917
Box 1: 1
Excerpts from History of the Town of Ashfield
n.d
Box 1: 1
Excerpts from Vital Records of Ashfield
1942
Box 1: 1
Excerpts from The New England Historical and Genealogical Register
1872-1891
Box 1: 1
Finding aid for the Frank Waterman Stearns Papers at New England Historic Genealogical Society
n.d.
Box 1: 1
Excerpts from William Richards by Samuel Williston
1938
Box 1: 1
Excerpts from Life and Law by Samuel Williston
1940
Box 1: 1
Excerpt from Hawaiian Mission Children's Society Missionary Album re: William Richards family
1969
Box 1: 1
Excerpts from Only One Cummington by Helen H. Foster and William W. Streeter
1974
Box 1: 1
Williams Smith Clark's biographical data for AC alumni Records
1872
Box 1: 1
Obituaries

Amherst Record
Mar 10, 1886
Box 1: 2
J.K. UCHIMURA, "The Missionary Work of William S. Clark, Ph.D., LL.D." Christian Union
Apr 2, 1886
Box 1: 2
Springfield Daily Republican
Mar 10, 1886
Box 1: 2
"Sketches of the Deceased Officers of the College," MAC General Catalogue, 1882-86
1886
Box 1: 2
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Proceedings
1886
Box 1: 2
New England Historical and Genealogical Record, vol. 41, no. 163
Jul 1887
Box 1: 2
Goodell, Henry Hill, "W.S. Clark" typed ms and Amherst Record account
1886
Box 1: 2
Goodell tribute, in Annual Report of MAC
Jan 1887
Box 1: 2
Military Service Records

Military service records from National Archives
1861-1869
Box 1: 3
Letter from Maj. Gen. A.E. Burnside to Maj. Gen. George McClellan recommending Williams Smith Clark for promotion to brigadier general
Sept 25, 1862
Box 1: 3
21st Regiment

Photocopies taken from Charles F. Wolcottt, History of the Twenty-first Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers (UMass Library Microfilm #2777)
1882
Box 1: 4
Bound typed excerpt from Phineas C. Headley, Massachusetts in the Rebellion
1866
Box 1: 4
Photocopy from Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Vol. 3 (Regimental Histories)
1959
Box 1: 4
Newspaper Clippings, Civil War

Original clippings and copies of

Williams Smith Clark's account of battle of Newbern
Mar 16, 1862
Box 1: 5
Williams Smith Clark's account of battle of Camden
Apr 21, 1862
Box 1: 5
Williams Smith Clark letter to Rev. Hitchcock
Mar 8, 1862
Box 1: 5
Williams Smith Clark visit to Amherst, and Sturgis letter re: promotion
1863
Box 1: 5
Erroneous Williams Smith Clark obituary
n.d.
Box 1: 5
Obituary of Williams Smith Clark's friend Manross
n.d.
Box 1: 5
21st Regiment reunion
1867
Box 1: 5
Photocopy of item in Carpenter and Morehouse, History of the Town of Amherst
1896
Box 1: 5
Miscellany

Listing as presidential elector, in 1864, Massachusetts Year Book
1895
Box 1: 6
"Moore Laboratory of Chemistry" AC
1929
Box 1: 6
MAC Alumni report to Board of Trustees on Williams Smith Clark resignation
1879
Box 1: 6
Newspaper clippings, Amherst Record
1875-1880
Box 1: 6
Excerpts from Carpenter and Morehouse, History of the Town of Amherst
1896
Box 1: 6
Harold W. Cary, The University of Massachusetts: A History of One Hundred Years, photocopy of pg. 69
1962
Box 1: 6
Williams Smith Clark bibliography of speeches and writings
n.d.
Box 1: 6
Letter from Chancellor Joseph Duffy on the commemoration of the centennial of Williams Smith Clark's death
Feb 7, 1986
Box 1: 6
Program from commemoration
Mar 9, 1986
Box 1: 6
John Maki speech at graveside
Mar 9, 1986
Box 1: 6
Report on the birth of a new Clark from Hokkaido Shimbun (with typed translation)
Jan 7, 1986
Box 1: 6
Japanese Trees Introduced to the U.S.

Arnold Arboretum records (photocopies)
1877-1885
Box 1: 7
Jackson Dawson record book copy
1874
Box 1: 7
"Work of Arnold Arboretum", Christian Science Monitor
Jun 2, 1919
Box 1: 7
Potter, Dorothy, "First Trees Exported from Japan...", Daily Hampshire Gazette
Mar 3, 1954
Box 1: 7
Blundell, Lyle, "Original Introduction of Japanese Trees by Col. W.S. Clark, 1876, and Dr. William Brooks, 1890"
n.d.
Box 1: 7
Subseries 2: Personal Association Items

Williams Smith Clark's passport
1850-1852
Box 2: 8
Williams Smith Clark's Goettingen notebook
1851
Box 2: 9
Williams Smith Clark's AC catalogue
1855-1856
Box 2: 10
Pictures and sketches sent by Williams Smith Clark from Germany
(1851?)
Box 2: 11
Williams Smith Clark's scrapbook
1860, n.d.
Box 2: 12
MAC library poster
n.d.
Box 2: 13
Inventory of Ainu artifacts and other objects brought back from Japan by Williams Smith Clark
n.d.
Box 2: 14
Lithograph of Commodore Perry at Hakodadi (sic) (Hakodate)
n.d.
Box 2: 15
Williams Smith Clark's list of Japanese lichens and Japanese phenograms (in Atherton Clark's handwriting)
1878
Box 2: 16
Subseries 3: Photographs and Portraits

Williams Smith Clark alone
n.d.
Box 3: 17
Williams Smith Clark's office and classroom at MAC
ca. 1876
Box 3: 18
Family pictures
n.d.
Box 3: 19
The family home
n.d.
Box 3: 20
Williams Smith Clark, faculty, students and barn at SAC
(1876?), 1880, n.d.
Box 3: 21
Farewell picture, Sapporo
Apr 16, 1877
Box 3: 22
Memorials
n.d.
Box 3: 23
Family scrapbook
1906-
Box 3: 24
Clark with Ainu (copied from Peabody Museum of Salem publication)
n.d.
Box 3: 25
Photographs of "A Pictorial Life of Col. William Clark", exhibit prepared by ŌSAKA Shingo
1961
Box 3: 26
Tree planting ceremony at Williams Smith Clark grave
May 18, 1973
Box 3: 27
Related material:

(see also Box 13 for audio tape and 16 mm film of the occasion)

Series 2. Correspondence
1814-1930 (bulk1844-1885)
2 boxes, 1.0 linear feet
Amherst College Student Days

Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1844 Sept. 21
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "Dear Sis"
1844 Oct. 6
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to family
1844 Oct. 26
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "Friend M" (Manross?)
1845 Apr. 3
Box 4: 1
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother
1845 Sept. 24
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father (encl. to mother)
1845 Oct. 10
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother
1845 Nov. 1
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to sister Hattie
1845 Nov. 17
Box 4: 1
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1845 Nov. 19
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother, re: religious conversion
1845 Mar. 16
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter Dr. Hitchcock to Williams Smith Clark's father, re: religious conversion
1845 Mar. 24
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1846 Oct. 9
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother from Acworth, NH
1846 Oct. 31
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Acworth, NH
1846 Nov. 8
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Manross (?) from Acworth, NH
1846 Nov. 9
Box 4: 1
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother from Oxford, MA
1847 Apr. 29
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1847 May 18
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Hattie
1847 June 2
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1847 July 13
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father (21st birthday)
1847 Aug. 5
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "Dear Sis"
1847 Aug. 9
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother from New Haven
1847 Sep. 3
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1847 Nov. 15
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1848 May 15
Box 4: 1
Clark, William Smith: Letter from "Hammond"
1848 Nov. 2
Box 4: 1
European Student Days

Clark, William Smith: Letter from Manross
1850 Jul 31
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from ship at sea
1850 Sep 17
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from London
1850 Oct 21
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father, mother, sisters, from Goettingen
1850 Nov 28
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "Sister Sarah"
1851 Jan 4
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "My Dear Belle" (original in oversize Box 27)
1851 Jan 8
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "Sister Hattie"
1851 Jan 13
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1851 Jan 25
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1851 Mar 7
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1851 Jun 1
Box 4: 2
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to "Sister Hattie"
1851 Jun 22
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother
1851 Aug 17
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "My dear Belle"
1851 Aug 17
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father
1851 Aug 17
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "My dear Sarah"
1851 Aug 18
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to parents, re: career plans
1851 Nov 23
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Edwin Hitchcock, Jr.
1851 Nov 26
Box 4: 2
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to "My Dear Sis" (Harriet) includes reference to future wife
1852 Feb 29
Box 4: 2
Letter from John William _____? to "My Dearest Klarck", from Dublin
1852 Mar 1
Box 4: 2
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to parents re: departure from Goettingen, sending "fine German boy" to Easthampton
1852 May 2
Box 4: 2
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "My Dear Sister Hattie!" from Munich (love to HKRW [Harriet Keopuolani Richards Williston], his future wife)
1852 May 20
Box 4: 2
1853

Clark, William Smith: Letter to parents from Charleston, VA (honeymoon)
1853 May 30
Box 4: 3
Clark, William Smith: Letter to parents from Princeton, IL
853? Jun 22
Box 4: 3
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Alexandrian Society at AC
1853 Oct 27
Box 4: 3
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Civil War

Clark, William Smith: Letter to Manross from Camp Lincoln, Worcester, MA
1861 Aug 22
Box 4: 4
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother from Annapolis
1861 Sep 1
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Manross from Annapolis
1861 Sep 16
Box 4: 4
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Annapolis
1861 Oct 16
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Annapolis
1861 Nov 20
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to President Stearns of AC from Annapolis re: war and reasons for fighting
1861 Dec 21
Box 4: 4
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Annapolis
1861 Dec 29
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Falmouth, VA
1862 Jan 5
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Norfolk, VA
1862 Jan 10
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother from Hatteras Inlet, NC
1862 Jan 19
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Roanoke Island, NC
1862 Feb 20
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother from Neuse River, NC
1862 Mar 12
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Manross from Newbern, NC re: the battles of Roanoke and Newbern; the death of Lt. Stearns; cannon to AC as a memorial to Stearns
1862 Mar 30
Box 4: 4
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Newbern, NC
1862 Apr 1
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Newbern, NC
1862 Apr 12
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother from Newbern, NC
1862 Apr 17
Box 4: 4
Letter from an unknown writer at AC to "My dear William"
1862 Apr 20
Box 4: 4
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Letter from Brig. Gen. Reno to Gov. Andrew recommending Williams Smith Clark for promotion to Colonel
1862 Apr 28
Box 4: 4
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Newbern, NC
1862 May 29
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to sister Harriet from Newport News, VA
1862 Jul 23
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother from Newport News, VA re: 36th birthday, gratitude to mother, world developments during his lifetime
1862 Jul 31
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Falmouth, VA
1862 Aug 6
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Falmouth, VA
1862 Dec 4
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Falmouth, VA re: survival in Fredrickburg battle, determination to continue "horrid work of war" to put down "pro-slavery rebellion"
1862 Dec 17
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Professor Tyler at AC re: denial of story about Williams Smith Clark's drinking
1863 Jan 16
Box 4: 4
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to mother from Falmouth, VA
1863 Jan 20
Box 4: 4
Letter from Brig. Gen. Sturgis to Williams Smith Clark re: praise for battle conduct, promotion
1863 Feb 4
Box 4: 4
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to sister Sarah from Newport News, VA
1863 Mar 10
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "Folks-at-home" from Newport News, VA
1863 Mar 24
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Lexington, KY
1863 Apr 15
Box 4: 4
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Lt. Col. Lewis Richmond re: resignation from Army
1863 Apr 22
Box 4: 4
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to father from Cambridge, MA (fragment)
1865 Jan 18
Box 4: 5
MAC Presidency

Location of originals:

Originals at Doshisha University

Identification of Williams Smith Clark correspondents
undated
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter from John Maconant
undated
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Senator Justin Morrill (with typed transcript)
1871 Jul 5
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter from Charles Wolcott Brooks, Japanese consul in San Francisco re: admitting a Japanese student
1871 Sep 1
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter from MORI Arinori, Japanese minister to the US re: info and advice on development of education in Japan
1872 Feb 3
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Allen W. Dodge
1872 Apr 15
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter to William P. Brooks
1872 Apr 1
Box 4: 6
Junior class letter protesting selection of commencement speakers
1872 June
Box 4: 6
Clark's response to C.E. Tucker, Secretary, Class of '73
1872 Jun 3
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter to A.W. Dodge (with typed transcript)
1875 Nov 23
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Mr. Dodge re: baptism of 1st class at SAC (original on opposite side of item in folder 15, from TANOUCHI, copied by Williams Smith Clark, Oct 25, 1876)
1877 Oct 31
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter from S. KOJIMA, Japanese official in Hokkaido
1877 Oct 31
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter from HORY (sic) (HORI) Motoi, Japanese official in Hokkaido
1877 Dec 3
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter from YOSHIDA Kiyonari, Japanese minister to Washington re: Williams Smith Clark to speak on treaty revision for Japan
1878 Jan 14
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter from YOSHIDA Kiyonari
1878 Jan 26
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter from H. SATOW, Hokkaido official
1878 Mar 24
Box 4: 6
Clark, William Smith: Letter from HORI (Japanese original in envelope)
1878 Mar 25
Box 4: 6
Typed copy of Williams Smith Clark letter to Joseph Hardy NEESIMA
1878 Aug 6
Box 4: 6
Hokkaido Official Correspondence

Clark, William Smith: Request to Board of Trustees for official leave to go to Hokkaido
1876 Jan 12
Box 4: 7
Clark, William Smith: Letter from Minister YOSHIDA Kiyonari re: compensation
1876 Feb 12
Box 4: 7
Clark, William Smith: Contract envelope
undated
Box 4: 7
Clark, William Smith: Japanese and English versions of contract
1876 Mar 3
Box 4: 7
Japanese and English versions of contract
1876 Mar 3
Box 4: 7
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Summary of contract
undated
Box 4: 7
Japanese translations of two Williams Smith Clark letters to Birdsey Grant Northrup re: proposed appointment to found SAC
undated
Box 4: 7
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From KURODA Kiyotaka, Tokyo
1876 Jul 1
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To YASUDA Sadanori, Tokyo
1876 Jul 5
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To YASUDA re: permission to travel to Yokohama
1876 Jul 7
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From YASUDA
1876 Jul 7
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To YASUDA re: SAC business
1876 Jul 10
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From YASUDA
1876 Jul 12
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To YASUDA re: 6 students admitted to SAC
1876 Jul 12
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To YASUDA
1876 Jul 12
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA re: ready to go to Sapporo
1876 Jul 15
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From KURODA re: invitation to dinner
1876 Jul 22
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From YASUDA to Williams Smith Clark at SAC requesting report on silk and cocoons
1876 Aug 11
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to ZUSHIO (sic) (ZUSHO) "Sapporo Agricultural College-First Term, 1876-77-Daily Routine"
1876 Aug 14
Box 4: 8
Prime Minister SANJO to ZUSHO Hirotake (translation and transliteration)
1876 Aug 25
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To YASUDA
1876 Aug 25
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI Motoi: re Chemistry lab plans
1876 Aug 29
Box 4: 8
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to KURODA Kiyotaka
1876 Sep 2
Box 4: 9
Clark, William Smith: Sapporo Agricultural College Plan of Organization and Regulations
1876 Sep 2
Box 4: 9
Exchange of letters re: a shipment for Williams Smith Clark
1876 Sep 2 and 4
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA in Tokyo re: improvement of Kaitakushi's work(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 8
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from ZUSHO re: approval of Brooks' appointment
1876 Sep 11
Box 4: 9
Another version of ZUSHO's letter
1876 Sep 11
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Originals at Hokkaido University

To ZUSHO(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 12
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA re: scheme for an American colony in Hokkaido(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 12
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: a list of seeds for Brooks to bring(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 12
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from KURODA re: transfer of farm to SAC and Williams Smith Clark's appointment as director
1876 Sep 12
Box 4: 9
Another version of letter from KURODA
1876 Sep 13
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 13
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: salting beef(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 13
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: packing mess beef(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 13
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to ZUSHO re: assignment of SAC officers
1876 Sep 14
Box 4: 9
To KURODA re: S. HORI(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 14
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA re: S. KOJIMA(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 15
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: dismissal of students(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 15
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

List of vehicles and implements for SAC farm(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 17
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA re: S. HORI(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 19
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from KURODA re: college farm
1876 Sep 19
Box 4: 9
To KURODA re: college barn(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 20
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From KURODA re: HORI appointment(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 21
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA re: more land for farm(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 22
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from KURODA approving more land
1876 Sep 23
Box 4: 9
Another version of approval
1876 Sep 23
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Originals at Hokkaido University?

To HORI Motoi listing needs for SAC farm
1876 Sep 27
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI Motoi requesting barn construction; Williams Smith Clark authority(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Sep 29
Box 4: 9
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From HORI Motoi re: barn construction
1876 Oct 6
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from HORI re: college farm plan
1876 Oct 9
Box 4: 10
To ZUSHO re: college barn
1876 Oct 11
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From HORI re: botanical garden
1876 Oct 13
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To YASUDA in Tokyo re: umbrella pine seeds and Williams Smith Clark's delight in Hokkaido
1876 Oct 13
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From HORI re: Ginseng plants
1876 Oct 17
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From ZUSHO
1876 Oct 17
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From KURODA in Tokyo
1876 Oct 19
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From HORI re: college barn
1876 Oct 21
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Williams Smith Clark's endorsement of student plan for literary society(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Nov 1
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Constitution and bylaws of Kaishikisha (Enlightenment Society)
undated
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From ZUSHO re: fodder plan
1876 Nov 7
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from ZUSHO re: literary society
1876 Nov 7
Box 4: 10
To ZUSHO re: care of mulberry grove(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Nov 7
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI re: irrigation water(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Nov 7
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: fodder plan(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Nov 8
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: failure of a student(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Nov 9
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From ZUSHO re: fodder plan
1876 Nov 10
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From YASUDA in Tokyo
1876 Nov 14
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI re: sugar beet plant seeds for experimental planting(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Nov 15
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From HORI re: sugar beets
1876 Nov 20
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI re: the cost of sugar beet seed(typed transcript in folder 13)
1876 Nov 21
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Typed copy of temperance pledge and request for Bible instruction
1876 Nov 28 and Dec 19
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Examination schedule
1876 Dec 23
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From HORI re: present of red crape
1876 Dec 28
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI re: red crape
1876 Dec 28
Box 4: 10
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From KURODA in Tokyo re: canned salmon
1877 Jan 10
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From KURODA in Tokyo re: canned fish and meat
1877 Jan 11
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: fish manure order(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Jan 12
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: college farm budget(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Jan 23
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA re: canned salmon(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Feb 2
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To M. YAMADA re: detailed scheme for Hokkaido development(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Mar 8
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: recommendations for SAC operations after departure(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Mar 13
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From ZUSHO re: departure
1877 Mar 15
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: departure
1877 Mar 17
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: library location
1877 Mar 17
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI re: SANADA Bunkichi(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Mar 17
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI re: preparation for leaving(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Mar 22
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI re: building(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Mar 22
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To H. SATOW re: SAC annual report(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Mar 24
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To ZUSHO re: SAC annual report(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Mar 26
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Memorandum of bills approved by Williams Smith Clark Oct 17, 1876-Mar 31, 1877(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Apr
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from HORI re: reports on salmon and herring fisheries on return to US
1877 Apr 6
Box 4: 11
To ZUSHO re: work for SAC after return to US(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Apr 7
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter to HORI re: fisheries
1877 Apr 7
Box 4: 11
Clark, William Smith: Letter from HORI re: fisheries
1877 Apr 9
Box 4: 11
Clark, William Smith: Letter from ZUSHO (warm letter of thanks) English translation
1877 Apr 14
Box 4: 11
To ZUSHO re: letter of thanks(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Apr 14
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from ZUSHO re: work after SAC
1877 Apr 15
Box 4: 11
From ZUSHO from Nanae re: development of Hokkaido transportation routes(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Apr 22
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from KURODA in Tokyo re: gift of bronze vases and thanks
1877 May 21
Box 4: 11
To KURODA re: travel funds
1877 May 21
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from KURODA re: exchange of gifts
1877 May 21
Box 4: 11
From NISHIMURA Sadaaki re: additional work on return to the US
1877 May 22
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Clark, William Smith: Letter from KURODA re: travel expenses
1877 May 22
Box 4: 11
To R. YAMANOCHI re: distribution of SAC first annual report
1877 May 22
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA re: thanks and appreciation
1877 May 22
Box 4: 11
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Hokkaido Official Correspondence, Continued Work for SAC After Return to the U.S.

Report on Columbia River salmon industry
1877 Jun 29
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA from San Francisco re: salmon
1877 Jun 30
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From YASUDA Sadanori in Tokyo re: annual report and salmon report
1877 Aug 25
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From KURODA re: exchange of gifts
1877 Sep 14
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA, a long friendly letter
1877 Oct 26
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To YASUDA Sadanori re: silk and cocoon
1877 Oct 27
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From S. KOJIMA in Sapporo re: news of Hokkaido, SAC and Japan
1877 Oct 31
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From HORI re: report on fish oil and fertilizer
1877 Dec 3
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI re: salmon fishing, other fisheries(typed transcript in folder 13)
1877 Dec 19
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To H. SATOW in Hokkaido re: wood pulp; two pamphlets on fish and fish products, fishing development
1878 Jan 18
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From YOSHIDA Kiyonari in Washington re: payment for materials ordered by Williams Smith Clark fro SAC
1878 Jan 26
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Front binding, title page and inscription of Bible presented by Williams Smith Clark to SAC
1878 Feb 1
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI re: completed reports, items shipped, selection of others, unequal treaties
1878 Feb 3
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To HORI re: dispatch of reports
1878 Feb 15
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From H. SATOW re: fishing
1878 Mar 24
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From HORI
1878 Mar 25
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Receipt for books bought and sent to SAC by Williams Smith Clark
1878 Jun 22
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To YASUDA re: canned salmon, burning of capitol at Sapporo
1879 Mar 17
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA re: Hokkaido experience
1879 Oct 15
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To KURODA re: purchased cane seed, offer to return to Japan, indemnity fund
1880 Apr 1
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

From YOSHIDA Kiyohari in Washington to William Wheeler re: difficulty of material ordered
1880 Sep 17
Box 4: 12
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Hokkaido Official Correspondence, Transcripts of Letters in Japan

Typescripts of those letters belonging to HU from Williams Smith Clark to Japanese officials
1876-1877
Box 4: 13
To KUROIWA
1879 Mar 11
Box 4: 13
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To UCHIDA
1883 Dec 25
Box 4: 13
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Hokkaido Family Correspondence

Birthday letter from daughters in Amherst, probably in Mrs. Clark's handwriting
1876 Jul 3
Box 4: 14
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Mrs. S.W. Leete (sister Belle) re: description of Sapporo and living quarters, etc. (with typed copy)
1876 Aug 5
Box 4: 14
Clark, William Smith: Letter to "Capt. William B. Churchill; My dear brother" (brother-in-law) re: Bibles for students, conversion of Japanese to Christianity in his quarters, (with typed copy)
1876 Aug 5
Box 4: 14
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Hubert Lyman Clark re: burglar alarm, pictures and descriptions of Ainu, opening of SAC
1876 Aug 20
Box 4: 14
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Hubert Lyman Clark re: expedition
1876 Nov 5
Box 4: 14
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Capt. William B. Churchill re: religious work at SAC, progress of SAC, his happiness with his work, (with typed copy)
1876 Nov 19
Box 4: 14
Clark, William Smith: Letter to Hubert Lyman Clark(Williams Smith Clark sketches, comments about Japanese life)
1877 Jan 6
Box 4: 14
Clark, William Smith: Letter to daughter, Bertha Clark (original in oversize Box 27)
1877 Feb 12
Box 4: 14
Typed copies of letters to wife

a) Philadelphia on eve of departure
May 21, 1876
Box 4: 14
b) San Francisco, descriptions of city and Palace Hotel
May 30, 1876
Box 4: 14
c) San Francisco, visit to UC
Jun 1, 1876
Box 4: 14
d) Shipboard, re: ship and passengers, studying Japanese
Jun 5, 1876
Box 4: 14
e) Tokyo, re: first visit with KURODA
Jul 1, 1876
Box 4: 14
f) Tokyo, people and sights, July 4 party, Japanese music
Jul 5, 1876
Box 4: 14
g) Tokyo re: dinner with MORIs and meeting with leading Japanese, receipt of Bibles for Sapporo, description of Emperor Meiji
Jul 23, 1876
Box 4: 14
h) Sapporo re: discussion with KURODA over use of Bible
Sep/Oct 1876
Box 4: 14
i) Sapporo re: SAC opening, KURODA, Ainu
Aug 14, 1876
Box 4: 14
j) Sapporo re: enthusiasm for work and KURODA, receipt of college farm, projects for the Kaitakushi
Sep 10, 1876
Box 4: 14
k) Sapporo re: extent of responsibilities, comments on SAC
Oct 22, 1876
Box 4: 14
l) Sapporo
Nov 7, 1876
Box 4: 14
m) Sapporo, re: living quarters, daily routine, Sunday Bible class
Nov 21, 1876
Box 4: 14
n) Sapporo, re: arrival of Brooks, request that Williams Smith Clark stay 3 more years, signing of Covenant of Believers in Jesus
Mar 5, 1877
Box 4: 14
o) Sapporo, re: farewell party
Apr 14, 1877
Box 4: 14
p) Nagasaki, re: city, visit to army hospital
May 2, 1877
Box 4: 14
q) Shipboard, re: Kobe, Osaka, Kyoto, farewell
Jun 5, 1877
Box 4: 14
r) "A note from the top of Mt. Shasta"
Jun 16, 1877
Box 4: 14
s) San Francisco, re: trip to Oregon, Mt. Shasta climb
Jun 28, 1877
Box 4: 14
Correspondence with SAC students and others

Clark, William Smith: Letter from TANOUCHI, copied by Williams Smith Clark (opposite side is 'To Mr. Dodge re: baptism of 1st class at SAC, Oct 31,1877', folder 6)
1876 Oct 25
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from TANOUCHI
1877 Apr 16
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from S. SATŌ, copied by Williams Smith Clark
1877 Jun 4
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from UCHIDA
1877 Jul 7
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from ŌSHIMA
1877 Jul 7
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from TANOUCHI
1877 Jul 8
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter to S. SATŌ
1877 Aug 2
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from S. SATŌ
1877 Oct 21
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from ARAKAWA
1877 Nov 23
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from WATASE
1877 Dec 2
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from K. ŌNO
1877 Dec 5
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from K. ŌNO, with grade list
1878 Jan 5
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from KUROIWA
1878 Jan 19
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from TANOUCHI
1879 Mar 4
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from UCHIDA
1880 Mar 20
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from MIYABE
1880 Jul 11
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from SAKUMA
1880 Jul 12
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from UCHIDA
1880 Dec 2
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from UCHIDA
1881 May 25
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from UCHIDA
1881 Jul 21
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from UCHIDA
1882 Jan 10
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from NISHIMURA
1882 Jul 3
Box 4: 15
Clark, William Smith: Letter from ARAKAWA
1883 Sep 7
Box 4: 15
Typescripts of letters in folder15, plus three others
1876-1883
Typescripts
1876-1883
Box 4: 15a
Miscellaneous

Clark, William Smith: Letter from Dr. Peter Bryant (William Cullen Bryant's father) to Dr. Atherton Clark
1814 Aug 12
Box 4: 16
Clark, William Smith: Letter to son Hubert
undated
Box 4: 16
Clark, William Smith: Letter from US Senator H.L. Dawes of MA
1879 Feb 24
Box 4: 16
To William P. Brooks in Sapporo
1884 Nov 27
Box 4: 16
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

To William P. Brooks in Sapporo
1885 Apr 7
Box 4: 16
Location of originals:

Original at Amherst College

Atherton Clark to Mr. Hawley at MAC
1930 Jun 5
Box 4: 16
NEESIMA. Joseph

Letters from Williams Smith Clark to Jos. NEESIMA: photos from originals at Doshisha University
1878-1882
Box 4: 17
Location of originals:

Original at Doshisha University

Original letters

Originals from the list for Box 4, unless noted as oversize, which are in Box 27. The folders in Box 5 correspond to those in Box 4 with the exception of folder 15a and folder 17, which are only in Box 4

Box 5: 1-16
Series 3. Writings
1848-1879, 1993
1.5 boxes, 0.75 linear feet
The Alchemist, AC commencement oration
1848
Box 6: 1
On Metallic Meteorites, Ph.D. dissertation
1852
Box 6: 2
Report on Horses
1860, 1861
Box 6: 3
The Work and the Wants of the College
1868
Box 6: 4
Rules for the Agricultural Department, MAC
1869
Box 6: 5
Cultivation of Cereals, Report presented by Williams Smith Clark to the Board of Agriculture, written by Wm. Knowlton for the committee
1869
Box 6: 6
Translation by Williams Smith Clark of The Blowpipe Manual by Theodore Scheerer
1869
Box 6: 7
Professional Education the Present Want of Agriculture and Nature's Mode of Distributing Plants
1871
Box 6: 8
The Relations of Botany to Agriculture
1873
Box 6: 9
The Circulation of Sap in Plants
1874
Box 6: 10
A Lecture on the Flow of Sap and the Power of Plant Growth
1875
Box 6: 11
Observations on the Phenomena of Plant Life
1875
Box 6: 11
Photographic negative of lithograph of squash experiment
1875
Box 6: 11
Atherton Clark's copy of Observations on the Phenomena of Plant Life
1875
Box 6: 12
Proceedings at the Centennial Celebration of the Battle of Lexington (Clark's address, pg. 82, was apparently not given at the dinner-see note on pg. 81)
1875
Box 6: 13
"First Annual Report of SAC"
1877
Box 6: 14
Copy of Covenant of Believers in Jesus
1877
Box 6: 15
The Agriculture of Japan
1879
Box 6: 16
The Collected Papers of Williams Smith Clark, edited by Tamaki YAMAMOTO
1993
Box 7: 17
Series 4. Materials about William Smith Clark
1858-1996
11.5 boxes, 5.0 linear feet
Subseries 1: Correspondence About Williams Smith Clark

Correspondence
1914, 1919
Box 7: 1
Correspondence
1940-1951
Box 7: 2
Correspondence
1959-1960
Box 7: 3
Correspondence
1973-1974
Box 7: 4
Correspondence
1975-
Box 7: 5
Williams Smith Clark Association
(1972-1977?)
Box 7: 6
Subseries 2: Reminiscences and Biographical Sketches

America-Japan Society of Hokkaido, "Boys, Be Ambitious"
1956
Box 8: 7
Amherst Record, "Prominent Men of Amherst, no. 7, Williams Smith Clark"
1871
Box 8: 8
Amherst Record, "Amherst Through the Years" 100 years ago
Mar 6, 1976
Box 8
Partial bibliography of materials about Williams Smith Clark (in Japanese)
n.d.
Box 8: 9
Bowker, William Henry, The Old Guard; the Famous 'Faculty of Four'; the Mission and the Future of the College; Its Debt to Amherst College, Harvard College, and Other Institutions, read at 40th anniversary of opening of MAC
1907
Box 8: 10
Dedication of Stockbridge Hall, MAC
Oct 29, 1915
Box 8: 10
Excerpt of Bowker's 1907 speech reprinted
1970
Box 8: 10
Related material:

See RG-3/1-1905 Brooks, William P., Box 1, for Brooks, William P. "To the Memory of Williams Smith Clark" n.d.

Campbell, Alexander, "Hokkaido: The New Frontier," photocopy of chapter from The Heart of Japan
1961
Box 8: 11
Atherton Clark

Corr., Atherton Clark to Wm. Elliot Griffis re: Williams Smith Clark
1918
Box 8: 12
Crowley, Dennis M., biographical sketch of Atherton Clark in The Alumni Bulletin
1942
Box 8: 12
William Smith Clark II

"Impressions of a Newcomer"
1921
Box 8: 13
Address at Sapporo for the 80th anniversary ceremony of SAC
Sep 15, 1956
Box 8: 13
"Glimpses of Japan from a Family Album", Japan Quarterly, vol. 5, no. 2
1958
Box 8: 13
Clippings, miscellaneous
1959-
Box 8: 14
Ashfield

Greenfield Recorder, "Ashfield Native a Hero"
Nov 5, 1981
Box 8: 15
Ashfield Historical Society Newsletter
1983
Box 8: 15
Cornman, Martin E., Bound by Vision Alone: Two Clarks from Ashfield, Massachusetts
1984
Box 8: 15
Creech, John L., article, "Highlights of Ornamental Plant Introduction in the United States"
1974
Box 8: 16
Cutter, John A., "Williams Smith Clark, 1826-86"
1916
Box 8: 17
Dictionary of American Biography, vol. 4, "Clark, William Smith"
n.d.
Box 8: 18
Doran, Bill, in Alumnus re: Harold Alley on Mr. Wallace's recollections
1956
Box 8: 19
Doshisha

Annual History of Doshisha, sketch and small photo, pg. 62
1975
Box 8: 20
The Doshisha
1988
Box 8: 20
Flint, Linda J., article for The Alumnus, "The Great Experiment--UMass's Pioneer Decade"
1977
Box 8: 21
Guest, Robert H., "The Rise and Fall of an Amherst Immortal", in Amherst
1983
Box 8: 22
Hoppo Bungei, vol. 6, no. 7; no. 108
1973, 1974
Box 8: 23
Kozlowski, Theodore

"His Work Lives in Trees", Horticulture
1956
Box 8: 24
Abridged version of above, in Amherst Journal Record
n.d.
Box 8: 24
Williams Smith Clark, Pioneer Plant Pathologist
n.d.
Box 8: 24
Maki, John, "Williams Smith Clark, 1826-1886, Scholar, Solider..." for Williams Smith Clark society
1987
Box 8: 25
Maki, John, "Williams Smith Clark, A Pioneer in Japanese-American Relations", address delivered at centennial of Williams Smith Clark's trip to Japan; also a press release and the chancellor's invitation
1976
Box 8: 26
Maki, John, lecture (in Japanese and English), "Clark-sensei: The Great Achievement in Hokkaido", delivered at the centennial of the founding of Hokkaido University
1976
Box 8: 27
Massachusetts-Hokkaido Affiliation Committee, "A Memoir in Honor of Dr. Williams Smith Clark, Published in 1962 as a Contribution to the University of Massachusetts Centennial Year Celebration"
1962
Box 8: 28
Barbara Zalenski 'copy' of above with errors and omissions, but adding a transcription of a Mack Drake letter not in the 1962 version
1966
Box 8: 28
Barbara Zalenski article, "Hands Across the Sea", Greenfield Recorder-Gazette
Aug 20, 1966
Box 8: 28
MIYABE Kingo, "Williams Smith Clark" Japanese original and translation
1922
Box 8: 29
Lee, Douglas, "Japan's Last Frontier: Hokkaido" in National Geographic, vol. 157, no. 1
1980
Box 8: 30
New Prince English Course, "Boys, Be Ambitious", pp. 70-76
1981
Box 8: 31
ŌSAKA Shingo, memoir and essays
n.d.
Box 8: 32
ŌSHIMA Masatake

"Reminiscences of Dr. Williams Smith Clark", Japan Christian Intelligencer vol. 1, no. 2
1926
Box 8: 33
"Professor Clark" from Professor Clark and his Disciples, dictated to eldest son, ŌSHIMA Masamitsu
1946
Box 8: 33
ŌTA, Y., "Williams Smith Clark and Japan: with special reference to his missionary work"
1978
Box 8: 34
Penhallow, David P., "Williams Smith Clark: His Place as a Scientist and his Relationship to the Development of Scientific Agriculture" Science vol. 27, no. 683, pp. 172-180, address delivered at opening of Clark Hall, MAC, Oct 2, 1907
1908
Box 9: 35
Rowland, Rev. George M., address
1912
Box 9: 36
SATŌ Masahiko, "Clark's Personal Letters"
1984
Box 9: 37
SEKI Hideshi, article in Japanese, and English translation
1983
Box 9: 38
SUZUKI Zenko, address to Japan Society
1981
Box 9: 39
Tyler, John M. and Penhallow, D.P., dedication of Clark Hall, The College Signal article and typescript
1907
Box 9: 40
UCHIMURA, "Letters of Williams Smith Clark and his Pupils", transl. Naoki ŌNISHI, The Uchimura Study, no. 13, 14, and 15
1979-1980
Box 9: 41
US Department of Agriculture, "The Japanese Flowering Cherry Trees of Washington, DC"
1977
Box 9: 42
YAMANAKA Kei, articles in Japanese

Hokkaido University Library Bulletin
1976
Box 9: 43
Hokkaido Times
1976
Box 9: 43
Kogaku to Seibutsu
1976
Box 9: 43
ITŌ Hidegorō, Institute for Democratic Education, monograph in Japanese, Kurāku hakushi to Sapporo Nōgakkō (Dr. Clark and the Sapporo Agricultural School)
(1965?)
Box 9: 44
"Williams Smith Clark: In Commemoration of the Centennial of his Death"
1986
Box 9: 45
"Clark to Be Commemorated" Campus Chronicle
Feb 28, 1986
Box 9: 45
Browne, Patrick, "Col. W.S. Clark: Father of Two Universities"
1994
Box 9: 46
Subseries 3: Books

Hokkaido Prefectural Government, Foreign Pioneers
1968
Box 10: 47
Hokkaido Prefectural Government, Foreign Pioneers (photocopies)
1968
Box 10: 48
The Kaitakushi and its Foreign Employees, Advisors, and other Foreigners, A List of Correspondence 1871-1882
1983
Box 10: 49
KAWABATA, ŌNISHI, and NISHIDE, W.S. Clark's Letters from Japan to his Family
1987
Box 10: 50
Maki, John, Kurāku: Sono Eikō to Zasetsu (Clark: His Glory and Collapse or Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido)
1978
Box 10: 51
ŌNISHI Naoki, The Correspondence of Williams Smith Clark and his Japanese Students
1986
Box 10: 52
ŌSAKA Shingo, Kurāku Sensei Shoden (Life of Dr. Clark)
1956
Box 10: 53
ŌSHIMA Masatake, Kurāku Sensei to Sono Deshitachi (Dr. Clark and his Students)
1943
Box 10: 54
ŌTA Yūzō, Kurāku no Ichinen: The Japanese Experience of Williams Smith Clark
1979
Box 10: 55
ŌTSUKI Tōhoku, Shōsetsu Sapporo Nōgakkō (fiction)
1971
Box 11: 56
YAMAGUCHI Tetsuo, History of the University of Hokkaido, 1876-1976
1976
Box 11: 57
Subseries 4: Maki Manuscript

Maki, John, "The Writing of Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido"
1982
Box 12: 58
Review of Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido by J.F. Howes from The American Historical Review, vol. 85, no. 3, June 1980, pp. 695-697
1980
Box 12: 59
Maki, John, WCS: A Yankee in Hokkaido (xerox of typescript-part 1)
n.d.
Box 12: 60a
Maki, John, Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido (xerox of typescript-part 2)
n.d.
Box 12: 60b
Maki, John, Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido (xerox of typescript-part 3)
n.d.
Box 12: 60c
Maki, John, Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido (xerox of typescript-part 4)
n.d.
Box 12: 60d
Lending copy of xerox of typescript of Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido by John Maki (part 1)
n.d.
Box 12: 60e
Lending copy of xerox of typescript of Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido by John Maki (part 2)
n.d.
Box 12: 60f
Lending copy of xerox of typescript of Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido by John Maki (part 3)
n.d.
Box 12: 60g
Lending copy of xerox of typescript of Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido by John Maki (part 4)
n.d
Box 12: 60h
Computer discs of Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido readable in MS Word
n.d.
Box 13: 61
Maki, John, Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido (finished book)
1996
Box 13: 62a
Maki, John, Williams Smith Clark: A Yankee in Hokkaido (finished book-lending copy)
1996
Box 13: 62b
Subseries 5: Background Materials for Maki Biography of Williams Smith Clark

Amherst College Years
1858-1976, n.d.
Box 14: 63
"Letters from a Freshman in the 'Forties" from Amherst Graduates' Quarterly, vol. 19, Aug 1930
1930
Box 14: 64
Early Years of MAC
1860-1979, n.d.
Box 14: 65
MAC victory in first regatta of National Rowing Association
1871-1975, n.d.
Box 14: 66
Williams Smith Clark's early contacts with Japan
1871-1880
Box 14: 67
SAC
1876-1951, n.d.
Box 14: 68
Reports of Williams Smith Clark lectures in Japan
1877-1878
Box 14: 69
Williams Smith Clark and MAC problems
1877-1885, n.d.
Box 14: 70
Floating college
1877-1880, n.d.
Box 14: 71
Mining venture
1879-1885, n.d.
Box 14: 72
Declining years
1882-1885
Box 14: 73
On the phrase "Boys, Be Ambitious" (in Japanese)
1972
Box 14: 74
Subseries 6: Notes for Maki Biography of Williams Smith Clark

Twelve envelopes containing Maki's notes on 4 x 6 index cards

1) Miscellaneous references to Williams Smith Clark
n.d.
Box 15: 75
2) Relatives and others associated with Williams Smith Clark
n.d.
Box 15: 75
3) Obituaries and biographical sketches
n.d.
Box 15: 75
4) AC
n.d.
Box 15: 75
5) Civil War
n.d.
Box 15: 75
6) Meetings of MAC Board of Trustees
n.d.
Box 15: 75
7) MAC Presidency Years
n.d.
Box 15: 75
8) MAC Japanese Students and Japanese and Chinese residents in Amherst area
n.d.
Box 15: 75
9) Last Years at MAC and Floating College
n.d.
Box 15: 75
10) Clark and Bothwell
n.d.
Box 15: 75
11) Real Estate and Wills
n.d.
Box 15: 75
12) Bibliographical References
n.d.
Box 15: 75
Subseries 7: Television, Radio, and Other Audio-Visual Materials

TV documentary Ideals and Ambition: The Life of Williams Smith Clark Hokkaido Broadcasting Co., English version (two copies, VHS)
1981
Box 16: 76
TV Documentary Taishi to Yabō: Williams Smith Clark no Shōgai (Ideals and Ambition: The Life of Williams Smith Clark) Hokkaido Broadcasting Co., Japanese version (Beta)
1981
Box 16: 77
TV Documentary Taishi to Yabō: Williams Smith Clark no Shōgai (Ideals and Ambition: The Life of Williams Smith Clark) Hokkaido Broadcasting Co., Japanese version (two copies, one defective?) inch videotape
1981
Box 16: 78
Two audio cassettes of preliminary version of Maki commentary on Taishi to Yabō: Williams Smith Clark no Shōgai
1981
Box 17: 79
Script in Japanese of TV documentary Taishi to Yabō: Williams Smith Clark no Shōgai (Ideals and Ambition: The Life of Williams Smith Clark)
1981
Box 17: 80
Taishi to Yabō: Williams Smith Clark no Ashiato o Tazunete (Ideals and Ambition: in the footsteps of Williams Smith Clark), a book about the filming of the TV documentary
1981
Box 17: 81
Maki, John, "The Filming in Amherst of the Japanese Television Documentary on the Life of Williams Smith Clark"
1982
Box 17: 82
Correspondence relating to the Japanese television documentary on Williams Smith Clark
1980-1981
Box 17: 83
Greenfield Recorder-Gazette article on filming of 1966 TV documentary on Williams Smith Clark
1966
Box 17: 84
Clippings on filming in Amherst area of Japanese TV documentary
1981
Box 17: 85
Radio interview with John Maki re: Williams Smith Clark
1976
Box 17: 86
Audiotape and 16mm silent movie film of May 18, 1973 tree planting ceremony at Williams Smith Clark grave
1973
Box 17: 87
Press release in English and Japanese re: tree planting ceremony
1973
Box 17: 87
Videotape, Mass/Hokkaido Sister-State News from Hokkaido Cultural Broadcast
1989
Box 17: 88
Videotape, "Friendship Forever" Sister-State Ceremony Sapporo, Japan
1990
Box 18: 89
Videotape, Williams Smith Clark Memorial Groundbreaking UMass Amherst
1990
Box 18: 90
Videotape, Williams Smith Clark Memorial Garden Dedication
1991
Box 18: 91
Series 5. Hokkaido University-UMass Relations
1877-2003 (bulk1956-1976)
6 boxes, 3.0 linear feet
Subseries 1: Chronological Record

Hokkaido: Background Materials
1966, 1991, n.d.
Box 19: 1
Lists of MAC Professors and Alumni in 19th Century Hokkaido; brief biographical info.
1974, n.d.
Box 19: 2
Photograph of SAC Class of 1880
1880
Box 19: 3
List of names of the 1888 graduating class of SAC
1888
Box 19: 4
A Historical Sketch of the College of Agriculture, Tohoku Imperial University…
1915
Box 19: 5
American Influence upon the Agriculture of Hokkaido, Japan
1915
Box 19: 5
Announcement requesting donations to build Clark Memorial Church
1914
Box 19: 6
Sapporo Independent Church Report on the Clark Memorial
Oct 28, 1922
Box 19: 6
"Clark Memorial Church in Sapporo", sent to Evangelist, Jan. 8, 1923
1923
Box 19: 6
Poster for Keichi dormitory 30th anniversary
1937
Box 19: 6
Great Sapporo souvenir book of photos of Sapporo and HU
1921
Box 19: 7
Photographs of Hokkaido
c. 1922-1926, n.d.
Box 19: 8
Monograph on the History of Hokkaido University, published for its 50th anniversary
1926
Box 19: 9
America-Japan Society of Hokkaido, "Boys, Be Ambitious!", fundraising booklet for Clark Memorial Student Center
1956
Box 19: 10
Exchange contract documents
1956-1957
Box 19: 11
Exchange contract documents and correspondence
1954-1964, n.d.
Box 19: 12
Hokkaido Bear correspondence, clippings, brochure (brochure missing Mar 2004)
1956-1977
Box 19: 13
Honorary UMass Degree Presentation to President SUGINOME at Sapporo
1956
Box 19: 14
SUGINOME's visits to UMass: clippings, memo, press release, and photographs
1957-1967, n.d.
Box 19: 15
List of Hokkaido Univ. professors who served as UMass exchange professors from 1957-61
1974
Box 19: 16
Exchange program articles and clippings
1958-1975, n.d.
Box 19: 17
Exchange Correspondence
1961-1963
Box 20: 19
Glass painting of Hokkaido Univ.
n.d.
Box 26: 2
New York Times Hokkaido article
1963
Box 20: 21
Gift of Japanese art books to UMass
1963-1964
Box 20: 22
The Japan Architect, #109, June 1965, article on Wheeler's model barn
1965
Box 20: 23
Photographs and press release, SUGINOME Chikako (daughter of President SUGINOME) and Japanese Institute
1966
Box 20: 24
Brochure on Hokkaido Univ.
1966
Box 20: 25
Three versions of article by Gilbert Mottla

Univ. of Massachusetts-Hokkaido Univ., Japan 1876-1968
c. 1968
Box 20: 26
Univ. of Massachusetts-Hokkaido Univ., 1876-1972
c. 1972
Box 20: 26
"The Univ. of Massachusetts-Hokkaido Relationship"
c. 1974
Box 20: 26
Bell, Ellsworth, letter and article (article missing Mar 2004)
1970
Box 20: 27
Photographs of President NIWA's visit
1973
Box 20: 29
Souvenir medal given to B. Burn
1973
Box 26: 3
Exchange correspondence
1968
Box 20: 31
Hokkaido Elm article from Hokkaido Univ. Bulletin
1974
Box 20: 32
Gift of Japanese cherry trees to UMass: clipping from Amherst Record
1974
Box 20: 33
HU centennial: gift of wooden box and papers to HU from UMass
1976-1977
Box 20: 34
HU centennial Correspondence
1976
Box 20: 35
Maki, John, "Clark-Sensei: The Great Achievement in Hokkaido", typescript and printed versions
1976
Box 20: 36
HU centennial photographs
1976
Box 20: 37
HU centennial publicity
1976
Box 20: 38
HU centennial: The Centennial Album of HU; also booklet with translations
1976
Box 20: 39
Student Exchange Program Reports
1976, 1983-1984
Box 21: 40
Hokkaido Univ. / UMass system status
1976
Box 21: 41
Symposium at UMass, "US and Japan: Alliance of Democracies"
1976
Box 21: 42
Lecture by Dr. Kichizo NIWA, former president of HU
1976
Box 21: 43
Calligraphy from HU alumni
1976
Box 21: 44
Brochures and postcards of HU and Sapporo
1975-1986, n.d.
Box 21: 45
"Hokkaido", brochure presented to Archives by Gov. of Hokkaido Takahiro YOKOMICHI
1987
Box 21: 46
Presentation of honorary degree to Mack Drake; paper on the HU / UMass exchange
1977, n.d.
Box 21: 47
Article in Hoku Dai Jiho by Keiji OSAKI
1977, n.d.
Box 21: 48
Japan Pictorial, vol. 2, no. 1, "The American Heritage in Hokkaido"
1979
Box 21: 49
New History of Hokkaido
1981
Box 21: 49
Clippings, press releases, and articles
1878-2001
Box 21: 50
Assorted photographs
1968-1986, n.d.
Box 21: 51
Meiji Restoration and Hokkaido Development Exhibition
1984
Box 21: 52
1985-86 A Brief Sketch of Hokkaido University
1986
Box 21: 53
Burn, Barbara, The University of Massachusetts and Hokkaido University, A Case Study in Educational Cooperation
1989
Box 21: 53
Commemoration in Hokkaido of the 100th anniversary of Williams Smith Clark's death
1986
Box 21: 53a
HU promotional video (VHS format), general version with English
n.d.
Box 22: 53b
Subseries 2: Summer Seminar,
1974
Fan signed by participants
1974
Box 26: 5
Hokkaido Univ. catalog
1973-1974
Box 22: 55
Study abroad materials
1968-1974
Box 22: 56
Japanese books memo
1975
Box 22: 57
Journal of Richard Woodbury, with related materials
1974-1982
Box 22: 58
Newspaper accounts, maps, calling cards, souvenirs
c. 1970-1974
Box 22: 59
Photographs
1974, n.d.
Box 22: 60
Schedule for seminar, lecture, notes, participant evaluations
1974
Box 22: 61
Souvenir booklets on Sapporo
1968-1972, n.d.
Box 22: 62
Souvenir booklets
1970-1974, n.d.
Box 22: 63
Travel arrangements, press releases, selection of participants, etc.
1974, n.d.
Box 22: 64
Commemoration in Hokkaido of the 100th anniversary of Williams Smith Clark's death
1986
Box 22: 65
Note:

(this item has been moved to Series 5, subseries 1, folder 53a)

Subseries 3: Books on Hokkaido University

Series 6. Duplicates (Selected)
1852-1976 (bulk1852-1879)
2 boxes, 0.75 linear feet
Hokkaido Official Correspondence (Series 2, folder 7)
Jan-Mar 1876
Box 24: 1
Hokkaido Official Correspondence (Series 2, folder 8)
Jul-Aug 1876
Box 24: 2
Hokkaido Official Correspondence (Series 2, folder 9)
Sep 1876
Box 24: 3
Hokkaido Official Correspondence (Series 2, folder 10)
Oct-Dec 1876
Box 24: 4
Hokkaido Official Correspondence (Series 2, folder 11)
Jan-May 1877
Box 24: 5
On Metallic Meteorites, Williams Smith Clark's Ph.D. dissertation (Series 3, folder 2)
1852
Box 24: 6
Williams Smith Clark's Report on Horses (Series 3, folder 3)
1860-1861
Box 24: 7
Williams Smith Clark's Relations of Botany to Agriculture (Series 3, folder 9)
1873
Box 24: 8
Williams Smith Clark's Circulation of Sap in Plants (Series 3, folder 10)
1874
Box 24: 9
Williams Smith Clark's Observation of the Phenomena of Plant Life (Series 3, folder 11)
1875
Box 24: 10
SAC's First Annual Report (Series 3, folder 14)
1877
Box 24: 11
Williams Smith Clark's The Agriculture of Japan (Series 3, folder 16)
1879
Box 24: 12
Hokkaido Univ. centennial publicity (Series 5, folder 42)
1976
Box 25: 13
Hokkaido Univ. centennial The Centennial Album of HU (Series 5, folder 39)
1976
Box 25: 14
Series 7. Artifacts
1973-1974
1 box, 0.25 linear feet
Glass painting of the bust of Williams Smith Clark
n.d.
Box 26: 1
Glass painting of HU campus
n.d.
Box 26: 2
Medal presented to B. Burn
1973
Box 26: 3
Silk scarf presented to K. Emerson through John Maki from HU
n.d.
Box 26: 4
Fan signed by the participants of Summer Seminar
1974
Box 26: 5
Bottle opener from Sapporo
n.d.
Box 26: 6
Series 8. Oversized
1851-1975
2 boxes, 2.5 linear feet
Photograph of the log maintained atop Mt. Shasta, signed by Clark, including article in Japanese about it.
Jun 1877
Box 27
Contents:

From Series 1, subseries 1.

Letter from Williams Smith Clark to Sister Belle
Jan 8, 1851
Box 27
Contents:

From Series 2.

Williams Smith Clark II's Amherst College Graduation Certificate
1921
Box 27
Contents:

From Series 1, subseries 1.

Newsclippings
1860-1882
Box 27
Contents:

From Series 4, subseries 2.

Letter from Williams Smith Clark to daughter Bertha
Feb 12, 1877
Box 27
Contents:

From Series 2.

Covenant of Believers in Jesus
1877
Box 27
Contents:

From Series 3.

Japanese Cosmetic Posters "Girls, Be Ambitious"
1975
Box 28
Contents:

From Series 5, subseries 1.

"The Pictorial Life of Our Dr. Williams Smith Clark, 1826-1876" Part 1 and 2
1961
Box 28
Contents:

From Series 1, subseries 3.

Administrative information

Access

The collection is available for research. Some fragile originals have been copied for use.

Provenance

The papers of William Smith Clark (b. 1826, d. 1886), botanist, chemist, mineralogist, and educator, were acquired in part by the Library of the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 1974 by gift of the widow of Dr. Clark's grandson, Mrs. William S. (Gladys) Clark II. Copies of original documents in the Amherst College Library and the Hokkaido University Library were acquired mainly in 1974-77. Materials about Dr. Clark and the Hokkaido University / University of Massachusetts relationship were acquired from Professors John Maki, Richard Woodbury, H. Leland Varley, and others. Some materials had long been in the University of Massachusetts Library.

Abbreviations used in reference to the William Smith Clark papers are as follows:

AC Amherst College
D Doshisha University
HU or Hokudai Hokkaido University ("Hokudai" is to Hokkaido University as "UMass" is to the University of Massachusetts)
MAC Massachusetts Agricultural College (earlier name of University of Massachusetts)
SAC Sapporo Agricultural College (earlier name of Hokkaido University)
Williams Smith Clark William Smith Clark

Note: To avoid confusion in the order of Japanese names, this finding aid follows the standard form of family name in UPPERCASE. Also note that names may have been romanized in different ways, both within the collection and in the finding aid.

Additional materials relating to Williams Smith Clark or HU is to be found in the University Archives in the official minutes of the MAC Board of Trustees (RG-2/1), in the published Annual Reports of MAC (RG-1/00/2) (reports for 1864-1932/33 available online), in the papers of William Wheeler (RG-2/3), Horace Stockbridge (RG-40/11), David P. Penhallow (RG-50/6-1873), William P. Brooks (RG-3/1-1905), Jean Paul Mather (RG-3/1-1954), the Center for International Agriculture (RG-15/4), International Programs (RG-6/4/9), Student Union (RG-36/100), John Lederle (RG-3/1-1960), and Charles Goessman (RG-40/11).

Processing Information

Processed by John Maki and SCUA staff, 1983, 2004.

Languages:

English, Japanese

Acknowledgments

Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Copyright and Use (More information )

Cite as: William Smith Clark Papers (RG 003/1-1867). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Search terms

Subjects

  • Agricultural colleges--Japan--History--Sources.
  • Agricultural colleges--Massachusetts--History--Sources.
  • Agriculturists--Japan--Archives.
  • Agriculturists--Massachusetts--Archives.
  • Amherst (Mass.)--History--Sources.
  • Hokkaido (Japan)--History--Sources.
  • Japan--Relations--United States--Sources.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.
  • United States--Relations--Japan--Sources.

Names

  • Amherst College--Faculty.
  • Amherst College--Students--Correspondence.
  • Clark, William Smith, 1826-1886--Archives.
  • Hokkaido Daigaku.
  • Hokkaido Daigaku--History--Sources.
  • Hokkaido Teikoku Daigaku--History--Sources.
  • Massachusetts Agricultural College.
  • Massachusetts Agricultural College--History--Sources.
  • Massachusetts Agricultural College--Presidents--Archives.
  • Sapporo Nogakko.
  • Sapporo Nogakko--History--Sources.
  • Sapporo Nogakko--Presidents--Archives.
  • Tohoku Teikoku Daigaku. Noka Daigaku--History--Sources.
  • Universität Göttingen--Students--Correspondence.
  • University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
  • University of Massachusetts at Amherst--History--Sources.

Genre terms

  • Drawings.
  • Memorabilia.
  • Photographs.
  • Scrapbooks.

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