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August Meier Collection

1837-1984
3 boxes, 330 vols. (34.5 linear feet)
Call no.: MS 844

A pioneer in African American history, August Meier was a model of an engaged academic, a prolific writer, active participant in the civil rights struggle, and staunch member of the NAACP, SNCC, and CORE. While pursuing graduate work at Columbia under Henry Steele Commager, Meier taught at a succession of Historical Black Colleges, including Tougaloo (1945-1949), Fisk (1953-1956), and Morgan State (1957-1964). His dissertation, completed in 1957, became the first of eleven books he wrote or edited, Negro Thought in America, 1880-1915 (1963), with much of later work conducted in collaboration with Elliott Rudwick and John Bracey. Meier joined the faculty at Kent State University in 1967 and remained there until his retirement in 1993. His much-anticipated monograph on the history of the NAACP had not been completed at the time of death in 2003.

Organized in two discrete parts, the Meier collection bookends a long career in the study of African American history. The first part of the collection is centered on Meier's association with the Pioneer Youth summer camp in Rifton, N.Y., and his growing consciousness of the fundamental problems of race and class in American society, with some materials from his wartime years as an undergraduate at Oberlin College. The second part of the collection includes books collected by Meier during his academic career, mostly on African American history and culture. Titles range from works on the Civil Rights movement to literature and poetry of the late nineteenth century and Harlem Renaissance, works on slavery and antislavery, race theory, the South, and African American education and religion.

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Background on August Meier


An image of: Pioneer Youth statement of purpose

Pioneer Youth statement of purpose

A noted scholar of African American history and civil rights activist, August Meier was born in Newark, N.J., on April 30, 1923. Raised in an intellectually demanding, politically-engaged family, Meier and his younger brother Paul were steeped in progressive, assimilationist ideals by their father, Frank, a chemist with the American Platinum Works and son of a German Socialist, and mother Clara, a public school teacher and principal who had come from a family of radical Eastern European Jewish intellectuals. Although set apart from his peers by his intellectual interests and taste for high culture in music, August found a firm foundation for his future self through a summer camp in Rifton, New York, operated by the Pioneer Youth of America. Years later, he recalled the camp fondly:

"Beginning when I was eleven, I spent a half-dozen summers during the years 1934-1939. Pioneer Youth of American had been founded in 1924 by a heterogeneous group of reformers -- anarchists, Communists, socialists, pacifists, union leaders in the garment trades, liberals and, very important, Progressive educators... The progressive education orientation led the camp to emphasize individual freedom, and to adopt a practice of having the campers themselves decide democratically on what their activities would be. Thus, as much as possible, decisions about what was done were in the hands of the children rather than their counselors."

This intellectual freedom allowed Meier to pursue reading instead of the more usual summer fare, and the camp exposed him both to an egalitarian interracial community and to the fractiousness of leftist politics. In 1938, he was witness as Communists sought to wrest control of the camp from the liberals and Socialists, and although the attempt was unsuccessful, Meier felt "the Communists' ouster took away something of the liveliness of the camp." As he later told a friend Lloyd Saletan, the camp wandered "considerably to the right" thereafter, even as it remained a "good old liberal" place, "you know, trade unionish, democratic, and progressive." Still admiring its "marvelous spirit" and "its freedome of expression, its application of its interracial ideals, etc.," he returned to the camp as a counselor in 1944-1946, with his mother serving as Camp Director in the latter year (letter to Lloyd Saletan, 1943 April 10).

Meier's entry into academia began with his enrollment at Oberlin College in 1940. Originally a music major, he soon switched to double major in philosophy and history to feed his growing interest in the "Negro question," an interest which occupied his energies for the remainder of his life. During a one-year hiatus from his studies in 1942-1943, Meier returned to Newark to work with the War Department Office of Dependency Benefits, where nearly a third of his co-workers were African American. Classified 4F for the draft due to poor vision, he returned to Oberlin to complete his undergraduate studies and devoting himself increasingly to active opposition to segregation. Discrimination in the dormitories led Meier and his brother to join a group of African American students to move off campus to share room and board. He described his experiences to a friend, Neil:

"Somehow we don't discuss metaphysical or other philosophical problems -- nor even problems such as Socialism or Communism, or the Post-War World of what have you. Nor do we discuss girls all the time either. We do sometimes of course, but quite naturally one of our biggest topics of discussion is the race question. Frankly I have become very radical about it myself... This year has been then full of a number of new experiences." (letter to Neil, Jan. 3 1943 [i.e. 1944?])

Meier's activism at Oberlin extended to protesting discrimination in local barbershops and holding interracial dances -- carefully planned to avoid violent white reaction and the College's disapproval. As he drifted from the Socialist idealism of his youth, becoming more skeptical and cynical and less wedded to Marx, Meier wrote that he was "orienting myself rather rapidly to a life work, at least I hope I am. For I have become exceedingly interested in the field of Race Relations, particularly the Negro, and Negro History, Sociology, etc. in general."

Meier went on to complete a master's degree (1949) under Henry Steele Commager at Columbia University, followed by a doctorate (1957) that was published as Negro Thought in America, 1880-1915: Racial Ideologist in the Age of Booker T. Washington (1963). He held a succession of academic positions at Historically Black Colleges, including Tougaloo (1945-1949), Fisk (1953-1956), and Morgan State (1957-1964), before joining the faculty at Roosevelt University (1964-1967) and finally, Kent State (1967-1993). In each position, he was active in civil rights work, serving as Secretary of the Newark NAACP in 1951-1952 and 1956-1957, as a member of the Baltimore Chapter of SNCC (1960-1963), a member of CORE (1963-1964), and as an advisor to non-violent student protests at Morgan State.

Throughout, Meier remained highly productive as a scholar, writing or editing eleven books with his colleague Elliott Rudwick, and serving as editor of the Negro in American Life series for Athenaeum (1966-1974), for the long-running Blacks in the New World series for the University of Illinois Press. With his former student John Bracey, Meier co-edited two landmark series: the Bobbs-Merrill Reprints in Black Studies (1966-1974) and the Black Studies Research Sources: Microfilms of Materials in Major Archival Manuscript Collections produced by University Publications of America (1983-1998). After several years of impaired health due to a series of strokes, August Meier died in New York City on March 19, 2003.

Scope of collection

Organized in two discrete parts, the Meier collection bookends a long career in the study of African American history. The first part of the collection is centered on Meier's association with the Pioneer Youth summer camp in Rifton, N.Y., and his growing consciousness of the fundamental problems of race and class in American society. A run of the camp newsletter (1942-1946), copies of Pioneer Youth songbooks, fliers and brochures, and correspondence between Meier and his parents (1934-1938) offer a rich depiction of the boy's growing political commitments, the culture of the camp, and the impact of the Depression and Second World War.

The second part of the collection includes over 300 books collected by Meier during his academic career, mostly on African American history and culture. Titles range from works on the Civil Rights movement to literature and poetry of the late nineteenth century and Harlem Renaissance, works on slavery and antislavery, race theory, the South, and African American education and religion.

Series descriptions

As a boy, Meier spent summers at the Communist-affiliated Pioneer Youth Camp in New York, first as a camper and then as a camp counselor. In his letters home, he writes regularly of his social adjustment as an intellectual boy in a diverse crowd, as well as his growing awareness of a political scene, nationally and internationally, dominated by racism, fascism, and capitalism. His letters from camp discuss personal issues, but also gems such as his commentary on a senior girls' counselor, a Communist sympathizer, who had served as a nurse during the Spanish Civil War and who argued that the task before them was to stop Fascism at all costs, and a critical review of a Stalinist fellow camper.

In turn, Meier's letters from his parents are both consoling and encouraging, expecting the boy to use his intellect and awareness of others to cope, but they also convey a strong progressive political message. In August 1938, for example, his father wrote to explain capitalism and war:

"It is true that capitalists are organized internationally, but they are so organized not principally either for peace or to make war among themselves, but principally to protect their interests and their chief interest, over and above every other, is to keep the working class under control. Many of their interests conflict, and they often go to war over these conflicting interests, but their interest in a subservient working class is universal and on that issue they are always united... By and large a capitalist gains, rather than loses, by war, even is his side is defeated. First he sells his government huge quantities of supplies at high profit... Secondly, he doesn't fight the wars, the working class does. Even if his side loses, he still has his profits and his working class is disorganized and demoralized... Democracy means nothing to them at this stage of historical development. When the feudal class held all the privileges, the rising bourgeois class fought for democratic representation. Now that democracy means more power to the workers, they don't want democracy, and are ready to accept fascism. Perhaps that explains why England is so cool to democracy in Spain, and is so ready to traffic with Hitler and Mussolini." (1938 Aug. 12)

Also relating to the Pioneer Youth camp including materials used by counselors during the war years, some informational brochures and application materials, a sizeable run of camp newsletters (The Clarion and Lantern), and a series of songbooks filled with folk songs and the music of the labor movement.

Though far fewer in number, Meier's wartime letters are equally superb, including discussions of draft status, war service, his difficult (and sometimes depressing) work with the Office of Dependency Benefits, and his efforts, after returning to Oberlin, to fight segregation in local businesses and to promote interracial cooperation on campus.

Books, pamphlets, and periodicals on African American history and culture, the antislavery and civil rights movements, and race relations. Reflecting Meier's research interests and personal history, the series includes a number of first editions, signed copies, and scarce titles. Many other books and journals owned by Meier have been integrated into the general collections of the University Libraries.

Inventory

Series 1. Pioneer Youth Camp ephemera and correspondence
1934-1947
3 boxes
Adamo, Joseph E.: Proudly they walk [play]
1942
Box 1: 1
Are we proud? Yes we are! [Labor rally flier]
1946
Box 1: 2
Correspondence: Adamo, Joseph E.
1942
Box 1: 3
Correspondence: Braunthal, Gerard
1942
Box 1: 4
Correspondence: Braunthal, Gerard
1943
Box 1: 5
Correspondence: Braunthal, Gerard
1944-1945
Box 1: 6
Correspondence: Fein, Anita
1944
Box 1: 7
Correspondence: Frumes, Frima
1942-1945
Box 1: 8
Correspondence: Frumes, Rose Janet
1942
Box 1: 9
Correspondence: Heller, Henry D.
1943
Box 1: 10
Correspondence: Kaye, Bess
1943-1945
Box 1: 11
Correspondence: Ludwig, Walter
1942-1945
Box 1: 12
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1934 July
Box 1: 13
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1934 Aug. 2-13
Box 1: 14
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1934 Aug. 17-21
Box 1: 15
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1935
Box 1: 16
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1936 July
Box 1: 17
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1936 Aug. 7-14
Box 1: 18
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1936 Aug. 19-31
Box 1: 19
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1937 July
Box 1: 20
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1937 Aug. 1-15
Box 1: 21
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1937 Aug. 17-29
Box 1: 22
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1938 July 3-14
Box 1: 23
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1938 July 15-25
Box 1: 24
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1938 July 26-28
Box 1: 25
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1938 Aug. 2-13
Box 1: 26
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1938 Aug. 16-23
Box 1: 27
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1938 Aug. 25-31
Box 1: 28
Correspondence: Meier, Clara L. and Frank A.
1942-1945
Box 1: 29
Correspondence: Pioneer Youth of America
1943-1947
Box 1: 30
Correspondence: Saletan, Lloyd
1942-1943
Box 2: 1
Correspondence: Setlow, Barbara June
1943-1945
Box 2: 2
Correspondence: Solimine, Geno M.
1943-1945
Box 2: 3
Correspondence: Stein, Johanna Elizabeth
1942
Box 2: 4
Correspondence: Swain, Henry H.
1943
Box 2: 5
Correspondence: unidentified and miscellaneous
1942-1944
Box 2: 6
E. Harold Mason, lecturer [broadside]
1943
Box 2: 7
Greco, Vincent: "Racial discrimination"
ca.1944
Box 2: 8
Ludwig, Walter: "New camps for old"
ca.1946
Box 2: 9
Meier, August: Report of Music and Program Counselor
1946
Box 2: 10
Meier, August: Report on the camp newspaper
1946
Box 2: 11
Meier, August: Ten years at Pioneer Youth Camp
ca.1944
Box 2: 12
Miscellaneous
ca.1943-1945
Box 2: 13
Newsletters: City Edition
1945
Box 2: 14
Newsletters: The Lantern, Vol. 1,2
1946
Box 2: 15
Newsletters: The Lantern
1946
Box 2: 16
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion
1942 Dec.
Box 2: 17
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 1,2
1943 Mar.
Box 2: 18
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 7,1
1943 July
Box 2: 19
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 7,2
1943 Aug.
Box 2: 20
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 7,3
1943 Aug.
Box 2: 21
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 7,4
1943 Aug.
Box 2: 22
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 7,5
1943 Aug.
Box 2: 23
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 2,1
1943 Oct.
Box 2: 24
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 2,2
1943 Dec.
Box 2: 25
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, miscellaneous
ca.1943
Box 2: 26
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 2,3
1944 May
Box 2: 27
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 8,1
1944 Aug. 1
Box 2: 28
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 8,2
1944 Aug. 1
Box 2: 29
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 9,2
1945 July 26
Box 2: 30
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 10,1
1945 Aug. 3
Box 2: 31
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion, vol. 10,2
1946 July 21
Box 2: 32
Newsletters: P.Y. Clarion notebooks
ca.1946
Box 2: 33
Newsletters: This is not a Clarion
1944
Box 2: 34
Pioneer Youth of America, 1924-1939
1939
Box 3: 1
Pioneer Youth Camp: 21st anniversary banquet
1944
Box 3: 2
Pioneer Youth Camp: application materials and bills
1934
Box 3: 3
Pioneer Youth Camp [brochure]
1934
Box 3: 4
Pioneer Youth Camp: Counselor's information
1941
Box 3: 5
Pioneer Youth Camp: Counselor's information
1942
Box 3: 6
Pioneer Youth Camp: Counselor's information
1943
Box 3: 7
Pioneer Youth Camp: Counselor's information
1945
Box 3: 8
Pioneer Youth Camp: Counselor's information
1946
Box 3: 9
Pioneer Youth Camp: Counselors' play
1945
Box 3: 10
Pioneer Youth Camp Handbook
1946
Box 3: 11
Pioneer Youth Camp: Memorabilia and notes
ca.1935-1944
Box 3: 12
Pioneer Youth Camp: Reunion
1942-1943
Box 3: 13
Pioneer Youth Camp: Season report
1943
Box 3: 14
Pioneer Youth's Statement of Purpose
ca.1943
Box 3: 15
Pioneer Youth Today
1943
Box 3: 16
Songbooks: America Sings: Another P.Y. Song Book
1941
Box 3: 17
Songbooks (loose sheets): Division songs
1944
Box 3: 18
Songbooks (loose sheets): Folk songs
ca.1942-1944
Box 3: 19
Songbooks (loose sheets): Labor songs
ca.1944
Box 3: 20
Songbooks: Pioneer Song Book
ca.1944
Box 3: 21
Songbooks: Songs of the night
ca.1944
Box 3: 22
Songbooks: Songs of the United Nations
ca.1946
Box 3: 23
Series 2. African American history books
1837-1984
329 titles
Adams, Nehemiah, 1806-1878: A south-side view of slavery. / By Nehemiah Adams
1860
Adams, R. A. (Revels Alcorn), 1869-: Cyclopedia of African Methodism in Mississippi / by Rev. Revels A. Adams ; with introduction by
1902
Allen, George, 1792-1883: Resistance to slavery every man's duty. : A report on American slavery
1847
American Missionary Association: Annual report of the American Missionary Association
1847
Andrews, R. McCants (Robert McCants): John Merrick : a biographical sketch / by R. McCants Andrews
1920
Anthony, Earl: Picking up the gun : a report on the Black Panthers
1970
Aptheker, Herbert, 1915-2003: Essays in the history of the American Negro / [by] Herbert Aptheker
1945
Aptheker, Herbert, 1915-2003: To be free : studies in American Negro history
1948
Archer, William, 1856-1924: Through Afro-America : an English reading of the race problem / by William Archer
1910
Ashmore, Harry S: The Negro and the schools. / Foreword by Owen J. Roberts
1954
Bailey, Thomas Pearce, 1867-1949: Race orthodoxy in the South : and other aspects of the Negro question / by Thomas Pearce Baile
1914
Baldwin, James, 1924-1987: Blues for Mister Charlie / [James Baldwin]
1964
Baldwin, James, 1924-1987: Blues for Mister Charlie : a play
1964
Baraka, Amiri, 1934-2014: Blues people : Negro music in white America. / by LeRoi Jones
1963
Baraka, Amiri, 1934-2014: Preface to a twenty volume suicide note
1961
Baraka, Amiri, 1934-2014: The system of Dante's Hell / [a novel by] LeRoi Jones
1965
Bassett, John Spencer, 1867-1928: Slavery in the state of North Carolina / by John Spencer Bassett
1899
Beard, Augustus Field, 1833-1934: A crusade of brotherhood : a history of the American Missionary Association / by Augustus Field
1909
Belfrage, Sally, 1936-: Freedom summer / Sally Belfrage ; with a foreword by Robert P. Moses
1965
Bennett, Lerone, 1928-: The Negro mood, and other essays
1964
Bernard, Jessie, 1903-1996: Marriage and family among Negroes / [by] Jessie Bernard
1966
Bibb, Henry, 1815-: Narrative of the life and adventures of Henry Bibb : an American slave / written by himself.
1849
Bible Way Churches of Our Lord Jesus Christ World Wide. General Convocation (3rd :1960 :Washington,: Minute book of the Third General Convocation and Ministerial Record of the Bible Way...
1961
Bilbo, Theodore Gilmore, 1877-1947: Take your choice : separation or mongrelization / by Theodore G. Bilbo
1947
Blaustein, Albert P., 1921-1994: Civil rights and the American negro : a documentary history
1968
Bloch, Herman David: The circle of discrimination : an economic and social study of the Black man in New York / [by]
1969
Blossom, Virgil T.: It has happened here
1959
Bontemps, Arna, 1902-1973, editor: American Negro poetry. / Edited and with an introd. by Arna Bontemps
1963
Bontemps, Arna, 1902-1973: 100 years of Negro freedom / Arna Bontemps
1962
Bontemps, Arna, 1902-1973: They seek a city
1945
Brackett, Jeffrey R. (Jeffrey Richardson), 1860-1949: Notes on the progress of the colored people of Maryland since the war
1890
Braden, Anne, 1924-2006: House Un-American Activities Committee : bulwark of segregation / Anne Braden
1963
Bradford, Roark, 1896-1948: John Henry / by Roark Bradford ; woodcuts by J.J. Lankes
1931
Breitman, George: The assassination of Malcolm X
1971
Brooks, Maxwell R: The Negro press re-examined : political content of leading Negro newspapers
1959
Brownlee, Frederick Leslie, 1883-1962: New day ascending / [by] Fred L. Brownlee
1946
Bullock, Paul: Employment and training report for Governor's Commission : final report / Paul Bullock
1965
Bullock, Penelope L: The Afro-American periodical press, 1838-1909 / Penelope L. Bullock
1981
Cable, George Washington, 1844-1925: The Creoles of Louisiana / by George W. Cable
1889
Cadbury, Henry J. (Henry Joel), 1883-1974: Negro membership in the Society of Friends. / by Henry J. Cadbury
1936
Cadwalader, John, 1805-1879: Speech of Hon. John Cadwalader, of Pennsylvania
1856
Caldwell, Erskine, 1903-1987: God's little acre
1933
Caliver, Ambrose, 1894-1962: Education of teachers for improving majority-minority relationships
1944
Cantor, Louis: A prologue to the protest movement : the Missouri sharecropper roadside demonstration of 1939
1969
Carlin, Jerome, 1927-: Civil justice and the poor : issues for sociological research / [by] Jerome E. Carlin, Jan Howa
1967
Carmer, Carl, 1893-1976: Stars fell on Alabama ... / illus. by Cyrus LeRoy Baldridge
1934
Carter, Edward R: The black side : a partial history of the business, religious and educational side of the Negro
1894
Chambers, Bradford: Chronicles of black protest / compiled and edited with a commentary by Bradford Chambers
1969
Chasan, Daniel Jack: All about CORE
196u
The case of Angelo Herndon
1935
Christie, John W: George Bourne and The Book and slavery irreconcilable / by John W. Christie and Dwight L. Dumon
1969
Christy, David, 1802-: A lecture on African colonization : Including a brief outline of the slave trade, emancipation
1849
Citro, Joseph F., 1941-: Booker T. Washington's Tuskegee Institute : Black school-community, 1900-1915 / by Joseph F. Cit
1972
Cleage, Albert B: The black Messiah / [by] Albert B. Cleage, Jr
1968
Cleaver, Eldridge, 1935-1998: Eldridge Cleaver : post-prison writings and speeches. / Edited and with an introduction by Rober
1969
Cohen, Joseph Jacob, 1878-1953: In quest of heaven : the story of the Sunrise Co-operative Farm Community / by Joseph J. Cohen
1957
Cohn, David Lewis, 1898-: Where I was born and raised
1948
Colver, Nathaniel, 1794-1870: The Fugitive slave bill : or, God's laws paramount to the laws of men, a sermon
1850
Conrad, Earl: Equal justice under law / by Earl Conrad and Eugene Gordon ; foreword by Henrietta Buckmaster
1944
Cook, Fannie: Mrs. Palmer's Honey / Fannie Cook
1946
Coppin, L. J. (Levi J): The relation of baptized children to the church / by L.J. Coppin
1890
Crisis (New York, N. Y. ): The Crisis
1910
Cuban, Larry: Urban school chiefs under fire / Larry Cuban
1976
Cullen, Countee, 1903-1946: On these I stand : an anthology of the best poems of Countee Cullen. / Selected by himself and
1947
Deutsch, Morton, 1920-: Interracial housing : a psychological evaluation of a social experiment / by Morton Deutsch an
1951
Diffie, Bailey W. (Bailey Wallys), 1902-1983: Porto Rico : a broken pledge / by Bailey W. and Justine Whitfield Diffie
1931
Dodson, Owen, 1914-1983: Boy at the window : a novel
1951
Dodson, Owen, 1914-1983: Powerful long ladder / by Owen Dodson
1946
Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895: Life and times of Frederick Douglass / written by himself. His early life as a slave, his escape
1882
Drake, Richard B., 1925-: One apostle was a lumberman : John G. Hanson and Berea's founding generation / Richard B. Drake
1975
Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963: Black folk, then and
1939
Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963: Color and democracy : colonies and peace
1945
Dunbar, Paul Laurence, 1872-1906: Candle-lightin' time
1904
Dunbar, Paul Laurence, 1872-1906: The strength of Gideon : and other stories / by Paul Laurence Dunbar ... with illustrations by
1900
Dunbar, Paul Laurence, 1872-1906: The uncalled / a novel, by Paul Laurence Dunbar
1901
Durr, Virginia Foster: Outside the magic circle : the autobiography of Virginia Foster Durr / edited by Hollinger F. Ba
1985
Easom, P. H. (Percy H. ): Mississippi's Negro rural schools : suggestions for their improvement / by P.H. Easom [and] J
1941
Easton, H. (Hosea), 1798-: A treatise on the intellectual character and civil and political condition of the Colored people
1837
Elliott, E. N: Cotton is king, and pro-slavery arguments : comprising the writings of Hammond, Harper, Christy
1860
Embree, Edwin R. (Edwin Rogers), 1883-1950: 13 against the odds / by Edwin R. Embree
1944
Embree, Edwin R. (Edwin Rogers), 1883-1950: City of Chicago Mayor's Conference on Race Relations, February, 1944 : summary / by Edwin R. Emb
1944
Farmer, James, 1920-1999: Freedom - when? / by James Farmer ; with an introduction by Jacob Cohen
1965
Fast, Howard, 1914-2003: The naked god : the writer and the Communist Party
1957
Fauset, Arthur Huff, 1899-1983: Black gods of the metropolis : Negro religious cults of the urban North / by Arthur Huff Fause
1944
Feldman, Eugene Pieter Romayn: James T. Rapier / by Eugene Feldman ; ill by Margaret T. Burroughs and Mallory Pearce
1960
Ferguson, George Oscar, 1885-1960: The psychology of the Negro : an experimental study / by George Oscar Ferguson, jr
1916
Fisk University: Adventures in leadership
1928
Fisk University. Social Science Institute: God struck me dead : religious conversion experiences and autobiographies of Negro ex-slaves
1945
Fitch, Bob: My eyes have seen. / Words and photos by Bob Fitch. [Introd. by Dan Berrigan]
1972
Fletcher, John, 1791-1862: Studies on slavery : in easy lessons. / Compiled into eight studies, and subdivided into short
1852
Foner, Philip Sheldon, 1910-1994: The Black Panthers speak / edited by Philip S. Foner
1970
Forman, James, 1928-2005: Sammy Younge, Jr. : the first black college student to die in the black liberation movement
1968
Forman, James, 1928-2005: The making of Black revolutionaries : a personal account
1972
Forten, Charlotte L: The journal of Charlotte L. Forten / with an introduction and notes by Ray Allen Billington
1953
Foster, William Z., 1881-1961: The Communist position on the Negro question / [by] William Z. Foster, Benjamin J. Davis, jr., E
1947
Fox, Early Lee, 1890-1946: The American Colonization Society, 1817-1840 / by Early Lee Fox
1919
Frazier, E. Franklin, 1894-1962: The Negro family in the United States / by E. Franklin Frazier
1939
Gaines, Ernest J., 1933-: Catherine Carmier / [by] Ernest J. Gaines
1964
Gaines, W. J. (Wesley John), 1840-1912: African Methodism in the south : or, Twenty-five years of freedom / by Wesley J. Gaines ; with a
1890
Garvey, Marcus, 1887-1940: Philosophy and opinions of Marcus Garvey. / Edited by Amy Jacques-Garvey
1923
Gaston, Paul M: Women of Fair Hope / Paul M. Gaston
1984
Gaston, Paul M., 1928-: The new South creed : a study in southern mythmaking / [by] Paul M. Gaston
1970
Giovanni, Nikki: Gemini : an extended autobiographical statement on my first twenty-five years of being a Black
1972
Goldman, Peter Louis, 1933-: Report from Black America / by Peter Goldman
1970
Graves, John Temple, 1892-1961: The fighting South
1943
Grier, William H: Black rage / by William H. Grier and Price M. Cobbs. Foreword by Fred R. Harris
1968
Gugliotta, Bobette: Nolle Smith: cowboy, engineer, statesman / By Bobette Gugliotta; Pref. by Hiram L. Fong
1971
Haley, Alex: Roots / Alex Haley
1976
Hammond, Lily Hardy, 1859-1925: In black and white : an interpretation of Southern life / with an introd. by James H. Dillard
1914
Handy, W. C. (William Christopher), 1873-1958: A Treasury of the blues : complete words and music of 67 great songs from Memphis ...
1949
Harris, Joel Chandler, 1848-1908: Daddy Jake the runaway : and short stories told after dark / by "Uncle Remus" Joel Chandler Harr
1889
Harris, Joel Chandler, 1848-1908: Told by Uncle Remus : new stories of the old plantation / by Joel Chandler Harris ; illustrated
1905
Harris, Joel Chandler, 1848-1908: Uncle Remus, his songs and his sayings : the folk-lore of the old plantation / by Joel Chandler
1892
Hastie, William, 1904-1976: On clipped wings : the story of Jim Crow in the Army Air Corps / by William H. Hastie
1943
Haynes, Elizabeth Ross: The black boy of Atlanta
1952
Haynes, George Edmund, 1880-1960: The trend of the races / [by] George Edmund Haynes ... with an introduction by James H. Dillard
1922
Haywood, Harry, 1898-1985: The road to Negro liberation : the tasks of the Communist party in winning working class leaders
1934
Heard, William Henry, Bp., 1850-1937: From slavery to the bishopric in the A.M.E. Church : an autobiography / by William H. Heard
1924
Henderson, George Wylie: Ollie Miss / a novel by George Wylie Henderson ; blocks by Lowell Leroy Balcolm
1935
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963: Life in a Haitian Valley / [by] Melville J. Herskovits
1937
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963: The myth of the Negro past / [by] Melville J. Herskovits
1941
Heyward, DuBose, 1885-1940: Mamba's daughters / by Du Bose Heyward
1929
Heyward, DuBose, 1885-1940: Mamba's daughters / by Du Bose Heyward
1929
Heyward, DuBose, 1885-1940: Mamba's daughters : a novel of Charleston
1929
Hiss, Alger: In the court of public opinion
1957
Holden, Anna: A first step toward school integration / [by Anna Holden, in cooperation with the Nashville CORE
1958
Holtzclaw, R. Fulton, 1903-: Black magnolias : a brief history of the Afro-Mississippian, 1865-1980 / by Robert Fulton Holtzc
1984
Hood, J. W. (James Walker), 1831-1918: The Negro in the Christian pulpit, or, The two characters and two destinies
1884
Hough, Joseph C: Black power and white Protestants : a Christian response to the new Negro pluralism / [by] Jose
1968
Houser, George M: CORE : a brief history / by George M. Houser
1949
Houzeau, Jean-Charles, 1820-1888: My passage at the New Orleans tribune : a memoir of the Civil War era / Jean-Charles Houzeau ; e
1984
Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967: A pictorial history of the Negro in America / by Langston Hughes and Milton Meltzer
1956
Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967: I wonder as I wander : an autobiographical journey
1956
Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967: Laughing to keep from crying / Langston Hughes
1952
Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967: The big sea : an autobiography / by Langston Hughes
1945
Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967: The ways of white folks / Langston Hughes
1944
Hurston, Zora Neale: Mules and men / by Zora Neale Hurston ; with an introduction by Franz Boas ; 10 illustrations by
1935
Hutchinson, Earl Ofari: The myth of Black capitalism
1970
Ingle, Edward, 1861-1924: The Negro in the District of Columbia / by Edward Ingle
1893
Jackson, George, 1941-1971: Blood in my eye
1972
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1909
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1910
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1923
Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956: Growing up in the black belt : Negro youth in the rural South / by Charles S. Johnson; prepare
1941
Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956: Patterns of Negro segregation / Charles S. Johnson
1943
Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956: Shadow of the plantation / by Charles S. Johnson
1934
Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956: To stem this tide : a survey of racial tension areas in the United States / [by] Charles S. Joh
1943
Johnson, E. A. (Edward Augustus), 1860-1944: History of Negro soldiers in the Spanish-American War : and other items of interest. / By Edwar
1899
Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938: God's trombones : seven Negro sermons in verse / by James Weldon Johnson; drawings by Aaron Doug
1942
Johnson, John H. (John Harold), 1918-2005, editor: Negro digest
1942
Jones, Lewis: Tuskegee, Alabama : voting rights and economic pressure / by Lewis Jones and Stanley Smith
1958
Kemble, Fanny, 1809-1893: Journal of a residence on a Georgian plantation in 1838-1839 / by Frances Anne Kemble
1863
Killens, John Oliver, 1916-1987: And then we heard the thunder
1963
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1957
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1958
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1965
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1944
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1943
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1968
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1942
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1845
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1936
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1947
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1954
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002: Mister Jelly Roll : the fortunes of Jelly Roll Morton, New Orleans Creole and "inventor of jazz"
1950
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1946
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1913
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1955
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1969
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1881
Martin, John Bartlow, 1915-1987: The Deep South says "never." / Foreword by Arthur Schlesinger, Jr
1957
Martinez, Elizabeth Sutherland, 1925-: Letters from Mississippi / [edited by] Elizabeth Sutherland
1965
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1867
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1884
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1839
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1971
Mays, Benjamin E. (Benjamin Elijah), 1894-1984: The Negro's God as reflected in his literature / [by] Benjamin E. Mays, lithographs by James L
1938
McDonald, Jimmie: Sit-in songs / [compiled and edited by Jimmie McDonald]
1962
McEntire, Davis: Residence and race : final and comprehensive report to the Commission on Race and Housing
1960
McKay, Claude, 1890-1948: A long way from home / by Claude McKay
1937
McKay, Claude, 1890-1948: Harlem: Negro metropolis / by Claude McKay; illustrated with photographs
1940
McKay, Claude, 1890-1948: Home to Harlem / by Claude McKay
1928
McMillan, Lewis Kennedy, 1897-: Negro higher education in the State of South Carolina. / by Lewis K. McMillan
1952
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1943
Meltzer, Milton, 1915-2009: Time of trial, time of hope : the Negro in America, 1919-1941 / [by] Milton Meltzer and August
1966
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1913
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1947
Moon, Bucklin, 1911-editor: Primer for white folks / edited by Bucklin Moon
1945
Moton, Robert Russa, 1867-1940: What the Negro thinks / by Robert Russa Moton
1932
Murray, Pauli, 1910-1985: "All for Mr. Davis" : the story of sharecropper Odell Waller / by Pauli Murray and Murray Kempto
1940
Naison, Mark, 1946-: Communists in Harlem during the depression / Mark Naison
1983
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19uu
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193u
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: Racial inequalities in education
1938
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Conference: Annual Conference of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
19uu
National Board of the Young Men's Christian Associations: Negro youth in city YMCAs : a study of YMCA services among Negro youth in urban communities
1944
National Interracial Conference: Toward interracial cooperation : what was said and done at the first National Interracial Conference
1926
National roster of Black elected officials
19uu
National Urban League: Annual report / National Urban League
1969
National Urban League: Extracts from the ... annual report of the National Urban League
19uu
Negro digest
1940
Negro year book : an annual encyclopedia of the Negro
1914
New York State Temporary Commission on the Condition of the Urban Colored Population: Second report of the New York State Temporary Commission on the Condition of the Colored Urban...
1939
Nichols, Lee: Breakthrough on the color front
1954
Northup, Solomon, 1808-1863?: Twelve years a slave : Narrative of Solomon Northup, a citizen of New York, kidnapped in Washington
1854
Occasional papers (John F. Slater Fund): Occasional papers / Trustees of the John F. Slater Fund
1894
Odum, Howard Washington, 1884-1954: Rainbow round my shoulder : the blue trail of black Ulysses / by Howard W. Odum, decorations b
1928
Odum, Howard Washington, 1884-1954: Social and mental traits of the Negro : research into the conditions of the Negro race in south
1910
Oliver, Nola Nance: Natchez, symbol of the old South
1940
Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903: A journey in the seaboard slave states : with remarks on their economy. / By Frederick Law Olms
1856
Orlans, Harold, 1921-: The Harlem riot : a study in mass frustration. / by Harold Orlansky
1943
Parker, Albert, 1916-1986: Negroes in the post-war world / by Albert Parker
1943
Parker, Robert Allerton: The incredible messiah : the deification of Father Divine / by Robert Allerton Parker
1937
Patterson, Haywood, 1913 or 1914-: Scottsboro boy / by Haywood Patterson and Earl Conrad
1950
Peck, James: Cracking the color line : non-violent direct action methods of eliminating racial discrimination
1961
Peck, James: Sit ins : the students report / [compiled and edited by Jim Peck ; designed by Jerry Goldman]
1960
Peck, James: Underdogs vs. upperdogs / by James Peck; foreword by Millen Brand
1980
Peck, James: Underdogs vs. upperdogs
1969
Perry, Pettis: Pettis Perry ... speaks to the court : opening statement to the court and jury
1952
Peterkin, Julia Mood, 1880-1961: Scarlet sister Mary / by Julia Peterkin
1928
Peterson, Joseph, 1878-1935: Studies in the comparative abilities of whites and Negroes / [by] Joseph Peterson and Lyle H. La
1929
Pike, Gustavus D: The Jubilee Singers : and their campaign for twenty thousand dollars / by G.D. Pike ; with photo
1873
Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr., 1908-1972: Marching blacks : an interpretive history of the rise of the black common man / by Adam Clayto
1945
Probe (New York, N. Y. : 1967): The Probe : the voice of the new African American community
1967
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1925
Proudfoot, Merrill: Diary of a sit-in / foreword by Frank P. Graham
1962
Rampersad, Arnold: The art and imagination of W. E. B. Du Bois / Arnold Rampersad
1976
Ramsey, Frederic, 1915-1995, editor: Jazzmen / edited by Frederic Ramsey, jr., and Charles Edward Smith. With 32 pages of illustrati
1939
Raper, Arthur Franklin, 1899-1979: Preface to peasantry : a tale of two Black belt counties / by Arthur F. Raper
1936
Raper, Arthur Franklin, 1899-1979: The tragedy of lynching / by Arthur F. Raper
1933
Raushenbush, Winifred: Jobs without creed or color / by Winifred Raushenbush
1945
Redding, J. Saunders (Jay Saunders), 1906-1988: On being Negro in America
1951
Reed, Ishmael, 1938-: Mumbo jumbo
1972
Reed, Ishmael, 1938-: The last days of Louisiana Red
1974
Reed, Ruth, 1898-: Negro illegitimacy in New York City / by Ruth Reed, PH.D
1926
Reid, Ira De Augustine, 1901-1968: The Urban Negro worker in the United States, 1925-1936
1938
Riis, Jacob A. (Jacob August), 1849-1914: How the other half lives : studies among the tenements of New York / by Jacob A. Riis
1922
Robinson, Lewis G: The making of a man : an autobiography / [by] Lewis G. Robinson
1970
Rogers, J. A. (Joel Augustus), 1880-1966: Sex and race : Negro-Caucasian mixing in all ages and lands / by J. A. Rogers
1940
Rose, Arnold Marshall, 1918-1968: The Negro's morale : group identification and protest
1949
Rowan, Carl T. (Carl Thomas), 1925-2000: South of freedom
1952
Rozier, John: Black boss : political revolution in a Georgia county / John Rozier
1982
Rudwick, Elliott M: W.E.B. Du Bois : a study in minority group leadership / Elliott Morton Rudwick
1956
Rush, Christopher, 1777-1873: A short account of the rise and progress of the African M.E. Church in America / written by Chr
1843
Russell, Charles Edward, 1860-1941: Why I am a socialist / by Charles Edward Russell
1915
Russell, John H: The free Negro in Virginia, 1619-1865 / by John H. Russell
1913
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987: Down the line / the collected writings of Bayard Rustin. Introd. by C. Vann Woodward
1971
Saltman, Juliet: Open housing : dynamics of a social movement / Juliet Saltman
1978
Saunders, Doris E., editor: The day they marched. / With an introd. by Lerone Bennett, Jr. Designed by Herbert Temple
1963
Savoy, Willard W., 1916-1976: Alien land
1949
Schoenfeld, Seymour J., 1913-: The Negro in the armed forces ; his value and status, past, present, and potential / by Seymour
1945
Scott, Emmett Jay, 1873-1957: Booker T. Washington, builder of a civilization / by Emmett J. Scott and Lyman Beecher Stowe; i
1916
Scott, Emmett Jay, 1873-1957: Negro migration during the war / by Emmett J. Scott
1920
Scott, Joseph W: The black revolts : racial stratification in the U.S.A. : the politics of estate, caste, and class
1976
Seidenbaum, Art: Confrontation on campus : student challenge in California. / Foreword by Harry S. Ashmore. Phot
1969
Shade, William G., editor: Seven on black : reflections on the Negro experience in America. / Edited by William G. Shade a
1969
Sheehan, Arthur: Pierre Toussaint : a citizen of old New York / by Arthur and Elizabeth Odell Sheehan
1955
Sheldon, Edward, 1886-1946: "The nigger" : an American play in three acts
1915
Siebert, Wilbur Henry, 1866-1961: The underground railroad from slavery to freedom / by Wilbur H. Siebert ; with an introduction b
1899
Silvera, John D. (John Douglas), 1909-: The Negro in World War II / by John D. Silvera
1946
Simms, James M. (James Meriles): The first colored Baptist church in North America : constituted at Savannah, Georgia
1888
Simpson, George Eaton, 1904-1998: Acculturative process in Jamaican revivalism / George Eaton Simpson
1960
Singer, Benjamin D., 1931-: Black rioters : a study of social factors and communication in the Detroit riot / [by] Benjamin
1970
Smith, Ruth: White man's burden : a personal testament / by Ruth Smith
1946
Snavely, Tipton R. (Tipton Ray), 1890-: The taxation of Negroes in Virginia / by Tipton Ray Snavely
1916
Southern Sociological Congress (2nd :1913 :Atlanta): The human way. : Addresses on race problems at the Southern Sociological Congress, Atlanta, 1913
1913
Spencer, Charles S: An appeal for freedom : made in the Assembly of the State of New York, March 7th, 1859 / by Char
1859
Spero, Sterling D. (Sterling Denhard), 1896-1976: The black worker : the Negro and the labor movement / by Sterling D. Spero and Abram L. Harris
1931
Spratlin, V. B. (Valaurez Burwell): Juan Latino, slave and humanist / by V.B. Spratlin
1938
Sprigle, Ray, 1886-: In the land of Jim Crow / by Ray Springle
1949
Stange, Douglas C: Radicalism for humanity : a study of Lutheran abolitionism / by Douglas C. Stange
1970
Steiner, Bernard C. (Bernard Christian), 1867-1926: History of slavery in Connecticut
1893
Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas, 1884-1972: Race distinctions in American Law / by Gilbert Thomas Stephenson
1910
Stevens, Walter James, 1877-: Chip on my shoulder : autobiography of Walter J. Stevens
1946
Steward, Austin, 1794-1860: Twenty-two years a slave, and forty years a freeman : embracing a correspondence of several years
1859
Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958: Tuskegee institute, the first fifty years : being the Founder's day historical address
1931
Stowell, Jay S. (Jay Samuel), 1883-1966: Methodist adventures in Negro education / by Jay S. Stowell
1922
Strickland, Arvarh E: History of the Chicago Urban League / [by] Arvarh E. Strickland
1966
Strong, Anna Louise, 1885-1970: I change worlds : the remaking of an American / by Anna Louise Strong
1935
Talley, Thomas Washington: Negro folk rhymes : wise and otherwise / with a study by Thomas W. Talley
1922
Thoonen, J. P: Black martyrs / by the Rev. J.P. Thoonen
1941
Torrence, Ridgely, 1875-1950: Granny Maumee, The rider of dreams, Simon the Cyrenian : plays for a Negro theater / by Ridgely
1917
Turpin, Waters E. (Waters Edward), 1910-: The rootless / by Waters Turpin
1957
Ulanov, Barry: Duke Ellington / by Barry Ulanov
1946
United States Commission on Civil Rights: A time to listen ... a time to act : voices from the ghettos of the Nation's cities [a report]
1967
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1965
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1963
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1915
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1860
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1970
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1860
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1927
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1933
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1942
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1901
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1894
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1944
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1926
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1948
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1913
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1854
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1970
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1921
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1930
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1936
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1921
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1941
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1967
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1941
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1945
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1954
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1968
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Administrative information

Access

The collection is open for research.

Provenance

Acquired from August Meier.

Related Material

SCUA also holds an account book of Truman Wheeler, Sr. (MS 618 bd), documenting his earliest years in Great Barrington.

Processing Information

Processed by I. Eliot Wentworth, Oct. 2014.

Bibliography

For critical information on Meier's intellectual and social development during the 1930s and 1940s, see his A White Scholar and the Black Community, 1945-1965: Essays and Reflections.

Related Material

The bulk of August Meier's papers are housed at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture at the New York Public Library.

Language:

English

Copyright and Use (More information )

Cite as: August Meier Collection (MS 844). Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries.

Search terms

Subjects

  • Camps--New York (State)
  • Civil Rights movement
  • Depressions--1929
  • Oberlin College--Students
  • World War, 1939-1945

Contributors

  • Meier, August, 1923-2003 [main entry]
  • Braunthal, Gerard, 1923-
  • Communists--United States
  • Pioneer Youth of America

Genres and formats

  • Newsletters

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