Painter from Germany (born Johann Moritz Rugendas) who worked, traveled, and lived primarily in Latin and South America. Collection consists of 192 letters and 4 poems sent to Rugendas from four of his artist friends who shared his passion for the country and culture of Argentina.
The collection is open for research.
Background on Juan Mauricio Rugendas
Domingo De Oro (1800-1879) was born in San Juan, Argentina. He was the nephew of Bishop Santa Maria de Oro. He served as secretary to General Carlos Maria Alvear and as assistant to General Antonio Jose de Sucre. He was also a friend of General Lucio Mansilla of Entre Rios and General Estanislao Lopez of Santa Fe. They were all instrumental in Argentina's attempt to overtake Uruguay in the 1820s. Oro worked as a messenger for the administration of Juan Manuel de Rosas until a bitter conflict arose between the two men. Exiled from Argentina, Oro lived in Chile and Bolivia until the end of Rosas' rule in 1852.
Juan Gualberto Godoy (1793-1864) was born in Mendoza, Argentina. He was one of the first poets to introduce the poetry of "los payadores" to literature. "Los payadores" were minstrels who roamed the pampas, singing and playing guitars.
Juan De Espinosa (1804-1871) was born in Uruguay. He served as a colonel in Uruguay's War of Independence, 1826. He also fought in Peru in 1823. As a writer he wrote about historical events.
Jose Javier Y Tomas Bustamante - an unidentified correspondent.
A total of 192 letters and 4 poems comprise the collection of personal letters received by painter Juan Mauricio Rugendas (b. Johann Moritz Rugendas) from four friends during the years 1835 to 1845. Rugendas received the bulk of these letters in Valparaiso, Chile where he found political asylum, and in Lima, Peru (1842-1844).
Although Rugendas traveled extensively throughout Europe and Latin America, he was most intrigued by the scenery and the native people of Argentina. His enthusiasm for native Argentine culture was shared by his correspondents, Domingo de Oro, Juan de Espinosa, and Juan Godoy, whose own careers led them into the back country of Argentina. Their letters reflect their mutual interests in the landscape and native costume, music, customs, and language.
This collection is organized into four series:
Acquired from Robert Potash, Dept. of History, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 1988.
The collection was originally the property of Marta Madler, a descendant of Rugendas. In January 1968, Oscar Carlos Avalle of Munich's Argentine Consulate received a cable from Ms. Madler offering to sell the letters. Avalle contacted a series of officials in Argentina's Foreign Relations Department, offering them the opportunity to purchase the letters from Ms. Madler. The letters were eventually passed to historian, Carlos Maria Gelly y Obes, in Buenos Aires, who turned them over to Professor Robert Potash at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst in 1988. Professor Potash in turn donated them to the Special Collections and University Archives Department at the University of Massachusetts. The collection originally contained 427 items; however, the location of 231 of them is unknown. Of the missing items, 225 were letters from Dona Carmen Arriagada Guticke, and 2 letters and 4 poems were from the Cuban poet, Rafael Valdes, both personal friends of Rugendas.
Processed by Madeleine Charney, January 1991.
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Cite as: Juan Mauricio Rugendas Letters (MS 271). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.