Abstract

A product of the back-to-the-land movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Northeast Organic Farming Association began as the vision of a New York City plumbing supplies salesman. Now an increasingly influential non-profit organization with chapters in Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont, NOFA has "nearly 4,000 farmers, gardeners and consumers working to promote healthy food, organic farming practices and a cleaner environment."

The NOFA collection consists of minutes of meetings, financial records, correspondence, and publications from 1988 to 2003, documents maintenance and change in the structure of the organization, particularly concerning the Massachusetts chapter and the Interstate Council.

Access

The collection is open for research.

Language:

English
SCUA: the archive of social change
Northeast Organic Farming Association
1977-2005
12 boxes (6.5 linear ft.)
Call no.: MS 461
Background on NOFA Massachusetts

Based in the most densely populated state in New England, the Massachusetts chapter of NOFA applies unique solutions to unique challenges. Working with "honorable and ethical" companies eager to buy local organic produce, NOFA/Mass has been able to help get healthy organic food to more people than ever before. Companies like Whole Foods (formerly Bread & Circus) have even participated in "percentage days" where a percentage of the total receipts on a particular day are donated to NOFA. A five percent donation in urban areas such as Cambridge might mean tens of thousands of dollars. While most NOFA chapters have participated in similar events, the Massachusetts branch has been particularly active in reaching out to consumers in urban areas, engaging them in the organic farming industry.

History of NOFA

Born and raised in Brooklyn, New York, Samuel Kaymen -- the "NOFA prophet" -- was privy to all the movements and motivations of the 1960s. Like many others in his time, Kaymen felt that his life was spiritually undernourished, and in 1969, he moved from the city to rural Unity, New Hampshire, to start a self-sufficient garden with his wife, Louise.

With no previous experience in agriculture, Kaymen learned all he could from outdated library books, eventually stumbling across Edward Hyams' Soil and Civilization. Hyams argued that "the first thing a civilization loses is its topsoil," and that the fall of all the great civilizations of the past could be linked to agricultural collapse. Kaymen was shocked. "I didn't know that agriculture was important," he wrote, "I thought that food was assembled in the backs of grocery stores!" But with his surprise came inspiration. Kaymen would start an organization of like-minded growers who would farm in an organic, natural, and sustainable way. In 1971, now living in Westminster, New Hampshire, Kaymen founded the Natural Organic Farming Association.

The first meeting of NOFA (which would change the first part of its name to "Northeast" in 1993) took place on June 7, 1971. Kaymen had posted fliers and sent out mailers announcing that NOFA would teach and promote nine principles, including proper composting, seeding, weeding, and other skills necessary for farm production. Conspicuously missing from the list was marketing. "This shows how naive I really was," Kaymen said in 1998. Starting with a budget of $35, Kaymen and the farmers, gardeners, and hippies who attended that first meeting decided that NOFA would sponsor seminars, seed-exchanges, bulk shopping, and apprenticeships. They would also publish a quarterly newsletter named after what Kaymen hoped to be, The Natural Farmer.

Eventually, Kaymen "hooked up with people in New York City who were running daycare centers" and at least once a week, NOFA farmers would load up an old truck in the middle of the night and drive six hours to Manhattan and Harlem to deliver fresh produce to daycare centers and to people on street corners who "hadn't seen fresh collards since they were in the South."

In 1973, Kaymen was given a farm in Cornish, New Hampshire, by a group of people who thought he "was a good organizer... a good speaker and [who] wanted [him] to be a New Hampshire person." Robert Houriet, a farmer and writer living in Hardwick, Vermont, offered to take over The Natural Farmer, and according to Kaymen, "it immediately became a thousand percent better." With Kaymen in New Hampshire and The Natural Farmer reaching more people than it ever had before, NOFA became truly a multi-state organization.

The first NOFA conference, cosponsored by the Biodynamic Farming Association, was held in Wilton, New Hampshire, in 1975. Wendell Berry was the keynote speaker and around 350 people attended, which Kaymen thought was "quite a lot." Win Way, a member of the University of Vermont faculty ("the establishment" as Kaymen called it), brought air of the academy to the 1976 conference which helped transform NOFA from a group of former New York City hippies into an influential organization with scientific backing. The 1978 conference saw the "old timers... come out of the closet" to support NOFA.

Kaymen stepped down from NOFA's presidency in 1981. Since that time, NOFA has grown, now claiming "nearly 4,000 farmers, gardeners and consumers [from] ... chapters in Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont." NOFA started as a co-operative promoting and facilitating information sharing and other ways to help growers farm in a natural, organic, and sustainable way. While NOFA still promotes the nine principles Kaymen originally founded it to promote, that tenth item, marketing, now plays a larger role than ever before.

Contents of Collection

The Northeast Organic Farming Association was founded in an era of student protest and social activism. Beginning almost two decades into the history of NOFA, this collection documents the day-to-day work of a well-established non-profit organization.

Meeting agendas and summaries as well as financial reports and correspondence are very comprehensive from 1989 to 2003. These decades saw the expansion of NOFA membership and the birth of new initiatives. Grants and business ventures are documented from pitch to proposal to payoff. The stories of projects such as Community-Supported Agriculture (CSA) are relayed first-hand through official NOFA records as well as through personal emails.

The CT NOFA collection contains documents from all six state branches of NOFA, with a particular concentration on Connecticut. Notable publications include issues of The Natural Farmer from 1977 to 1996, packets of rules and regulations, informational mailers, and conference booklets

Of singular value in the collection are the audio tapes. Recorded in 1998, the tapes provide a capsule history of NOFA as spelled out by some of its major players, including Kaymen and Houriet. These interviews provide an invaluable timeline from the founding of the organization in 1971 up through the 1990s.

While the collection adequately documents the history of NOFA, the real worth of this collection is as an example and explanation of how priorities have evolved since the 1960s. Three decades of The Natural Farmer show the progression of NOFA from an organization motivated by a sometimes naive idealism to an organization thriving within the realities of the 21st century. Consider this headline from 1977, the earliest issue of The Natural Farmer in the collection: "Annual Conference to Stress Relation of Government to Farming." Compare it to a headline from 1996, the latest issue: "California Conference Considers Future of Organic Industry".

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Series descriptions
1977-2007
4 boxes (3 linear feet)

The CT NOFA collection documents the evolution of NOFA from its founding in 1971 to the present, with a notable concentration on the Connecticut branch beginning with correspondence and publications dating from the late 1980s. The role of NOFA Connecticut in developing an approach to the organic landscape care is well documented with approximately 1.75 linear feet of material on the development and early years of that program.

1988-2005
5 boxes (2.25 linear feet)

The NOFA Massachusetts collection of meeting minutes, financial records, correspondence, and publications from 1988 to 2003, documents maintenance and change in the structure of the organization, particularly concerning the Massachusetts chapter and the Interstate Council.

1 box (0.5 linear feet)

The NOFA NH series contains a series of 25mm slides taken of organic farming and marketing in the state, along with some images of NOFA events.

1983-2004
2 boxes (1 linear feet)

Contains materials relative to NOFA NY annual conferences, the Northeast Farmer to Farmer Information Exchange, fliers and promotional materials, and the New York State Natural Foods Associates.

Collection inventory
Series 1. Connecticut
1977-2007
4 boxes (3 linear feet)
Subseries 1a. General files
1977/2005
2 boxes
Correspondence

Box 1: 1
Letter to Grace Gershuny with Eaton Farm Agricultural Services pamphlet
1980 Oct.
Duesing, Bill: Letter to Interstate Council Members, Chapter Presidents and Staff
2001
CSA Farm Network, vol. II
1998
Box 1: 2
Gleanings
1999 Spring-2000 Fall
Box 1: 3
Gleanings
2000 Spring-2001 Winter
Box 1: 4
Gleanings
2002 Fall-2005 Winter
Box 1: 5
NOFA CT Newsletters

Box 1: 6
NOFA-CT Newsletter
1987 Aug.
"Serving Connecticut's Organic Farmers and Gardeners"
1990 Nov. 9
NOFA-CT News
1991 May
NOFA-CT News
1991 July
NOFA-CT News
1992 Jan.
NOFA-CT News
1997 Winter
NOFA-CT News
1997 Summer
NOFA CT Pamphlets and Fliers

Box 1: 7
"CT NOFA Offers an Educational Conference," University of Connecticut Cooperative Extension Service
1987 Nov. 20
"Growing Organically" membership mailer
1987 May 24
Directory of Organic Farms & Retailers in Connecticut
1992 Summer
Farm Tour flier
1993-1994
Certified Farm Directory
1998
Certified Organic Farms
2002
NOFA-CT membership mailer
undated
Organic Land Care pamphlet
undated
NOFA MA, NH, NJ, VT

Box 1: 8
NOFA-NJ News
1987 June
McGlew, Edwin: "NOFA/MOFGA Inspectors,Certification Committee Members, and other interested parties"
1992 Mar. 19
NOFA-MASS, "Food For Life: A Guide to Organic Food in Massachusetts"
1992-1993
NOFA-MASS, "'Organic' may soon become meaningless," informational mailer
undated
NOFA-NH, "NOFA: The newsletter of the New Hampshire chapter of the Northeast Organic Farming Association"
2000 Spring
NOFA-NJ, Certification Standards and Procedures
undated
NOFA-VT, "NOFA Notes"
2001-2002 Winter
NOFA-VT, "In Vermont We Can Choose Our Future," membership mailer
undated
NOFA NY

Box 1: 9
NOFA-NY News
1986 Fall
NOFA-NY News
1993 Mar.-Apr.
"Organic Farms, Folks & Foods"
1999 Winter
"NOFA-NY's 2000 Organic Food Guide"
2000
Organic Choices

Box 1: 10
NOFA 16th Annual Summer Conference booklet
1990
NOFA 17th Annual Summer Conference booklet
1991
Proceedings of the Northeast Farmer to Farmer Information Exchange

Box 1: 11
Apple Meeting 1992 and 1993
1994
Greenhouse Meeting 1992 and 1993
1994
Proceedings of the Northeast Farmer to Farmer Information Exchange

Box 1: 12
Livestock Meeting 1992 and 1993
1994
Sweet Corn Meeting 1992 and 1993
1994
Standards for Organic Land Care
2004
Box 1: 13
The Natural Farmer
1977 Aug.-1978 Apr.
Box 1: 14
The Natural Farmer
1978 July-1978 Dec.
Box 1: 15
The Natural Farmer
1979 Jan.-June
Box 1: 16
The Natural Farmer
1979 July-Aug.
Box 1: 17
The Natural Farmer
1980 Jan.
Box 2: 1
The Natural Farmer
1980 June-1981 Spring
Box 2: 2
The Natural Farmer
1990 Fall-1991 Winter
Box 2: 3
The Natural Farmer
1991 Spring-1992 Fall
Box 2: 4
The Natural Farmer
1992/1993-1993/1994
Box 2: 5
The Natural Farmer
1995 Summer-1995/1996
Box 2: 6
Subseries 1b. Organic Land Care Committee
1989-2007
2 boxes (2 linear feet)
Biosolids
2000
Box 1: 1
Bread and Circus proposal
2000-2001
Box 1: 2
British Columbia Organization of Organic Landscapers
2001
Box 1: 3
Bulk orders
2000
Box 1: 4
Curricula: planting and plant care
2001
Box 1: 5
Curricula: weeds
2001-2003
Box 1: 6
Curriculum development (by others)
2001
Box 1: 7
Ecological Landscaping Association
2007
Box 1: 8
Farm and Food Guides (NOFA Connecticut)
2006-2007
Box 1: 9
Garden center survey
2001-2002
Box 1: 10
Grant Development Committee
2002-2007
Box 1: 11
Grants: Educational Foundation of America
2001
Box 1: 12
Grants: Long Island Sound study
2000-2001
Box 1: 13
Grants: Massachusetts Department of Food and Agriculture
2000
Box 1: 14
Grants: Massachusetts Environmental Trust
2001
Box 1: 15
Grants: Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE)
2000
Box 1: 16
Grants: Wellesley
2000-2001
Box 1: 17
Guide to Organic Land Care (NOFA Connecticut)
2004
Box 1: 18
Guide to Organic Land Care (NOFA)
2005-2007
Box 1: 19
Guide to Organic Land Care (NOFA)
2008-2011
Box 1: 20
Long Island Organic Horticulture Association
1999-2000
Box 1: 21
Miscellaneous
2008-2009
Box 1: 22
Northeast Organic Farming Association: Budget
2005
Box 1: 23
Northeast Organic Farming Association: Conferences
2001
Box 1: 24
Northeast Organic Farming Association: Conferences (ideas)
2010
Box 1: 25
Northeast Organic Farming Association: Newsclippings
1989-1995
Box 1: 26
Northeast Organic Farming Association Connecticut: Conferences
2000
Box 1: 27
Northeast Organic Farming Association Massachusetts: Board and policy information
1998-1999
Box 1: 28
NOFA's role in organic landscaping
2000
Box 1: 29
Organic Food Guides (NOFA Massachusetts)
2003-2009
Box 1: 30
Organic Garden Tour
1998
Box 1: 31
Organic Garden Tour
2001
Box 1: 32
Organic Garden Tour
2004
Box 1: 33
Organic land care: Articles
1999-2006
Box 1: 34
Organic land care: Brochures
2000
Box 1: 35
Organic land care: Case study 2
2002
Box 1: 36
Organic Land Care Committee
2002
Box 1: 37
Organic Land Care Committee: Budget
2001
Box 1: 38
Organic Land Care Committee: Correspondence
2007
Box 1: 39
Organic Land Care Committee: Meeting notes
2000-2003
Box 1: 40
Organic Land Care Committee: Meeting notes
2004-2006
Box 1: 41
Organic Land Care Committee: Minutes
2000-2004
Box 1: 42
Organic Land Care Committee: Retreat
2004
Box 1: 43
Organic Land Care Committee: Retreat
2005
Box 1: 44
Organic Land Care Committee: Retreat
2006
Box 1: 45
Organic Land Care Committee: Retreat
2009-2010
Box 1: 46
Organic Land Care Committee: Strategic planning
2004-2005
Box 1: 47
Organic Land Care Committee (NOFA Massachusetts)
2001-2002
Box 1: 48
Organic Land Care Committee (NOFA Massachusetts)
2009
Box 1: 49
Organic land care: Miscellaneous
2009
Box 1: 50
Organic land care: Press information
1996-2003
Box 1: 51
Organic land care: Product information
1999
Box 1: 52
Organic Land Care Program: Accreditation Committee
2009
Box 1: 53
Organic Land Care Program: Brochures
2002-2005
Box 1: 54
Organic Land Care Program: Evaluations
2004-2007
Box 1: 55
Organic Land Care Program: Exam
2002-2004
Box 1: 56
Organic Land Care Program: Exam
2005
Box 1: 57
Organic Land Care Program: Materials
2006
Box 1: 58
Organic Land Care Program: Nominating Committee
2010-2011
Box 1: 59
Organic Land Care Program: Proposal for a Regional Coordinator
2005
Box 1: 60
Organic Land Care Program: Reaccreditation
2002-2006
Box 1: 61
Organic Land Care Program: Reaccreditation
2006
Box 1: 62
Organic Land Care Standards Committee
2000
Box 1: 63
Organic Material Review Institute, Generic Materials and Brand Name Products List
2001
Box 1: 64
Organic Trade Association
2000
Box 1: 65
Pesticide awareness information
2001-2002
Box 1: 66
Publicity
2000
Box 1: 67
Standards
2001
Box 2: 1
Standards: Clients' Guide
2002
Box 2: 2
Standards: Ecological Landscaping Association
1994
Box 2: 3
Standards: NOFA organic landscaping standards research
1999-2000
Box 2: 4
Standards: Organic Certification Program (NOFA Massachusetts)
2000
Box 2: 5
Standards: Organic Certification Program (NOFA Massachusetts)
2001
Box 2: 6
Standards: Organic Farm Certification Program (NOFA Connecticut)
1999
Box 2: 7
Standards: Organic land care standards retreat
2001
Box 2: 8
Standards: Organic lawn care
2000
Box 2: 9
Standards: Revisions
2002
Box 2: 10
Standards: Revisions
2006
Box 2: 11
Toxics Action Center
2005
Box 2: 12
Website
2001
Box 2: 13
Williams, Priscilla: Presentations (planting and plant care)
2002-2004
Box 2: 14
Workshops: No panic, organic landcare
2000
Box 2: 15
Series 2. Massachusetts
Agriculture Education Directory
1995-1996
Box 1: 1
Annual Summer Conference booklets
1988-1993
Box 1: 2
Annual Summer Conference booklets
1994-1999
Box 1: 3
Annual Summer Conference booklets
2001-2005
Box 1: 4
Articles of Association
1989
Box 1: 5
Bread and Circus / Fresh Fields
1998-2002
Box 1: 6
Correspondence
1989-1991
Box 1: 7
Correspondence
1993-1997
Box 1: 8
Correspondence
1998-2003
Box 2: 1
Correspondence, NOFA New Hampshire
1995-2000
Box 2: 2
CSA Farm Network
1994-1997
Box 2: 3
Development Activities
2000-2003
Box 2: 4
Farmer to Farmer Information Exchange
1991-1997
Box 2: 5
Financial Reports
1989-1991
Box 2: 6
Financial Reports
1993-2003
Box 2: 7
Financial Statements
1997-2003
Box 2: 8
Meeting Minutes
1989-1991
Box 2: 9
Meeting Minutes
1993-1997
Box 2: 10
Meeting Minutes
1998-2003
Box 3: 1
NOFA/MA News
1991-1995
Box 3: 2
NOFA/MA News
1996-1999
Box 3: 3
NOFA/MA News
2000-2005
Box 3: 4
Organic Certification and Standards
1991-2003
Box 3: 5
Natural Farmer
1988, 1990-1991
Box 3: 6
Natural Farmer
1992-1993
Box 3: 7
Natural Farmer
1993-1994
Box 3: 8
Natural Farmer
1994-1995
Box 3: 9
Natural Farmer
1996-1998
Box 4: 1
Natural Farmer
1998-2001
Box 4: 2
Natural Farmer
2001-2003
Box 4: 3
Natural Farmer
2003-2004
Box 4: 4
Natural Farmer
2004-2005
Box 4: 5
Natural Farmer
2005
Box 4: 6
Printed Materials
1996-2005
Box 4: 7
Real Dirt information
1993-1995
Box 5: 1
Real Dirt publication
1994
Box 5: 2
Sludge Education
undated
Box 5: 3
Series 3. New Hampshire
2 boxes (1 linear feet)
Series 4. New York
1983-2004
2 boxes (1 linear feet)
Awards and recognition
1987-1990
Box 1: 1
Chef's Dinner [benefit dinner]
2003-2004
Box 1: 2
CSA Farm Network
1996
Box 1: 3
Directory of organic farms and organic retailers in Connecticut
1988
Box 1: 4
Food finder: sources of New Hampshire's fresh farm products and whole foods
1988
Box 1: 5
Food for Life: A guide to growers of healthy food in Massachusetts
1989
Box 1: 6
Garlic Seed Foundation
1986
Box : 7
Greenmarket Fruit and Vegetable Farmers Market
1981
Box 1: 8
Harvest Dinner [benefit dinner]
2000, 2002
Box 1: 9
Henehan, Brian M., Nancy Grudens-Schuck and Carol G. Stull: The Finger Lakes Small Farm Marketing Projects Final Report
1987 Jan.
Box 1: 10
Integrated pest management for diversified fresh market vegetable producers in New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania: Progress report
1997 Jan.,
Box 1: 11
Interstate Council: Correspondence and minutes
1983, 1985
Box 1: 12
Interstate Council: Correspondence and minutes
1986
Box 1: 13
Interstate Council: Correspondence and minutes
1987
Box 1: 14
Interstate Council: Correspondence and minutes
1988
Box 1: 15
Leadership training (C. Stull)
1986
Box 1: 16
New York Farmer survey (Cornell University)
1987
Box 1: 17
New York State Natural Food Associates
1983-1984
Box 1: 18
New York State Natural Food Associates
1989
Box 1: 19
New York State Natural Food Associates
1990-1994
Box 1: 20
New York State Natural Food Associates
1999-2000
Box 1: 21
New York State Natural Food Associates
2001
Box 1: 22
New York State Natural Food Associates: Organic Standards Manual
2001
Box 1: 23
NOFA New York Annual Conference brochure
1985
Box 2: 1
NOFA New York Annual Conference brochures
1994-1998
Box 2: 2
NOFA New York Annual Education Conference brochures
1990-1993
Box 2: 3
NOFA New York Conference 1987: Herb seminar information
1986
Box 2: 4
NOFA New York Conference 1987: Conference information and registration
1986
Box 2: 5
NOFA New York Conference 1987: Expenses
1986
Box 2: 6
NOFA New York Conference 1987: Masters
1986
Box 2: 7
NOFA New York Conference 1987: Programs and notes
1986
Box 2: 8
NOFA New York Conference surveys
1985
Box 2: 9
Northeast Farmer to Farmer Information Exchange Apple Meeting: Proceedings
1992-1993
Box 2: 10
Northeast Farmer to Farmer Information Exchange Greenhouse Meeting: Proceedings
1992-1993
Box 2: 11
Northeast Farmer to Farmer Information Exchange Livestock Meeting: Proceedings
1992-1993
Box 2: 12
Northeast Farmer to Farmer Information Exchange Strawberry Meeting: Proceedings
1992-1993
Box 2: 13
Organic and Low-Spray Fruit Production Conference: Proceedings
1987
Box 2: 14
Organizing for a Thriving Agriculture: Northeast Leadership Training Workshop [brochure]
1985
Box 2: 15
Rural Coalition
1986
Box 2: 16
Workshops in Ecological Agriculture [brochure]
1985
Box 2: 17
Series 5. Vermont
2 boxes (1 linear feet)
Series 6. Publications
1999-2005
2 boxes (1 linear feet)
Series 6. The Natural Farmer
1999-2005
2 boxes (1 linear feet)

Note: earlier numbers the Natural Farmer are enclosed elsewhere in the collection.

The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 41
1999 Summer
  • Beneficial insects and biocontrol of pests
  • Pioneer Valley Seed Saver's Conference Report
  • Beneficial insects: the big picture
  • Beneficials in the organic greenhouse: Long Wind Farm (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Biological control (by William H. Day)
  • Biological control of tarnished plant bug in the Northeast (by Alan T. Eaton and William H. Day)
  • The metamorphosis of a biocontrol business (by Mike Cherim)
  • New Jersey Department of Agriculture's Biological Pest Control Program (by Bob Chianese)
  • Perennial insectary plants in agroecosystems (by Eric Toensmeier)
  • Hutchins Farm (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Like a Bump on a Log (by Mike Cherim)
  • Using parasitic nematodes to fight cutworms at Berry Hill Farm (by Caroline Robinson)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 42
1999 Fall
  • NOFA Holds Its 25th Annual Summer Conference and Celebration of Rural Life (by Julie Rawson)
  • Old Time Tools (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Produce washer extraordinaire (by Dick deGraff)
  • Eliot Coleman: Beating the Seasons with Clever Designs (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Antique farm equipment (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Backwoods Engineering (by Paul Whitney)
  • Homemade Compost Spreader and Waterwheel Planter (by Steve Porter)
  • Soil-heated Mini-greenhouses (by Norbert Hugnagl)
  • Tiller row marker and bed lifter (by Ed Stockman)
  • Ending greenhouse snow buildups (by David Trumble)
  • Estes machines (by Rick Estes)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 43
1999/2000 Winter
  • US food system: bigger, but safer?
  • Food safety in organic vegetable production (by Elizabeth Henderson)
  • Big Ag fights back: unleashing Dennis Avery, Dean Kleckner, and the attorneys (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Pesticides in food (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Sprouts (by David Gould)
  • Bacteria in perspective (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Pasteurizing cider at Jaswell Farm (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Foodborne illness (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Dioxin in food (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Irradiation (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Antibiotics and hormones in meat (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Genetic engineering for lunch (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Mad cow disease (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Safe processing at Cheshire Garden (by Jack Kittredge)
  • What's happening to animal foods and the land and people who make them and eat them (by Karl North)
  • Food Safety (by Mark Dunau)
  • Bacteria as promoters of planetary health (by Peter Young)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 44
2000 Spring
  • Getting ready for the revised Organize RULE (by Elizabeth Henderson)
  • Eliot Coleman to keynote 2000 NOFA Summer Conference (by Dre Rawlings)
  • Dancing goats and chicken tractors: sustainable agriculture grows in Mississippi (by Nan Johnson)
  • How can organic vegetable growers increase soil organic matter without overloading the soil with nutrients? (by Brian Caldwell)
  • Sweet floral magic (by Sherrie Mickel)
  • Growing ornamentals organically (by Carol Stull)
  • Cut flowers (by Carrie Chalmers)
  • Deep in their roots (by Clare Pearson)
  • Bouquet making at North Slope Farm (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Everlastings: dual purpose flowers (by Kathy Morris)
  • Designing and growing a cut flower garden (by Nancy DuBrule)
  • Wholesaling cut sunflowers (by Paul Pieri)
  • Camp Merrishko (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Our edible flowers (by Steve and Michele Ramos)
  • Value-added flower products for off-season farmers' markets (by Karma Glos)
  • Designer annuals: the latest goldmine? (by Pooh Sprague)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 45
  • Remarks of Kathleen Merrigan to the National Organic Standards Board, March 22, 2000 Buena Park, California (by Kathleen Merrigan)
  • Is the honeybee worth saving? (by Gunther Hauk)
  • Using essential oils and organic acids to control honey bee mites (by Robert Noel and Jim Amrine)
  • Bees on the Kurtz Farm (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Apitherapy - using bees and hive products for health (by Deb Pouech)
  • Pollination with non-honey bees (by Suzanne Batra)
  • The healing aspects of honey (by Ross Conrad)
  • On the trail of organic honey with Jeff Cunningham (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Joys of a small beekeeper (by Bruce Bickford)
  • Honey bees - agriculture's unrecognized giants (by Ira Kettle)
  • Some specific problems in the new USDA proposed regulations on organic standards (by Jim Riddle)
  • Victory for organic consumers and farmers: the USDA surrenders (by Ronnie Cummins)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 46
  • Summer Conference 2000 (by Julie Rawson)
  • How are the NOFA Chapters Preparing for the National Organic Program? (by Jack Kittredge)
  • News on Genetic Engineering Pollution (by Roberto Verzola)
  • Why Farm Organically? (by Elizabeth Henderson)
  • Twin Oaks Farm: Making the Organic Transition (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Transition to Organic (by Vince Voy and Deb Yonker)
  • Connecticut NOFA's "Transitioning to Organic" Conference (by Robert J. Durgy)
  • Rodale: Studying the Organic Transition in Depth (by Cass Petersen, Laurie Drinkwater, and Peggy Wagoner)
  • Seeing the Light (by Mary-Howell R. Martens)
  • Group Effort Saves Nation's First CSA Farm (by Susan Witt)
  • Land View Farms: Making the Transition to Organic Soybeans (by Jack Kittredge)
  • A New Lease on Farmland: Assuring a Future for Farming in the Northeast (by Staff of E.F. Schumacher Society)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 47
2000-2001 Winter
  • Catherine Sneed to Keynote 2001 NOFA Summer Conference (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Text of Keynote at 2000 NOFA Summer Conference (by Eliot Coleman)
  • Food Security in the Developing World: A Challenge for Argoecological Approaches to Farming? (By Lynn R. Brown)
  • Can Local, Organic Farming Feed the World? (by Jack Kittredge)
  • The Myth of Scarcity (by Frances Moore Lappé, Joseph Collins, and Peter Rosset)
  • The Case of Indonesia's "Food Shortage": Does Food Aid Help? (by Anuradha Mittal)
  • Can Organic Farming "Feed the World"? (by Christos Vasilikiotis)
  • Lessons from the Green Revolution Do We Need New Technology to End Hunger? (by Peter Rosset, Joseph Collins, and Frances Moore Lappé)
  • The Multiple Functions and Benefits of Small Farm Agriculture in the Context of Global Trade Negotiations (by Peter M. Rosset, Ph.D.)
  • From Shallow to Deep Organics
  • More Than Just a Shift in Technology (by Stuart B. Hill)
  • 10 Reasons Why Biotechnology Will Not: Ensure Food Security, Protect the Environment, or Reduce Poverty in the Developing World (by Miguel A. Altieri and Peter Rosset)
  • Organic Farming Will Feed The World: Astonishingly, it's more productive than high-tech agriculture (by George Monbiot)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 48
2001 Spring
  • Spring 2001 Conference Update (by Steve Lorenz)
  • USDA Publishes the Final Organic Rule: Certification Becomes Compulsory (by Elizabeth Henderson)
  • Dan Glickman, Outgoing USDA Secretary, Says Agency's Top Issue is Genetically Modified Food (by Bill Lambrecht)
  • Compost: Anarchy in the Garden (by Jeff Ashton)
  • Gardening for the Year with Karen DiFranza (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Lunacy in Gardening (by Jeff Ashton)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 49
2001 Summer
  • Summer Conference 2001 Set for August 10-12 (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Biotech Bullies: Debate Intensifies (by Ronnie Cummins)
  • Biodynamics between Myth and Reality (by Andrew Lorand)
  • Seeds for the Biodynamic Spirit (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Roxbury Farm: Biodynamic Soil Fertility (by Jean-Paul Courtens)
  • Kiberton CSA: Biodynamics as Practiced by Barbara and Kerry Sullivan (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Permaculture in the Northeast (by Eric Toensmeier)
  • Making a Little Piece of Heaven (by Jim Schmitt)
  • Doug Clayton: At Home with Permaculture (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Permaculture in the New World (by Susana Kaye Lein)
  • Tagari: A Visit to Bill Mollison's Experimental Farm (by Claude Genest)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 50
2001 Fall
  • United Nations Development Agency Exploits Poor and Hungry to Push Genetic Engineering (by Pesticide Action Network Asia and the Pacific)
  • Landscaping on Nature's Terms: Natural Organic Design (by Michael E. Nadeau)
  • Eco-Landscaping - Using Native Plants aroudn the Home (by Christopher Miller)
  • The Organic Land Care Program (by Kim Stoner)
  • Long Island: The Landscape Goes Organic (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Organic Landscaping, Ecological Landscaping (by Jono Neiger, and Kemper Carlsen)
  • For Effective Turf Management, Like on a Golf Course, Work Both Sides (by Joel Simmons)
  • Organic Land Care with OrganiCare (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Water for Every Farm (by Claude Genest)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 51
2001-2002 Winter
  • Joel Salatin to Keynote 2002 NOFA Summer Conference (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Farming and Families (by Jack Kittredge, and Julie Rawson)
  • Our Path (by Victoria Ladd-de Graff)
  • A Farming Family: The Harlows (by Susan Harlow)
  • Don't Let Farming Wreck Your Marriage (by Joyce Deming)
  • From Physics to Family Farming (by Jack Kittredge)
  • 10 Commandments for Making the Kids Love the Farm (by Joel Salatin)
  • Should You Make Your Kids Work? (by Lynn Byczynski)
  • Raised Up on the Farm, What Do the Kids Thing? (by Julie Rawson)
  • The Complete Works of a Worker (by Chuk Kittredge)
  • Inheriting the Family Farm (by Alix White)
  • Passing on the Farm: Loving It and Leaving It (by Sam and Elizabeth Smith)
  • Women and Men Working Together (by Elizabeth Henderson)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 52
2002 Spring
  • Summer Conference Planned for August 8-11 (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Diseases of Apple on the Organic Frontier (by Michael Phillips)
  • Woodland Ecosystems (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Permaculture with a Mycological Twist (by Paul Stamets)
  • Cultivation and Marketing of Woodland Medicinal Plants (by Zoë Gardner)
  • Skip Keane's Forested Acres (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Edible Forest Gardens: An Invitation to Adventure (by David Jacke, and Eric Toensmeier)
  • Growing Ginseng in Your Woodlot (by Robert Beyfuss)
  • Effects of Trees on Soils (by Dr. Anthony Young)
  • Mushrooms in Argoforestry (by Eric Hoffner)
  • Bamboo: A Multipurpose Agriforestry Crop (by Steve Diver)
  • The Woods at Honey Hallow Farm (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Nontimber Forest Products (by Deborah Hill)
  • Eating in Connecticut (by Becky May)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 53
2002 Summer
  • Dave Cassell, New Hampshire Small Farmer, Eyes 28th Straight Conference (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Fill the Full Man's Plate: Report on the 2002 Farm Bill (by Elizabeth Henderson)
  • Federalization is Feudalization (by David Stern)
  • Interstate Council Retreat Plans for NOFA's Future (by Bill Duesing)
  • Restoring our Seed (by CR Lawn)
  • So What Kind of Questions are Farmers Researching on their Farms? (by Jack Kittredge)
  • What is SARE? (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Farmer Resource Opportunities: Resrouces to Test Your Ideas on Your Farms (by Sue Ellen Johnson, and Tom Morris)
  • Inquiring Farmer, Louis Lego (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Write A Farmer-Grower Grant! (by Susan Sauter)
  • Pay Attention! (by Bryan O'Hara)
  • On-Farm Research Guide (by Jane Sooby)
  • Research on Pastured Poultry Breeds (by Don Franczyk)
  • State of the States: ORganic Farming Systems at Land Grant Institutions 2000-2001 (by Jane Sooby)
  • Long-Term Soil Quality Trial at Beech Grove Farm (by Anne and Eric Nordell)
  • On-Farm Research: General Concepts (by Sue Ellen Johnson, and Tom Morris)
  • Organic Agriculture in the 2002 Farm Bill (by Elizabeth Henderson)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 54
2002 Fall
  • 2002 Summer Conference/Pre-conference a Wild Success (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Uncommon Organic Berries (by Lee Reich)
  • The Keeses of Cranberry Hill Farm (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Some Thoughts on Organic Strawberry Production (by Joey Klein)
  • The Organic Blueberry Field of Dreams (by Ron Maribett)
  • The Folks Who Invented the Apple are now Working with Strawberries (by Clifford Hatch)
  • Growing Raspberries (by Tom Johnson)
  • Currant and Gooseberry Production (by Steven A. Mackay)
  • Wonderful Wild Blueberries (by Dave Gott)
  • Berries Through the Summer: The Makinajian Farm Store (by Jack Kittredge)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 55
2002-2003 Winter
  • Bush Administration Poor Custodian of Organic Integrity (by Elizabeth Henderson)
  • Sally Fallon to Keynote 2003 Summer Conference (by Steve Lorenz)
  • NOP Overrules NOSB: Advocates Say Organic Program Yielding to Pressure (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Report on the Bioneers Conference (by Steve Gilman)
  • What Does the Term "New Farmer" Mean? (by Cathleen Sheils)
  • Beginner Farmers of New Hampshire: Is a Beginner Farmer Network Right for You? (by Maryellen Sheehan)
  • Access to Land (by Kathy Ruhf)
  • Beginning Farmer Feeds 60 Families (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Resources for Beginning Farmers (by Eric Toensmeier)
  • Who Will Farm? (by Kathy Ruhf and Gaby Immerman)
  • The CRAFT of Farmer Training (by Casey Steinberg)
  • Beginning Farmers in Vermont: Priorities for Action Identified at a Beginning Farmer Forum (by Vern Grubinger)
  • Learning on Five Acres (by Jack Kittredge)
  • A New Farmer 10 Years Later (by Tim Belknap)
  • Organic Agriculture and Human Ecological Values: A Report from the 2002 Congress of IFOAM (by Kimberly Stoner)
  • The IFOAM General Assembly and Social Justice (by Elizabeth Henderson)
  • Public Seed Initiative -- 2002 update (by Michael Glos)
  • Biotechnology: The Risks to Small Farmers and Gardeners (by Peter Shorett)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 56
2003 Spring
  • Conference Planning in Full Swing (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Equipping the New Small Farm (by Judy Gillan)
  • Biodiesel: A Cleaner Fuel (by Sherry Russell)
  • Low cost, low tech implements for horse-powered vegetable production (by David Fisher)
  • Plans for a wood-fired evaporator (by Brian O'Hara)
  • Don Maclean: Doing it all with a tool bar (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Mechanization at Riverbank Farm (by David Blyn)
  • Vermont's Better World Workshop (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Putting the Farm to Bed (by Lou Johns)
  • Making the Right Equipment Decisions (by Jean-Paul Courtens)
  • A Thirty Year Love Affair with Iron (by Jack Lazor)
  • Electric Farm Machines (by Jim Coate)
  • Another World Is Possible: Report on the World Social Forum, Porto Alegre, Brazil, January 21-28, 2003 (by Samuel Smith and Stephen Bartlett)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 57
2003 Summer
  • Last Call for 2003 NOFA Summer Conference! (by Steve Lorenz)
  • On-farm dairying (by Jack Kittredge)
  • "Gardens of the Heart" a Steady Seller (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Grass-based dairying, old and new (by Doug Flack)
  • Hawthorne Valley: A culture of dairying (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Hawthorne Valley raw milk license suspended (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Starting a small organic farmstead buttermaking business (by Diane St. Clair)
  • Our farm story (by Linda Dimmick)
  • The untold story of milk (by Ron Schmid, ed. Jack Kittredge)
  • Making the small, diversified dairy work (by Suzanne Lupien)
  • Butterworks Farm then and now (by Jack Lazor)
  • Raw milk and the survival of dairy farming in the Northeast (by Brian Schillinglaw)
  • Homemade Camembert (by Jacqui Marsh)
  • Strafford Creamery: know better milk (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Living with goats (by Pat Stewart)
  • Accredited organic land care professionals announced (by Bill Duesing)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 58
2003 Fall
  • 2003 Conference a success despite threatening weather (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Going for the greens (by Frank Phelan)
  • Physical properties of soil and their effect on timing and duration of irrigation (by John Howell)
  • An irrigation equipment primer (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Farming in paradise (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Estimating soil moisture by feel and appearance (by USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service)
  • Vegetable crop irrigation (by D.C. Sanders)
  • Growing on sand: Golden Earthworm Farm (by Jack Kittredge)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 59
2003-2004 Winter
  • 2004 Summer Conference: Vandana Shiva to Keynote, Eliot Coleman to Give Pre-Conference (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Can a public-private partnership work with USDA? (by Elizabeth Henderson)
  • Vermont organic farmers: A certifier's view (by John Cleary)
  • Growing 3000 Organic Acres (by Jack Kittredge)
  • The National Organic Standards Board - an ex-member's experience (by Willie Lockeretz)
  • Certified nationally grown (by Ron Khosla)
  • Why we certify (by Mary-Howell Martens)
  • Massachusetts Independent Certification, Inc. speaks out (by Don Franczyk)
  • Catalpa Ridge Farm drops certification (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Animal drugs and organic rules - who makes the call? (by Emily Brown Rosen)
  • Demeter/Stellar comment on the NOP (by Anne Mendenhall)
  • The farmer's pledge: rooted in integrity (by Mark Dunau)
  • Why I Stay Certified (by Wayne Hanson)
  • The National Organic Program (NOP) - Implementation Update - Emerging Trends and Challenges (by the National Campaign for Sustainable Agriculture Organic Steering Committee)
  • NOP Certification in Rhode Island (by Dan Lawton)
  • Organic Products Gain Momentum with Rule Implementation (by Katherine DiMatteo)
  • Restoring Our Seed (by Eli Kaufman)
  • Organic Plug and Transplant Production (by Brenda Hedges)
  • Social Accountability in Sustainable Agriculture (by the International Social and Environmental Accreditation and Labeling Alliance)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 60
2004 Spring
  • Summer Conference just gets better and better (by Steve Lorenz)
  • EPA proposed to re-define sludge composts as organic (by Sue Smith-Heavenrich)
  • Report from Bangkok: social justice and ethical trading in organic agriculture, part 1 (by Elizabeth Henderson)
  • The FDA, bioterrorism, and farms (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Ways to gain access to land (by Kathy Ruhf)
  • Sharing the cost of land with your community (by Kirby White)
  • Farming in Vermont's banana belt (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Stewardship at Quail Hill Farm (by Scott Chaskey)
  • The American dream of farm ownership is still possible! (by Anonymous)
  • Perpetual affordability: looking beyond conservation easements (by Mike Ghia)
  • Farming at the urban edge (by Jack Kittredge)
  • The New England Small Farm Institute (by Wendy Kaczerski and Kathy Ruhf)
  • Linking programs connect farmers with land, farmers and more (by Deb Heleba)
  • Cuba's New Pioneers (by Jed Beach)
  • Monitoring farms for progress toward sustainability (by Karl North and Donn Hewes)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 61
2004 Summer
  • Summer Conference Looks to be Biggest Yet! (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Year-Round Greens (by Rich Rommer)
  • Rosaly's Farm Stand (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Salad Green Production at Tobacco Road Farm (by Bryan O'Hara)
  • Mountain Dell Farm: Covering the Seasons (by Mark Dunau)
  • Four Star Greens at the Ryland Inn (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Year-Round Greens at Star Light Gardens (by Ty Zemelsky and David Zemelsky)
  • Restoring Our Seed: Working Together to Create a Community Seed Supply (by Bryan Connolly)
  • Swapping Skills, NOFA Style (by Camilla Roberts)
  • NOFA Organic Land Care Program (by Mary Tyrrell and Bill Duesing)
  • NOFA Organic Handbooks Getting Written, Printed (by Jonathan von Ranson)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 62
2004 Fall
  • 2004 NOFA Conference: Big Names and More! (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Public Seen Initiative News (by Michael Glos)
  • Organic Farming Survey Published (by Jack Kittredge)
  • New NOFA Manuals Cover Composting, Pest Control, and Whole Farm Planning (by Jonathan Von Ranson)
  • Buying Clubs - How Simple! (by Barbara Davis)
  • New York City's Just Food (by Jack Kittredge)
  • The Price of Organic Consuming (by Karen Franczyk)
  • The Zen of Food Preservation (by Julie Rawson)
  • Vandana Shiva's Keynote to the 2004 NOFA Summer Conference (by Vandana Shiva)
  • Green Planet Buying Club (by Doug and Brenda Peterson)
  • Thinking Outside of the Box (by Thomas Harttung)
  • The Purple Dragon Co-op (by Jack Kittredge)
  • The Choices We Make- and the Ones We Can't (by Karen Anderson)
  • From the Andes: First Potato, Then Quinoa, Now Tarwi? (by Brian Cady)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 63
2004-2005 Winter
  • Satish Kumar to Keynote (by Steve Lorenz)
  • Reviewers Praise NOFA Handbooks for Quality (by Jonathan von Ranson)
  • Food From Thoguht (Carl B. Russell)
  • Sheep in the Northeast: Organic, Natural, or Grassfed? (by Sarah Flack)
  • Mad Cow in the USA (by Tamiko Thomas)
  • Organic Meat at Woodbridge Farm (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Automating the Chicken Coop Security System (by Ron Skinner)
  • Organic Pork Production (by Karma Klos)
  • Livestock on the Farm - Comparisons with Industrialized Agriculture and the Implication for Organic Farming (by Robert Hadad)
  • Keeping on the Right Side of the Law: Selling Meat and Poultry (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Standard vs. Industrial Turkey Breeds (by American Livestock Breeds Conservancy)
  • Raising Grass-fed Meat (by Bruce Hennessey)
  • Farm Animal Production Standards in the USA (by Tamiko Thomas)
  • Grass Fed Beef at Rocky Top Acres (by Jack Kittredge)
  • What's for Lunch? Irradiated Meat for Kiddies (by Audrey Hill)
  • 4th Annual NOFA Course in Organic Land Care (by Bill Duesing and Kathy Litchfield)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 64
2005 Spring
  • Summer Conference Scheduled August 11-14 (by Kathleen Litchfield)
  • NOFA-Interstate Council Retreat 2005 (by Camilla Roberts)
  • Yale Sustainable Food Project (by Christine Nielsen-Craig)
  • Born Out of Enthusiasm and Naivete
  • New NJ Charter School Uses Nature as Educator (by Lisa Kelly)
  • Reaping What You Sow: The Thearapeutic Benefits of Agriculture for Youth (by Amy Stein)
  • The Food Project
  • Diversity and Food Security (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Rochester Roots School-Community Garden: Youth grow roots in urban environment (by Jan McDonald)
  • Agricultural Literacy: through the Classroom, the Cafeteria, and the Community (by Abbie Nelson)
  • Seeds of Solidarity: For Profit Farm Meets Non-Profit Organization (by Deb Habib)
  • Green Chimneys: Green Is the Color of Healing at a Farm in Upstate New Yrok (by Deborah Bernstein)
  • Farm and Wilderness Camps (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Finding Common Ground: Growing People, Plants and Animals at an Urban Farm and School (by Michelle Huang)
  • Youth growing true community security (by Matt Feinstein)
  • Supporting a public voice for NOFA (by Elizabeth Henderson and Camilla Roberts)
  • The magic of peas (by Tom Stock)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 65
2005 Summer
  • NOFA Summer Conference to Focus on Energy (by Kathy Litchfield)
  • Satish Kumar: "A Quest for Self Realization" (by Kathleen Litchfield)
  • Organic Agriculture in South America: an interview with researchers Carolina Leoni and Andrew Goncalve (by Steve Vanek)
  • Saving Cucurbit Seed (by Bryan Connolly)
  • The Melon King: New Jersey's Bob Muth (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Plectosporium Blight: an important, emerging disease of pumpkins and summer squash (by Robert L. Wick)
  • Raising July Melons in Vermont (by Tom Honigford)
  • An Introduction to Silicon Nutrition of Soils and Crops with a Focus on Cucurbits (by Joseph Heckmen)
  • Cucurbits at Roots and Fruits (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Striped Cucumber Beetle (by Ruth Hazzard)
  • "Let Them Eat Grass" Message Heard at NOSB Meeting (by Kathie Arnold)
  • Audit of NOP Accreditation Program Exposes Numerous Weaknesses (by Lynn Coody)
  • Participatory Organic Guarantees (by Elizabeth Henderson)
The Natural Farmer, vol. 42, no. 66
2005 Fall
  • Summer Conference Tops 1200 (by Kathleen Litchfield)
  • Renewable Energy on the Farm: Are You Ready? (by Don Campbell)
  • Leading the Way Off the Grid (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Ice-Powered Refrigeration from Scratch (by Jonathan von Ranson)
  • Heating the Greenhouse with Cooking Oil (by Bill Nelson)
  • Electric Traction Vehicles Can Bring Renewable Energy to the Field (by Jim Coate)
  • Green Power (by James T. Brandt Jr.)
  • Doing it All From the Sun (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Storing Ice for Summer Cold (by Nate Hausman)
  • Sun, Wind, and Wood Fuel Far Acres Farm (by Jack Kittredge)
  • Powering the Farm with Renewable Energy (by Lisa Kivirist and John Ivanko)
  • Transcript of Satish Kumar Keynote (by Satish Kumar)
Series 7. Audiovisual materials
1981-1998
2 boxes (1 linear feet)

Keynote speeches at NOFA Annual Conference: Cranston on arms race and relations with the Soviet Union; Rodale on

Closing address at conference to celebrate NOFA's tenth anniversary.

Oral history with founder of NOFA and transition from urban to rural life.

Talk from early NOFA conference. Poor audio quality.

Segment on Community Supported Agriculture at Ehrhardt Organic Farm in Maryland.

Vermont Public Radio broadcast from campus of St. Michael's College: Michael Levine (editor of the Natural Farmer) interviewing Grace Gershuny (organizer of the NOFA conference for 1983) and Sarah Norton (NOFA coordinator).

Audio and Visual Recordings AS TRANSFERRED FROM NOFA CONN

Box 3
1980s Update Number 1
1983 July 3
1980s Update Number 2
1983 July 3
Bioregions #1
undated
Bioregions #2
undated
"Early Warnings: Voices from TMI"
undated

Sides 3 and 4.

"NOFA: Building Regional Food Systems" and "NOFA: Bureaucracy in Small Town Development"
undated

Sides A and B of the same tape.

Organic Debate #1
undated
Organic Debate #2
undated
"To M. Harding, Marketing"
undated
Unmarked videotape
undated
Administrative information
Provenance

NOFA Records have been donated from several sources, including:

  • Connecticut: Bill Duesing, Executive Director of CT NOFA, May 2007 and Priscilla Hutt Williams (or organic landscape care), Feb. 2012.
  • Massachusetts: Jack and Julie Kittredge on behalf of the Massachusetts chapter of the Northeast Organic Farming Association in 2006.
  • New Hampshire: Eleanor Luna, May 2013.
  • New York: Ben Grosscup, March 2011.
Processing Information

Collection was processed by Adam Novitt in 2006, revised by Alex Lent in 2007, with subsequent additions by I. Eliot Wentworth and Dex Haven.

For additional material related to the Northeast Organic Farming Association, see:

Copyright and Use (More informationConnect to publication information)

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection: Northeast Organic Farming Association Records (MS 461). Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries.

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