Overview: Operator of a general store in Charlton, New York. Daybook includes lists of purchases (1844-1857), some arranged by wholesaler, and an inventory of goods on hand between 1859 and 1860.

M.B. Callaghan Daybook

1 volume
Call no.: MS 284
Special Collections & University Archives
UMass Amherst Libraries
154 Hicks Way | Amherst, Mass. 01003-9275 | scua@library.umass.edu | 413-545-2780

Contents of Collection

M.B. Callaghan operated a general store in Charlton, New York in the decades before the Civil War. This daybook chronicles Callaghan's purchases from various wholesale merchants in stocking his store, and documents the range of merchandise available in towns like Charlton.

The daybook is divided into several sections. The first fifty pages provide an itemized list of purchases between 1844 and 1846. The next ninety-two pages cover store purchases from 1846-1854; they list only the merchant and the dollar amount on one page followed by the notation paid or the arrangement for paying on the opposite page. On several pages, there are accumulations of notes due. The next twenty-five pages document purchases in 1854-1855, arranged by the wholesaler, rather than chronologically. Callaghan then returned to the chronological accounting of purchases for 1856-1857. Finally, the book concludes with two thirty-page inventories of the goods on hand on April 12, 1859 and April 14, 1860.

Among the wholesalers with whom Callaghan dealt were Van Heusen and Charles (Albany), Asher Cook, H.C. Foster, Craig and Co. (Schenectady), and the Schenectady & Mohawk Sheeting Co. Callaghan also dealt with various unnamed peddlers.

Administrative information


The collection is open for research.




Acquired from Charles Apfelbaum, 1987.

Processing Information

Processed by Ken Fones-Wolf, 1989.


Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Copyright and Use (More informationConnect to publication information)

Cite as: M.B. Callaghan Daybook (MS 284). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Search terms


  • Charlton (New York : Town)--Economic conditions--19th century--Sources.
  • General stores--New York--Charlton (Town)--History--Sources.
  • General stores--New York--Charlton (Town)--Inventories.
  • Inventories, Retail--New York (State)--New York--History--Sources.
  • Purchasing--New York--Charlton (Town)--History--Sources.


  • Callaghan, M. B.
  • Cook, Asher.
  • Craig & Co.
  • Foster, H. C.
  • Schenectady & Mohawk Sheeting Co.
  • Van Heusen and Charles.

Genre terms

  • Account books.