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Environmental Center for Our Schools Records

1966-1975
2 boxes (2.5 linear ft.)
Call no.: MS 919

At the height of the environmental movement, Springfield, Mass., public school teachers Lorraine Ide and Clifford A. Phaneuf set a goal of helping young students to understand and appreciate their role in nature. In collaboration with the city's parks department and schools, Ide and Phaneuf opened the Environmental Center for Our Schools (ECOS) in 1970. Intended for elementary and middle school students in the city, ECOS enables students and teachers to expand their knowledge of the natural world by exploring the diverse habitats of Forest Park. The program was designed for immersive, hands-on discovery: students participate in outdoor activities, study nature, and learn the survival needs of all living things.

The ECOS records consist of materials from the planning and early years of the organization, including Title III information, curricula, evaluations, copies of tests, teaching guides, and other educational materials, publications, reports, meeting agendas, and conference materials.

Background on Environmental Center for Our Schools


An image of: ECOS logo

ECOS logo

Clifford A. Phaneuf, a teacher at Myrtle Street School in the Indian Orchard neighborhood of Springfield, Mass., had a farm in Brimfield where he took some of his students for summer nature activities. In 1969, when Phaneuf became a team leader in the National Teacher Corps, the environmental movement was at its height. Active in the Springfield public school district's science department, Phaneuf joined with elementary science head Lorraine Ide to begin a pilot program on environmental education based in the city's 735-acre Forest Park. Environmental Center for Our Schools (ECOS) opened in 1970, the year of the first Earth Day, at the former Camp Seco grounds. Phaneuf enlisted some Teacher Corps interns as the first ECOS teachers, and the students came from Springfield elementary and middle schools for immersive study of their natural environment and the diverse ecosystems of the park. Soon the program moved to the park's Porter Lake Skate House, which was renamed the Clifford A. Phaneuf Environmental Center and underwent extensive renovation in 2015-2016.

Phaneuf directed ECOS for seventeen years. Born in 1923, and hailed as a visionary in environmental education and urban environmentalism who instilled an appreciation for nature in many students, he died in 1988. Some 200,000 children from Springfield's public, charter, and private schools have gone through ECOS, learning about field, forest, and pond habitats, animal life cycles and adaptation, erosion, winter survival, and how to use a map and a compass.

Scope of collection

The ECOS records consist of materials from the planning and early years of the organization, including information supplied under Title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (Supplementary Educational Centers and Services), curricula, evaluations, copies of tests, teaching guides, and other educational materials, publications, reports, meeting agendas, and conference materials.

Inventory

Administration: Conference Twenty-First Annual Meeting of The Canadian Association of Geographers Speech Copy
1991
Box 1: 1
Administration: Curriculum: Travel Expense Report/Budget Revision
1971
Box 1: 2
Administration: Correspondence for Advisory Committee Meetings
1971-1972
Box 1: 3
Administration: Initial Proposal Application Continuation Grant Application or End of Project Report
1972
Box 1: 4
Administration: Budget E.C.O.S Title III 1972-1973; Budget L.E.A. 1972-1973
1972-1973
Box 1: 5
Administration: Catalogs
1972-1973
Box 1: 6
Administration: Pamphlets and Newsletters
1972-1973
Box 1: 7
Administration: Comparable/Similar Programs Information
1973-1981
Box 1: 8
Administration: Correspondence: Epic Diversified Systems Corp
1973
Box 1: 9
Administration: E.C.O.S. Report
1973
Box 1: 10
Administration: Forest Service: Correspondence and Materials
1973
Box 1: 11
Administration: M.I.T. Sea Grant Program
1973
Box 1: 12
Administration: Diffusion Project Budget
1974
Box 1: 13
Administration: Correspondence: Special Education Leadership Project
1976
Box 1: 14
Administration: Correspondence: University of Maine
1976
Box 1: 15
Administration: Activity Kit/Air Pollution Booklet/Poster Misc. ECOS Summary
undated
Box 1: 16
Administration: Dictionary of Conservation Terms
undated
Box 1: 17
Administration: Psychometrics Evaluation Reports
undated
Box 1: 18
Administration: Psychometrics Student/Teacher Questionnaire Correspondence/Drafts/Response Sheets
undated
Box 1: 19
Conferences: NYSF Conference VI Proceedings
1968
Box 1: 20
Conferences: Focus Outdoor Conference
1971
Box 1: 21
Conferences: A Workshop On The Fortune/Hutchison Evaluation Methodology
1972
Box 1: 22
Conferences: Correspondence
1972-1975
Box 1: 23
Conferences: ECOS Diffusion Center Administrators' Conference
1973
Box 1: 24
Conferences: N.E.E.R.O. Sixth Conference, "A Workshop As The Treatment of Choice"
1974
Box 1: 25
Curriculum: Correspondence
1970-1972
Box 1: 26
Curriculum: "E.C.O.S. Curriculum Guide Grades 4,5,6"
1971
Box 1: 27
Curriculum: Pre-Camp Activities and Songs; Program Rules
1971
Box 1: 28
Curriculum: "Self-Instructional Module for Learning the Hutchinson Method of Operationalizing A Goal or Intent"
1971
Box 1: 29
Curriculum: "Toward Individualized Instruction"
1973
Box 1: 30
Curriculum: "Outdoor Education Program 5-8 Curriculum Guide"
1974
Box 1: 31
Curriculum: "The Burgess School - Old Sturbridge Village"
1974
Box 1: 32
Curriculum: Bush Experience: What Do Teachers Do?
undated
Box 1: 33
Curriculum: "Guidelines Checklist and Quantitative Analyses for the Publication of Bias-Free Instructional Materials"
undated
Box 1: 34
Curriculum: "Earth Week Manual for Teachers K-6"
undated
Box 1: 35
Curriculum: Teacher Training Component of E.C.O.S.; Terminal Teacher Performance Objectives
undated
Box 1: 36
Curriculum: Teaching - The Way It Is/The Way It Should Be
undated
Box 1: 37
Curriculum: The Pinchot Institute for Conservation Studies"
undated
Box 1: 38
Curriculum: Practice Worksheet Examples
undated
Box 1: 39
Curriculum: "Project E.C.O.S. On Site Activities"
undated
Box 1: 40
Curriculum: "So You're Starting to Study Biology Outdoors"
undated
Box 1: 41
Curriculum: "Some Questions Asked and Answered About School Outdoor Classrooms"
undated
Box 1: 42
Evaluations: Correspondence with Wm. A. Tompkins
1972
Box 1: 43
Evaluations: March 1972 On-Site Evaluation Procedure, Team Members, Schedule, Map, Action Taken
1972
Box 1: 44
Evaluations: On-Site Evaluation, 1972 Correspondence
1972
Box 1: 45
Evaluations: Student Questionnaire, Teacher Questionnaire, Evaluation of E.C.O.S. (Teachers)
1972-1973
Box 1: 46
Evaluations: Feb. 1973 On-Site Evaluations Consensus Report, Questionnaire, Agenda, Pre-Evaluation Report
1973
Box 1: 47
Evaluations: Interim Evaluation Report Schedule/Results
1973
Box 1: 48
Evaluations: On-Site Evaluation Feb. 1973 Correspondence
1973
Box 1: 49
Evaluations: On-Site Evaluation Blank Memorandum
undated
Box 1: 50
Project Outdoors: Instructional Material - General
1966-1969
Box 1: 51
Project Outdoors: Instructional Material - Grades 3-6
1968-1969
Box 1: 52
Project Outdoors: Instructional Material - Seasonal
1968-1969
Box 1: 53
Project Outdoors: Proposal and Progress Report
1968-1969
Box 1: 54
Project Outdoors: Ecology of Fresh Water Pond
1969
Box 1: 55
Project Outdoors: Evaluation Report
1970
Box 1: 56
Project Outdoors: Diffusion Project
undated
Box 1: 57
Publications: "Environmental Newsletters and Pamphlets"
1966-1974
Box 1: 58
Publications: "Teachers Guide To - A New View of the Environment: Outdoor Classroom, Camping, and Recreation - Grades 1-12"
1966
Box 1: 59
Publications: "Teachers Guide To: A New View of the Environment: Social Studies Grades 7,8,9"
1967
Box 1: 60
Publications: "Teacher's Guide To - A New View of the Environment: Biology"
1968
Box 1: 61
Publications: "Conservation: Your Choice"
1969
Box 1: 62
Publications: CEL Blocks Teacher's Guide: Primary Interdisciplinary Environmental Learning Packets
1970
Box 1: 63
Publications: CEL Blocks Teacher's Guide: Intermediate Interdisciplinary Environmental Learning Packets
1970
Box 2: 1
Publications: "Conditions For Good Science Teaching In Secondary Schools"
1970
Box 2: 2
Publications: Dept. of the Interior, "Outdoor Recreation Research"
1970
Box 2: 3
Publications: "The Environmental School"
1970
Box 2: 4
Publications: Environmental Newsletters and Pamphlets
1971-1974
Box 2: 5
Publications: Environmental Films
1972-1973
Box 2: 6
Reports: E.C.O.S. "End of Project Report"
1971-1974
Box 2: 7
Reports: Evaluation Reports by John F. Howell
1972-1974
Box 2: 8
Reports: Project Director's Pre-Evaluation Report Blank Draft and Final Copy
1973
Box 2: 9
Reports: Diffusion Prospectus for E.C.O.S.
1974
Box 2: 10
Reports: Evaluation Report Compensatory Education Summer Program
1975
Box 2: 11
Reports: E.C.O.S. Interim Evaluation of Student Attitude Report by Psychometrics Incorporated
undated
Box 2: 12
Reports: Interim Report: Parent-Teacher Evaluation of E.C.O.S.
undated
Box 2: 13
Reports: "Programs In Progress"
undated
Box 2: 14
Student Testing: Evaluation Program: Students Awareness Attitudes Test, Teacher Science Attitudes Test, Student Science Achievement Test
1971
Box 2: 15
Student Testing: C.A.M. Testing Correspondence
1972-1973
Box 2: 16
Student Testing: E.C.O.S. Science Content Test Examples Science Test A.B.C.
1972
Box 2: 17
Student Testing: In School Post Testing Check-off Lists
1972
Box 2: 18
Student Testing: Correspondence: Science Computer Scored Test
1974
Box 2: 19
Student Testing: C.A.M. Testing Examples
undated
Box 2: 20
Student Testing: Grade 6 - Science Test Example
undated
Box 2: 21
Student Testing: "Science Behavioral Objectives - Computerized Achievement Monitering (C.A.M.) Program Grades 4,5,6"
undated
Box 2: 22
Title III: Project: Innovative Features of Proposed Environmental Science Center
1966
Box 2: 23
Title III: Projects to Advance Creativity in Education (PACE)
1966-1975
Box 2: 24
Title III: Comparable/Similar Projects
1970-1971
Box 2: 25
Title III: Publications: E.S.E.A. Title III Curriculum Materials
1970
Box 2: 26
Title III: Reports: Title III in Massachusetts - An Evaluation
1970
Box 2: 27
Title III: Correspondence: Network of Innovative Schools
1971-1973
Box 2: 28
Title III: Projects: "Education for Living"
1971
Box 2: 29
Title III: Workshops
1971-1975
Box 2: 30
Title III: Advisory Council Agendas
1972-1973
Box 2: 31
Title III: Correspondence
1972-1974
Box 2: 32
Title III: Correspondence: Don Torres - E.S.E.A. Title III Coordinator
1972-1973
Box 2: 33
Title III: Environmental Impact Statement Concerning The Morehead City Sewage Treatment Plan
1972
Box 2: 34
Title III: Projects to Advance Creativity in Education (PACE) Newsletter/ Correspondence/Constitution/Meeting Summary
1972-1974
Box 2: 35
Title III: Publications: "The Title III Quarterly"
1972-1974
Box 2: 36
Title III: Reports: E.S.E.A. Title III Project Management Manual
1972
Box 2: 37
Title III: Reports: PACE Manual for Project Applicants
1972
Box 2: 38
Title III: L.E.A. Contribution Information
1973
Box 2: 39
Title III: Newsletters: Keynotes
1973-1974
Box 2: 40
Title III: Newsletters: PNAC Notes
1973
Box 2: 41
Title III: Projects: Lighthouses of Change
1973-1974
Box 2: 42
Title III: Reports: Annual Report - ESEA Title III
1973
Box 2: 43
Title III: Reports: Second Annual Report of the Advisory Council on Environmental Education
1973
Box 2: 44
Title III: Amendment to Environmental Center for Our Schools, Title III E.S.E.A.
1974
Box 2: 45
Title III: Newsletters: Innovation in Education
1974
Box 2: 46
Title III: Projects: New England Project Abstracts
1974
Box 2: 47
Title III: Conservation Education Center - The Liberty Council of Schools
undated
Box 2: 48
Title III: Correspondence Mailing Lists
undated
Box 2: 49
Title III: E.S.E.A. Title III Fact Sheet/ Calendar of Events
undated
Box 2: 50
Title III: Handwritten Notes
undated
Box 2: 51
Title III: Operation Survival Through Environmental Education
undated
Box 2: 52
Title III: Proposal For An Environmental Science Center
undated
Box 2: 53
Title III: U.S. Senate/House of Representatives Law/Letter Draft
undated
Box 2: 54

Administrative information

Access

The collection is open for research.

Provenance

Acquired from Environmental Center for Our Schools, June 2016 (2016-132).

Processing Information

Processed by Bridget McKelvey, June 2017.

Language:

English

Copyright and Use (More information )

Cite as: Environmental Center for Our Schools Records (MS 919). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Search terms

Subjects

  • Environmental education--Activity programs--Massachusetts
  • Public schools--Massachusetts--Springfield