William K. Hefner Papers
1945-1987 (Bulk: 1959-1964)
6 boxes (9 linear ft.)
Call no.: MS 129

Abstract

In 1960, William K. Hefner (1915-1993) became one of the first of new breed of radical pacifists to run for elective office, when he ran as a peace candidate for Congress in the 1st district of Massachusetts. An accountant from Greenfield, Hefner was involved at a national level with movements for peace and civil rights. An early member of SANE, a founder of Political Action for Peace in 1959 (now CPPAX) and the Greenfield Peace Center (1963), and an active member of the American Friends Service Committee, War Resisters League, Turn Toward Peace, and the World Without War Conference, Hefner was an energetic force in the movements for peace and disarmament, civil rights, and a more just economic system. He ran unsuccessfully for office in three elections between 1960 and 1964, and supported peace candidate H. Stuart Hughes in his bid for election to the U.S. Senate in 1962.

The Hefner papers offer a remarkable record of politically-engaged activism for peace and social justice in the early 1960s. With an intensely local focus, Hefner was tied in to the larger movements at the state and national level, corresponding with major figures such as A.J. Muste, Bayard Rustin, Benjamin Spock, and Arthur Springer. The collection includes particularly rich documentation of the early years of Political Action for Peace, which Hefner helped found, with correspondence, minutes of meetings, and publications, as well as equally rich materials on Hefner's bids for congress in 1960 and 1962.

Access

The collection is open for research.

Language:

English
William K. Hefner Papers
1945-1987 (Bulk: 1959-1964)
6 boxes (9 linear ft.)
Call no.: MS 129

Background on William K. Hefner

William K. Hefner

William K. Hefner

An accountant by trade, and a peace and civil rights activist by nature, Hefner was already a veteran of twenty years in the struggle for social justice when he became the sole peace candidate for national public office in 1960. Although he failed to secure the Democratic nomination for the seat in the First Congressional District of Massachusetts, and lost again two years later, Hefner never relented, remaining a passionate public voice for social justice for many years.

A native of Logan, West Virginia, William K. Hefner (1915-1993), had his first taste of practical politics shortly after high school when he worked for the County Board of Education. By his student days at Antioch College, he had already become a deeply committed pacifist, so much so that after graduation in May 1940, he helped found Ahimsa Farm in Aurora, Ohio, a center for study and discussion of simple living and nonviolent direct action modeled on Gandhian principles. During the Second World War, Hefner refused military service on religious grounds and served two and a half years in prison as a conscientious objector in Ashland, Kentucky. After his release, he married Elizabeth Mutsch of Brooklyn, New York, in 1947, and in the following year, the couple moved to western Massachusetts, where Hefner began work as a certified public accountant in Greenfield and later as an Assistant Professor of Accounting at the University of Massachusetts Amherst (1951-1954). The Hefners had two children, Linda and Robert.

In many regards, Hefner followed a classic, old-line Liberal line on politics, though always distinguished by his ardent pacifism. His commitments hardly wavered, even at the height of the McCarthy era. As early as the end of the Second World War, he stood up publicly for widely unpopular causes on a number of fronts: arguing for the equality of the races, speaking out in favor of nuclear disarmament (urging his fellow citizens to match their "American patriotism" with "American ideals"), and calling for diplomatic recognition of the People's Republic of China. Informed by Quaker theology, his vision of patriotism fed into a steady stream of articles written for regional newspapers and into his annual Christmas messages, in which he called on his fellow Americans to act peacefully in accord with their Judeo-Christian professions.

Having already emerged as a local leader of SANE in western Massachusetts, Hefner helped organize Political Action for Peace (PAX) in 1959 to back peace candidates for public office and, as an early brochure stated, to "inject into the 1960 political campaign a set of ideas that does not lead to the inevitable failures stemming from the contradictory concept of 'maintaining peace through the arms race.'" Coordinating with national peace advocates such as A.J. Muste and Arthur Springer, PAX promoted their agenda with considerable energy and provided substantial support for Hefner's bid for the Democratic nomination for the congressional seat in the First District. Although he lost that race, Hefner polled well enough to be encouraged.

In 1962, PAX had a greater impact, with Massachusetts (along with California) fielding the largest number of peace candidates for public office. Hefner, who had been the only avowed peace candidate in 1960, secured the Democratic nomination for the First District, losing to two-time Republican incumbent Silvio O. Conte in the general election, while-PAX backed candidates Elizabeth Boardman ran for the congressional seat in the Third District and Harvard History Professor and independent, H. Stuart Hughes, for Senate. Although Boardman and Hughes lost their elections, the organization that supported them endured, reforming as Massachusetts Political Action for Peace (Mass PAX) in November 1962 and merging in 1972 with a broadly similar organization, Citizens for Participation Politics(CPP) to form Citizens for Participation in Political Action (CPPAX).

Peace activism for Hefner went hand in hand with the struggle for social and racial justice, and from his college days, Hefner built working relationships with a number of nationally significant figures in the civil rights movement, including Bayard Rustin. Hefner lead contingents from western Massachusetts to at least three of the Marches on Washington, including the 1963 March led by Martin Luther King, and two marches against the war in Vietnam in 1964 and 1965.

Hefner was affiliated with a remarkably large number of peace and social justice organizations including the Fellowship of Reconciliation; War Resisters League; the Peace Committee of the New England Region American Friends Service Committee; the Committee on Peace and Social Concerns of the Middle Connecticut Valley Monthly Meeting of Friends (Quakers); the American Civil Liberties Union; the Congress of Racial Equality; the World Without War Council; and the American Committee on Africa. Locally, his commitments were equally varied, ranging from service as a member of the Board of Directors of Woolman Hill Quaker Conference Center in Deerfield, Mass., as Chair of the New England Committee on Political Action for Peace (PAX), Chair of the Hampshire-Franklin Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, and, for two years, as a member of the Mohawk Trail Regional School Committee. A Presbyterian, he attended the Mt. Toby Friends Meeting. He died in Greenfield in 1993.

Contents of Collection

Hefner's unflinching commitment to effecting social change through the political process resulted in a deep and remarkably varied body of records. Although the Hefner papers span only about five years of his career in detail (1959-1964), they offer remarkable insight into the mind and organizational activities of a tireless peace advocate, a would-be congressman, and progressive proponent of causes ranging from civil rights to disarmament, a just foreign policy, and social equity at home.

Organized in three series, the collection contains records relating to Hefner's two runs for a seat in U.S. Congress from the First District of Massachusetts (1960 and 1962); materials relating to his work with peace organizations (Turn To Peace, Platform For Peace, SANE) and Civil Rights groups (Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party); and the foundational records for Political Action for Peace. The content in each of these series is varied, but overlaps considerably, and each series includes both incoming and outgoing correspondence, memoranda, newsletters, campaign press releases, and ephemera.

Series descriptions
1957-1987 (bulk 1960-1962)
75 folders

Beginning with early efforts to galvanize support for his run the U.S. Congress in 1960 through his defeat at the hands of Republican incumbent Silvio O. Conte two years later, this series includes dense documentation of Bill Hefner's skills as a political organizer and his stance as a peace candidate. In addition to relatively mundane materials on campaign finances and getting out the vote, the series includes a strong selection of Hefner's stump speeches, his platform, publicity materials, and a thick run of correspondence with well known activists and antiwar supporters, including the singer Richard Dyer-Bennet, A.J. Muste, Bayard Rustin, and Benjamin Spock, and outgoing letters from Hefner to these and others. The series provides a detailed framework for understanding Hefner's attempts to enter Democratic Party politics, to marshal support and wage a peace campaign, and analyze the results. The campaign diary represents a slender, but engrossing chronicle of the 1962 election, and the campaign evaluations for that election provide a keen retrospective.

The series also contains significant materials relating to Hefner's involvement in supporting peace candidate H. Stuart Hughes' campaign for the Senate in 1962, including correspondence with campaign organizers, candidate's statements, press releases, newsletters, fliers and ephemera, and a series of notes on the campaign.

1945-1978
114 folders

Although Hefner's involvements in reform activity were many and varied, he was particularly embroiled in the antiwar and civil rights movements. This series contains a wealth of correspondence, memoranda, ephemera, and other materials relating to Hefner's political activities in the 1950s and 1960s, with particular emphasis on his work with Turn Toward Peace and other disarmament and antinuclear groups, and in the early anti-Vietnam War struggles. Among other organizations that appear are the Greenfield Peace Center (which Hefner helped to found in 1963), Platform For Peace, SANE, and the World Without War Council.

Hefner's support for the civil rights movement is less thoroughly represented, however there is valuable material relating to the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party and scattered materials on integration and race.

A founder of Political Action for Peace in 1959, Hefner kept a strong record of its early years. In many ways, this series contains the incunabula of the organization: documents pertaining to the exploratory committee and the early efforts at propagating their ideas to the public, minutes of committee meetings, and correspondence with the organization's officers and supporters. Inevitably, the series contains material relating to the elections of 1960 through 1964 and should be read in tandem with the other series in this collection.

Collection inventory
Series 1. Political Campaigns
1957-1987 (bulk 1960-1962)
75 folders
1960 Campaign
1960

Box 1: 01
1960 Election Results
1960

Box 1: 02
1960 General Election
1960

Box 1: 03
1960 Rallies
1960

Box 1: 04
1960-1962 Campaigns
1960-1962

Box 1: 05
American Broadcasting Affiliate Radio
1960

Box 1: 06
Bank Statements
1960

Box 1: 07
Bills Paid
1960

Box 1: 08
Campaign Correspondence #1 (incl. Bayard Rustin, AJ Muste, Richard Dyer-Bennet, WH Ferry, A. Paul Hare, Marshall Kaplan)
1960

Box 1: 09
Campaign Correspondence #2 (incl. AJ Muste, Margaret Bradford Malone)
1960

Box 1: 10
Campaign Correspondence #3 (incl. Dr. Benjamin Spock, Edward Kennedy, Bayard Rustin, Tracy D. Mygatt, Margaret Bradford Malone, Jerome Grossman)
1962

Box 1: 11
Campaign Diary
1960

Box 1: 12
Campaign Evaluation
1962

Box 1: 13
Campaign Material
1958-1960

Box 1: 14
Campaign Platform, MA District #1
1962

Box 1: 15
Campaign Story
1960

Box 1: 16
Campaigns Books
1962-1987

Box 1: 17
Candidate Questionnaires
1960

Box 1: 18
Candidate Questionnaires
1962

Box 1: 19
Clippings and Pamphlets
1962

Box 1: 20
Clippings
1960

Box 1: 21
Conte Record
1960-1961

Box 1: 22
Copies of Speeches
1960-1962

Box 1: 23
Corrupt Practices
1962

Box 1: 24
Democratic Committee, District #1
1962

Box 1: 25
Democratic Committee, Franklin County
1962

Box 1: 26
Democratic Organization
1962

Box 1: 27
Drafts of CcampaignMmaterials
1962

Box 1: 28
Election Newsletters and Pamphlets
1962

Box 1: 29
Election Results
1960

Box 1: 30
Election Results
1962

Box 1: 31
Elizabeth Boardman, 3rd District Candidate
1962

Box 1: 32
Evaluations
1962

Box 1: 33
Fair Campaigns Practice Pledge
1962

Box 1: 34
First District Statistics
1962

Box 1: 35
Fliers and Outreach
1962

Box 1: 36
Fundraising
1960

Box 1: 37
Hefner Campaign Photos
1962

Box 1: 38
Hefner for Congress Committee
1962

Box 1: 39
Helen Bliss, New Hampshire Peace Candidate
1964

Box 1: 40
House Meetings
1960

Box 1: 41
House Meetings
1962

Box 1: 42
House-to-House Canvassing
1960

Box 1: 43
Hughes: Plans, Workers
1962

Box 1: 44
Hughes: Press Releases
1962

Box 1: 45
Hughes: Senate #1
1962-1963

Box 1: 46
Hughes: Senate #2
1962

Box 1: 47
Hughes: Senate #3
1962

Box 1: 48
Hughes: Signature Campaign
1962

Box 1: 49
Hughes: Trip (incl. Marjory Collins, Stuart Hughes)
1962

Box 1: 50
Labor and Small Business
1962

Box 1: 51
Labor Union
1962

Box 1: 52
Letter Drafts
1960

Box 1: 53
Liberation Article (incl. Marshall Kaplan, AJ Muste)
1960

Box 2: 54
Literature Used (incl. campaign matchbook, nail file)
1960

Box 2: 55
Mailing Personal Letters, Small Towns
1960

Box 2: 56
Mailings, Political Platform
1960

Box 2: 57
Memo to a Third Party, by Roger Hagan
1960

Box 2: 58
Misc. Hefner Campaign Materials (incl. campaign buttons, pencil, bumper stickers)
1962

Box 2: 59
"New Kind of Politics" Speech
1960

Box 2: 60
Newsclippings: Western Mass and Holyoke
1962

Box 2: 61
Newspaper Ads
1962

Box 2: 62
Newspaper Publicity and Press Releases
1960

Box 2: 63
Nominating Papers
1960

Box 2: 64
Nominating Papers/Canvassing
1962

Box 2: 65
Paid Bills
1962

Box 2: 66
"PAX Not Communist"/Other Material
1960

Box 2: 67
Political Data on District #1
1960

Box 2: 68
Politics and Pacifism
1957-1959

Box 2: 69
Press Releases
1962

Box 2: 70
Primary Election Results
1962

Box 2: 71
Radio Spots
1962

Box 2: 72
Registered Voters, 4th Berkshire
1960

Box 2: 73
Speaking Dates
1962

Box 2: 74
Workers
1960

Box 2: 75
Series 2. Causes
1945-1978
114 folders
1964 Elections
1963-1964

Box 2: 76
1964 Peace Candidates
1964

Box 2: 77
1964 Peace Candidates State by State
1964

Box 2: 78
1968 Peace Politics
1966

Box 2: 79
American Friends Service Committee/Turn Toward Peace Controversy
1963-1964

Box 2: 80
Arms Control and Disarmament
1957-1958

Box 2: 81
Center for the Study of Non-Violence (incl. Milton Mayer, Arthur E. Morgan)
1968-1971

Box 2: 82
Christian Youth Groups
1961

Box 2: 83
Civil Disobedience
1961-1968

Box 2: 84
Civil Rights in Laos
1959-1963

Box 2: 85
Civil Rights/Integration
1960-1964

Box 2: 86
Coalition Politics
1965

Box 2: 87
"Consultative Peace" Council Meetings (incl. AJ Muste)
1959

Box 2: 88
Correspondence re: Greenfield Peace Activities
1962-1975

Box 2: 89
Cuba #1
1960-1962

Box 2: 90
Cuba #2
1962-1964

Box 2: 91
Disarmament
1965

Box 2: 92
Disarmament (Arms Control and Disarmament Agency)
1961-1964

Box 2: 93
Disarmament Bibliography
1962

Box 2: 94
Disarmament Defense
1955-1958

Box 2: 95
Disarmament Materials
1959-1962

Box 2: 96
Energy Nuclear and Utilities Partial
1974-1977

Box 3: 97
Election Results
1964

Box 3: 98
Eugene McCarthy 1968 Presidential Nomination Campaign
1967-1968

Box 3: 99
Eugene McCarthy for President, Franklin County"
1968

Box 3: 100
Fallout Shelters
1959-1962

Box 3: 101
Franklin County Peace Action Committee
1969-1970

Box 3: 102
Geneva Disarmament Committee
1961-1963

Box 3: 103
Greenfield Peace Center Administrative Business
1963-1968

Box 3: 104
Greenfield Peace Center Administrative Business and Outreach
1962-1967

Box 3: 105
Greenfield Peace Race Advertisements
1957-1962

Box 3: 106
Hampshire Franklin Committee for Sane Nuclear Policy
1958-1960

Box 3: 107
H-Bomb/Atomic Power Pamphlets and Information
1954-1960

Box 3: 108
Herman Kahn, Rand Incorporation
1959-1962

Box 3: 109
Integration Speech and Civil Rights Clippings
1962-1964

Box 3: 110
International Non New England Peace Organizations
1960

Box 3: 111
International Non Violent Force
1961-1965

Box 3: 112
International Peace Conference, 1963
1963

Box 3: 113
JFK Disarmament Proposal
1961-1962

Box 3: 114
Labor and Peace
1964-1965

Box 3: 115
Local Newsclippings, SANE
1958-1962

Box 3: 116
March on Washington (incl. Silvio O. Conte, Bayard Rustin)
1963

Box 3: 117
March on Washington: Vietnam (incl. Robert A. Lyon, AJ Muste, Bronson Clark, Sanford Gottlieb)
1965

Box 3: 118
March on Washington: Vietnam (incl. photographs)
1969

Box 3: 119
Military Spending
1959-1971

Box 3: 120
Military Strategy
1964-1964

Box 3: 121
Milton Mayer and Woolman Hill Colloqium
1967-1968

Box 3: 122
Minimal Deterement
1964

Box 3: 123
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
1964-1965

Box 3: 124
Mohawk Trail School District
1956-1958

Box 3: 125
Multilateral Force (MLF)
1963-1965

Box 3: 126
National Conference for New Politics
1967-1968

Box 3: 127
National Executive and TTP Council Minutes
1962-1963

Box 3: 128
Negotiation Now! and Vietnam Summer
1967

Box 3: 129
Neo-McCarthyism
1965

Box 3: 130
Newspaper Clippings
1959-1988

Box 3: 131
The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
1960-1964

Box 3: 132
Nuclear Weapons Test
1962-1964

Box 4: 133
Nukes and Nuke-Free Zones
1964

Box 4: 134
Nukes: Correspondence (incl. Silvio O. Conte, John Olver)
1973-1977

Box 4: 135
Nuremberg Principles
1966-1970

Box 4: 136
Peace Candidate Conference #1
1962-1963

Box 4: 137
Peace Candidate Conference #2
1963

Box 4: 138
Peace Group: Agenda, Attendance, Plans
1961

Box 4: 139
Peace Politics (incl. James Farmer)
1967-1968

Box 4: 140
Peace Politics Clearing House (incl. Marshall Windmiller, Sanford Gottlieb)
1963-1964

Box 4: 141
Peace Steering Committee, Discussion Group
1961-1962

Box 4: 142
Peace-Related Newsclippings
1964-1978

Box 4: 143
Platform for Peace Minutes, Seattle, WA. (incl. Anne M. Stadler)
1960-1964

Box 4: 144
Polaris Action Inspired Forum Letters
1961

Box 4: 145
Poor People Campaign
1968

Box 4: 146
Post-Campaign Speeches, etc.
1960

Box 4: 147
Race Relations and Africa (incl. Bayard Rustin)
1955-1960

Box 4: 148
Race Relations Pamphlet
1945

Box 4: 149
Radiation Fallout
1959-1962

Box 4: 150
Radiation Testing
1956-1958

Box 4: 151
Rowe Atomic Plant International Inspection Memorial Project (incl. Silvio O. Conte)
1964

Box 4: 152
SANE Misc.
1958-1960

Box 4: 153
SANE Nuclear Policy
1958-1961

Box 4: 154
SANE Radiation Materials
1954-1959

Box 4: 155
SANE Speech Material
1957-1959

Box 4: 156
Society for Social Responsibility in Science Newsletter (SSRS)
1957-1961

Box 4: 157
Southeast Asia
1963-1965

Box 4: 158
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
1963-1964

Box 4: 159
Speech Documentation (incl. Linus Pauling)
1958-1962

Box 4: 160
Speech Material
1962-1966

Box 4: 161
Speeches of Leo Szilard (incl. Dr. Leo Szilard)
1962-1963

Box 4: 162
Speeches, Misc.
1962-1966

Box 4: 163
Spread of Nuclear Weapons
1963-1967

Box 4: 164
Students for a Democratic Society
1965-1966

Box 4: 165
Turn Toward Peace Clippings
1961-1962

Box 4: 166
Turn Toward Peace Letters
1963-1964

Box 4: 167
Turn Toward Peace National Council Minutes
1964

Box 4: 168
Turn Toward Peace National Council Minutes
1965

Box 5: 169
Turn Toward Peace National Office
1962

Box 5: 170
Turn Toward Peace Northampton and Amherst
1963

Box 5: 171
Turn Toward Peace Regional (incl. Marshall Kaplan)
1961

Box 5: 172
Turn Toward Peace Western Mass Intercom
1961-1962

Box 5: 173
Valley Peace Center
1967

Box 5: 174
Various Problems re: Latin America
1961-1965

Box 5: 175
Vietnam #1
1965 Jan.-1970 Apr.

Box 5: 176
Vietnam #2
1965 Jan.-19May

Box 5: 177
Vietnam #3
1965 Nov.-1973 Jan.

Box 5: 178
Vietnam Discussion
1967 Oct. 18

Box 5: 179
Vietnam Draft (incl. Edward Kennedy)
1964-1971

Box 5: 180
Vietnam: Greenfield Community College
1963 Jan.-1965 Nov.

Box 5: 181
Vietnam Military Posture
1958-1969

Box 5: 182
Vietnam Protest Letters and Clippings
1967-1969

Box 5: 183
Vietnam Protest Letters and Donation Forms
1962-1970

Box 5: 184
Vietnam References and Mail
1966 Jan.-1967 Oct.

Box 5: 185
Vietnam War Moratorium
1969 Oct-19Nov

Box 5: 186
Voluntary Organizations and a World Without War Council (VOAAWWWC)
1963

Box 5: 187
Voters for Peace
1963

Box 5: 188
World Without War Council of U.S.
1973-1978

Box 5: 189
Series 3. Political Action for Peace
1958-1969
69 folders
Agenda and Correspondence (incl. Anne M. Stadler, A. Paul Hare, Marshall Kaplan)
1959-1961

Box 5: 190
Bank Statements
1962-1963

Box 5: 191
Bills and Related
1962-1964

Box 5: 192
Calendar, Early Documents
1958-1960

Box 5: 193
Cambridge Office
1962 Apr.-Sept.

Box 5: 194
Candidates Meetings
1962

Box 5: 195
Checkbook
1962

Box 5: 196
Committee of Correspondence "Civil Defense Document"
1961 Oct.

Box 5: 197
Committee on Exploration
1959

Box 5: 198
Committee on Exploration Correspondence (incl. A.J. Muste)
1959-1960

Box 5: 199
Committee on Exploration Draft Statements
1959-1960

Box 5: 200
Committee on Exploration Early Documents
1959-1960

Box 5: 201
Committee on Exploration Extra Copies of Statements
1959

Box 5: 202
Committee on Exploration Implementation Program
1959

Box 6: 203
Committee on Exploration Meeting, Oct 17 1959
1959

Box 6: 204
Committee on Exploration Political Relevance of Non-Violence
1958-1959

Box 6: 205
Committee on Exploration Working Papers/Draft Statements
1959

Box 6: 206
Contribution Letters (incl. Marshall Kaplan)
1962

Box 6: 207
Contributions
1962

Box 6: 208
Correspondence (incl. A.J. Muste)
1959 Oct.-1961 Mar.

Box 6: 209
Correspondence (incl. A.J. Muste)
1962-1963

Box 6: 210
Correspondence
1963 Mar.-1964 Dec.

Box 6: 211
CPPAX Anniversary
1977

Box 6: 212
"Current Correspondence"
1959 Nov.-1960 Dec.

Box 6: 213
Executive Committee
1964-1965

Box 6: 214
Executive Committee
1966

Box 6: 215
Finances
1961-1962

Box 6: 216
Financial Records
1960

Box 6: 217
Fundraising and Meeting Correspondence
1962

Box 6: 218
Greater Boston Committee
1960

Box 6: 219
Kaplan Correspondence (Marshall Kaplan)
1962

Box 6: 220
Local Committee Charters
1960

Box 6: 221
Local Committee Work
1960

Box 6: 222
Mailing List
1962-1967

Box 6: 223
Mailing List (Organizations)
1962

Box 6: 224
Mailing List and Reports
1960

Box 6: 225
Meeting
1960 June 19

Box 6: 226
Meeting
1960 Aug. 4

Box 6: 227
Meeting
1960 Dec. 17

Box 6: 228
Meeting
1962 July 22

Box 6: 229
Meeting Minutes
1960 Feb.-Apr.

Box 6: 230
Meeting Minutes
1960

Box 6: 231
Meeting Minutes
1966-1969

Box 6: 232
Meetings, Correspondence
1960 Jan.-Mar.

Box 6: 233
Meetings, Platform
1963 Apr.-1964 May

Box 6: 234
Minutes and Members
1962

Box 6: 235
Monthly Meetings
1962 Feb.-May

Box 6: 236
New England PAX
1963

Box 6: 237
New England PAX
1964

Box 6: 238
Newsletter, Mailing List, Bulletings
1960-1961

Box 6: 239
Newsletters
1962 May-1964 Apr.

Box 6: 240
"Next Meeting" (incl. AJ Muste)
1960 Sept. 17

Box 6: 241
Outreach
1962 Jan.-July

Box 6: 242
Paid Bills
1960-1962

Box 6: 243
Pamphlets and Letterhead
1960-1962

Box 6: 244
Payroll/Tax Returns
1962-1963

Box 6: 245
"Peace News"
1957-1961

Box 6: 246
Peace-Politics Articles
1962-1963

Box 6: 247
Peace-Politics Newsletter
1962-1964

Box 6: 248
Platform
1964 Apr.-May

Box 6: 249
Plymouth, Massachusetts
1960 Apr.-Dec.

Box 6: 250
Policy Statement Draft
1959-1960

Box 6: 251
Prospective Candidates
1962

Box 6: 252
Questionnaire
1960

Box 6: 253
Receipts
1963 Jan.-1963 Feb.

Box 6: 254
"Reference"
1960

Box 6: 255
State Legislation
1963-1964

Box 6: 256
Ten Year Program
1959-1960

Box 6: 257
Working Committee and Map
1960

Box 6: 258
Administrative information
Provenance

Gift of Elizabeth Hefner, April 1994.

Processing Information

Processed by Gabrielle Fein, Abbott Thayer, and Jess Watzky, December 2010.

Among other collections in SCUA relating to Hefner and to peace activism in Western Massachusetts, see:

Copyright and Use (More informationConnect to publication information)

Cite as: William K. Hefner Papers (MS 129). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Search terms
Subjects
  • Antinuclear movement--Massachusetts.
  • Civil Rights movements--Massachusetts.
  • Nonviolence.
  • Pacifists--Massachusetts.
  • Political activists--Massachusetts.
  • United States. Congress--Elections, 1960.
  • United States. Congress--Elections, 1962.
  • Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements.
Names
  • Boardman, Elizabeth F.
  • Hefner, William K.
  • Hughes, H. Stuart (Henry Stuart), 1916-1999.
  • Massachusetts Political Action for Peace.
  • Muste, Abraham John, 1885-1967.
  • Platform for Peace (Organization).
  • Political Action for Peace.
  • Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987.
  • SANE, Inc.
  • Springer, Arthur.
  • Turn Toward Peace (Organization).
Genre terms
  • Minutes.