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Tom Deary Papers

1950-2007
13 boxes (9.75 linear feet)
Call no.: MS 526

Tom Deary was an union organizer for the IUE, serving on the executive board of Local 201 at the GE Plant in Lynn, Massachusetts.was an union organizer for the IUE, serving on the executive board of Local 201 at the GE Plant in Lynn, Massachusetts. Involved in the 1969-1970 strike, Deary joined the IUE staff in 1971 and served for 30 years as an organizer, negotiator, and strike leader in the northeast and southern states. Frequently at odds with union careerists, he built a small labor newspaper in the 1980s into one with a regional focus, New England Labor News and Commentary.

The Deary papers include organizer reports, correspondence, IUE election campaign literature, and oral histories and videotapes. Letters, financial records, and business plans document Deary’s establishment of a regional labor newspaper, the New England Labor News and Commentary.

Background on Tom Deary

Tom Deary was a union organizer, and steward for the IUE (International Union of Electronic, Electrical, Salaried, Machine and Furniture Workers), affiliated with Local 201 at the Lynn (Massachusetts) GE Plant, and in the IUE staff union, the AFL-CIO (American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations) during the 1990s. Deary's involvement in labor issues began in 1969-1970 with the GE strike in Burlington, Vermont. He served on the IUE staff for 30 years beginning in 1971 during which he participated in organizing and negotiation, and as a strike leader primarily in the northeast and south. In 1977, Deary was victim of a politically-motivated discharge that prevented him from returning to work. Due to overwhelming support by fellow members of the Local 201, including protests the went on as long as eighteen months, Deary resumed his position as a GE machinist. The IUE was forced to rehire him in 1978 at a national convention.

Deary led organizing efforts for notable strikes in Decatur, Illinois in 1995, and he was involved in organizing and negotiations for countless other strikes across the northeast, especially in Massachusetts and northern New England, as well as the south in later years. Deary began a regional labor news bulletin and newspaper in 1984, New England Labor News and Commentary, which operated for several years, as well as a radio show focusing on labor issues on the WMVU radio station (Nashua, New Hampshire) throughout 1997. Deary sought to draw attention to labor injustices and malpractices brought on by economic crises and companies' abuse of workers.

After retirement, Tom Deary served on the Alliance of Retired Americans' New Hampshire and the New Hampshire AFL-CIO's Executive Board, and worked with the Nashua Labor Council to correct labor abuses in the state of New Hampshire. He attended the signing and sponsoring of labor bills at the capitol in 2003, and fought legislation that would strip workers of their rights such as anti-union Right to Work bills. He further advocated for election turnout for labor friendly candidates, Social Security, Wal-Mart and corporate abuses, as well as child labor and unfair labor practices abroad in countries such as Romania. Deary died in 2006 in Nashua, New Hampshire.

Scope of collection

This collection contains a range of materials from correspondence to files related to specific strikes which Tom Deary participated in on the behalf of the IUE. Correspondence between Local 201 leaders and district or national IUE leadership, as well as affiliated organizations, and individuals in the labor movement, relates to issues of management as well as broader labor issues such as economic deregulation, the loss of jobs, and on-the-job abuse of labor from the 1950s to 2002. Early news files contain clippings and papers relating to the "red scare," McCarthyism, and the association of labor unions with communism. Audio along with audio-visual (VHS) tapes deal with specific strikes, and movements within the organization primarily during the late 1980s through 1990s.

The collection further contains general labor publications which deal with general labor issues such as methodology for organizing labor movements, the impact and success of labor movements, and the obstacles faced in the United States, and world, beginning with labor organization's decline in the 1980s to 2007. Materials relating to New England Labor News and Commentary newsletter/newspaper (1984-1990) publication include correspondence, feasibility studies, surveys for readership as well as subscriptions, and audio tapes from the radio show on WMVU (1997). Themes include improving working conditions in U.S. plants, and factories, critiquing labor management, and labor organization primarily in the United States. Also documented, labor strikes, labor organizing conferences, and meetings by the IUE, and its affiliated organizations, and staff of such organizations through photographs, slides, and negatives from the 1960s through the 1990s.

Series descriptions

1950-2003

IUE materials such as agreements, contracts, correspondence, and files, grievances made by workers against their employers, audio tape recordings of strike-related material, and conversations, taped coverage of strikes, and meetings or conferences, as well as election and campaign ephemera such as fliers, buttons, and pins. The agreements and contracts are the outcomes of negotiations held between companies and the IUE or its representatives. The series also contains correspondence between Local 201 leaders, and district or national IUE leadership relating to issues of management, and broader labor issues such as economic deregulation, the loss of jobs, and on-the-job abuse of labor. Grievances primarily document labor issues at the GE plants, as well as within the CIO during the 1990s. Files, and tapes cover strikes against companies throughout the south, and northeast such as Trico (Texas), La-Z-Boy (Lousiana), and the GE plant in Wilmington (North Carolina), and labor movements such as Solidarity/Reform Now (1995) and "the War Zone" in support of striking Tate and Lyle workers in Decatur, Illinois. Some materials have been restricted due to discussion of internal politics and sensitive issues within the IUE after 1995.

A range of publications such as pamphlets, constitutions/ bylaws, agreements, papers, reports, and articles of individuals, and organizations affiliated with the labor movement including unions such as the UAW (United Auto Workers), Trade Union Leadership Institute, and the AFL-CIO. Topics covered include the relationship between local politics, and labor, the role of the state in labor, workers' rights as human rights, and U.S. economic practices. The bulk of the series spans the 1980s-1990s, when labor faced a decline in support from within, and many external threats from deregulation, and the outsourcing of jobs.

Correspondence, newsletters, newspapers, notes, scrapbooks, and other records held by the New England Labor News and Commentary such as feasibility studies, and subscription information. In 1990, Deary was interviewed by Michael Moore in relation to the IAM response to labor's bureacracy, and the desire of some labor leaders to see the newspaper dismantled. Correspondence arranged by state of origin of organization documents the Labor News and Commentary appeals for both financial, and mission support, while feasibility studies and surveys assess what kind of impact the paper could have on New England, and how well it reaches its audience. Prior to the creation of the paper in 1988, New England Labor News published a newsletter beginning in April 1984 to draw attention to local labor issues. After the paper was canceled, Deary hosted a radio show on WMVU. This series includes approximately two-dozen tapes recorded of the show which continue to deal with labor issues on a local, and national scale. Some audio tapes have been restricted due to sensitive material regarding IUE internal politics after 1995.

Photographic material primarily related to various strikes held across New England during the 1980s and 1990s, as well as the south. Strikes against the following companies include: ADT (ca. 1990), Amalgamated Transit Union (1990), Colt Firearms (1988), and the United paperworkers' Union (1989). The materials depict picket-lining, leafletting activities, other forms of organizing, as well as negotiations, and meetings. Other photographic materials depict conferences or training activities of IUE, AFL-CIO, and affiliated groups interested in remediating broader labor issues such as the Massachusetts Union Women's Seminars (1988), and the Solidarity March on Washington (1991). Images document staff as well as affiliates of union organizations such as the IUE, local teamsters' unions, and NELNC carrying out day-to-day activities and at formal gatherings.

Inventory

Series 1.
1950-2003
Agendas: NC General Electric (Wilmington)
1996
Box 7: 1
Agreement: IUE and AFL-CIO
1995-1997
Box 7: 2
Audio Tapes
1989-2001
Box 8, 9, 12
Audio-Visual Tapes
1986-1998
Box 5, 6
Calendars
1978-1997
Box 1: 1
Contract Negotiations
1981-1983
Box 1: 2
Contracts
ca 1997
Box 1: 3
Correspondence:AFL-CIO
1976-1980
Box 1: 4
Correspondence: Anderson, Ron
1997-1998
Box 7: 3
Correspondence: Bingle, John
1981
Box 1: 5
Correspondence: CIO
1997-1999
Box 7: 4
Correspondence: Concepcion, Clodovaldo
1996
Box 1: 6
Correspondence: Fiore, Rick
1997-2002
Box 7: 6
Correspondence: Fire, Ed
1996-1999
Box 7: 7
Correspondence: Gilvin, Ron
1997-1998
Box 7: 8
Correspondence: IUE District 2
1981-1997
Box 1: 7-10
Correspondence: IUE District 3
1979-1981
Box 1: 11
Correspondence: IUE District 7
1981-1982
Box 1: 12
Correspondence: IUE Local 201 (Interoffice)
1981-1999
Box 1: 13
Correspondence: IUE National Chapter
1981-1998
Box 1: 14-15
Correspondence: Miscellaneous
1979-1996
Box 1: 16
Correspondence: Miscellaneous
1998-1999
Box 7: 9
Correspondence: Mondale, Walter F., 1928-
1984 Mar-June
Box 1: 17
Correspondence: New Hampshire State Labor Council
1981-1983
Box 1: 18
Correspondence: North American Institute for Economic Democracy
1997-1999
Box 1: 19-24
Correspondence: United Technologies Corporation
1981
Box 1: 25
Correspondence: Wise, Gary
1997-1998
Box 7: 10
Ephemera
undated
Box 4: 30
Files: Bennington Tool Co.
1984
Box 4: 1
Files: CIO
1990-1994
Box 4: 2-4
Files: Citizens Committee Members
ca 1990
Box 4: 5
Files: Coalition of Labor Union Women (U.S.)
1983
Box 4: 6
Files: EVI (San Marcos, Tex.)
1998
Box 11: 1
Files: Fitzmaurice-Hutchens (Oversize)
1973-1977
Box 2: 4
Files: General Labor Issues in Eastern Mass.
1992-1994
Box 4: 7
Files: General Labor Issues in New Hampshire
1983
Box 4: 8
Files: GE Plant (Burlington, Vt.) Files: GE Plant (Burlington, Vt.)(Oversize)
1969 1969
Box 4: 9: 2: 1
Files: GE Plant (Lynn, Mass.)
1980-1984
Box 4: 10-11
Files: GE Plant (Wilmington, N.C.)
1995-2002
Box 11: 2-4
Files: IBEW
1986
Box 4: 12
Files: IUE Educational Advancement Program
1969 Jan
Box 4: 13
Files: IUE Leadership; Fire, Ed
1998 June
Box 11: 5
Files: IUE Leadership; Gilvin, Ron
1999 Mar
Box 11: 6-7
Files: IUE Local 201
ca 1980
Box 4: 14
Files: IUE Local 175 Rights to Stewardship
1999
Box 11: 8
Files: La-Z-Boy (Louisiana)
1997
Box 4: 15
Files: Leather Center Company (Carrollton, Tex.)
1999
Box 4: 16
Files: NCCI Organization Campaign
1981
Box 4: 17
Files: New England Labor Party
1996-1997
Box 4: 18
Files: New Hampshire Rights to Work Bills
1994-2003
Box 4: 19
Files: Osram/Sylvania Labor Management
1995
Box 4: 20
Files: PATCO (Air Traffic Organization (U.S.))
1982
Box 4: 21
Files: Philips Lighting Company
1994
Box 4: 22
Files: Ruggles-Klingman Manufacturing Co.
1975 Nov
Box 4: 23
Files: Solidarity
1993-1994
Box 4: 24
Files: Solidarity Committee/ ReformNOW
1995
Box 4: 25
Files:Solidarity-Decatur
1995-1996
Box 11: 13-15
Files: Struthers-Dunn
1984-1985
Box 4: 26
Files: Teamsters' Union (Local 471)
1976-1978
Box 4: 27
Files: Trico (San Marcos/Killeen, Tex.)
1998 Jan-Mar
Box 4: 29
Files: U.S. Filter
1998 Jan
Box 4: 30
Fliers: Elections and Campaigns
1979-1990
Box 1: 26-29
Fliers (Oversize): Elections and Campaigns
1969-1985
Box 2: 2-3
Grievances (CIO)
1997-1998
Box 11: 9
Grievance Reports
1968-1969
Box 4: 31-32
Memoranda
1975-1997
Box 1: 30
Negotiations
1979-1990
Box 1: 31
News Files: Communism and IUE
1950-1954
Box 1: 32
News Files: IUE News and Local 206
1969-1987
Box 2: 5
News Files: Negotiator News (GE Strike)
1969 Sept-1970 Aug
Box 1: 33
Newsletters (National Chapter)
1997-1998
Box 1: 34
Notes: Labor and Meeting-related
1995-2003
Box 11: 10-12
Notes to Tapes
ca 1995
Box 7: 11
Notices: Meetings and Events
1970-1984
Box 1: 35-36
Office Notes
1984-1989
Box 1: 37
Termination: Tom Deary Defense, and Protest
1977-1978
Box 1: 38-40
Testimony on Permanent Strike Replacement
1990
Box 1: 41
Series 2.
1955-2007
Agreements: Associated General Contractors, Canrad-Hanovia
1978-1991
Box 1: 46
Agreements: GE, GM, Grace
1952-1990
Box 1: 47
Agreements: U.S. Postal Service, Yuasa Inc.
1987-2001
Box 4: 33
Constitutions and Bylaws: AFL-CIO Affiliates
1980-1993
Box 1: 42
General Publications on Labor Issues (A-L by Organization)
1986-1989
Box 3: 1
General Publications on Labor Issues (M-U) by Organization)
1986-1989
Box 3: 5
Manuscripts (for Book): Deary, Tom
1998
Box 3: 2-4
Pamphlets: AFL-CIO
173-1995
Box 1: 43
Pamphlets: IUE
ca 1955-1998
Box 4: 37
Pamphlets: Labor Militant
1987-1994
Box 4: 38
Pamphlets: Miscellaneous
1971-1996
Box 4: 39
Pamphlets: Open Magazine Series
1995
Box 4: 40
Programs: Labor Conferences
1993-2007
Box 4: 34
Publications: New Directions, Region 9A (UAW)
ca 1993
Box 4: 35
Publications: Trade Union Leadership Institute
1988-1991
Box 4: 36
Reports: AFL-CIO
1983-1996
Box 1: 44-45
Reports and Studies: Government
Box 3: 6
Scrapbook: North Shore Labor News and Commentary, Tom Deary Column
1970-1987
Box 13: 1
Series 3.
1983-1997
Advertising Files
1988-1990
Box 3: 7
Audio Tapes
1997
Box 8-9,12
Communications Survey
1988 May
Box 3: 8
Correspondence: California
1990 Feb-Mar
Box 3: 9
Correspondence: Connecticut
1987 May-1990 June
Box 3: 10
Correspondence: Hawaii
1988 Mar-1990 Apr
Box 3: 11
Correspondence: Illinois
1987 May-1990 Dec
Box 3: 12
Correspondence: Kentucky
1989 Dec
Box 3: 13
Correspondence: Maine
1987 Feb-1990 June
Box 3: 14
Correspondence: Maryland
1989 Oct
Box 3: 15
Correspondence: Massachusetts
1987 Jul-1991 Oct
Box 3: 16
Correspondence: Michigan
1990 Feb
Box 3: 17
Correspondence: Nebraska
1990 May
Box 3: 18
Correspondence: New Hampshire
1986 Aug-1990 Mar
Box 3: 19
Correspondence: New York
1987 Dec-1990 Oct
Box 3: 20
Correspondence: North Carolina
1987 June
Box 3: 21
Correspondence: Office/Board (NELNC)
1988-1991
Box 3: 29
Correspondence: Pennsylvania
1987 Oct-1991 Jan
Box 3: 22
Correspondence: Rhode Island
1987 June-1991 Jan
Box 3: 23
Correspondence: Texas
1989 Oct
Box 3: 24
Correspondence: Vermont
1987 Jul-1990 Nov
Box 3: 25
Correspondence: Washington D.C.
1987 Apr-1991 Jan
Box 3: 26-27
Correspondence: Wisconsin
1987 Nov-1990 May
Box 3: 28
Feasibility Studies
1988 Jul
Box 3: 30
Interview (Transcript): Michael Moore, IAM Response
1988 Jul
Box 3: 31
Marketing Plans
1988-1990
Box 3: 32
Newsletters: NELNC
1984 Apr-1986 Dec
Box 3: 33
Newspapers: NELNC
1988 Sept-1990 Jul
Box 10: 5
Scrapbook
1983 Apr-1986 Oct
Box 10: 6
Seminars
1989
Box 3: 34
Stockholders' Meeting
1989 Sept
Box 3: 35
Subscriptions Information
1988-1990
Box 3: 36
Series 4.
1960-2003
ADT Strike (Wakefield, Mass.)
ca 1990
Box 4: 41
AFL-CIO: Hartford Labor Convention
ca 1995
Box 4: 44
AFL-CIO/IUE: Locke Leadership Education
ca 1990
Box 4: 43
AFL-CIO: Massachusetts Miscellaneous Strikes
1986-1989
Box 4: 45
AFL-CIO: New Hampshire Organizing Activities
ca 1985
Box 4: 46
AFL-CIO/UAW: Joint Support Activities
1987-1997
Box 4: 42
Amalgamated Transit Union Strike (New York, New York)
1990 Apr
Box 4: 47
Colt Firearms Strike (Hartford, Conn.)
1988
Box 3: 37
EASCO: Vote to Remain in IUE
ca 1990
Box 3: 38
Education Association: Solidarity Strike with Addison Co. (Vt.) Teachers' Association
ca 1990
Box 3: 39
Elevator's Constructor Union (Local 4) Dance
1989 Aug
Box 3: 40
Express/Eastern Continental Airlines Strike
ca 1990
Box 3: 41
Fasanella, Ralph (Labor Artist)
1990
Box 3: 42
Hammermill Leafletting (Woronocco, Mass.)
1990
Box 3: 43
Hapworth, Neil A. Portrait
undated
Box 3: 44
HRIEBU Negatives
undated
Box 3: 45
Ironworkers' Strike Negatives
ca 1985
Box 3: 46
IUE: Conference at George Meany Center for Labor Studies (Silver Springs, Md.)
1997 Mar
Box 3: 47
IUE: Local 26 Staff
ca 1995
Box 3: 49
IUE: Local 260 Elections
ca 1990
Box 3: 50
IUE: Local 475 Union of Carpenters and Joiners (Ashland, Mass.)
1989
Box 3: 51
IUE: Local 597 Teamsters' 50th Anniversary
1989
Box 3: 52
IUE: Personnel
1960-1985
Box 3: 48
IUE: Solidarity March (Washington (D.C.))
1991
Box 3: 53
Kimberly Nursing Home Strike (Windsor, Conn.)
ca 1990
Box 3: 54
Labor Guild of Boston (Quincy, Mass.)
1989
Box 3: 55
Massachusetts Union Women's Seminars: "Wild Women Institute"
1988
Box 3: 56
New England Labor News and Commentary: Press Releases and Staff
ca 1988
Box 3: 57
New England Labor News and Commentary: Protest Against Industrial Waste
ca 1990
Box 3: 58
New England Labor News and Commentary: Sales and Distribution
ca 1990
Box 1: 46
New Hampshire House Labor Committee Bill
2003 Mar
Box 1: 47
Tate and Lyle Decatur Locked-out Strike
1995 June
Box 10: 1
Unidentified Photographs
1998
Box 10: 2
United Paperworkers' Union: International Paper Co. Strike
1989 Jan
Box 10: 3
Veterans Day Rally in Suppor of Katrina Swelt for Congress (Nashua, N.H.)
1992 Oct
Box 10: 4

Administrative information

Access

Materials related to the following are restricted in this collection: the Wilmington, NC organizing campaign by the IUE, the CIO (IUE staff union) after 1995, internal IUE politics after 1995, treatment of IUE staff as well as relations between staff and IUE leadership after 1995, and the merger with the CWA and its relation to internal strife shall be restricted for 20 years. Restricted material types includes audio tapes, as well as notes from those tapes. This restriction may be waived on a case by case basis by written permission of Marge Deary or by Thomas Deary, Michael Deary, or Theresa Gray.(Boxes 7, 11, 12 in Series 1 and 3).

Provenance

Gift of Marge Deary, 2007.

Processing Information

Processed by Michelle C. Sigiel, December 2017.

Language:

English

Copyright and Use (More information )

Cite as: Tom Deary Papers (MS 526). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Search terms

Subjects

  • General Electric Corporation
  • American Federation of Labor--Correspondence
  • Deary, Tom
  • International Union of Electronic, Electrical, Salaried, Machine and Furniture Workers--Correspondence
  • Labor movement--United States--History--20th century
  • Labor--United States
  • Nashua (N.H.)--Newspapers
  • New England Labor News and Commentary
  • Strikes and lockouts--United States--History--20th century

Contributors

  • Deary, Tom [main entry]

Genres and formats

  • Newspapers